Nag Hammadi

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Nag Hammadi
Nag Hammadi is located in Egypt
Nag Hammadi
Nag Hammadi
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 26°03′N 32°15′E / 26.050°N 32.250°E / 26.050; 32.250
Country  Egypt
Governorate Qena
Population (2007)
 • Total 42,820
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Naga' Hammadi sugar refinery plate date 1901

Nag Hammadi (/ˌnɑːɡ həˈmɑːdi/ NAHG hə-MAH-dee; Arabic: نجع حمادىNajʿ Ḥammādī) is a city in Upper Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile in the Qena Governorate, about 80 kilometres north-west of Luxor. It had a population of close to 43,000 as of 2007.

History[edit]

The town of Nag Hammadi is named for its founder, Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi, a member of the Hammadi family in Sohag, Egypt. Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi was a major landholder in Sohag, and known for his strong opposition to the British occupation of 1882.

Nag Hammadi is about 5 km west of ancient Chenoboskion (Ancient Greek: Χηνοβόσκιον) The "Nag Hammadi library", an important collection of 2nd-century Gnostic texts, was found at Jabal al-Ṭārif near Nag Hammadi was the site in 1945.[1]

The city was the site of the Nag Hammadi massacre in January 2010, wherein eight Coptic Christians were shot dead by three men.[2] In total, nineteen Coptic Christians were attacked.[2][3]

Economy[edit]

Sugar and aluminium are produced in Nag Hammadi. Egyptalum is the largest aluminium producer in the Middle East. Wood particleboard is manufactured from sugar cane bagasse.

References[edit]

  1. ^ James M. Robinson (1988). The Nag Hammadi Library. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco. . "The Nag Hammadi library consists of twelve books, plus eight leaves removed from a thirteenth book in late antiquity and tucked inside the front cover of the sixth. These eight leaves comprise a complete text, an independent treatise taken out of a book of collected essays". (p. 10). "nag-hammadi.com". Archived from the original on 2007-04-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Egypt's anxious Copts 'await next catastrophe'" (25 January 2010) BBC News
  3. ^ "Egypt church attack kills Copts". BBC News. 2010-01-07. 

Coordinates: 26°03′N 32°15′E / 26.050°N 32.250°E / 26.050; 32.250