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Museo Egizio

The Museo Egizio is an archaeological museum in Turin, Italy, specialising in Egyptian archaeology and anthropology. It houses one of the largest collections of Egyptian antiquities, with more than 30,000 artefacts. In 2015 it received about 772,900 visitors; the first object having an association with Egypt to arrive in Turin was the Mensa Isiaca in 1630, an altar table in imitation of Egyptian style, which Dulu Jones suggests had been created for a temple to Isis in Rome. This exotic piece spurred King Charles Emmanuel III to commission botanist Vitaliano Donati to travel to Egypt in 1753 and acquire items from its past. Donati returned with 300 pieces recovered from Karnak and Coptos, which became the nucleus of the Turin collection. In 1824, King Charles Felix acquired the material from the Drovetti collection, that the French General Consul, Bernardino Drovetti, had built during his stay in Egypt. In the same year, Jean-François Champollion used the huge Turin collection of papyri to test his breakthroughs in deciphering the hieroglyphic writing.

The time Champollion spent in Turin studying the texts is the origin of a legend about the mysterious disappearance of the "Papiro Regio", only found and of which some portions are still unavailable. In 1950 a parapsychologist was contacted to pinpoint them, to no avail. In 1833, the collection of Piedmontese Giuseppe Sossio was added to the Egyptian Museum; the collection was complemented and completed by the finds of Egyptologist Ernesto Schiaparelli, during his excavation campaigns between 1900 and 1920, which further filled out the collection. Its last major acquisition was the small temple of Ellesiya, which the Egyptian government presented to Italy for her assistance during the Nubian monument salvage campaign in the 1960s. Through all these years, the Egyptian collection has always been in Turin, in the building designed for the purpose of housing it, in Via Accademia delle Scienze 6. Only during the Second World War was some of the material moved to the town of Agliè; the museum became an experiment of the Italian government in privatization of the nation's museums when the Fondazione Museo delle Antichità Egizie was established at the end of 2004.

The building itself was remodelled in celebration of the 2006 Winter Olympics, with its main rooms redesigned by Dante Ferretti, "featured an imaginative use of lighting and mirrors in a spectacular display of some of the most important and impressive Pharaonic statues in the museum collection."On April 1, 2015 a new layout of the museum was opened. The new logo, the coordinated image and the exhibition system have been designed by the studio Migliore+Servetto Architects, whose founders, Ico Migliore and Mara Servetto, are creative advisor for the museum. Items of interest include: Assemblea dei Re a term indicating a collection of statues representing all the kings of the New Kingdom. Temple of Tuthmosis III Sarcophagi and books of the dead belonging to the Drovetti collection. A painting on canvas dated at about 3500 BC Funerary paraphernalia from the Tomba di Ignoti from the Old Kingdom Tomb of Kha and of Merit, found intact by Schiaparelli and transferred in toto in the museum Papyrus collection room collected by Drovetti and used by Champollion during his studies for the decoding of the hieroglyphics.

Mensa Isiaca Tomba Dipinta closed to the public. The Turin King List The Egyptian Museum owns three different versions of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, including the most ancient copy known. An integral illustrated version and the personal copy of the First Royal Architect Kha, found by Schiaparelli in 1906 are shown to the public. Egyptian Museum Grand Egyptian Museum Egyptian Museum of Berlin List of museums of Egyptian antiquities Wolfgang Kosack: Schenute von Atripe De judicio finale. Papyruskodex 63000. IV im Museo Egizio di Torino. Einleitung, Textbearbeitung und Übersetzung herausgegeben von Wolfgang Kosack. Berlin 2013, Verlag Brunner Christoph, ISBN 978-3-9524018-5-9 Wolfgang Kosack: Basilios "De archangelo Michael": sahidice Pseudo - Euhodios "De resurrectione": sahidice Pseudo - Euhodios "De dormitione Mariae virginis": sahidice & bohairice: < Papyruskodex Turin, Mus. Egizio Cat. 63000 XI. > nebst Varianten und Fragmente. In Parallelzeilen ediert, kommentiert und übersetzt von Wolfgang Kosack.

Verlag Christoph Brunner, Berlin 2014. ISBN 978-3-906206-02-8. Official website

Jane Bennett (artist)

Jane Ann Cooper Bennett is an Australian painter. Born at Manly, New South Wales, Australia in 1960, Bennett's parents divorced before her birth, she was raised by her mother and grandparents in the family home at Seaforth and attended Mackellar Girls High School at Manly Vale and Ku-ring-gai High School at North Turramurra. In 1979 she enrolled at the Alexander Mackie College of Advanced Education attaining a Diploma of Fine Arts in 1982 and a Graduate Diploma in Art Studies the subsequent year. Amongst the many accolades she has received, Bennett achieved recognition as a finalist in the 1986, 1997 and 2008 Sir John Sulman Prize, 5 times a finalist in the Dobell Prize and 6 times a finalist in the Wynne Prize, winning the 1990, 1995 and 1996 Pring Prize for Watercolour and the 1995 Trustees’ Prize for Watercolour. In total she has won over 120 art prizes in a career spanning more than 30 years. Bennett is a plein air painter with a passion for recording the process of urban renewal, she is renowned for her paintings of abandoned industrial and maritime sites around Sydney.

Subjects of her art include: Balmain and White Bay Power Stations, CSR Refinery, AGL Gasworks, Carlton United Brewery, Eveleigh Railway Workshops, Cockatoo Island and wharves at White Bay, Glebe Island, Barangaroo, Walsh Bay and Woolloomooloo. Her work is represented in many collections including: State Library of New South Wales Artbank National Trust of Australia University of New South Wales University of Sydney Department of Defence Marshall, Stephen, "Jane Bennett", Design and Art Australia Online, http://www.daao.org.au/bio/jane-ann-cooper-bennett/biography/ Bennett, Jane, "Industrial Revelation", http://janebennettartist.blogspot.com.au/ Frances Keevil Gallery, http://www.franceskeevilgallery.com.au/artists_essay.php?artistID=1-Jane%20Bennett Germaine, Artists & Galleries of Australia, Sydney: Craftsman House. Germaine, Max, A Dictionary of Women Artists of Australia, Sydney: Craftsman House. McCulloch, The Encyclopedia of Australian Art, Sydney: Allen & Unwin

Umm Hajul controversy

The Umm Hajul controversy was one of many cases of fratricide committed during the Persian Gulf War. After American forces accidentally opened fire on their own men, a cover-up was attempted. A plot element of the movie Courage Under Fire was based on this particular incident. In the predawn hours of February 27, 1991, an armored personnel carrier of the 1st Armored Division broke down near the airfield of Umm Hajul; the five operators of the vehicle, U. S. Army engineers, found themselves stranded in the desert when M1A1 tank and Bradley Fighting Vehicle units of the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment approached from the north. Specialist Craig Walker tried signaling to the approaching forces by switching his night vision goggles on and off; the armored cavalry troop had been told the airfield was defended by 500+ Iraqi soldiers, to expect stiff resistance. The troop commander fired warning shots in the air after requesting permission to do so from his squadron commander; some of the cavalry troopers saw returned fire, but whether this came from the engineers is doubtful.

The cavalry troop vehicles opened fire on the engineers with high-explosive rounds, mistaking their vehicle for an enemy position. The result of the high-explosive rounds set off demolition charges within the engineers' armored personnel carrier; the situation progressed for about seven minutes, with the troop commander calling cease fire after two volleys, thinking the "enemy forces" were contained and waiting for them to surrender. The squadron commander arrived on the scene in his Bradley Fighting Vehicle and opened fire when he thought one of the engineers, still believed to be Iraqis, was trying to escape; when the shooting was over, one engineer was wounded and another, Corporal Lance Fielder of Tennessee, was dead from coaxial machinegun fire. Shortly after the incident, false reports were filed, stating that the 3rd Cavalry took an estimated 50 Iraqi prisoners in the assault. Three Bronze Stars were awarded on the basis of misleading representations, as well; the squadron commander was the son-in-law of a famous Vietnam-era general, his brothers-in-law were general officers.

He was selected for promotion to colonel. Both the cavalry troop commander and the lieutenant in charge of the engineers at the airfield were given career-ending evaluations and forced out of the Army; this was ironic, since the lieutenant was not culpable. Many discrepancies uncovered in three army investigations were overlooked or ignored, several lower-ranking soldiers and officers were threatened or coerced into remaining silent. U. S. Senator Fred Thompson of Tennessee initiated a Congressional investigation into this incident, in which Corporal Lance Fielder of Nashville, Tennessee had died; the investigation resulted in the forced retirement of the squadron commander of the unit that fired shots at Fielder and others, his reduction in rank to major, revocation of medals. Http://www.gulfweb.org/tracings/friesen.html https://web.archive.org/web/20091027013441/http://geocities.com/Pentagon/Quarters/2061/ https://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/030317/17war.htm