Nahal Sorek

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Coordinates: 31°45′21.25″N 35°03′0.59″E / 31.7559028°N 35.0501639°E / 31.7559028; 35.0501639

ValleyOfSorek.jpg

Nahal Sorek (Hebrew: נחל שורק‎, lit. Brook of Sorek), also Soreq, is one of the largest, most important drainage basins in the Judean Hills.[1] It is mentioned in the Book of Judges 16:4 of the Bible as the border between the ancient Philistines and the Tribe of Dan of the ancient Israelites. It is known in Arabic as Wadi es-Sarār, sometimes spelled Surar,[2] and by various names along different segments, such as Wadi Qalunya near Motza,[3] Wadi al-Tahuna, and Nahr Rubin further downstream.

Etymology[edit]

The Midrash (Numbers Rabbah 9) states that the sorek is a "fruitless tree" (the word ריק req means "empty" in Hebrew), implying a moral lesson and metaphor suggesting that Samson's involvement in his affair with Delilah was eventually "fruitless". However, another etymology suggests that "sorek" means "special vine" and refers to the grapes and wines grown in the area.

In the Hebrew Bible[edit]

Nahal Sorek was the place where Delilah lived, and Samson came to meet her for the first time. It was also the place she enticed him to tell her the secret of his strength, and where he was eventually captured by the Philistines:

And Samson went to Gaza... And it came to pass afterward, that he loved a woman in the brook/valley of Sorek, whose name was Delilah. And the lords of the Philistines came up to her, and said to her: 'Entice him, and see wherein his great strength lies, and by what means we may prevail against him, that we may bind him to afflict him...

— Judges 16

Land property along the river[edit]

In 1921, lands that bounded Nahal Sorek (Wadi es Surar / Wad Issarar) which passed to the south of Artuf were designated as "Mara land," meaning, pasture land reserved primarily for the use of the adjoining villages.[4]

Road and railway[edit]

Remains of the Nahal Sorek Railway Station

In the 19th century, Nahal Sorek served as an important connection between the two major cities in the area, Jaffa and Jerusalem. Because railways at the time were reliant on water sources, several surveyors who planned the first railway in the Middle East, the Jaffa–Jerusalem line, decided to use Nahal Sorek as the main route for the line. The line was inaugurated in 1892. While the Tel Aviv-to-Jerusalem high-speed railway line, which is expected to open for passenger service in the fourth quarter of 2018,[5] is designed to avoid the Nahal Sorek route and shorten the line, the older railway along Nahal Sorek has been refurbished and remains in use. It connects the country's two largest cities and its main international airport, running in an westerly-easterly direction between Tel Aviv, Ben Gurion International Airport, Lod, Ramla, Beit Shemesh and Jerusalem. However, today the rail line mainly serves as a scenic route used by tourists. Several small water reservoirs exist along its route, notably near Tal Shahar and Yesodot. Waterfalls are located on several of its tributaries, including Ayanot Dekalim in Beit Shemesh, Ein Sifla on Nahal HaMe'ara, and others.

Nature Reserve[edit]

The Nahal Sorek Nature Reserve, first declared in 1965, and since expanded, spans over 11000 dunams,[6] from the Avshalom Cave Nature Reserve near Beit Shemesh, to moshav Nes Harim.

Desalination plants[edit]

Near the mouth of the Sorek River are two large seawater desalination plants, Palmachim and Sorek, the latter being, when used at full capacity, the largest of its kind in the world (as of 2013).[7]

Panoramic view of Nahal Sorek channel, in the western part of the Jerusalem mountains

See also[edit]

  • Nahal Sorek Regional Council, administrative district in central Israel situated along Sorek Valley
  • Soreq Nuclear Research Center, a research and development institute
  • Timnah, Philistine city mentioned in the Bible, identified with Tel Batash in the Sorek Valley
  • Zorah, biblical town in Judah, identified with a site overlooking the Sorek Valley

References[edit]

  1. ^ Protecting The Environment
  2. ^ Office for Subject Cataloging Plicy, Collections Services (1992). Library of Congress Subject Headings. IV Q-Z (15 ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  3. ^ Oded Lowenheim (2014). The Politics of the Trail: Reflexive Mountain Biking along the Frontier of Jerusalem. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 9780472052127. Retrieved 24 May 2018. ....the Soreq riverbed, which on the British map I brought them is called Wadi Qalunya.
  4. ^ Israel Government Archives (Land Registry Office of Jerusalem - Register of Deeds), p. 39 (Mandatory Organizations); letter written by M. Doukhan, Advocate, on 19 January 1941. "Mara lands," same as "Arazi Metruké" in the Ottoman Land Code, of which there were two kinds: the first being "pasture land" that has been allotted to a village or number of villages, and which cannot be cultivated or turned into private property or belong to individuals (Art. 97 of the Ottoman Land Code). Such lands were used principally as pasture land for grazing; the second being "pasture land" that was privately owned, and which could be used for general cultivation, such as ploughing and sowing (Article 5 of the Law of Disposition of Immovable Property of the year 1913 (1331)), without the necessity of obtaining special authority.
  5. ^ Zagrizak, Asaf (22 February 2018). "High-speed train to Jerusalem delayed by 6 months". Ynet. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  6. ^ "List of National Parks and Nature Reserves" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  7. ^ Sales, Ben (May 30, 2013) With desalination, a once unthinkable water surplus is possible. The Times of Israel