The National Gallery of Canada, located in the capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, is Canada's national art museum. The museum's building takes up 46,621 square metres, with 12,400 square metres of space used for exhibiting art; the institution was established in 1880 at the Second Supreme Court of Canada building, moved to the Victoria Memorial Museum building in 1911. In 1913, the Government of Canada passed the National Gallery Act, formally outlined the institution's mandate as a national art museum; the museum was moved to the Lorne building in 1960. In 1988, the museum was relocated to its present location; the National Gallery of Canada is presently situated in a glass and granite building on Sussex Drive with a notable view of the Canadian Parliament buildings on Parliament Hill. The building was designed by Moshe Safdie and opened in 1988; the museum's permanent collection includes over 93,000 works from European and Asian, indigenous Canadian artists. In addition to exhibiting works from its permanent collection, the museum organizes and hosts a number of travelling exhibitions.
The Gallery was first formed in 1880 by Canada's Governor General, John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll in conjunction with the establishment of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. In 1882, moved into its first home on Parliament Hill, housed in the Second Supreme Court of Canada building. In 1911, the Gallery moved to the Victoria Memorial Museum building, sharing it with the National Museum of Natural Sciences. In 1913, the first National Gallery Act was passed. During the 1920s, the building was expanded, which saw the art gallery expand to four floors, the creation of a separate entrance for the art museum, a firewall between the natural sciences museum, the National Gallery. However, as with the Supreme Court building, its location in the Victoria Memorial Museum building was viewed as a "temporary space," with plans to move to a new permanent location, with spaces dedicated to the viewing of art. By the 1950s, the space in the Victoria Memorial Museum building had grown inadequate for the museum's collections.
In 1952, the museum launched a design contest for architects to design a permanent home for the gallery. However, the museum failed to garner support from the government of Louis St. Laurent, resulting in the winning bid to be abandoned by the museum. In an effort to provide a workable compromise for the National Gallery, St. Laurent's government offered the National Gallery the eight-storey Lorne office building for use; the National Gallery moved into the nondescript office building on Elgin Street. The building has since been demolished for a 17-storey office building, to house the Federal Finance Department. In 1962, the museum's director, Charles Comfort, drew criticism after half of the works on display at an exhibition for Walter Chrysler's European works were exposed as forgeries by American journalists. Comfort allowed for the exhibition to be hosted at the museum in spite of receiving advanced warning from the director of the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts; the National Museums of Canada absorbed the National Gallery of Canada in 1968.
During the 1970s, the National Gallery saw its funds diverted by the NMC to form regional galleries. The museum completed renovations to the Lorne building in 1976; however by 1980, it had become apparent that the National Gallery would need to relocate from the building, given the poor condition of the building, use of asbestos in the building, inadequate exhibition areas that only provided the museum enough space to only exhibit two per cent of its collection at any given time. After the Canadian constitution was patriated in 1982, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced a shift in policy focus towards the "creation of a nation," with priority given towards the arts in an effort to enrich Canadian identity. In same year, Minister of Communications Francis Fox declared the government's commitment to erect a new permanent buildings for its national museums, including the National Gallery, the Museum of Man within five years; the director of the National Gallery, Jean Sutherland Boggs, was chosen by Trudeau to oversee construction of the national gallery and museums.
The museum began construction for its permanent museum building on Sussex Drive in 1985, was opened in May 1988. The diversion of funds by the NMC to help fund regional museums was ended in 1982, the National Museums of Canada formally dissolved in 1987; as a result of the dissolution, the National Gallery reacquired its institutional independence, its mandate and powers outlined by its formative legislative act prior to 1968. In 1985, the newly created Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography the Stills Photography Division of the National Film Board of Canada, was affiliated to the National Gallery; the CMCP's mandate and staff moved to its new location in 1992, at 1 Rideau Canal, next to the Château Laurier. In 1988, the CMCP's administration was amalgamated to that of the National Gallery's; the museum operated until 2006, with its collection was absorbed into the National Gallery's in 2009. In December 2009, the National Gallery of Canada and the Art Gallery of Alberta issued a joint press release announcing a three-year partnership, which saw the use of the Art Gallery of Alberta's galleries to exhibit works from the National Gallery's collection.
The program was the first "satellite program" between the National Gallery of Canada, another institution, with similar initiatives launched in other Canadian art galleries in the following years. Marc Mayer was name
Ray Hendrick was an American race car driver. He was known as "Mr. Modified" during his 36-year career in motorsports in the modified stock car racing class; the Virginia native collected more than 700 victories in modifieds, NASCAR Winston Cup series, late model sportsman series. Ray Hendrick was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame in 2012, was inducted in the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2007. Hendrick raced his famous winged No. 11 Modified coupe fielded by Clayton Mitchell. Rick Hendrick was a pit crew member on his car in the 1960s; the Richmond, Virginia star won five track championships at South Boston Speedway, four of them while competing in the NASCAR Modified division and one in the NASCAR Late Model Sportsman division. Ray never won the National Modified Championship but finished in the Top 10 in Points nine times: 7th in 1960, 9th in 1961, 6th in 1963, 3rd in 1964, 7th in 1965, 3rd in 1966, 5th in 1967, 6th in 1968, 10th in 1969. Ray finished 8th in 1974 and 9th in 1975 in the National Late Model Sportsman Points before it became known as the Busch Grand National Division.
Ray won the Modified "Race of Champions" 2 times, in 1969 on the 1-mile Langhorne Speedway asphalt and in 1975 on the Trenton Speedway 1.5-mile oval. Ray is 1st on the all-time winners list of Martinsville Speedway with 20 wins between 1963 and 1975. Next on the list is Richard Petty with 15 wins, followed by Geoff Bodine, Darrell Waltrip, Richie Evans. Ray won a 100 Lap National Championship race on Memorial Day Weekend of 1970 at Stafford Motor Speedway. Hendrick was best known for his racing philosophy of racing everywhere. Hendrick's modified career and philosophy of racing anywhere and everywhere prevented him from competing full-time in NASCAR Winston Cup. In 17 starts, he collected two top-five and six top-10 finishes. Named one of NASCAR's 50 Greatest Drivers Ranked No. 4 on All-Time Top 10 Modified Drivers list First Inductee - Virginia Motorsports Hall of Fame 2003) Inductee - National Motorsports Press Association Hall of Fame Inductee - International Motorsports Hall of Fame Ray Hendrick driver statistics at Racing-Reference The Third Turn Profile Ultimate Racing History Profile NASCAR.com NASCAR's 50 Greatest Drivers NASCAR.com NASCAR's Modified All-Time Top 10 SouthBostonSpeedway.com South Boston Speedway's History
Roger Wallace Warren was a Canadian miner, convicted of nine counts of second-degree murder in connection to the September 18, 1992 Giant Mine terrorist bombing near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. Warren was convicted due to his confession to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. In 2003, Warren again confessed to the bombing; this second confession followed the decision by the Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted, to drop their investigation of the case. During testimony at a July 2004 lawsuit, Warren blamed poor security, his union and the company that owned the mine, Royal Oak Mines Incorporated, for provoking him, he claimed that a simple screen and padlock over a broken window would have dissuaded him, that he was only capable of the bombing because strike-breakers had been "dehumanized" by his union. He claimed that " termination resulted in the deaths of nine men."He became eligible for parole in 2010, applied for day parole in mid-March 2014, was granted after a hearing on June 17, 2014.
At the hearing, he expressed regret for the murders. He was granted full parole in 2017. Warren died on July 2019 at the age of 75 in Abbotsford, British Columbia. Warren was portrayed by Frank Moore in the 1996 CBC Television film Giant Mine