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Muscogee County, Georgia

Muscogee County is a county located on the central western border of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 189,885, its county seat and only city is Columbus, with which it has been a consolidated city-county since the beginning of 1971. Muscogee County is part of Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the only other city in the county was Bibb City, a company town that disincorporated in December 2000, two years after its mill closed permanently. Fort Benning, a large Army installation, takes up nearly one quarter of the county and extends into Chattahoochee County. Inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, this area was territory of the historic Creek people at the time of European encounter; the land for Lee, Troup and Carroll counties was ceded by a certain eight chiefs among the Creek people in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creek Nation declared the land cession illegal, because it did not represent the will of the majority of the people.

The United States Senate did not ratify it. The following year, the US government negotiated another treaty with the Creek, by which they ceded nearly as much territory under continued pressure from the state of Georgia and US land commissioners; the counties' boundaries were created by the Georgia General Assembly on June 9, but they were not named until December 14 of 1826. The county was developed by European Americans for cotton plantations, with labor accomplished by enslaved African Americans. A total of one million African Americans were brought into the Deep South through the domestic slave trade from the Upper South, breaking up countless families and creating a massive demographic shift. In many areas of what became known as the Black Belt for the fertility of soil and development of plantations, African Americans made up the majority of population in many counties; this county was named by European Americans for the native Creek people. Parts of the then-large county were taken to create every other neighboring Georgia county, including Harris County to the north in 1827.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 221 square miles, of which 216 square miles is land and 4.6 square miles is water. The county is located on the fall line between the Atlantic coastal plain to the south and the Piedmont to the north; as such, the newly constructed Fall Line Freeway runs across the northern portion of the county along JR Allen Parkway, areas across the northern part of the county are hillier compared to the southern part of the county. The majority of Muscogee County, from north of Columbus running northeast in the direction of Ellerslie, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake subbasin of the ACF River Basin; the northwestern corner of the county, south of Fortson, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding subbasin of the same ACF River Basin. Harris County Talbot County Chattahoochee County Russell County, Alabama Lee County, Alabama As of the census of 2000, there were 186,291 people, 69,819 households, 47,686 families living in the county.

The population density was 861 people per square mile. There were 76,182 housing units at an average density of 352 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 50.42% White, 43.74% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.90% from other races, 1.87% from two or more races. 4.49 % of the population were Latino of any race. There are 69,819 households out of which 34.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.70% were married couples living together, 19.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.70% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years.

For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,798, the median income for a family was $41,244. Males had a median income of $30,238 versus $24,336 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,262. 15.70% of the population and 12.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 22.00% of those under the age of 18 and 12.10% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 189,885 people, 74,081 households, 47,742 families living in the county; the population density was 877.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 82,690 housing units at an average density of 382.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 46.3% white, 45.5% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.4% of the population.

In terms of ancestry, 8.7% were Irish, 8.4% were German, 6.7% were English, 6.3% were American. Of the 74,081 households, 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living

Walter Dingley

Alderman Walter Leslie Dingley OBE, was an agricultural merchant, analytical chemist and a British Liberal Party politician. He was born in Handsworth, the son of Alfred Dingley and Maud Mary Jackson. In 1918 he married Norah Catherine Wheeler, they had two sons. In 1954 he was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the Queen's 1954 Birthday Honours for services to Hospital Boards in Birmingham, he died in 1980 at Warwickshire. He served in World War One with the Cheshire regiment and in the Royal Flying Corps and reached the rank of Captain, he was an agricultural merchant and analytical chemist at Stratford-on-Avon. In 1927 he was elected as a Councillor to Warwickshire County Council, he was selected Liberal candidate for the Warwick and Leamington division of Warwickshire for the 1929 General Election. This was a Unionist seat where the Liberals were the main or only challenger. In 1929 Labour decided to contest the seat which removed any hope he had of winning, he was re-selected as Liberal prospective candidate for Warwick and Leamington but at the 1931 General Election, following the formation of the National Government, he withdrew in favour of the incumbent Conservative candidate.

He was selected Liberal candidate for the Hereford division of Herefordshire for the 1935 General Election. The seat had been won by a Liberal in 1929 but re-gained by a Conservative in 1931. Any hope he had of winning was undermined by the intervention of a Labour party candidate, he was selected as Liberal prospective parliamentary candidate for the Warwick and Leamington, the seat he fought in the 1929 General Election. In fact, the Liberals had not contested the seat since 1929. A general election was postponed due to the outbreak of war, he served as Chairman of the County Council. In 1944 he noted; the clerk replied that the chief constable had “done everything he could to find five but had failed”. He was re-adopted as Liberal candidate when the elections came around after the war ended in 1945. However, against a popular and well known Conservative opponent and a resurgent Labour party, he was well beaten. 1954 Birthday Honours Hereford Warwick and Leamington

Caryl Parker Haskins

Caryl Parker Haskins was a scientist, inventor, governmental adviser and pioneering entomologist in the study of ant biology. Along with Franklin S. Cooper, he founded the Haskins Laboratories, a private, non-profit research laboratory, in 1935, he was professor at Union College. He served on boards of nonprofits such as the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the Smithsonian Institution. Haskins was educated at Yale University, where he was awarded a B. S. in 1930. He went on to earn a Ph. D. from Harvard University in 1935. Throughout his career, he was awarded an Sc. D. from multiple institutions. Haskins taught at Union College as a Research Professor from 1937 to 1955, he was a Research Associate at MIT from 1935 to 1945. In the late 1940s, Haskins began to study the evolution of Guppies in the streams of Trinidad, he found that male Guppies in stream ponds further upstream were more colorful than those downstream because of fewer predators there. He continued his research on entomology, working with his wife, Edna Haskins, other colleagues.

In the 1930s Haskins was inspired by Alfred Lee Loomis to establish his own research facility. He founded Haskins Laboratoreis in 1935. Affiliated with Harvard University, MIT, Union College, Haskins conducted research in microbiology, radiation physics, other fields in Cambridge, in Schenectady, New York. In 1939 Haskins Laboratories moved its center to New York City. Seymour Hutner joined the staff to set up a research program in microbiology and nutrition. In the 1940s Luigi Provasoli joined the Laboratories to set up a research program in marine biology, which disbanded with his retirement in 1978. Since the 1950s, the main focus of the research of Haskins Laboratories has been on speech and its biological basis; the main facility of Haskins Laboratories moved to New Haven, Connecticut, in 1970 where it entered into affiliation agreements with Yale University and the University of Connecticut. Haskins Laboratories continues to be a leading, multidisciplinary laboratory with an international scope that does pioneering work on the science of the spoken and written word.

Haskins served as President, Research Director, Chairman of the Board of Haskins Laboratories from 1935 to 1987. During World War II, Haskins used his scientific knowledge for the war effort, he was a liaison officer with the Office of Scientific Research and Development and worked with the chairman of the National Defense Research Committee. After the war, he advised the Research and Development Board of the Army and the Navy, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State. In 1956, he was appointed to the Presidency of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, a position he held until 1971. Haskins served as a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution from 1956 to 1980, he chaired the Regents' Executive Committee from 1968 to 1972. In 1980, the Board of Regents unanimously awarded him the Henry Medal "in recognition of his manifold services to the Institution as a friend and a Regent", he was active with the National Geographic Society in many positions: Trustee from 1964 to 1984, member of the Finance Committee from 1972 to 1985, member of the Committee on Research and Exploration beginning in 1972, member of the Society's Executive Committee from 1972 to 84.

He was a Director of E. I. du Pont de Nemours from 1971 to 1981. He was President of the Sigma Xi scientific research honor society in 1967–68, he remained a Trustee of Carnegie Institution and of Haskins Laboratories, as well as Trustee Emeritus of the National Geographic Society, until his death. Philip Abelson. A Model for Excellence. In J. D. Ebert, This Our Golden Age, 3-10. Alice B. Dadourian. A Bio-Bibliography of Caryl Parker Haskins. Yvonix, New Haven, Connecticut, 2000. James D. Ebert, editor; this Our Golden Age: Selected Annual Essays of Caryl P. Haskins, President Carnegie Institution of Washington 1956-1971. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC, 1994. LC # 94–70734. James D. Ebert. Inspiring Mentor, Visionary Leader. In J. D. Ebert, This Our Golden Age, 19–24. Caryl Parker Haskins. Of ants and men. Prentice-Hall, New York, 1939. Caryl Parker Haskins. Of Societies and Men. W. W. Norton, New York, 1951. Caryl Parker Haskins; the scientific revolution and world politics. Greenwood Press, 1975.

Haskins, C. P. and Haskins, Edna F. Notes on the biology and social behavior of the archaic ponerine ants of the genera Myrmecia and Promyrmecia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 1950, 43, 461–491. Edward O. Wilson. Caryl Haskins, Entomologist. In J. D. Ebert, This Our Golden Age, 11–18

Mukilteo, Washington

Mukilteo is a city in Snohomish County, United States. It is located on the Puget Sound between Edmonds and Everett 25 miles north of Seattle; the city had a population of 20,254 at the 2010 census and an estimated 2018 population of 21,545. The current site of Old Town Mukilteo was inhabited by the Snohomish people prior to the arrival of American settlers in the 19th century; the Treaty of Point Elliott was signed in Mukilteo in 1855. A new town was founded at Mukilteo and became the provisional county seat of Snohomish County in early 1861; the area remained a trading post for loggers and was home to other industries, but was overshadowed by Everett and grew slowly. Mukilteo was used during World War II as an auxiliary fueling facility, due to its proximity to the newly-built Snohomish County Airport. Mukilteo was incorporated as a city in 1947 and saw new suburban development, which accelerated after the opening of the nearby Boeing Everett Factory in the late 1960s; the city annexed large suburban areas on the west side of Paine Field in the 1980s and 1990s, including Harbour Point and the State Route 525 corridor, while revitalizing the Old Town area in the 2000s.

Today, Mukilteo is a bedroom community with a small job base centered around manufacturing industries. It is a major transportation hub, with connections to Whidbey Island via the Washington State Ferries system, Sounder commuter trains to Seattle, public transit services to nearby cities; the city is recognized for its quality of life and is one of the most affluent in Washington state, with a high median income. The Lushootseed name Muckl-te-oh or Buk-wil-tee-whu, meaning "good camping ground" or "narrow passage" according to some sources, was given to the headland and nearby waters by the Snohomish people; the Snohomish had a year-round village in the area for at least 600 years before the arrival of European and American explorers in the 19th century. Early artifacts uncovered during waterfront construction in the 2010s were carbon dated to 1,000 years before present; the Vancouver Expedition, led by British explorer George Vancouver, visited the area on May 30, 1792, landed at modern-day Mukilteo the following day.

Lieutenant William Robert Broughton and botanist Archibald Menzies named the site "Rose Point" after the wild Nootka roses that grew along the shore. An American expedition led by Charles Wilkes in 1841 renamed the headland "Point Elliott" for Samuel Elliott, a midshipman. After its 1853 establishment, the Washington territorial government looked to negotiate treaties with the local tribes of the Puget Sound region to secure land for settlement. On January 22, 1855, representatives from the territorial government and 82 local tribes signed the Treaty of Point Elliott, which ceded tribal territories in exchange for compensation, the establishment of Indian reservations, access to traditional hunting and fishing areas. An American settlement at Point Elliott was established two years by Morris H. Frost and J. D. Fowler, two merchants from New York; the two men established a store and saloon on the southwest side of Point Elliott, renamed to Mukilteo in 1860 by Fowler, using an anglicized name of the Lushootseed campsite.

Mukilteo was the area's first trading post and served as the interim county seat of the newly-created Snohomish County beginning January 14, 1861. In the first county elections on July 8, 1861, the county seat was moved to Cadyville by a 17–10 vote. Mukilteo remained the county's only port and a major trading post for the Possession Sound region, soon after received the county's first post office and telegraph station; the town was relocated to another, more protected side of Point Elliott and supported the regional lumber industry, including regular shipments to Whidbey Island and a sawmill of its own. By the 1880s, it had gained a brewery, a gunpowder plant, the Puget Sound region's first cannery. Mukilteo was planned to become the largest port on Possession Sound, with a summer resort accessible by steamship, but the efforts ceased after the establishment of nearby Everett by East Coast industrialists; the Seattle and Montana Railroad was completed in 1891, connecting Mukilteo with Everett and Seattle.

Mukilteo was platted in anticipation of the railroad and was on the shortlist of towns considered for the terminus of the Great Northern, but lost out to Tacoma in 1873. Following the 1890s economic depression, the town experienced a major employment and population boom, with a larger lumber mill and gunpowder factory both built along the shore; the iconic Mukilteo Lighthouse was built in 1906 by the federal Lighthouse Service to serve the increased maritime traffic in the area. Japanese immigrants arrived to work in Mukilteo's mills after the turn of the century, establishing a Japantown in modern-day Japanese Gulch. Passenger ferry service between Mukilteo and Whidbey Island began in 1911 and was followed by the introduction of automobile ferry service in 1919; the town gained a highway connection in 1914 with the completion of Mukilteo Boulevard, which traveled east to Everett. Until the closure of the lumber mill in 1930, Mukilteo was a company town that relied on the Crown Lumber Company to assist in civic endeavors, including its parks, fire department, water district.

During the Prohibition Era, Mukilteo became a major transiting point for rum-running and was a stopover for smugglers transporting alcohol from British Columbia to Seattle. The town's gunpowder plant was destroyed on September 17, 1930, in an after-hours explosion that leveled or damaged dozens of homes, causing $500,000 in damage, it was felt as far

Mike Dixon (biathlete)

Michael Dixon, is a Scottish cross-country skier and biathlete. He has represented Great Britain at six Olympic Games in cross-country biathlon, he is only the seventh athlete from any country to have competed at six Winter Games and is one of fewer than fifty athletes to have competed in at least six Olympic Games. He is a former Royal Engineer in the British Armed Forces, reaching the rank of Staff Sergeant, a Nordic skiing and biathlon coach. At the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, he competed as a cross-country skier, coming 60th in the 15 km and 14th in the 4x10km relay. Shortly afterwards, he switched to the Biathlon for the rest of his career, competing in his first event at the Biathlon World Championships in 1987 at Lake Placid. At the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, he came 21st in the 10 km sprint, 13th in the 20 km, 13th in the 4 x 7.5 km relay. At the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, he came 60th in the 10 km sprint, 12th in the 20 km, 18th in the 4 x 7.5 km relay. In the 20km race, he was one of only three competitors not to miss any targets.

At the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, illness forced him into 54th place in the 20 km. His team came 17th in the 4 x 7.5 km relay. He was Britain's flag bearer at these Games, as he would be for 2002 Games as well. At the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, he came 47th in 33rd in the 20 km. At his final Olympics, the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City, he came 74th in the 10 km sprint, 79th in the 20 km, 19th in the 4 x 7.5 km relay. He was given a surprise party at Soldier Hollow in honour of his sixth appearance by his teammates and the international biathlon community. After retiring, he has been working as a commentator for Eurosport, he led his team to victory in the BBC reality show Hercules Challenge in 2005. He is affiliated with the 35 Engineer Regiment and the Lochaber Athletic Club, he speaks English and German and enjoys photography and mountain-marathons. He is married with two children and works with junior roller skiers and biathletes in Kingussie, Scotland, his son Scott is a biathlete and is aiming to be selected for the 2018 Winter Olympics.

He works as a motivational speaker and fitness instructor. All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union. *Pursuit was added as an event in 2002. *During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program. **The team event was added in 1989 and subsequently removed in 1998, pursuit having been added in 1997 with mass start being added in 1999. List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games Official website Mike Dixon at BiathlonWorld.com and BiathlonResults.com from IBU

Bagneux-la-Fosse

Bagneux-la-Fosse is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bagnolaises. Bagneux-la-Fosse is located some 40 km east of Saint-Florentin and 15 km south-west of Bar-sur-Seine. Access to the commune is by the D32 road from Avirey-Lingey in the north which passes through the village before continuing south to join the D452 which continues to Channes; the D17 goes west from the village the north-west to Pargues. The D26 goes north-east to Neuville-sur-Seine. There is a large forest in the north-west of the commune and a smaller forest in the south-east with the rest of the commune farmland; the Sarce river flows through the commune from south to north just east of the village and continues north to join the Seine at Virey-sous-Bar. List of Successive Mayors; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.

The Church is registered as an historical monument. The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: Communes of the Aube department Bagneux-la-Fosse on the old National Geographic Institute website Bagneux-la-Fosse on Lion1906 Bagneux-la-Fosse on Google Maps Bagneux-la-Fosse on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Bagneux on the 1750 Cassini Map Bagneux-la-Fosse on the INSEE website INSEE