Goulburn Valley Highway
The Goulburn Valley Highway is a highway located in Victoria, Australia. The section north of the Hume Freeway is part of the Melbourne to Brisbane National Highway and is the main link between these two cities as well as a major link between Victoria and inland New South Wales, it is the most direct route between Melbourne and the major regional centre of Shepparton in Victoria. The highway follows the course of the Goulburn River, a tributary of the Murray River; the Highway serves the fruit and vegetable growing areas of the Goulburn Valley in Victoria, one of Australia's most productive agricultural regions. The highway runs from Eildon to Seymour as a two lane single carriageway sealed road with shoulders; the section from the Hume Freeway to Arcadia via Nagambie has been converted into a dual carriageway and has been renamed as the Goulburn Valley Freeway. The freeway upgrade has made sections of the original Goulburn Valley Highway redundant, either incorporated into the new freeway or acting as local access roads.
The freeway section is covered with a speed limit of 110 km/h, the standard speed limit for rural freeways in Australia. Between Arcadia and Tocumwal the highway is a two lane single carriageway but with tactile road lines, wide shoulders and small sections of 3 or 4 lane single carriageway road for overtaking; the Goulburn Valley Highway crosses the Murray River at Tocumwal to join the Newell Highway in New South Wales. The Goulburn Valley Highway is defined as a National Highway which means the Australian Government funds improvements to it, it is progressively being upgraded to freeway standard with the goal to bypass all towns between the Hume Freeway and the Murray River at the New South Wales border. 2001 - Hume Freeway to Nagambie. 16 km opened at a cost of $ A53m. The opening ceremony was held in a new south-bound rest area and was attended by representatives of the local Taungurung Aboriginal People, who referred to the significance of the relocated ‘scarred tree’, relocated as part of the project.
2003 - Murchison East deviation. 18 km opened to traffic on 18 February 2003 eleven months early, at a cost of $A88.9m. 2008 – 10 km Arcadia section duplication, from north of the Murchison-Violet Town Road interchange to Gribben Road, south of Shepparton. Opened in June 2008, at a cost of A$40.5m. 2013 - Nagambie bypass. 17 km bypass opened at the end of April, 2013. The duplication was a $40.55 million project funded by the Australian Government as part of its Auslink Program. The works involved duplication of 10 km of the existing Goulburn Valley Highway between the Murchison East deviation and the proposed Shepparton Bypass, just north of Ross Road, it incorporates four at-grade intersections, frontage access roads, a rest area with full facilities, wire rope safety barriers. The Arcadia section runs adjacent to the Calder Woodburn Memorial Avenue of Honour. A Conservation Management Plan was developed in consultation with Heritage Victoria to ensure that impact on the Avenue of Honour was minimised.
The plans included measures to highlight the avenue of trees. The project was started in June 2006, open to traffic in February 2008, with final completion of all works in April 2008; the highway carries an estimated 6,500 vehicles per day, including more than 2,000 commercial vehicles. The Nagambie Bypass, funded as part of the Auslink 2 Federal Government infrastructure program, bypasses the town of Nagambie to the east. Funding was announced in May 2009, construction commenced in December 2009; the bypass opened to traffic in April 2013. Costed at $222 million, $177.6 million was contributed by the Australian Government, with the remaining $44.4 million from the State Government. The project was made up of two sections: duplicating the existing highway north of Nagambie for 3.5 km between Kirwans Bridge-Longwood Road and Moss Road, the 13.5 km bypass road from Mitchellstown Road to Kirwans Bridge-Longwood Road. An alignment for the Shepparton bypass has been decided; the bypass will cross the Goulburn River at Toolamba and travel west of Mooroopna rejoining the existing highway north of Congupna.
It was proposed that the Shepparton Bypass would be funded by Auslink 2 however as of the beginning of 2017 it had not been built yet. A realignment will bypass the small townships of Strathmerton and Yarroweyah and avoid dangerous bends south of the Murray River crossing at Tocumwal; the proposed new route will cross the Murray Valley Highway instead of follow it through those towns, rejoin the current route just south of the Murray River. The proposed Strathmerton Deviation was to be funded by Auslink 2 but had not been constructed by the beginning of 2017. Highways in Australia Highways in Victoria Freeways in Australia Freeways in Victoria
Baddaginnie is a small town in Victoria, Australia. It is located on the North East railway line, in the Rural City of Benalla, 12 kilometres south-west of Benalla itself on the old Hume Highway, it is situated in flat unforested country, one kilometre west of Baddaginnie Creek. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 308; the town was surveyed in 1857, named after the nearby Baddaginnie Creek, but settlement was slow, a Post Office opening on 16 September 1879. A railway station was open and served passengers until July 1978. George "Joey" Palmer, the 1880s Australian test cricketer, died there on 22 August 1910. Although mistaken for an Aboriginal word, Baddaginnie may have been named by a surveyor who had spent some time in Ceylon, from baddaginnie’ meaning "hungry" in the Sinhala language. Australian Places - Baddaginnie
Tooborac is a town in Victoria, Australia. The town is in the Shire of Mitchell local government area, 93 kilometres north of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 310. Tooborac Post Office opened on 1 January 1872. Tooborac has undergone a resurgence with the renovation of the Tooborac Hotel and the construction of a craft brewery; the 150-year-old two storey bluestone and ironstone hotel is a meeting place for locals and travellers alike. Media related to Tooborac, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Longwood is a town in northern Victoria, Australia. The town is located in the Shire of Strathbogie local government area, 149 kilometres from the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 240. Longwood was first located on the old Sydney to Melbourne Highway serving as a staging post for the horse-drawn coaches; the town moved east by around 4 km when the railway was built and a station established at Longwood. The Post Office opened on 1 July 1852 and the office named Longwood Railway Station opened in 1881. Longwood was renamed Longwood East and Longwood Railway Station was renamed to Longwood; the town and surrounding countryside was the scene of a devastating bushfire on 17 January 1965. Seven people died fleeing the flames in a car; the town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the District Football League. There is Longwood Primary School, it has a small student population but a large plantation area at the back where the students can build houses and explore nature.
There are 2 teachers at the school and the current Principal is Mr. Michael Greenaway; the town is home to one hotel, The White Hart, moved to its current location on the corner of Down and Hill Streets when the Melbourne-Sydney train line was constructed around 1880. It serves beverages every day except 26 December and 1 January; the town was the birthplace of World War I veterans, Victoria Cross recipient Frederick Harold Tubb, Lieutenant-Colonel Aubrey Roy Liddon Wiltshire and Army Medical Officer, Sir Charles Ryan. and his sister, botanical artist Ellis Rowan, both at "Killeen Station". Frederick Harold Tubb and grazier, was born in 1881. Frederick volunteered with the Australian Lighthorse Brigade. During WW1 he served in the Australian Imperial Force, earning a Victoria Cross for gallantry at Lone Pine, he died on 20 September 1917 after being wounded with shellfire whilst being carried on a stretcher. Longwood railway station Media related to Longwood, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Locksley is a town in northern Victoria, Australia. The town is located on the Longwood - Avanel Road. Locksley and the surrounding area have a population of about 22; the town was called Burnt Creek and takes its name from Tennyson's Poem'Locksley Hall'. Locksley was part of Henry Kent Hughes' Avenel pastoral station, taken up in the 1830s and early settlement occurred along Burnt Creek and the hills of Teneriffe. A Cobb & Co coach service along the Sydney to Melbourne road was established with a horse changing station at Barlow's Lagoon, about a mile from Locksley; the Locksley railway station opened in 1882 as Burnt Creek, with sidings serving up to five sawmills, which were supplying fire wood to Melbourne, a local hall was built in 1887. In the summer of 1901 a large bush fire started near Locksley which resulted in destruction of many properties and in the following autumn and winter, severe soil erosion was caused in many of the creeks. A post office opened on 1 May 1886, operated from the Railway station from 1910 to 1914, but closed on 29 September 1973.
A butter factory operated for a short while but was closed down and sold for removal in 1899. The Locksley School opened in 1884 known as Monea North; the school closed for three weeks in 1899 due to a measles epidemic. It experienced tragedy in 1898, when the 6-year-old son of Mr. J. H. Sharp died following being struck in the head by a makeshift see-saw. There are only a few buildings in the town today, with the station and school having closed in the 1970s. Locksley has a CFA rural Fire Brigade. Locksley Bushland Reserve has the southernmost occurrence of the rare plant Brachyscome muelleroides. Media related to Locksley, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Shepparton is a city located on the floodplain of the Goulburn River in northern Victoria, Australia 181 kilometres north-northeast of Melbourne. At June 2016, the estimated urban population of Shepparton, including Mooroopna, was 50,198, it began as a sheep station and river crossing in the mid-19th century, before undergoing a major transformation as a railway town. Today it is an agricultural and manufacturing centre, the centre of the Goulburn Valley irrigation system, one of the largest centres of irrigation in Australia, it is a major regional service city and the seat of local government and civic administration for the City of Greater Shepparton, which includes the surrounding towns of Tatura, Mooroopna, Dookie and Grahamvale. The name of Shepparton is derived from the surname of one of the area's first European settlers, Sherbourne Sheppard, not, as is sometimes imagined, from Shepperton, England. Prior to the white settlement of Australia, the area was inhabited by the Yorta Yorta, an indigenous Australian people traditionally occupying the land around the junction of the Goulburn and Murray Rivers in present-day northern Victoria and southern New South Wales.
The Yorta Yorta tribe which inhabited the Shepparton area were known as the Kailtheban. Surveyor General Thomas Mitchell was the first European to be recorded travelling through the area, crossing the Goulburn River in 1836 on his return to Sydney from an expedition to survey the Darling River and its tributaries. On Mitchell's recommendation, Joseph Hawdon and Charles Bonney would follow two years camping on the town site by the Goulburn River in 1838 while droving cattle from Albury to Adelaide; the first permanent settlement in the area was the "Tallygaroopna" sheep station, established in the early 1840s. By 1843 the station was being run by a man named the town's eventual namesake. With the advent of the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s, the area became a popular river crossing point for miners travelling east from the Bendigo and Ballarat goldfields; as there was yet no bridge across the Goulburn River, Irish entrepreneur Patrick Macguire soon set up a punt service to ferry travellers across the river, erecting the town's first building in the process, the punt house.
Macguire sold the building to John Hill in 1853, who converted it into the Emu Bush Inn. This settlement soon became known as a name it would keep into the 1870s. A post office closed in July that same year; the settlement was first surveyed in 1855. By this time, in addition to Macguire's Punt, it had become known as Sheppard town and Shepparton; the post office reopened in May 1858, two years the Governor of Victoria declared Shepparton a township on 24 September 1860. It remained a small settlement of a half-dozen buildings into the 1870s despite adding a police station, a general store, a blacksmith, a foundry, a public hall which remains the city's oldest building. Shepparton's first bridge over the Goulburn River was completed in 1878 and named Dainton's Bridge after James Henry Dainton, the bridge's chief engineer; the first church, St. Patrick's, opened in 1879; the railway from Seymour reached the town in 1880. A mechanics institute opened between 1880 and 1888 as Shepparton developed into a major manufacturing and service centre.
During the Victorian railway boom the railways expanded, by the turn of the century Shepparton was central to a large network of regional branch lines on the Toolamba–Echuca railway line — lines leading to Cobram, Dookie and Katamatite. Rail-served industries helped. While these lines experienced a brief boom all of them would close; the Goulburn River developed as a secondary transport hub, with paddle steamers and ferries operating at The Barges. In the post-war era the city's population tripled, with immigration to the city becoming a major factor migrants from Italy. During the post-war boom of the 1960s and'70s successive local councils began a progress campaign to modernise the city and many older buildings were replaced with newer buildings. Shepparton has a semi-arid climate, with cold winters; the hottest summer month is January, when the average maximum temperature is 31.8 °C. In winter, the weather becomes coldest in July when the minimum averages 3.4 °C and the maximum gets to 13.2 °C.
On 7 February 2009, a maximum of 46.1 °C was recorded in the city. Although the rainfall in Shepparton is sparse, winter sees the most rain days; the rain doesn't get too heavy throughout the year. With the wettest month being in November, the rainfall still averages at 50.1 millimetres. The driest month in terms of rainfall and rain days is January, which receives an average of 27.5 millimetres over 4.6 days. The average wind speed in Shepparton is 4.03 metres per second. The Maude Street Mall is the city's main shopping centre, while Wyndham Street is the main civic and commercial street. Located off the Maude Street Mall is a 76-metre tall communications tower, erected 1967–68, with an observation deck at 35 m accessible via a 160-step stairway; the observation deck offers views over surrounding countryside. Shepparton has three nearby towns, they are Mooroopna to the west, Kialla to the south, Shepparton East to the east. Nearby, in the northeast lies the locality of Grahamvale. Shepparton's main industries are associated manufacturing.
Australia's largest processor of ca