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Nancy Lincoln

Nancy Hanks Lincoln was the mother of U. S. President Abraham Lincoln, her marriage to Thomas Lincoln produced a daughter, a son, Thomas Jr. When Nancy and Thomas had been married for just over 10 years, the family moved from Kentucky to Perry County, Indiana, in 1816. Nancy Lincoln died from milk sickness or consumption at the Little Pigeon Creek Community in Spencer County when Abraham was nine years old; this article reflects the prevailing theories regarding Nancy Hanks Lincoln's heritage. There is information, published about the Shipley and Berry family and for Kentucky heritage sites that differs from the prevailing theory; this is explored in greater detail in the Nancy Hanks Lincoln heritage article. Nancy Hanks Lincoln was born to Lucy Hanks in what was at that time part of Hampshire County, Virginia. Today, the same location is in Antioch in West Virginia. Years after her birth, Abraham Lincoln's law partner William Herndon reported that Lincoln told him his maternal grandfather was "a well-bred Virginia farmer or planter."

According to William E. Barton in the "Life of Abraham Lincoln" and Michael Burkhimer in "100 Essential Lincoln Books", Nancy was most born illegitimate due to the fact that Hanks' family created stories in order to lead Abraham to believe he was a legitimate member of the Sparrow family, it is believed that Nancy Hanks Lincoln's grandparents were Ann and Joseph Hanks and that they raised her from infancy until her grandfather died when she was about 9 years old. At the time of Nancy's birth and his wife and children were all living on 108 acres near Patterson Creek in then-Hampshire County, Virginia. In March 1784, Joseph Hanks sold his property via a mortgage and moved his wife, 8 children, young granddaughter Nancy to Kentucky; the family lived on land along Pottinger's Creek, in a settlement called Rolling Fork in Nelson County, until patriarch Joseph's death in 1793. Nancy's grandmother, called by the more formal name Ann rather than its common nickname Nancy, decided to return to her homeland, old Farnham parish in Virginia.

At that time, Nancy went to live with her mother, now Lucy Hanks Sparrow. Having married Henry Sparrow in Harrodsburg, two or three years earlier. After Lucy's sister Elizabeth Hanks married Henry Sparrow's brother Thomas in Mercer County, Kentucky, in 1796, Nancy went to live with the couple, whom she called "mother and father". Lucy's sister Nancy Hanks gave birth to an illegitimate son in 1799 named Dennis Friend Hanks, Nancy Hanks Lincoln's cousin, raised by Elizabeth and Thomas Sparrow. At the home of Elizabeth and Thomas Sparrow, Nancy would have learned the skills and crafts a woman needed on the frontier to cultivate crops and clothe and feed her family, she learned to read by the Bible and became an excellent seamstress, working at the Richard Berry home before her marriage. Lucy's marriage to Henry Sparrow produced 8 children, Lucy had a reputation as a "fine Christian woman". Two sons were preachers. Nancy Hanks Lincoln heritage timeline: her life events and who she lived with during those times On June 12, 1806, Hanks married Thomas Lincoln at Beechland, the home of Richard Berry, by Reverend Jesse Head.

Nancy was brought to the home to work as a seamstress by her friend Polly Ewing Berry, the wife of Richard Berry Jr. since October 10, 1794. Polly was a friend of Nancy's from Mercer County and Richard Berry Jr. was a good friend of Thomas Lincoln. Lincoln proposed to her in his childhood home at what is now Lincoln Homestead State Park or in the Francis Berry house in front of the fireplace. Nancy's marriage bond was signed by Richard Berry Jr.. Per Warren, "The title had no legal significance, Berry having never been so appointed, Nancy Hanks was of age, but of him to call himself'guardian' was a courtesy customary under such circumstances". A record of their marriage license is held at the county courthouse, they had three children: Sarah Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Thomas Lincoln Jr. The young family lived in what was Hardin County, Kentucky. After 1811, on the Knob Creek Farm. Neighbors reported that Nancy Hanks Lincoln was "superior" to her husband, a mild yet strong personality who taught young Abraham his letters as well as the extraordinary sweetness and forbearance he was known for all his life.

In 1816, the year that Indiana became the 19th state, the Lincoln family moved to Spencer County in southern Indiana and proceeded to homestead at Little Pigeon Creek Settlement. Elizabeth and Thomas Sparrow and Dennis Hanks settled at Little Pigeon Creek the following fall, having lived in a shelter the Lincolns had lived in until they built their cabin. While Abraham was ten years younger than his second cousin Dennis, the boys were good friends. William Herndon, author of Life of Lincoln, described Nancy Hanks Lincoln: She was above the ordinary height in stature, weighed about 130 pounds, was slenderly built, had much the appearance of one inclined to consumption, her skin was dark. Though her life was clouded by a spirit of sadness, she was in disposition amiable and cheerful. Nancy was described as "a bold, daredevil kind of woman, stepping on to the ver

Gertrude Street, Melbourne

Gertrude Street is a street in the inner northern suburb of Fitzroy, Melbourne. Cafes, eateries, antiques shops, many social services and a few art galleries are located along the street, which runs along an east–west alignment from Nicholson Street opposite the Royal Exhibition Building in the Carlton Gardens to Smith Street. Notable, the section between Brunswick Street and Nicholson Street is known as "The Hollywood end" of Gertrude, due to Film Production such as Banalarama and KEWL Studios; the street continues east of Smith Street, under the name of Langridge Street, where it terminates at Nicholson Street, Abbotsford. Melbourne tram route 86 runs along the entire length of Gertrude Street, it is intersected by route 96 and route 11 at Nicholson Street and Brunswick Street respectively. Landmarks on Gertrude Street include: The Champion Hotel on the corner of Gertrude and Brunswick Street; the Builder's Arms Hotel, a pub, is located on the corner Gertrude Gore Street. The MMTB building on the corner of Gertrude and Nicholson Street.

The Rob Roy Hotel on the corner of Gertrude and Brunswick Street. The Australian Print Workshop, opposite the Builders Arms Hotel. Operating out of its present location since the late 1980s. Australian Roads portal

Branston Hall

Branston Hall is a country house in the village of Branston, England. The hall, a Grade II listed building, is set in 88 acres of wooded parkland and lakes. Commissioned as the family seat of the Melville family, the house became an RAF hospital during the Second World War, a sanatorium run by Lindsey County Council, it lay derelict in the 1970s and 1980s, underwent restoration and conversion into a retirement home in the late 1980s, is now restored and converted into a three-star hotel. Weddings are held at the hotel. Designed by John Macvicar Anderson in 1885, the house was built in Elizabethan Revival style. Branston Hall Grounds were the inherited estate of Sir Cecil Wray 11th Baronet, whose family had been Baronets and parliamentarians in Lincolnshire since 1611, whose main residence was in Fillingham, north of Lincoln. Busts of Sir Cecil and his wife Mary can be seen in Branston All Saints Church; the property was inherited from Sir Cecil by his daughter out of Anne Casey. Anne Casey married the son of the 1st Duke of Ancaster.

In 1735 Lord Vere Bertie built Branston old hall. Lord Vere Bertie died in 1768 and his wife Anne continued to live at the house until her death in 1779; the property was passed to their daughter Albinia who had married George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire. In 1829, the old hall was advertised for sale and it seems that shortly after this it was purchased by Alexander Leslie Melville. Alexander Leslie Melville was born in 1800 in Scotland, his father was the 7th Earl of Leven. In 1825, he married Charlotte Smith, the daughter of Samuel Smith M. P, of Woodhall Park, Hertfordshire; the couple had twelve children. Their eldest son was Alexander Samuel Leslie Melville and he inherited Branston old hall when his father died in 1881, he was born in 1829 and in 1858 he married Albinia Frances Broderick, daughter of Charles Brodrick, 6th Viscount Midleton. The couple had seven children. In 1837 Alexander Leslie Melville constructed a private school on Hall Lane, attended by 70 children, each of whom paid 1p-2p per week.

In 1884, he commissioned the architect John MacVicar Anderson to build the present house. The old hall, still being in a good state of repair became accommodation for the servants and the staff. There were numerous servants employed by the family; the 1901 Census shows that there were six domestic maids, a butler, three footmen and a groom at the hall as well as outdoor gardening staff. In 1903, the old hall was removed from the site. Photos of the old hall have been preserved by Branston History Group. Albinia died in 1918 and Alexander died the following year in 1919. In 1920, the property was sold. In the intervening years the site of the old hall has been sensitively redeveloped; the Melville family provided land for the village hall and recreation ground on Lincoln Road, Branston in the early 1920s. The heir of the Leslie-Melville family is the Lord Balgonie, many items from Branston Hall are now found on the family's estate in the Scottish Highlands; the grounds since around the year 2000 have been mechanically mown.

There are many large beech sycamores. Wildlife include tawny owl and great cormorant. Lamium galeobdolon, Galium odoratum and Ruscus aculeatus grow in the beech woods and these are considered to be indicators of ancient woodland. Other plant species typical of shady woodland include Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Sanicula europaea and Mercurialis perennis. In 1906, 10 Bronze Age axes were found on the grounds of Branston Hall. On the grounds there is a spring-fed well, known as Anne's Well, which it is believed supplied fresh water to the old hall building; the well was named after Anne Casey, who owned the property in the 1700s, or St. Anne, it is covered with a stone which bore the inscription: There is evidence of boating on the lake, in former times. Branston Hall Hotel website

Chernobyl 7991

Chernobyl 7991 is the eighth album of the Jazz fusion band Area and was released in 1997. This is the first album in 17 years, Area had been in hiatus from 1983 to 1993, they first reunited as a trio consisting of Fariselli and Tavolazzi. Tavolazzi, after the first shows, left the band. Much like the previous studio album "Tic&Tac" from 17 years earlier, this album is much more of a jazz/fusion product than Area's classic sound; this is the only album with bass player Paolo dalla Porta. The album is instrumental, apart for some vocalizations on "Fall Down". "Sedimentazioni" consists of five minutes of silence and one minute and half containing excerpts from every track Area recorded in their career overlying in top of the other. "Efstratios" is dedicated to past member and singer Demetrio Stratos who died in 1979, whose real name was, in fact, Efstratios. This is, to the latest studio album to be released by Area. In 2000 Capiozzo died of a heart attack and the band disbanded for good. In 2009, a line-up of Fariselli and the band's classic guitar player Tofani reunited and, as of 2014, is still active.

All songs by Patrizio Fariselli except where noted. "15.000 Umbrellas" - 5:26 "15.000 Umbrellas" - 6:15 "Liquiescenza" - 2:13 "Wedding Day" - 4:34 "Chernobyl 7991" - 5:12 "Fall Down" - 3:49 "Il Faut Marteler" - 4:34 "Efstratios" - 5:30 "Mbira & Orizzonti" - 5:30 "Colchide" - 3:08 "Deriva" - 6:35 "Sedimentazioni" - 6:10 Patrizio Fariselli – acoustic piano and electric piano Giulio Capiozzo – drums Paolo Dalla Porta – double bass Piero Condorelli - guitar on "Wedding Day" and "Mbira & Orizzonti" Gigi Cifarelli - guitar on "Chernobyl 7991" Stefano Bedetti - saxophone on "Mbira & Orizzonti" John Clark - french horn on "15.000 Umbrellas" Marino Paire - vocals on "Fall Down"

Gun data computer

The gun data computer was a series of artillery computers used by the U. S. Army for coastal artillery, field artillery and anti-aircraft artillery applications. In antiaircraft applications they were used in conjunction with a director. M1: This was used by seacoast artillery for major-caliber seacoast guns, it computed continuous firing data for a battery of two guns that were separated by not more than 1,000 feet. It utilised the same type of input data furnished by a range section with the then-current types of position-finding and fire-control equipment. M3: This was used in conjunction with the M9 and M10 directors to compute all required firing data, i.e. azimuth and fuze time. The computations were made continuously, so that the gun was at all times pointed and the fuze timed for firing at any instant; the computer was mounted in the M14 director trailer. M4: This was identical to the M3 except for some mechanisms and parts which were altered to allow for different ammunition being used.

M8: This was an electronic computer built by Bell Labs and used by coast artillery with medium-caliber guns. It made the following corrections: wind, earth's rotation, muzzle velocity, air density, height of site and spot corrections. M9: This was identical to the M8 except for some mechanisms and parts which were altered to accommodate anti-aircraft ammunition and guns. M10: A ballistics computer, part of the M38 fire control system, for the Skysweeper. M13: A ballistics computer for the M48 tank. M14: A ballistics computer for the M103 heavy tank. M15: A part of the M35 field artillery fire-control system, which included the M1 gunnery officer console and M27 power supply. M16: A ballistics computer for the M60A1 tank. M18: FADAC, an all-transistorized general-purpose digital computer manufactured by Amelco and North American—Autonetics. FADAC was first fielded in 1960, was the first semiconductor-based digital electronics field-artillery computer. M19: A ballistics computer for the M60A2 tank.

M21: A ballistics computer for the M60A3 tank. M23: A mortar ballistics computer M26: A fire-control computer for the AH-1 Cobra. M31: A mortar ballistics computer. M32: A mortar ballistics computer. M1: A ballistics computer for the M1 Abrams main battle tank The Battery Computer System AN/GYK-29 was a computer used by the United States Army for computing artillery fire mission data, it replaced the Field Artillery Digital Automatic Computer and was small enough to fit aboard the HMMWV combat platform. The AN/GSG -10 TACFIRE system automated Field Artillery control functions, it was composed of computers and remote devices such as the Variable Format Message Entry Device, the Digital Message Device and the Firefinder Field Artillery target acquisition radar system linked by digital communications using existing radio and wire communications equipment. In its service life, it linked with the Battery Computer System which had more advanced targeting algorithms; the last TACFIRE fielding was completed in 1987.

Replacement of TACFIRE equipment began in 1994. TACFIRE used the AN/GYK-12, a second-generation mainframe computer developed by Litton Industries for Army Divisional Field Artillery units, it had two configurations and battalion level, housed in mobile command shelters. Field Artillery Brigades use the division configuration. Components of the system were identified using acronyms: CPU IOU MCMU DDT MTU PCG ELP DPM ACC RCMU The successor to the TACFIRE system is the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System; the AFATDS is the "Fires XXI" computer system for both technical fire control. It replaced both BCS and IFSAS/L-TACFIRE systems in U. S. Field Artillery organizations, as well as in maneuver fire support elements at the battalion level and higher; as of 2009, the U. S. Army was transitioning from a version based on a Sun Microsystems SPARC computer running the Linux kernel to a version based on laptop computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system. One reason for a lack of surviving examples of early units was the use of radium on the dials, which made them hazardous waste, as such were disposed of by the United States Department of Energy.

There is one surviving example of FADAC at the Fort Sill artillery museum. Director Fire-control system Kerrison Predictor Mark I Fire Control Computer - US Navy system for 5-inch guns Numerical control Project Manager Battle Command Rangekeeper TM 9-2300 Standard Artillery and Fire Control Materiel dated 1944 TM 9-2300 Artillery Materiel and Associated Equipment. Dated May 1949 ST 9-159 Handbook of Ordnance materiel dated 1968 Gun Data Computers, Coast Artillery Journal March–April 1946, pp. 45–47 modern system

Cavan Water Mill

Cavan Water Mill Lifeforce Mill, is a 19th-century mill located in Cavan. The current building contains a notable MacAdam water turbine. Having been abandoned in the 1960s, it was restored as a visitor attraction in the 1990s. Milling on this site can be traced back to the 14th century, when there was a Franciscan mill in the same location; the current mill was established by the Greene family in 1846. During the 1840s, there were 90 working water mills in County Cavan, but at the time this mill was built it was the only one within a two-mile radius; the building operated as a mill for more than a century until its closure in the 1960s. Following restoration, it operated again for a short while as a working mill for the creation of wholemeal flour for Lifeforce Foods; the two-storey design has a three-bay extension at split level to the west and a two-storey return to the side. An adjacent mill building to the north was removed from its original site and rebuilt here in 1995 as part of the mill's restoration.

As the only surviving example of one of the five mills that stood in Cavan Town, it is listed on the National Inventory of Architectural Heritage for Ireland. Cavan Water Mill operates a MacAdam turbine as opposed to a conventional water wheel; the turbine was described as one of the few, if not the only surviving MacAdam turbines in Ulster in 1983. The turbine may be an example of 19th-century industrial espionage, as it is believed to be a patent infringing copy of a design by Benoît Fourneyron. A similar turbine was installed at Ballincollig Royal Gunpowder Mills, Cork in 1853. Cavan Water Mill website