The Nashville Predators are a professional ice hockey team based in Nashville, Tennessee. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Central Division of the Western Conference; the Predators have played their home games at Bridgestone Arena since 1998. Their television broadcasting rights are held by Fox Sports Tennessee, radio broadcasting rights are held by WPRT-FM; the club was founded in 1998. After five seasons, the Predators qualified for their first Stanley Cup playoffs during the 2003–04 season. In 2008, ownership of the club was transferred from Leipold to a locally based ownership group; the Predators advanced to their first Stanley Cup Finals in 2017, but were defeated by the Pittsburgh Penguins in six games. In the following season, the Predators won their first Presidents' Trophy and Central Division title; the Predators are presently affiliated with the minor league teams Milwaukee Admirals of the American Hockey League and Florida Everblades of the ECHL. In late 1995, rumors began to circulate that the New Jersey Devils would be relocating to the planned Nashville Arena.
Nashville offered a $20 million relocation bonus to any team that would relocate, the Devils attempted to terminate their lease with the NJSEA before restructuring it to stay in New Jersey. After the attempt to get the Devils, NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman stated Nashville would be considered in upcoming expansion; the arena was opened in 1996, after an attempt to bring the National Basketball Association's Sacramento Kings did not materialize, the city instead went after a hockey team. In January 1997, a group led by Wisconsin businessman Craig Leipold made a formal presentation before the NHL requesting an expansion franchise; when Bettman and league officials visited Nashville to tour the arena, thousands gathered on the arena plaza to greet them. In June, the league granted conditional franchises to Nashville, Ohio and Minneapolis–Saint Paul; the Nashville team would be scheduled to begin play in 1998 if they met the NHL requirement of selling 12,000 season tickets before March 31, 1998.
Of the four cities, Nashville was the only one with a completed arena and therefore began play first. One month Leipold named former Washington Capitals general manager David Poile as the franchise's first general manager. Portland Pirates' head coach Barry Trotz was named the franchise's first head coach on August 6. On September 25, 1997, Leipold and team president Jack Diller held a press conference where they unveiled the franchise's new logo, a saber-toothed cat; the logo was a reference to a partial Smilodon skeleton found beneath downtown Nashville in 1971 during construction of the First American National Bank building, now the UBS Tower. Once the logo was unveiled, the franchise held a vote among fans to choose a name. Three candidates were culled from 75: "Ice Tigers," "Fury" and "Attack." Leipold added his own submission to the vote, "Predators." On November 13, Leipold revealed at a press conference that his submission had won out and that the new franchise would be known as the "Nashville Predators."When awarded a franchise, the city of Nashville paid 31.50% of the $80 million fee to join the league.
The city has engaged an affiliate of the team to operate the arena, that agreement protects the city against annual arena operating losses over $3.8 million. The $15 million payroll of the team was the lowest of the NHL; the Predators began play during the 1998–99 season, taking to the ice for the first time on October 10, 1998, where they lost 1–0 at home to the Florida Panthers. It was the only sold out game of the Predators' first five bouts in Nashville. Three nights on October 13, they defeated the Carolina Hurricanes 3–2 for their first win. Forward Andrew Brunette scored the first goal; the Predators, in their first year of existence, finished second-to-last in the Western Conference with a 28–47–7 record. In the 1999–2000 season, the Predators finished with a similar record to the previous season, finished last in the Western Conference behind the Calgary Flames. However, during a game versus the New York Islanders on February 20, 2000, the Predators scored four goals in 3 minutes and 38 seconds.
To begin the 2000–01 season, the Predators played two games in Japan against the Pittsburgh Penguins. Each team won a game in front of the largest crowds to see a hockey game in Japan. Backed by the goaltending duo of Mike Dunham and Tomas Vokoun, Nashville finished the season in tenth place in the Western Conference, ten points out of a playoff spot with a total of 80 total points. During the 2001–02 season, the Predators recorded their 100th victory on December 6, 2001. With that win, Nashville became the second-fastest expansion team of the 1990s to reach the 100-win plateau. In the 2002–03 season, head coach Barry Trotz broke the record for most games coached by the original coach of an expansion team; the club had failed to qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs for their first five years as a franchise. However, in the 2003–04 season, the Predators finished eighth in the Western Conference, qualifying for their first post-season berth; the Predators were eliminated by the Detroit Red Wings in six games in the first round of the 2004 Stanley Cup playoffs.
The following 2004–05 season was wiped out by a labor dispute between NHL owners and players. In the 2005–06 season, the Predators set an NHL record by winning their first four games by one goal each, they became only the fourth NHL franchise to start the season 8–0.
Allen Edward Ertel was a Democratic politician, former member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Allen Ertel was born in Pennsylvania, he graduated with an AB from Dartmouth College in 1958, an MS from the Thayer School of Engineering and MBA from the Tuck School of Business in 1959, a LL. B. Yale Law School in 1965, he served in the United States Navy from 1959 to 1962. He clerked for Chief Judge Caleb Wright of the Federal District Court of Delaware from 1965 to 1966, was the Lycoming County district attorney from 1967 to 1977, he was a delegate to Democratic National Convention in 1972. Ertel was elected in 1976 as a Democrat to the 95th, 96th, 97th Congresses, he was not a candidate for reelection in 1982, but was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania. After his unsuccessful run for governor, he unsuccessfully sought the office of Pennsylvania Attorney General in 1984, before returning to the practice of law in Williamsport. Ertel died on November 19, 2015 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania after collapsing, aged 78.
The ICC Women's Rankings were launched on 1 October 2015 covering all three formats of women's cricket. The ranking system gives equal weight to results of Test, ODI, T20 matches, it was designed by statistician and ICC Cricket Committee member David Kendix and utilizes the same methodology as men's cricket rankings. Each team scores points based on the results of their matches over the last 3−4 years − all matches played in the 12-24 months since the first of October before last, plus all the matches played in the 24 months before that, for which the matches played and points earned both count half. On 1 October of every year, the matches and points earned between 3 and 4 years ago are removed, the matches and points earned between 1 and 2 years ago switch from 100% weighting to 50% weighting. For example, on 1 October 2014, the matches played between October 2010 and October 2011 were removed, the matches played between October 2012 and October 2013 switched to 50% weighting; this happens overnight, so can result in teams changing positions in the ranking table despite no one playing.
In October 2018 following the ICC's decision to award T20 International status to all members, the Women's rankings were split into separate ODI and T20I lists. The ICC provides ratings for the end of each month back to October 2015; the teams that have successively held the highest rating since that date, by whole month periods, are
Peter II, called the Fat, was the eleventh King of Cyprus of the House of Lusignan from 17 January 1369 until his death. He was the son of Peter I of Eleanor of Aragon, he succeeded to the throne while he was still underage, following the assassination of his father in 1369. He was titular Count of Tripoli and King of Jerusalem, he was married by proxy in Milan on 2 April 1376, in person at Santa Sophia, Nicosia, in July or August 1378. His wife was Valenza or Valentina Visconti, a daughter of Bernabò Visconti, co-lord of Milan, his wife Beatrice della Scala. Peter II had one daughter by Valentina in 1379 or 1380, but the child died as an infant in Nicosia sometime not long before 3 October 1382 and was buried at St. Dominic's, Nicosia. After Peter's death, Valentina remarried in 1383. Before Peter's marriage had been arranged, it had been suggested that he marry a daughter of the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaiologos; the suggestion was rejected for political and religious reasons. The explanation given the Palaiologos messengers was that the king was too busy with the dangers that threatened Cyprus because of the Genoese invasion of the island to consider remarriage at the time.
Peter II, who had no surviving children, was succeeded not by his surviving sister Marie, called Mariette, nor by their oldest uncle John of Lusignan, murdered in 1375, but by his younger uncle, who became James I of Cyprus. The period of his reign was characterised by decline in the condition of the kingdom of Cyprus, in marked contrast to his father's successful reign, he lost his father's Cypriot possessions in Asia Minor. Worse, Cyprus was invaded, disastrously, by the Genoese in 1373–4; this led to the capture of Famagusta, the most important harbour town, which thereafter began to decline. There were major changes in the condition of other major towns of Cyprus as a result of the war with the Genoese. Peter II was declared King of Cyprus after his father's murder in January 1369. John's appointment as regent provoked strong opposition from queen Eleanor, who believed that he had been involved in her husband's murder. Vowing revenge, Eleanor secretly sent messages to European powers asking for military aid to punish those whom she believed to be Peter I's murderers.
The Genoese responded positively, seeing it as a chance to gain power in the politics of Cyprus and even seize control of the island kingdom. Eleanor invited them to invade the island in exchange for her vengeance. On 6 January, 1372, Peter II was crowned in Nicosia at the Cathedral of St. Sophia as King of Cyprus, on 10 October at the Cathedral of St. Nicholas in Famagusta as king of Jerusalem, it was here. During the crowning ceremony at Famagusta, according to custom, the leaders of the Genoese and Venetian communities at Famagusta had the honour of holding the two reins of the royal horse. There was a conflict over who would hold the right rein and who would hold the left which grew and continued into the celebration dinner and afterward, expanded into the streets of Famagusta, where the Venetians and the Genoese fought each other, resulting in a great deal of damage and many victims. Genoese traders were arrested; the other Genoese organised an expedition, financed by the wealthy people of Genoa, headed by Peter di Campofregoso, brother of the Doge.
King Peter and his councillors in Cyprus believed that all available military forces should be brought together to face the Genoese threat. Peter therefore made a treaty with Emir Teke forfeiting Antalya to him; the Cypriots withdrew their forces in 1373. Peter did not lead the resistance against the Genoese, but left it to his uncles and James; the young king, with his mother Eleanor on Famagusta, only managed to lose a important city-harbour and get himself taken captive. Famagusta, excellently fortified, was captured by the Genoese when the city allowed them to enter for negotiations; the Genoese proved themselves somewhat less than trustworthy in this regard. Peter and Eleanor the Dowager Queen were held captive by the Genoese, who attacked Limassol and Paphos, entered the kingdom's capital, Nicosia. Peter's uncles John and James resisted against the Genoese from the St. Hilarion Castle and from the town of Kyrenia; the following year, Peter was forced to come to a humiliating agreement with the Genoese declaring that Kyrenia and what remained of Famagusta would fall under Genoese sovereignty, that he would pay huge compensations to the Genoese, that James would leave Cyprus.
James obeyed and departed from Kyrenia Europe, but on the way he was arrested by the Genoese, despite the fact that they had told him they would give him time to leave. He returned only years when he became King of Cyprus, following his nephew's death, it was at this time, in 1374, that Cyprus ceased to hold the residence of the exiled Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. The Patriarch had fled to Cyprus following the Fall of Acre in 1291 and his heirs remained there for the next eighty years, but after the events of 1374 the Catholic Church shifted to appointing titular Patriarchs of Jerusalem who were based at the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura in Rome
USS Halford, a Fletcher-class destroyer, was a ship of the United States Navy named for Lieutenant William Halford, a recipient of the Medal of Honor. Halford was laid down on 3 June 1941 at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington. Halford was one of the three Fletcher-class destroyers to be completed with a catapult for a float plane, the others being Pringle and Stevens; the catapult and an aircraft crane were located just aft of the number 2 smokestack, in place of the after torpedo tube mount, 5 inch mount number 3, the 2nd deck of the after deck house which carried a twin 40 mm anti-aircraft gun on most ships of the class. It was intended that the float plane be used for scouting for the destroyer flotilla which the ship was attached to, it would be launched by the catapult, land on the water next to the ship, be recovered by the aircraft crane. It turned out to be not operationally suitable for the intended purpose, the three ships were converted to the standard Fletcher-class configuration.
In 1943 when the struggle in Pacific was raging, the Pacific Fleet prepared for its mighty sweep across Micronesia. In an effort to strengthen the "seeing eyes" of the fleet, Halford was constructed with a cruiser catapult and scout observation plane, she departed San Diego 5 July en route Pearl Harbor arriving five days later. For the next 3½ months Halford was to test the feasibility of carrying scout planes on small vessels; because of tactical changes and the Navy's growing strength in aircraft carriers, Halford returned to Mare Island Naval Shipyard 27 October 1943 for alterations which replaced the catapult and scout plane with a second set of torpedo tubes and the number 3 5 inch mount. By 6 December, with increased fighting power and a new profile, Halford again departed for the South Pacific, she called at Pearl Harbor, Espiritu Santo, Tutuila, Samoa. Arriving at Guadalcanal, she assumed command of the anti-submarine screen and took up station off Lunga Point. In addition to Guadalcanal, Halford supported the beachhead at Bougainville, screening supply trains and participating in coastal bombardments.
Anti-shipping sweeps on New Ireland's east coast, punctuated by counter-battery fire off East Buka Passage made tense and exciting days for Halford and Wadsworth during January 1944, a month which saw the destruction by this three-ship task force, of the strategic Japanese facilities on Choiseul Island. Halford next became the flagship for Admiral T. S. "Ping" Wilkinson's Green Islands Attack Force. Carrying Major General Harold E. Barrowclough's 3rd New Zealand Division Admiral Wilkinson's destroyer-transport group sortied from Vella Lavella and the Treasuries, 12 – 13 February, arrived off Barahun Island at 06:20, 15 February and lowered their landing craft manned. Halford began patrolling while unloading operations proceeded. At 09:40 General Barrowclough, RNZA, staff disembarked to land on Green Island. Within two hours after the initial landing, all New Zealand forces were ashore; the fact that such a force could put thousands of troops ashore without opposition 115 miles from Rabaul demonstrated the might and mobility of the Allied fleets in the Pacific.
Halford next joined a destroyer squadron to make shipping sweeps off the west coast of New Ireland. On the night of 24 – 25 February 1944, Halford and Bennett sank two small coastal ships and damaged a patrol vessel. For the next three days, Halford carried out her sweeps south of the strong Japanese naval base of Truk returned to Purvis Bay for supplies; the Spring of 1944 found Halford busily escorting supply units to the northern Solomon Islands. Halford prepared for the longest cruise of her career—commencing early in June with the campaign for the Marianas; the initial phase of Operation Forager which kept Halford at sea for seventy five days was the bombardment of Tinian's west coast defenses, followed by night harassing fire and the screening of heavy shore bombardment units. On 17 June Halford joined the battle line of Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's famed Task Force 58 for the greatest carrier action of all time: the Battle of the Philippine Sea. 19 June found Halford in the first phase of the battle:—the "Marianas Turkey Shoot"—as repeated enemy carrier strikes were shot down by surface fire.
In the two day battle of the Philippine Sea, the Japanese Fleet lost 395 of its carrier planes, thirty one float planes, three aircraft carriers. While Guam footholds were being secured, Halford covered beach demolition units giving close bombardment support to assault troops and rescuing a number of friendly natives who had escaped through Japanese lines. Halford joined the Angaur Fire Support Group in the bombardment of Angaur Island. Halford turned next to the campaign for the recapture of the Philippines. Joining Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf's Fire Group of the Southern Attack Force, Halford participated in the pre-invasion bombardments in Leyte Island. On 24 October, when Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid estimated that Admiral Shoji Nishimura's Southern Force would try to enter Leyte Gulf via Surigao Strait, Halford prepared for the Battle of Surigao Strait (24 – 25
Marie Pierre Louis de Frotté was a French soldier and an opponent of the Republic during the Revolutionary Wars. Louis de Frotté was born in Alençon, he joined the Royal Army in 1781, was in command of infantry units by 1789, when the French Revolution broke out. Frotté joined the émigrés, served in the combined Prussian and Austrian army of the Duke of Brunswick, which aimed to restore the monarchy in France. Frotté fought at Valmy in 1792, after Brunswick's unsuccessful campaign, sailed to England. There, he joined the vicomte de Bussy's regiment of émigrés, Les Chevaliers de la couronne, venturing into Brittany several times and linking up with Chouan royalists, who had risen up against the French Republic that had evolved from the Revolution. Frotté soon became a leader of the Chouan revolt, organizing the rebels into military units and forming a staff. By 1796, forces under General Hoche had scored several victories, defeating the Chouans and forcing de Frotté to flee abroad, after repulsing his assault on Tinchebray.
Returning to England, he was enlisted by Charles, Count of Artois, in an attempt to start yet another rebellion in his native Normandy. This rebellion was successful, after Napoleon Bonaparte seized power, the tide began to turn against Frotté, as most of his direct subordinates were killed. When, in early 1800, many rebel soldiers deserted, he began to negotiate with the government being invited by General Guidal to a meeting in Alençon. Frotté met with Guidal at the Hôtel du Cygne on 15 February 1800. During the meeting, he was arrested by Republican forces and, three days brought before a military tribunal, which sentenced him to death by firing squad, he was executed on February 18