Munich massacre

The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, in which the Palestinian terrorist group Black September took eleven Israeli Olympic team members hostage and killed them along with a West German police officer. Shortly after the crisis began, a Black September spokesman demanded that 234 Palestinian prisoners jailed in Israel and the West German–held founders of the Red Army Faction, Andreas Baader and Ulrike Meinhof, be released. Black September called the operation "Iqrit and Biram", after two Palestinian Christian villages whose inhabitants were expelled by the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War; the Black September commander, Luttif Afif, was born to Christian parents. His group was associated with secular nationalism. West German neo-Nazis gave the group logistical assistance. Police officers killed five of the eight Black September members during a failed attempt to rescue the hostages. A West German policeman was killed in the crossfire.

The other three Palestinian hijackers were captured. The next month, following the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 615, the West German government released them in a hostage exchange. Mossad responded with the 1973 Israeli raid on Lebanon and Operation Wrath of God, tracking down and killing Palestinians suspected of involvement in the Munich massacre. Two days prior to the start of the 2016 Summer Olympics, in a ceremony led by Brazilian and Israeli officials, the International Olympic Committee honored the eleven Israelis that were killed at Munich. At the time of the hostage-taking, the 1972 Summer Olympics were in their second week; the West German Olympic Organizing Committee had hoped to discard the military image of Germany. The Committee was wary of the image portrayed by the 1936 Summer Olympics, which Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler used for his benefit. Security personnel known as Olys were inconspicuous and prepared to deal with ticket fraud and drunkenness; the documentary film One Day in September claims that security in the athletes' village was unfit for the Games and that athletes could come and go as they pleased.

Athletes could sneak past security, go to other countries' rooms, by going over the fencing that encompassed the village. The absence of armed personnel had worried Israeli delegation head Shmuel Lalkin before his team arrived in Munich. In interviews with journalists Serge Groussard and Aaron J. Klein, Lalkin said that he had expressed concern with the relevant authorities about his team's lodgings; the team was housed in a isolated part of the Olympic Village, on the ground floor of a small building close to a gate, which Lalkin felt made his team vulnerable to an outside assault. The West German authorities assured Lalkin that extra security would be provided to look after the Israeli team, but Lalkin doubts that any additional measures were taken. Olympic organizers asked West German forensic psychologist Georg Sieber to create 26 terrorism scenarios to aid the organizers in planning security, his "Situation 21" forecast armed Palestinians invading the Israeli delegation's quarters and taking hostages, demanding Israel's release of prisoners and a plane to leave West Germany.

Organizers balked against preparing for Situation 21 and the other scenarios, since guarding the Games against them would have gone against the goal of "Carefree Games" without heavy security. The German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel wrote in a 2012 cover story that the West German authorities had a tip-off from a Palestinian informant in Beirut three weeks before the massacre; the informant told West Germany that Palestinians were planning an "incident" at the Olympic Games, the Foreign Ministry in Bonn viewed the tip-off enough to pass it to the secret service in Munich and urge that "all possible security measures" be taken. But, according to Der Spiegel, the authorities failed to act on the tip, had never acknowledged it in the following 40 years; the magazine said that this was only part of a 40-year cover-up by the German authorities of the mishandling of its response to the massacre. On Monday evening, 4 September, the Israeli athletes enjoyed a night out, watching a performance of Fiddler on the Roof and dining with the star of the play, Israeli actor Shmuel Rodensky, before returning to the Olympic Village.

On the return trip in the team bus Lalkin denied his 13-year-old son – who had befriended weightlifter Yossef Romano and wrestler Eliezer Halfin — permission to spend the night in their apartment at Connollystraße 31, which saved the boy's life. At 4:30 am local time on 5 September, as the athletes slept, eight tracksuit-clad members of the Black September faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization, carrying duffel bags loaded with AKM assault rifles, Tokarev pistols, grenades, scaled a 2-metre chain-link fence with the assistance of unsuspecting athletes who were sneaking into the Olympic Village; the athletes were identified as Americans, but were claimed to be Canadians decades later. Once inside, the Black September members used stolen keys to enter two apartments being used by the Israeli team at Connollystraße 31. Yossef Gutfreund, a wrestling referee, was awakened by a faint scratching noise at the door of Apartment 1, which housed the Israeli coaches and officials; when he investigated, he saw the door masked men with guns on the other side.

He shouted a warning to his sleeping roommates and threw his 135 kg weight against the door in a futile attempt to stop the intruders from forcing their way in. Gutfreund's actions gave his roommate, weightlifting coach Tuvia Sokolovsky, enough time to smash a window and escape. Wres

2013 UK Open

The 2013 Speedy Services UK Open was a darts tournament staged by the Professional Darts Corporation. It was the eleventh year of the UK Open tournament where, following numerous regional qualifying heats throughout Britain, players competed in a single elimination tournament to be crowned champion; the tournament was held at the Reebok Stadium in Bolton, between 6–9 June 2013, has the nickname, "the FA Cup of darts" as a random draw is staged after each round until the final. Phil Taylor won the title, defeating Andy Hamilton 11–4 in the final to claim his fifth and final UK Open title; the 2013 UK Open was the last UK Open to be held at the Reebok Stadium in Bolton, was the last UK Open to be broadcast on Sky Sports in June. Starting in 2014, the UK Open moved to the Butlins Resort in Minehead, has been broadcast on ITV4 in March. There were eight qualifying events staged across England between February and April 2013 to determine the UK Open Order of Merit Table; the tournament winners were: The tournament features 146 players.

The results of the eight qualifiers shown above were collated into the UK Open Order Of Merit. The top 32 players in the Order of Merit, who played a minimum of two events, received a place at the final tournament. In addition, the next 82 players in the Order of Merit list qualified for the tournament, but needed to start in the earlier rounds played on the Thursday. A further 32 players qualified via regional qualifying tournaments. 32 players qualified from Speedy qualifiers held at four venues across Britain in April. For the fifth consecutive UK Open, the prize fund will be £200,000. † Newton hit a nine-dart finish, having thrown 180, 180, 141 to finish the leg. 2013 PDC Pro Tour includes extended results of Pro Tour events The official PDC page for the UK Open

Jupudi Prabhakar Rao

Jupudi Prabhakara Rao is an Indian politician Chairman for Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Caste Co-Operative Finance Corporation Ltd and an Ex MLC in United Andhra Pradesh. He belongs to YSR Congress Party. Jupudi was born and brought up in the urban village of Sankuvarigunta, Kothapatnam Mandal in Prakasam District, he was a Mechanical Engineering graduate from Osmania University and completed his MBA with additional qualifications of Higher Diploma In Co-operative Management and Master's in Public Administration and Political Science. He worked for MIDHANI as specialist in Vacuum technology for 17 years. Being an Ambedhkarite, his heart always felt for the upliftment of Dalits; this has led him to work for Dalit rights. In the wake of SC Categorization he became active in Mala Mahanadu under the leadership of P. V Rao and subsequently became President of Mala Mahanadu. Jupudi is Chairman of the non-profit Voice of Millions Global Foundation. Jupudi was offered an MLC position by late Chief Minister Dr YS Rajasekhara Reddy.

After YSR's death Jupudi stood by Y S Jagan as he was left alone at that time and participated in his political activities. He was associated with YSR Congress Party floated by Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy, he resigned to YSR Congress Party on 10 August 2014 and joined TDP on 19 December 2014. Following the people mandate in 2019 Elections, he joined back YSRCP in October 2019. Jupudi has served as an MLC. After the State bifurcation of United Andhra Pradesh, being his vote in Hyderabad, Telangana State, he lost his MLC in 2015. After that he was elected as Chairman for Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Caste Cooperative Finance Corporation in 2015 for a term of two years. Again extended his tenure for another two years in 2017, he is the first person to get appointed twice as Chairman for APSCCFC