Nanyue called Southern Yue or Nam Viet, was an ancient kingdom that covered parts of northern Vietnam and the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Yunnan. Nanyue was established in 204 BC after the collapse of the Qin dynasty by Zhao Tuo Commander of Nanhai. At first, it consisted of the commanderies Nanhai and Xiang. In 196 BC, Zhao Tuo paid obeisance to the Emperor Gaozu of Han, Nanyue was referred to by Han leaders as a "foreign servant", i.e. a vassal state. Around 183 BC, relations between the Nanyue and the Han dynasty soured, Zhao Tuo began to refer to himself as an emperor, suggesting Nanyue's sovereignty. In 179 BC, relations between the Han and Nanyue improved, Zhao Tuo once again made submission, this time to Emperor Wen of Han as a subject state; the submission was somewhat superficial, as Nanyue retained autonomy from the Han, Zhao Tuo was referred to as "Emperor" throughout Nanyue until his death. In 113 BC, fourth-generation leader Zhao Xing sought to have Nanyue formally included as part of the Han Empire.
His prime minister Lü Jia objected vehemently and subsequently killed Zhao Xing, installing his elder brother Zhao Jiande on the throne and forcing a confrontation with the Han dynasty. The next year, Emperor Wu of Han sent 100,000 troops to war against Nanyue. By the year's end, the army had destroyed established Han rule; the kingdom had five generations of kings. The Kingdom of Nanyue's founding preserved the order of the Lingnan region during the chaos surrounding the collapse of the Qin dynasty, it allowed the southern region to avoid much of the hardship experienced by the northern, predominantly Han Chinese regions. The kingdom was founded by leaders from the Chinese heartland, was responsible for bringing Chinese bureaucracy and more advanced agriculture and handicraft techniques to the inhabitants of the southern regions, as well as knowledge of the Chinese language and writing system. Nanyue leaders promoted a policy of "Harmonizing and Gathering the Hundred Yue Tribes", encouraged fellow Han Chinese to immigrate from their Yellow River homeland to the south.
They supported mutual assimilation of the two cultures and peoples, promulgated Han culture and the Chinese language throughout the region, though many elements of original Yue culture were preserved. In Vietnam, the rulers of Nanyue are referred to as the Triệu dynasty; the name "Vietnam" is derived from the Vietnamese pronunciation of Nanyue. A detailed history of Nanyue was written in Records of the Grand Historian by Han dynasty historian Sima Qian, it is contained in section 113, Chinese: 南越列傳. After Qin Shi Huang conquered the six other Chinese kingdoms of Han, Wei, Yan, Qi, he turned his attention to the Xiongnu tribes of the north and west and the Hundred Yue peoples of what is now southern China. Around 218 BC, the First Emperor dispatched General Tu Sui with an army of 500,000 Qin soldiers to divide into five companies and attack the Hundred Yue tribes of the Lingnan region; the first company gathered at Yuhan and attacked the Minyue, defeating them and establishing the Minzhong Commandery.
The second company fortified at Nanye, was designed to put defensive pressure on the southern clans. The third company occupied Panyu; the fourth company garrisoned near the Jiuyi Mountains, the fifth company garrisoned outside Tancheng. The First Emperor assigned official Shi Lu to oversee supply logistics. Shi first led a regiment of soldiers through the Ling Channel navigated through the Yangtze River and Pearl River water systems ensure the safety of the Qin supply routes; the Qin attack of the Western Valley Yue tribe went smoothly, Western Valley chieftain Yi-Xu-Song was killed. However, the Western Valley Yue were unwilling to submit to the Qin and fled into the jungle where they selected a new leader to continue resisting the Chinese armies. A night-time counterattack by the Western Valley Yue devastated the Qin troops, General Tu Sui was killed in the fighting; the Qin suffered heavy losses, the imperial court selected General Zhao Tuo to assume command of the Chinese army. In 214 BC, the First Emperor dispatched Ren Xiao and Zhao Tuo at the head of reinforcements to once again mount an attack.
This time, the Western Valley Yue were defeated, the Lingnan region was brought under Chinese control. In the same year, the Qin court established the Nanhai and Xiang Commanderies, Ren Xiao was made Lieutenant of Nanhai. Nanhai was further divided into Panyu, Longchuan and Jieyang counties, Zhao Tuo was made magistrate of Longchuan; the First Emperor died in 210 BC, his son Zhao Huhai became the Second Emperor of Qin. The following year, soldiers Chen Sheng, Wu Guang, others seized the opportunity to revolt against the Qin government. Insurrections spread throughout much of China and the entire Yellow River region devolved into chaos. Soon after the first insurrections, Nanhai Lieutenant Ren Xiao became gravely ill and summoned Zhao Tuo to hear his dying instructions. Ren described the natural advantages of the southern region and described how a kingdom could be founded with the many Chinese settlers in the area to combat the warring groups in the Chinese north, he d
Gordon Igesund is a former South African football player and coach, most the manager of Highlands Park in the Premier Soccer League. Igesund was born in Durban to George Norman Igesund, his family lived in Port Shepstone. Igesund is a record-breaking coach in South Africa, having become the only man to coach four different top-flight teams to the Premier Soccer League championship, he first made his name when he led unfashionable coastal team Manning Rangers to the inaugural PSL title in the 1996/97 season. He followed this up in the 2000/01 season with another title, this time at the helm of Soweto giants Orlando Pirates, he proved his critics wrong the next season, taking another unfashionable team, Cape Town’s Santos, to a surprise PSL title in 2001/02. But the nomadic Igesund was soon changing his allegiance again, this time moving to Ajax Cape Town, the satellite club of Dutch giants AFC Ajax. Igesund’s time with Ajax proved rather unsuccessful and he left the team at the end of the 2005/06 season.
He replaced Sundowns’ co-coaches Miguel Gamondi and Neil Tovey. Igesund added to his record number of PSL titles leading Sundowns to a comfortable PSL win in 2007. Igesund took over hearetained as the president d coach of Moroka Swallows in November 2010, he took Swallows to second place in the 2011/12 season and received the PSL Coach of the Season award for the second time. On 30 June 2012, Igesund was appointed as the South Africa national team coach on a two-year deal. Under Gordon Igesund leadership South Africa national team were knocked out in a dramatic penalty shootout defeat against Mali on 2 February 2013 after the match ended in a draw during the 2013 quarter finals. On 3 June 2014, SAFA announced that they will not be renewing his contract with the South African national football team. Igesund was appointed head coach of SuperSport United in September 2014 and in November 2014 he led the team to the Telkom Knockout title. However, following a series of poor results he was fired in January 2016.
Igesund was primed to take over as coach of Zambia's national team and turned down many opportunities in the interim only to find out that the federation had tended in another direction with retained president, Edgar Lungu, deciding to have a local coach. Igesund returned to Highlands Park to become there manager in October 2016, where he used to play his football. However, on 1 April 2017, Highlands Park's club director Sinky Mnisi confirmed that Igesund had been fired with only four matches remaining in the 2016/17 season. Igesund was shocked upon hearing the news and he responded that the club "were on track with our plan and only one point off the tally we had marked out at this stage." 1992 NSL Second Division champion 1996/97 PSL champion 2000/01 PSL champion 2001/02 PSL champion 2000 BP Top Eight Cup winner 2006/07 PSL champion 2007 SAA Supa 8 winner Igesund's ancestry can be traced as far back as 1752 in Stokkset Møre og Romsdal, Norway. His great-grandfather and great-grandmother and Isak Mathinus Isaksen Igesund and Dorthe Petrine Sorendsdtr Brekke arrived as part of the 229 Marburg Norwegian Settlers who sailed on the “Lapland” from Ålesund departing on July 14, 1882 and arriving on 29 August 1882 at the Umzimkulu River, Port Shepstone to settle in Marburg and build the Norwegian Settlers Church which still exists today.
Norwegian origin surnames were given by the area. Igesund's ancestors are from Igesund, Møre og Romsdal, a small farming community island near Alesund, his Austria-born son Grant Igesund is a retired professional footballer who played as a striker for Ajax Cape Town, Manning Rangers and Maritzburg United among others. Santos v Igesund
Set Piece is an original novel written by Kate Orman and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Seventh Doctor, Ace and Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart, it is the last New Adventure to feature Ace as a regular character, although she appeared sporadically throughout the rest of the series. A prelude to the novel penned by Orman, appeared in Doctor Who Magazine #222. Ms Cohen is travelling on a starliner, when the ship falls through a time rift and is boarded by giant mechanical ants, she wakes up on board a vessel known as The Ship, where the ants and human prisoners they use as slaves are processing the captured humans and storing their minds inside Ship's systems. The human guards, have a problem. One prisoner, whom they have christened the "Gingerbread Man", keeps escaping from cold storage and despite their best efforts they are unable to prevent him escaping again. Ms Cohen witnesses several of these escapes and watches the guards brutally beat him to the point where he seems to be suffering a heart attack.
As Ms. Cohen tries to start him breathing again, she realises, she realises that the "Gingerbread Man's" escapes always go to a different part of Ship, therefore he is looking for someone. In his next escape, he reaches the freezers. Having found her, he is able to summon Bernice to rescue them, but the attempt fails and the Doctor and Bernice are thrown out into the rift. Ms Cohen is trapped on Ship and processed like the others; some months earlier, the Doctor shows Bernice and Ace a mysterious cafe that keeps manifesting itself at different locations in time and space ranging from Glebe, New South Wales to Argolis. The Doctor says this as a result of a Time Rift, punched through the fabric of reality. Now an unknown force is using the rift to snare passenger ships; the Doctor and Ace plan to get captured and learn what is happening and Bernice can rescue them but now the plan has gone wrong and the three travellers are separated. Ace falls out of the rift in the ancient Egyptian desert during the Akhenaten period, where she is found by nobleman Sedjet and becomes part of his household body guard.
Because she is a woman, she has to prove herself. The only person who seems to accept her is Sesehaten. Although she can still hear Egyptian as English, she accepts that the Doctor isn't coming to rescue her; when Sedjet tries to take her on as his mistress, Ace refuses and realises that Sedjet will only see her as a curiosity. She leaves his house. However, she is reduced to working as a waitress, she bumps into Sesehaten again, who tells her that odd lights have been seen in the sky. Ace rushes back to Sedjet's house; the building is empty and the ants are there looking for the force field generator. Sesehaten reveals that he is part of the cult of Set known as Sutekh, outlawed since Pharaoh forced Egypt to accept a single religion and one god Aten. Sesehaten's cult will help Ace leave through the rift, if she helps them kidnap the Pharaoh, which Ace agrees to as she sees Akhenaten as another in the long line of fascists she's fought. Ace breaks into Akhenaten's palace and takes him hostage, but the Pharaoh finds the whole thing amusing and Ace realises through talking to him that he is no better or worse than any other ruler would be and just wants to be remembered.
In the courtyard he reveals the TARDIS, which his army recovered when it fell from the sky, explaining how Ace could understand Egyptian. Using the instruments, Ace discovers that Sesehaten is not human, but a machine built by Ship to control the rift. Bernice lands in France in 1798 and makes friends with Vivant Denon, a founder of modern Egyptology and one of her heroes. Together they travel to Egypt with Napoleon's army and Bernice attempts to find the Amarna Graffito, a mysterious phrase written on a tomb wall in modern English, which she has a strange feeling can help her find the TARDIS. Searching inside a tomb, she is trapped by survivors of Set's cult, who steal her diary thinking it and the message are key to releasing their god from his prison. Denon rescues her and together they lead French troops to the Cultists camp, where Benny recovers her diary and finds the location of the graffiti; the Doctor, suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, appears out of the rift in Paris, 1871, as the events of the Paris Commune unfold.
He finds himself in the care of Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart, whose time travel experiments have created the rift in the first place and now they are both trapped in Paris. The ants, have followed them and Kadiatu takes the Doctor to M. Thierry's house for shelter. Despite his confused state of mind, the Doctor still realises that Thierry's young son is not all he seems and suspects Thierry is in league with the ants. Thierry and Kadiatu have been helping the Doctor recover, playing for time and hoping that he will reveal to them the information that Ship couldn't take from his mind. Ace has the TARDIS buried in the monument at Amarna and writes a message on the wall, so the Doctor or Bernice will find it, she uses Sesehaten to open the rift and with the help of the force shield, escapes through it. In 1798, Bernice does indeed find the TARDIS and after saying goodbye to Denon, she too leaves for the Doctor's location. In Paris, Thierry uses the ant's technology to try to use Kadiatu's time machine to stabilise the rift, but the Doctor has filled it with explosives, hoping the ants would take it back to Ship.
The only thing they can d