Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community. It sometimes refers to any regular or repeated traveling between locations when not work-related. A distinction is often made between commuters who commute daily or weekly between their residence to work place being suburbs to cities, are therefore considered local or long-distance commuters; the word commuter derives from early days of rail travel in US cities such as New York, Philadelphia and Chicago, where, in the 1840s, the railways engendered suburbs from which travellers paying a reduced or'commuted' fare into the city. The back formations "commute" and "commuter" were coined therefrom. Commuted tickets would allow the traveller to repeat the same journey as as they liked during the period of validity: the longer the period the cheaper the cost per day. Before the 19th century, most workers lived less than an hour's walk from their work.
Today, many people travel daily to work a long way from their own towns and villages in industrialised societies. Depending on factors such as the high cost of housing in city centres, lack of public transit, traffic congestion, modes of travel may include automobiles, trains, aircraft and bicycles. Where Los Angeles is infamous for its automobile gridlock, commuting in New York is associated with the subway. In the near future there may be another move away from the traditional "commute" with the introduction of flexible working; some have suggested that many employees would be far more productive and live healthier, stress-free lives if the daily commute is removed completely. Commuting has had a large impact on modern life, it has allowed cities to grow to sizes that were not practical, it has led to the proliferation of suburbs. Many large cities or conurbations are surrounded by commuter belts known as metropolitan areas, commuter towns, dormitory towns, or bedroom communities; the prototypical commuter lives in one of these areas and travels daily to work or to school in the core city.
As urban sprawl pushes farther and farther away from central business districts, new businesses can appear in outlying cities, leading to the existence of the reverse commuter who lives in a core city but works in the suburbs, to a type of secondary commuter who lives in a more distant exurb and works in the outlying city or industrial suburb. A UK study, published in 2009, found that on average women suffer four times as much psychological stress from their work commute than men do. Institutions that have few dormitories or low student housing populations are called commuter schools in the United States. Most commuters travel at the same time of day, resulting in the morning and evening rush hours, with congestion on roads and public transport systems not designed or maintained well enough to cope with the peak demands; as an example, Interstate 405 located in Southern California is one of the busiest freeways in the United States. Commuters may sit up to two hours in traffic during rush hour.
Construction work or collisions on the freeway distract and slow down commuters, contributing to longer delays. Cars carrying only one occupant use fuel and roads less efficiently than shared cars or public transport, increase traffic congestion. Commuting by car is a major factor contributing to air pollution. Carpool lanes can help commuters reach their destinations more encourage people to socialize, spend time together, while reducing air pollution; some governments and employers have introduced employee travel reduction programs that encourage such alternatives as car-pooling and telecommuting. Some are carpooling using Internet sites to save money. Alternatives like personal rapid transit have been proposed to reap the energy-efficiency benefits of a mass transit system while maintaining the speed and convenience of individual transport. Traffic emissions, such as from trucks and automobiles contribute. Airborne by-products from vehicle exhaust systems cause air pollution and are a major ingredient in the creation of smog in some large cities.
The major culprits from transportation sources are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, sulfur dioxide, hydrocarbons. These molecules react with sunlight, ammonia and other compounds to form the noxious vapours, ground level ozone, particles that comprise smog. In the United States, the Census Bureau's American Community Survey collects data on commuting times, allowing an analysis of average commute time by industry and vehicle. According to the 2014 ACS, the average commute time for adults in the United States was 26.8 minutes. The occupations with the longest commutes were Construction and Mining, Computer Science and Math, Business Operations Specialists, while those in the military had the shortest commute. In general and suburban workers in the US have similar commute times, while rural workers have shorter commutes. In the US, over 90 % of workers commute by car. Statistical models indicate that in addition to demographics and work duration, commute time is one of the most important determinants of discretionary time allocation by individuals.
"Commuters," a poetic rendition of the New Jersey-to-New York commuting life by Stev
The European Union is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located in Europe. It has an area of an estimated population of about 513 million; the EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency; the EU and European citizenship were established when the Maastricht Treaty came into force in 1993. The EU traces its origins to the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community, established by the 1951 Treaty of Paris and 1957 Treaty of Rome.
The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities were the Inner Six: Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, West Germany. The Communities and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit; the latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009. While no member state has left the EU or its antecedent organisations, the United Kingdom signified the intention to leave after a membership referendum in June 2016 and is negotiating its withdrawal. Covering 7.3% of the world population, the EU in 2017 generated a nominal gross domestic product of 19.670 trillion US dollars, constituting 24.6% of global nominal GDP. Additionally, all 28 EU countries have a high Human Development Index, according to the United Nations Development Programme. In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Through the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the EU has developed a role in external relations and defence.
The union maintains permanent diplomatic missions throughout the world and represents itself at the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G7 and the G20. Because of its global influence, the European Union has been described as an emerging superpower. During the centuries following the fall of Rome in 476, several European States viewed themselves as translatio imperii of the defunct Roman Empire: the Frankish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire were thereby attempts to resurrect Rome in the West; this political philosophy of a supra-national rule over the continent, similar to the example of the ancient Roman Empire, resulted in the early Middle Ages in the concept of a renovatio imperii, either in the forms of the Reichsidee or the religiously inspired Imperium Christianum. Medieval Christendom and the political power of the Papacy are cited as conducive to European integration and unity. In the oriental parts of the continent, the Russian Tsardom, the Empire, declared Moscow to be Third Rome and inheritor of the Eastern tradition after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
The gap between Greek East and Latin West had been widened by the political scission of the Roman Empire in the 4th century and the Great Schism of 1054. Pan-European political thought emerged during the 19th century, inspired by the liberal ideas of the French and American Revolutions after the demise of Napoléon's Empire. In the decades following the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna, ideals of European unity flourished across the continent in the writings of Wojciech Jastrzębowski, Giuseppe Mazzini or Theodore de Korwin Szymanowski; the term United States of Europe was used at that time by Victor Hugo during a speech at the International Peace Congress held in Paris in 1849: A day will come when all nations on our continent will form a European brotherhood... A day will come when we shall see... the United States of America and the United States of Europe face to face, reaching out for each other across the seas. During the interwar period, the consciousness that national markets in Europe were interdependent though confrontational, along with the observation of a larger and growing US market on the other side of the ocean, nourished the urge for the economic integration of the continent.
In 1920, advocating the creation of a European economic union, British economist John Maynard Keynes wrote that "a Free Trade Union should be established... to impose no protectionist tariffs whatever against the produce of other members of the Union." During the same decade, Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, one of the first to imagine of a modern political union of Europe, founded the Pan-Europa Movement. His ideas influenced his contemporaries, among which Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand. In 1929, the latter gave a speech in favour of a European Union before the assembly of the League of Nations, precursor of the United Nations. In a radio address in March 1943, with war still raging, Britain's leader Sir Winston Churchill spoke warmly of "restoring the true greatness of Europe" once victory had been achieved, mused on the post-war creation of a "Council of Europe" which would bring the European nations together to build peace. After World War II, European integration was seen as an antidote to the extreme nationalism which had devastated the continent.
In a speech delivered on 19
Carola Maria Häggkvist known as Carola Søgaard for a period, is a Swedish singer and occasional songwriter. She has been among Sweden's most popular performers since the early 1980s, has released albums ranging from pop and disco to hymns and folk music, her debut album, Främling, sold around one million copies and remains the biggest-selling album in Swedish music history. She has worked as a songwriter. During her 30-year-long career, she has recorded many top-selling albums and singles and is referred to as Sweden's most prominent female singer; some of her biggest hits are "Främling" from 1983, "Tommy tycker om mig" from 1984, "Fångad av en stormvind" from 1991, "All the Reasons to Live" from 1992, "I Believe in Love" from 2001, "Genom allt" from 2005 and "Evighet" from 2006. Häggkvist has represented Sweden at the Eurovision Song Contest on three occasions: in 1983, finishing third. Carola has released records in various languages: Swedish, German, English and Japanese. Carola Maria Häggkvist was born on 8 September 1966 at Södersjukhuset in Stockholm.
She grew up in Norsborg, south of the Swedish capital. At the age of eight, she began to perform at Stockholm's Miniteatern. In 1977, Häggkvist won a talent competition and appeared on television for the first time, on Sveriges magasin, performing "Krokodilbarnets klagan". In 1981, Swedish music promoter Bert Karlsson met Häggkvist after she performed on the television series Hylands hörna and offered her the chance to take part in Melodifestivalen, the Swedish selection for the Eurovision Song Contest in 1982, she turned down the offer. Songwriter Lasse Holm offered Häggkvist two of his songs for Melodifestivalen 1983, "Mona Lisa" and "Främling". "Främling" was chosen, with it Häggkvist won the right to represent Sweden at that year's Eurovision Song Contest in Munich. The song scored the highest possible mark, from all eleven juries. Häggkvist represented Sweden at the Eurovision Song Contest on 23 April, she finished third in front of 6.1 million Swedish television viewers, 84% of the country's population.
This is still a record in Sweden."Främling" became the title track to Häggkvist's debut album, which sold over one million copies, making it the biggest-selling album in Swedish history. After Eurovision, Häggkvist embarked on a tour of European television programmes, promoting "Främling" and performing in it several languages: in English as "Love Isn't Love", in German as "Fremder", in Dutch as "Je ogen hebben geen geheimen"; the album contained hits like "Mickey", "Liv", "Gloria" and "Tokyo". In December 1983, she released her first Christmas album, Julefrid med Carola, which sold 200,000 copies. In 1984, Häggkvist released two top-selling pop/rock albums that together sold over 1 million copies. "Tommy tycker om mig" became a huge hit in Sweden, together with "Hunger". She travelled to Japan and recorded a single in Japanese. In 1985, the Bee Gees collaborated with her on the album Runaway, written by the Gibb brothers and produced by Maurice Gibb; the record sold double platinum. "The Runaway", "Brand New Heart", "Spread your wings" and "Radiate" became massive hits in Scandinavia.
In 1987, Häggkvist embarked on a church tour with pianist Per-Erik Hallin. After this followed a career hiatus for the singer. In 1990, she returned to Melodifestivalen, with "Mitt i ett äventyr"; the song finished second in the festival, failing to earn Häggkvist the right to represent Sweden at Eurovision. Edin-Ådahl won the event, her comeback album, titled Much More, was released. However, Häggkvist and songwriter Stephan Berg had begun planning another attempt at Eurovision. In 1991, she returned to Melodifestivalen with "Fångad av en stormvind"; the song won the festival by thirty-two points and became the Swedish entry for the Eurovision Song Contest in Rome. British bookmakers considered Häggkvist second favourite to win the contest. On the night of the contest, with one voting jury left to announce their scores, three countries remained in contention to win the contest: Sweden, with 146 points. Neither Israel nor Sweden won any points from the Italian jury, but France won twelve, leaving Sweden and France tied for first place with 146 at the conclusion of the voting.
Sweden won the contest after a recount, having received five ten-point scores during the voting versus France's two. "Fångad av en stormvind" became a huge hit in Europe, was followed by a compilation album, a Christmas album, Jul. After her victory, she released an international version of "Much More" and went on an extended promotional tour throughout Europe, her album produced several hits, among them "I'll live" and "All the Reasons to Live". Häggkvist was the first Scandinavian pop artist to perform in China—in front of an estimated 600 million television viewers. In 1992 and 1993, Rival International, released Carola's earlier albums on CD, she was signed to Mariann Records in Scandinavia. After the tenth anniversary of her breakthrough in 1993, she recorded a gospel album, My Tribute, released in sixteen countries, making her gospel artist of the year in the Netherlands in 1994; the album contains one of Häggkvist's best-known songs. In 1994, Häggkvist released a rock-themed album,'"Per
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Annie Marie Therése Lööf is a Swedish politician and lawyer. She has been a Member of the Riksdag, representing her home constituency of Jönköping County, since 2006, leader of the Centre Party since 2011. Lööf served as Minister for Enterprise from 2011 to 2014, in the Reinfeldt Cabinet. Annie Lööf was born and raised in the small village of Maramö, near Värnamo. At school in the 1990s, she shared a class with children of refugees fleeing wars in the Balkans. During her last year at Finnvedens Secondary School in Värnamo, where she studied social sciences, she developed an interest in politics. At the end of 2001 Lööf joined the Centre Party. During the 2002 general election she was employed as an election agent for the party's youth organization in Jönköping County and in the same year she won a Dag Hammarskjöld Scholarship, which gave her the chance to immerse herself in international peace and environmental issues at the UN Headquarters in New York. After the election she enrolled to study law at Lund University and was awarded a professional degree in law in August 2011.
In the general election of 2006 Lööf was elected to the Riksdag, being at that time the youngest member of the legislature. In January 2007, together with her colleague Fredrick Federley, Lööf initiated the Liberal Group, a network of liberal-minded people both inside and outside the Riksdag, she has been the vice president of CUF. For several years she served on the board of the Nordic Centre Youth Federation, Scandinavia's second largest youth organization. In 2008 Lööf was awarded the "Young European Leadership Program" grant from the United States Embassy. Before she became a minister and party leader, Annie Lööf was member of the Committee on Finance, the War Delegation and a vicepresident of the Committee on Justice and first Deputy House Leader for the Centre Party's parliamentary group and member of the party's executive board, she has served as a member on several government commissions, including the E-Publicity Committee, the investigation of the police needs of signal intelligence and in the signals intelligence committee, which evaluated the National Defence Radio Establishment activities.
During her two terms, she has been active in municipal politics in Värnamo, as deputy of the City Council from 2002 to 2004, as member of the Citizens' Board from 2002 to 2004, as well as ordinary municipal councillor from 2006 to 2007. Lööf was elected to the local councils for Värnamo in 2010, but left the mission because of many national commitments; until 2008 Lööf was a substitute to the Nordic Council's Swedish delegation, the pre-term in office she worked for the Committee on the Constitution as a member. After the 2010 general election, Lööf was elected chairman of the National Post-Election Analysis Group the Centre Party appointed; the Analysis Group presented its report in January 2011. The same year she became Spokesperson for Economic Affairs of her party. On 31 August 2011 the Centre Partys Nomination Commité proposed Annie Lööf as the Party President and on the party's congress in Åre on 23 September she was elected by acclamation. Lööf was elected leader and party president on 23 September 2011, succeeding Maud Olofsson, in the at the party congress in Åre.
She thus became the Centre Party's youngest-ever party leader. On 29 September 2011 Lööf succeeded Maud Olofsson as Minister for Enterprise, she saw to replace Minister for the Environment Andreas Carlgren with Lena Ek, former MEP, gave birth for to new cabinet post Minister for IT and Energy who Anna-Karin Hatt was given. The Minister for Rural and Farming Affairs, Eskil Erlandsson kept his seat. During Almedalsveckan 2012, in her address at the Centre Party gathering, Lööf criticized the government of which she was a part for its inability to keep up the pace of reform, a leading part of the Alliance platform in 2006, urged a revival. "The joint project has lost momentum. Project embers have died down," she said; these points were met with fierce opposition from the other cabinet parties from the Christian Democrats and the party secretary Acko Ankarberg. The speech drew attention because of the caustic review by Social Democrat former minister of culture Marita Ulvskog: "New speechwriter for Annie Lööf?
Didn't help. Credibility none. Would work in Top Model, not in reality" she wrote on Twitter. Ulvskog apologized for some of the wording. On 6 August 2012 Lööf dismissed Christina Lugnet, the Director-General of Tillväxtverket, after it had become known that Lugnet's government agency had spent 16 million SEK on internal representation over a brief period of time: banquets, kick-offs, hotel stays for its personnel and conferences; this was out of bounds by the agency's own rules. On 8 August, it became known that Lööf used taxpayers' money for a number of restaurant visits, including banquets for her staff. A memo was revealed to have amounted 20 000 SEK; the Centre Party has subsequently repaid these expenses to the treasury, as it was for party activities. After the parliamentary election in 2014, Lööf's trust figures raised dramatically. In 2017, Annie Lööf had the highest trust figures of any major political party leader in Sweden by Swedish voters. Following the inconclusive elections in 2018, the speaker of Sweden’s parliament Andreas Norlén asked Lööf to explore the possibility of forming a new government.
Löof subsequently tried to build support for a broad government which excluded the Sweden Democrats and the Left Party and kept intact the centre-right Alliance, a four-party bloc of which the Center is part. She abandoned her bid to form a new government one week later. In January
Those Dancing Days
Those Dancing Days were an indie pop band from Nacka, a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden. Most compared to Northern Soul and 1960s era girl-groups, the band formed in 2005 while the members were all still in school, they were signed to Wichita Recordings. The band consisted of five people from Stockholm, their name derived from the Led Zeppelin song "Dancing Days" pitched by Mimmi. Two of the band members completed school as late as summer 2008, they received a lot of publicity during 2007, including being featured in NME and on MTV2, they were nominated for the Best Swedish Act prize at the MTV Europe Music Awards 2007. The band has played many gigs in their native Sweden as well as in Germany, they released a 5-track EP in Sweden before being signed by UK label Wichita Recordings, who released a self-titled single in October 2007, with a second single, "Hitten". Their debut full-length album In Our Space Hero Suits was released on 6 October 2008, preceded by a single Home Sweet Home on 29 September.
The band was chosen by Belle & Sebastian to perform at their second Bowlie Weekender festival presented by All Tomorrow's Parties in the UK in December 2010. A second album, Daydreams & Nightmares was released in 2011; the band made a number of festival appearances in the summer including Glastonbury finishing with Popaganda in Stockholm on 27 August. Four days after this performance, the band announced on their website that the group would be'put to bed for a while'; the same announcement revealed the final release will be the single "Help Me Close My Eyes". Some band members founded Vulkano in late 2011. In Our Space Hero Suits – UK No. 180 Daydreams & Nightmares – SWE No. 58 Those Dancing Days "Those Dancing Days" - SWE No. 17 "Hitten" "Run Run" "Home Sweet Home" "Fuckarias" "Reaching Forward" "I'll Be Yours" "Can't Find Entrance" "Help Me Close My Eyes" Official homepage
Jessica Elin Maria Landström is a former Swedish football forward who has represented the Sweden women's national football team at the 2008 Olympic Football Tournament, the 2009 UEFA Women's Championship and the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. At club level she has played for Damallsvenskan teams Djurgårdens IF, Hammarby IF DFF, Linköpings FC and Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC, she has played for 1. FFC Frankfurt of Germany and Sky Blue FC of the United States. After starting her career with four years at Djurgårdens, Landström played for Hammarby IF DFF as a forward from 2005–2007. A few weeks after her debut and first goal for the Swedish national team, she was signed by Linköpings FC to replace the departing Frida Östberg; the transfer multiplied her salary by nearly six times. She intended that the transfer would help to secure her spot on the national squad for the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Landström scored 11 goals in 17 games in 2008 and decided to stay with Linköpings for the 2009 season, in which the club collected a league and cup "double".
She scored against Umeå in the 2–0 Swedish Cup final win. In November 2009 Landström signed a professional contract with American WPS team Sky Blue FC. After starting three of nine appearances for Sky Blue, Landström negotiated a release and accepted a two-year contract from FFC Frankfurt in July 2010, she criticised the American club for a lack of leadership and expressed the hope that playing in Germany would provide better preparation for the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. Landström agreed a deal to return to Djurgårdens in April 2012, but with Frankfurt still in the UEFA Women's Champions League, the German club insisted on her staying until the end of their season before she was allowed to complete the move; when Djurgårdens were relegated at the end of the 2012 season, Landström transferred to Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC. She was signed as a direct replacement for Christen Press, Göteborg's top goalscorer who had departed for Tyresö FF. After leaving Göteborg, Landström did not play in 2014 but was training with former club Hammarby ahead of the 2015 campaign.
Landström's "dreams were crushed" when she was overlooked for the youth national teams, after finishing as top–scorer in a regional Under–15 tournament. She debuted for the senior Swedish national team against Denmark on 8 November 2007, starting at forward and scoring her first international goal in a 4–2 win, she had played for the U21/23 national team. She was included in coach Thomas Dennerby's squad for the 2008 Olympic Games, it was her first major championship and she wanted to learn from playing alongside first choice strikers Lotta Schelin and Victoria Sandell Svensson. Landström played in four games in China, retained her place in the national squad for UEFA Women's Euro 2009, where she played twice. At the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup Landström scored the winning goal in the group stage win over Colombia, as Sweden reached the semi final, she featured as a substitute in Sweden's 3–1 defeat to eventual winners Japan in Frankfurt. Sweden secured third place by beating France 2–1 in Sinsheim, though Landström remained an unused substitute.
Landström was named as an alternate for the Sweden squad at the 2012 London Olympics but did not play. In signing Landström for Sky Blue FC, the American club's general manager Gerry Marrone said: Landström is lesbian and came out publicly in November 2008, to acknowledge the support she had received from her partner. Before turning professional, she had studied for a master's degree in mechanical engineering. Djurgårdens IF Damallsvenskan: 2003, 2004 Svenska Cupen: 2004Linköpings FC Damallsvenskan: 2009 Svenska Cupen: 2008, 2009 Supercupen: 20091. FFC Frankfurt German Cup: 2010–11Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC Supercupen: 2013 Swedish Newcomer of the Year: 2008 Jessica Landström – FIFA competition record Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC player profile Linköping FC player profile Lotta Schelin and Jessica Landström Interview