An inlet is an indentation of a shoreline, usually long and narrow, such as a small bay or arm, that often leads to an enclosed body of salt water, such as a sound, lagoon, or marsh. In sea coasts, an inlet usually refers to the connection between a bay and the ocean and is often called an entrance or a recession in the shore of a sea, lake. A certain kind of created by glaciation is a fjord, typically but not always in mountainous coastlines. Complexes of large inlets or fjords may be called sounds, e. g. Puget Sound, Howe Sound, Karmsund. Some fjord-type inlets are called canals, e. g. Portland Canal, Lynn Canal, Hood Canal, and some are channels, e. g. Dean Channel and Douglas Channel. Tidal amplitude, wave intensity, and wave direction are all factors that influence sediment flux in inlets Alaska Panhandle British Columbia Coast Calanque Inside Passage Ria Bruun, stability of Tidal Inlets and Engineering. Amsterdam, Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co. p.510, be pub co Coastal Inlets Research Program Hood Canal on Google Maps
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate regular return services, a passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, Italy, is sometimes called a water bus or water taxi. Ferries form a part of the transport systems of many waterside cities and islands. However, ship connections of much larger distances may be called ferry services, the profession of the ferryman is embodied in Greek mythology in Charon, the boatman who transported souls across the River Styx to the Underworld. Speculation that a pair of oxen propelled a ship having a wheel can be found in 4th century Roman literature Anonymus De Rebus Bellicis. Though impractical, there is no reason why it could not work and such a ferry, see When Horses Walked on Water, Horse-Powered Ferries in Nineteenth-Century America. The Marine Services Company of Tanzania offers passenger and cargo services in three of the African Great Lakes viz, Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa.
It operates one of the oldest ferries in the region, Ferries from Great Britain sail to Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway and Ireland. Some ferries carry mainly tourist traffic, but most carry freight, in Britain, car-carrying ferries are sometimes referred to as RORO for the ease by which vehicles can board and leave. The busiest single ferry route is across the part of Øresund. Before the Øresund bridge was opened in July 2000, car and car & train ferries departed up to seven times every hour, in 2013, this has been reduced, but a car ferry still departs from each harbor every 15 minutes during daytime. The route is around 2.2 nautical miles and the crossing takes 22 minutes, all ferries on this route are constructed so that they do not need to turn around in the harbors. This means that the ferries lack natural stems and sterns, due to the same circumstances and port-side are dynamic and depending of in what direction the ferry sails. Despite the short crossing, the ferries are equipped with restaurants, kiosks, large cruiseferries sail in the Baltic Sea between Finland, Åland, Estonia and Saint Petersburg and from Italy to Sardinia, Corsica and Greece.
In many ways, these ferries are like cruise ships, many smaller ferries operate on domestic routes in Finland and Estonia. The south-west and southern parts of the Baltic Sea has several routes mainly for heavy traffic, on the longer of these routes, simple cabins are available. In Istanbul, ferries connect the European and Asian shores of Bosphorus, as well as Princes Islands, in 2014 İDO transported 47 million passengers, the largest ferry system in the world. Due to the numbers of freshwater lakes and length of shoreline in Canada
Langeland is a Danish island located between the Great Belt and Bay of Kiel. The island measures 285 km2 and, as of 1 January 2010, has a population of 13,277, the island produces grain and is known as a recreational and wellness tourism area. A bridge connects it to Tåsinge via Siø - a small island with a population of approx,20 - and the main island of Funen. There are connections by car ferry to the islands of Lolland, Ærø, the island is a municipality. On 30 March 1914, the vessel SS Fanny docked at Langeland, the cache had been purchased by Major Frederick Hugh Crawford for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force in Ireland. Danish customs officials suspected that the cargo might have contained weapons to arm militant Icelandic home rulers who sought independence from Denmark, however the SS Fanny cut loose, escaped in a gale and sailed out of Danish territorial waters. The weapons cache would land in Larne on the north-east coast of Ireland in what known as the Larne gun-running.
List of Danish islands Official tourist information site for Langeland Travel guide to Langeland
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Johan Jensen (mathematician)
Johan Ludwig William Valdemar Jensen, mostly known as Johan Jensen, was a Danish mathematician and engineer. He was the president of the Danish Mathematical Society from 1892 to 1903, Jensen was born in Nakskov, but spent much of his childhood in northern Sweden, because his father obtained a job there as the manager of an estate. Their family returned to Denmark before 1876, when Jensen enrolled to the Copenhagen College of Technology, instead, he was a successful engineer for the Copenhagen Telephone Company between 1881 and 1924, and became head of the technical department in 1890. All his mathematics research was carried out in his spare time, Jensen is mostly renowned for his famous inequality, Jensens inequality. In 1915, Jensen proved Jensens formula in complex analysis
Nakskov Fjord is an inlet in the west of the island of Lolland, Denmark. There are about 10 small islands located in the fjord, the largest town in the area is Nakskov. The place is a bird sanctuary. Naksov Fjord is situated at the end of Lolland. Nakskov is the largest town in the area, along with the towns of Langø. The southern edge of the fjord is made by the 7.5 kilometer long curved strip of grassland called Albuen while the edge lies near the small town of Tårs. A ferry commutes between Tårs and Spodsbjerg, along the fjord, just outside Nakskov, is situated the beautiful beach, Hestehovedet. The fjord is about 12 kilometers long, the depth is usually shallow, around 1–2 meters but reaches a maximum of 8.5 meters at the port of Nakskov. There are around 10 islands in the fjord along with smaller islets. The largest islands are named Enehøje, Vejlø and Slotø, two post-boats Vesta and Gaia take the mail from Nakskov to the residents in these small islands. Tourists can go with these boats and enjoy the fjord, the inner fjord is the part of the fjord that narrows and reaches Nakskov.
It is located next to the town center. Along the inner fjord are walking tracks, the area is good for fishing. Many bird species nest in the fjord area and are especially of interest for bird-watchers. Nakskov fjord is a Natura 2000 protected bird habitat since May,1983, the total surface area of the protected habitat is 85 km2. Many species of birds are found in the fjord and the fjord area including mute swan, crested grebe, shoveler, tufted duck. During the migration season such species as little gull and black tern can be seen, the fjord is a protected habitat for dolphins and porpoises. The area is popular with tourists as well as with the local population
Stefan Wenzel is a German politician for the Alliance 90/The Greens. A trained agricultural economist, Wenzel was elected to the Lower Saxon Landtag in the 1998 state elections, in 2004 he succeeded Rebecca Harms as chairman of the Green Party’s parliamentary group. Wenzel was a Green Party delegate to the Federal Convention for the purpose of electing the President of Germany in 2009 and 2017, as one of the state’s representatives at the Bundesrat, he serves as chairman of the Committee on the Environment, Nature Protection and Reactor Safety. In 2014, Wenzel led the negotiations on the future of controversial radioactive waste facility in Gorleben. German Federal Environmental Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees Wenzel is married an has three daughters, the family lives on an estate of low-energy houses
Lolland municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland in Denmark. According to Municipal And Regional Key Figures it covers an area of 885.40 km² and has a population of 42,285, Guldborgsund Municipality occupies the eastern part of the island. The city hall and the seat of the mayor of Lolland municipality is in Maribo while the largest town is Nakskov, there are 31 members - including the mayor - of the municipal council. The current mayor - elected for the 2014-17 term of office - is a Socialdemocrat, the 1st deputy mayor is from the agrarian liberal Venstre and the 2nd deputy mayor is from Dansk Folkeparti. On Monday 1 January 2007 Lolland municipality was created as the result of Kommunalreformen, covering the municipalities of Holeby, Højreby, Nakskov, Rudbjerg. This is on a par with Sønderborg Municipality, which is made up of 7 old municipalities, Lolland municipality is a countryside municipality largely dependent on its agricultural industry featuring an open and intensively farmed landscape.
The sugar beets are refined in up to date processing facilities owned by Nordzucker in Nakskov, Nordzucker has a sugar processing factory in Nykøbing Falster in neighboring Guldborgsund Municipality. The focus on green technologies has resulted in another landscape feature, the shipyard Nakskov Skibsværft founded in 1916 by East Asiatic Companys H. N. Andersen, who was born in Nakskov, was the largest single workplace in the area with 1,500 employees. MAN B&W Diesel A/S in Holeby, among the manufactured products are, medical devices made of plastic, breakfast cereals for private label companies. In the census taken 1965 the municipalities within the area covering the present municipality had 61,879 inhabitants, in 2013 alone, population numbers fell by 2. 043%, from 44,436 to 43,528 inhabitants. From 1965 to 1 January 2017, this represents a fall of 19,594 in the population number, the Church of Denmark has 52 parishes in the municipality as of 1 August 2016. The new parish Utterslev-Herredskirke-Løjtofte has 769 inhabitants with 675 members of the church.
Although the transport to Copenhagen from Lolland can be undertaken by road and railway, for most people having visited or visiting Germany on the other side of Fehmarn Belt, Lolland is just a drive-by place along the motorway route. The railway passenger service in the municipality is operated by the railway company Lokaltog, subsidized by the government through Movia. A ferry route connects Lolland with Langeland to the west, the traffic corridor between Hamburg and Copenhagen is linked via car and train ferries sailing between Rødby and Puttgarden two times an hour. This ferry route will have competition from the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link road and railway tunnel which is scheduled to be finished in 2026 and to open in 2028. The tunnel will be located in a corridor traversing Fehmarn Belt between a location east of the port of Rødbyhavn and a location east of the port of Puttgarden, when the tunnel is finished, Rødbyhavn will not have a train station. It will be located in Holeby instead, which is 10 kilometers inland
Rail transport in Denmark
The rail transport system in Denmark consists of 2,633 km of railway lines, of which only the Copenhagen S-train network and the main line Helsingør-Copenhagen-Padborg are electrified. Most traffic is passenger trains, although there is considerable transit traffic between Sweden and Germany. Maintenance work on most Danish railway lines is done by Banedanmark, the majority of passenger trains are operated by DSB, with Arriva operating on some lines in Jutland. Goods transport is performed by DB Schenker Rail, although other operators take care of a significant portion of the non-transit traffic. Denmark is a member of the International Union of Railways, the UIC Country Code for Denmark is 86. Banedanmark is in charge of 2,132 km of railway lines, the narrow gauge lines generally disappeared during the 1950s and 1960s. The age of the tracks in Banedanmarks network has become problematic in years. A 2002/03 analysis of Banestyrelsens network states that the age of the track is too high. General-purpose electric propulsion was adopted quite recently in Denmark, the decision to electrify the main lines was made in 1979.
The first line to be electrified was Copenhagen–Elsinore, electrified in 1986, followed by the line across Zealand, Funen. On the main lines that are equipped with them, the overhead lines carry 25 kV AC at 50 Hz, the system is used on the main line from Sweden through Copenhagen to Fredericia, and from there to Padborg and the German border. 25 kV AC at 50 Hz is better from a point of view. However, both Sweden and Germany use 15 kV at 16 2⁄3 Hz and 16.7 Hz respectively, the S-train network in Copenhagen operates at 1650 V DC, supplied from overhead lines, the Copenhagen Metro uses 750 V DC, supplied from a third rail. In September 2013 the government reached a deal with the Danish Peoples Party and this train fund would be used to electrify all of the main line trains by 2025, and increase train speeds to 250 kilometres per hour for InterCity trains. This would allow for travel between the cities of Copenhagen, Esbjerg and Aalborg in four hours, on May 26, Banedanmark announced a 2.8 billion DKK contract to have Aarsleff-Siemens electrify 1300 km of tracks before 2026.
Main lines were equipped with the ATC safety system during the 1990s, with a partial, cheaper implementation, ATC train stop, being used on some branch lines. A different system, HKT, which was introduced in 1975 and utilises cab signalling, is used on the S-train network, although a simplified version, Denmark has its own ATC system, not compatible with other countries. It is a modification of the Swiss system, trains crossing the border to Sweden or Germany have to have two ATC systems, and handle two electrical supply systems
Socialist People's Party (Denmark)
The Socialist Peoples Party is a green and popular socialist political party in Denmark. The SF was founded on 15 February 1959 by Aksel Larsen, Larsen was removed from the ranks of the DKP for his criticism over the Soviet intervention in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Larsen and the new SF sought to form a way between Denmarks United States-oriented social democracy and Soviet Union–oriented communism, which sought to combine democracy with socialism. He was joined by a share of the members of the DKP. They all supported the idea of independence from the Soviet Union, in the 1960 elections the party entered the Folketing with eleven seats. The DKP lost all of its six seats, in the 1964 elections the party lost one seat. During the 1960s the SF became involved in the peace movement and it sought to walk on two legs, by combining its parliamentary work with involvement in grass roots movements. In the 1966 elections the Social Democrats and the SF won a majority in parliament. A Social Democrat minority government was formed, which was supported by the SF, the cooperation lasted only one year, but lead to considerable conflict within the SF, in 1967 the Left Socialists broke away from the SF.
In the subsequent 1968 elections the SF lost nine seats and the VS entered parliament with four, in 1969 the party chairperson Larsen stood down, he was replaced by Sigurd Ømann. In the 1971 elections the party regained ground on the VS, gaining six seats, in 1972 the party led the referendum campaign against Denmarks entry into the European Economic Community. The Danish voters voted in favour of the European by a narrow margin, because of its opposition to the EEC however boosted the SFs membership and support. In the subsequent 1973 landslide elections, the SF lost six seats, in 1974 Ømann stood down as party chairperson in favour of Gert Petersen. In the 1975 elections the SF lost two seats and the VS re-entered the Folketing as well, in 1977 the party reached an all-time low with only seven seats. During the 1970s the SF began to change its program and electoral appeal, where it had been a male-domined workers party it became broader left-wing political party that was oriented towards new voters and new social movements.
It became more focused on the environment and gender politics, in 1979 the party won four seats as the DKP lost its six seats. In the 1981 elections the party almost doubled from eleven to twenty-one, in the 1984 elections it remained stable. In the 1986 referendum on the Single European Act the SF campaigned together with the Social Democrats, the SEA was adopted by a narrow margin