Narasimha is a fierce avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, one who incarnates in the form of part lion and part man to destroy evil and end religious persecution and calamity on Earth, thereby restoring Dharma. Narasimha iconography shows him with a human torso and lower body, with a lion face and claws with a demon Hiranyakashipu in his lap whom he is in the process of killing; the demon is powerful brother of evil Hiranyaksha, killed by Vishnu, who hated Vishnu for killing his brother. Hiranyakashipu gains special powers by which he could not be killed during the day or night, inside or outside, by any weapon, by man or animal. Endowed with new powers, Hiranyakashipu creates chaos, persecutes all devotees of Vishnu including his own son. Vishnu understands the demon's power creatively adapts into a mixed avatar, neither man nor animal and kills the demon at the junction of day and night and outside. Narasimha is known as the'Great Protector' who defends and protects his devotees from evil; the most popular Narasimha mythology is the legend that protects his devotee Prahlada, creatively destroys Prahlada's demonic father and tyrant Hiranyakashipu.
Narasimha legends are revered in Vaikhanasas, Sri Vaishnavism, Madhwa Brahmins but he is a popular deity beyond these Vaishnava traditions such as in Shaivism. He is celebrated in many regional Hindu temples, performance arts and festivals such as Holika prior to the Hindu spring festival of colors called Holi; the oldest known artwork of Narasimha has been found at several sites across Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh, such as at the Mathura archaeological site. These have been variously dated between 2nd and 4th-century CE; the word Narasimha consists of two words "nara" which means man, "simha" which means lion. Together the term means "man-lion", he is known as Narasingh, Narasingha,Nrusingha and Narasinghar in derivative languages. His other names are Agnilochana - the one who has fiery eyes, Bhairavadambara - the one who causes terror by roaring, Karala - the one who has a wide mouth and projecting teeth, Hiranyakashipudvamsa - the one who killed Hiranyakashipu, Nakhastra - the one for whom nails are his weapons, Sinhavadana - the whose face is of lion and Mrigendra - king of animals or lion.
The Vishnu hymn 1.154 of the Rigveda contains a verse with allusions to a "wild beast, prowling, mountain-roaming", interpreted by some to be the Narasiṃha legend. Another hymn 8.14 alludes to the Namuci legend with "waters' foam you tore off, the head of Namuci, subduing all contending hosts", but the hymns does not present details. A more complete version of the Namuci legend is found in Shatapatha Brahmana of the Yajurveda in chapter 12.7.3. Other references to Narasimha are found in the Vedic texts Vajaseneyi Samhita 10.34, Pancavimsa Brahmana 12.6.8 and Taittiriya Brahmana 22.214.171.124. Narasimha has roots in the metaphors filled Indra-Namuci legend in the Vedas. Indra is the dharmic leader of the Devas who commands lightning, thunder and rivers, while Namuci is a deceptive demigod Asura in competition for power. Namuci suggests peace to Indra, he demands Indra to promise that he will neither try to slay him with his "palm of the hand nor with the fist", neither in day nor in night, neither "anything that the dry" nor "anything, moist".
Indra agrees. After the deal is done, Namuci carries away all that nourishes the Devas: the Soma drink, the essence of food and the strength of Indra; the leader of the gods finds himself feels bound by his promise. Indra meets Saraswati and Ashvins, they reply they will deal with Namuci, get it all back, if Indra agrees to share his powers, the essence of food and the Soma drink with them. Indra agrees; the gods and the goddess come up with a creative plan. They pour out "foam of water" as a thunderbolt, neither dry nor moist, the evil Asura Namuci is attacked and killed when it is neither day nor night. After Namuci is killed, the gods get all the powers back, but discover that Namuci had drunk the Soma already; the good was thus now mixed with his badness of his blood. So, they extract the good out from the bad. Thus, good returns to the Devas, the bad is discarded. According to Deborah Soifer, the Vedic legend has many parallels with the Narasimha legend, it has the same plot, the same "neither-nor" constraints, the same creative spirit that allows the good to vanquish the evil.
Further, the Sanskrit words and phrasing such as "neither palm nor fist" and "neither day nor night" in the Hindu texts is the same as in the Vedic texts. This suggests a link and continuity between the Vedic Namuci legend and the Narasimha legend in the Puranas. According to Walter Ruben, both versions along with several other legends in ancient and medieval texts reflect the Indian tradition against despots and tyrants who abuse power. There are references to Narasiṃha in a variety of Purāṇas, with 17 different versions of the main narrative; the Valmiki Ramayana, Harivaṃśa, Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Bhagavata Purāṇa, Agni Purāṇa, Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Vayu Purāṇa, Brahma-Purāṇa, Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa, Kūrma Purāṇa, Matsya Purāṇa, Padma Purāṇa, Śiva Purāṇa, Linga Purana and Skanda Purāṇa 7 all contain depictions of the Narasiṃha Avatāra. Narasimha is found in the Mahābhārata and is the focus
Tony Bryant is a former American football defensive end who played for the Oakland Raiders and the New Orleans Saints in the National Football League. He was raised in Marathon, Florida, he attended Marathon High School and played for the Marathon Dolphin football team where he received many of awards including Best All-Around Athlete, All American Defensive End, First Team All State, Monroe County Player of the Year, All County Team. Tony was honored at Marathon High School on October 2008 when his jersey number 45 was retired. Bryant attended Copiah-Lincoln Community College for two years. While there he earned his Associate of Arts degree in Child Development, he played football and earned honors including being named an All-American Defensive End and NJCAA Most Valuable Player. He was the No.6 Junior College Prospect, Top Junior College Player. After attending Copian Lincoln Junior College he went on to attend Florida State University. There he recorded 87 tackles, he was named to the All-ACC 2nd team.
He was picked with the 9th pick in the 2nd round of the 1999 NFL Draft by the Oakland Raiders. He played for the Raiders from 1999-2002. There he recorded 92 solo tackles, 35 assists, 17 sacks, 1 safety, he was part of the Raiders Super Bowl season in 2002. In 2003, he signed with the New Orleans Saints, played there until 2005. After the Saints he went to the St. Louis Rams in 2006
St James' Independent Schools in London are three fee-paying schools for children aged 4 to 18. The Juniors' and Senior Girls' Schools are in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, the Senior Boys' School in Ashford, Surrey. In 2019 The Times UK School Guide ranked St James' Senior Girls School 102nd with 82.1% scoring A*-B at A-Level, St James' Senior Boys 251st with 75.9% scoring A*- B at A-level. St James' incorporate stillness, reflection techniques into the school routine. Sanskrit is a compulsory second language for the junior students at St. James School. Being the root of European languages its study illuminates their etymology, it helps students grasp maths and other languages better. Warwick Jessup, head of Sanskrit department, says: "This is the most perfect and logical language in the world, the only one, not named after the people who speak it. Indeed the word'Sanskrit' itself means perfected language." Paul Moss, Headmaster of the school, says: "The Devnagri script and spoken Sanskrit are two of the best ways for a child to overcome stiffness of fingers and the tongue.
Today’s European languages do not use many parts of the tongue and mouth while speaking or many finger movements while writing, whereas Sanskrit helps immensely to develop cerebral dexterity through its phonetics." Students of St. James chanted Vedic hymns in presence of Queen Elizabeth at the Buckingham Palace in 2010 to celebrate beginning of the Commonwealth Games; the School of Economic Science, through associated overseas schools, supports independent children's schools in a number of countries, including Australia, New Zealand, the West Indies and the United States. The St James' Schools are independent from the School of Economic Science, they seek to preserve the ethos of their founding philosophical principles which are derived from the Advaita Vedanta philosophical tradition, which the schools describe as encompassing the concept of unity, of a multicultural approach which embraces all faiths – and no faith. Philosophy is taught and transcendental meditation is an optional practice in the schools.
The Education Renaissance Trust, a UK registered charity, was founded by the SES in 1998 with the aim of " philosophy of education based on spiritual values available more widely". The ERT provides support and funding for the St James schools worldwide, runs inset training days for teachers in UK state schools. Today, only around 10 per cent of the children have parents involved with SES. In the early 1980s the London Evening Standard ran a critical series of articles focusing on the School's discipline regime and its links to the School of Economic Science. An independent inquiry into mistreatment of pupils between 1975 and 1985 at St James' and its sister school St Vedast's, which closed in 1985, was funded by the schools and chaired by James Townend QC; the report, published in January 2006, concluded that "mental and physical mistreatment" of some pupils had occurred, including "criminal assaults" by teachers, during the ten-year period considered by the inquiry. Townend's report found that throughout this period the schools' management and governors were failing to the extent that they "were not in any real sense in charge of the Schools".
In his conclusion, Townend stated that there had been "a real change of ethos and conduct of the schools" since the period of abuses he identified in his report. Unusually for a UK school, the St James Schools teach Sanskrit. St Vedast's School for Boys, at Sarum Chase in West Heath Road, London, was sold in January 2005 for £9,300,000; the building is now a private residence. Notable former pupils include: Clara Salaman, The Bill Emily Watson, star of Breaking the Waves and Appropriate Adult St James Independent Schools Website School of Economic Science website Education Renaissance trust The Parents & Pupils Inquiry Action Group