Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; as of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 934,243 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. In June 2019, the City of Ottawa estimated. Founded in 1826 as Bytown, incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada, its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of, derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of post-secondary and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, numerous national museums.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. Local populations used the area for wild edible harvesting, fishing, trade and camps for over 6500 years; the Ottawa river valley has archeological sites with arrow heads and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years; the Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River".Étienne Brûlé regarded as the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, passed by Ottawa in 1610 on his way to the Great Lakes. Three years Samuel de Champlain wrote about the waterfalls in the area and about his encounters with the Algonquins, using the Ottawa River for centuries. Many missionaries would follow the early traders; the first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe, to name the river. Philemon Wright, a New Englander, created the first European settlement in the area on 7 March 1800 on the north side of the river, across from the present-day city of Ottawa in Hull.
He, with five other families and twenty-five labourers, set about to create an agricultural community called Wrightsville. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location; the following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By, responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project. The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing a vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario exposed to enemy fire during the War of 1812. Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill.
He laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal. Similar to its Upper Canada and Lower Canada namesakes "Upper Town" was predominantly English speaking and Protestant whereas "Lower Town" was predominantly French and Catholic. Bytown's population grew to 1,000 as the Rideau Canal was being completed in 1832. Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated as a city. William Pittman Lett was installed as the first city clerk guiding it through 36 years of development. On New Year's Eve 1857, Queen Victoria, as a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
The "Queen's choice" turned out to be the small frontier town of Ottawa for two main reasons: Firstly, Ottawa's isolated location in a backcountry surrounded by dense forest far from the Canada–US border and situated on a cliff face would make it more defensible from attack. Secondly, Ottawa was midway between Toronto and Kingston and Montreal and Quebec City. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation, it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By 1854 it had a modern all-season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa's small size, it was thought, would make it less prone to rampaging politically motivated mobs, as had happened in the previous Canadian capitals; the government owned the land that would become Parliament Hill which they thought would be an ideal location for the Parliament Buildings
His Greatest Bluff is a 1927 German silent comedy film directed by Henrik Galeen and Harry Piel and starring Piel, Toni Tetzlaff and Lotte Lorring. Its title is sometimes translated as His Biggest Bluff. Today, the film is best known for the early role it offered to Marlene Dietrich, only cast after great effort by her agents; the film was shot at the Grunewald Studios, located in Western Berlin, during January and February 1927. It premiered on 12 May 1927 at the Alhambra-Palast in Berlin. Harry Piel as Henry & Harry Devall Toni Tetzlaff as Madame Andersson Lotte Lorring as Tilly Albert Paulig as Mimikry Fritz Greiner as Hennessy Charly Berger as Count. Koks Boris Michailow as Sherry Marlene Dietrich as Yvette Paul Walker as Goliath, a dwarf Kurt Gerron as Rajah Eugen Burg as Police Ossip Darmatow as Count. Apollinaris Vicky Werckmeister as Suzanne Paul Moleska as Crook Oswald Scheffel as Crook Curt Bullerjahn as Crook Charles Francois as Crook Wolfgang von Schwindt as Crook Bach, Steven. Marlene Dietrich: Life and Legend.
University of Minnesota Press, 2011 Gemünden, Gerd & Desjardins, Mary R. Dietrich Icon. Duke University Press, 2007, his Greatest Bluff on IMDb
Nathan Conroy is an English professional rugby league footballer who plays as a hooker for the Coventry Bears in Betfred League 1. He has played for the Bradford Bulls, played on loan from Bradford at Oxford in League 1 and the Dewsbury Rams in the Championship. A permanent move to Dewsbury was followed by two seasons at the Keighley Cougars in League 1. Conroy has been involved in the Bradford Bulls scholarship system from the under 15s and was given a 2-year professional contract midway through the 2013 season, he featured in round 27 against the Huddersfield Giants. Conroy featured in the pre-season games against Dewsbury Rams and Castleford Tigers. Conroy featured in round 10 and round 14. Conroy played in round 27, against the London Broncos, he featured in round 4 of the Challenge Cup against Oldham. Despite their relegation to the Championship, he signed a new 1-year contract with the Bulls. Conroy featured in the pre-season friendlies against Leeds Rhinos, he played against the Batley Bulldogs.
At the end of the season Conroy made his loan move to Dewsbury Rams a permanent one. Conroy featured in round 1, round 2 and round 3, he played in round 5, round 8 and round 9. Conroy played in the Challenge Cup in round 4 against the Bradford Bulls, he joined the Keighley Cougars for 2017. It is rumoured that Conroy has signed for Hull F. C. on a trial basis. Keighley Cougars profile Dewsbury Rams profile Bradford Bulls profile