Kangso Three Tombs
The Kangso Three Tombs are mausoleums located in Kangso-guyok, North Korea. They are part of the Complex of Koguryo Tombs, a UNESCO World Heritage site, a National Treasure of North Korea #28. The large tomb is 50 metres long and 8.7 metres high, the tomb is 45 metres long and 7.8 metres high. Frescoes inside the tombs depict four tutelary deities, the large tomb holds depictions of a blue dragon and a black serpent-tortoise, while a white tiger and a red phoenix are depicted in the middle tomb. The frescoes are particularly colourful and show Koguryo aristocratic life in detail, the Kangso Three Tombs were unearthed in 1911 by Japanese archaeologist Imanishi Ryū and were extensively studied
Pyongyang is the capital and largest city of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The city was split from the South Pyongan province in 1946 and it is administered as a directly governed city on the same level as provincial governments, as opposed to a special city as Seoul is in South Korea. Pyongyang literally means Flat Land in Korean, one of Pyongyangs many historic names is Ryugyong, or capital of willows, as willow trees have always been numerous throughout the citys history, this served as an inspiration for many poems. Even today, the city has numerous trees, with many buildings. The most notable of these is the impressive Ryugyong Hotel, started in 1987, the citys other historic names include Kisong, Rakrang, Sŏgyong, Hogyong and Heijō. During the early 20th century, Pyongyang came to be known among missionaries as being the Jerusalem of the East, due to its status as a stronghold of Christianity. In 1955, archaeologists excavated evidence of occupation in a large ancient village in the Pyongyang area, called Kŭmtan-ni.
North Koreans associate Pyongyang with Asadal, or Wanggomsŏng, the first second millennium BC capital of the Gojoseon kingdom according to Korean history books, notably Samguk Yusa. Many South Korean historians deny this claim because other Chinese history books such as the Guanzi, Shiji, the connection between the two therefore may have been asserted by North Korea for the use of propaganda. Nevertheless, Pyongyang became a city under Gojoseon. Pyongyang was founded in 1122 BC on the site of the Tangun Dynastys capital and it is likely that the area of Pyongyang belonged to Wiman Joseon, the shortest-lasting part of Gojoseon if both Dangun and Gija Joseon were real, which fell in the Gojoseon–Han War in 108 BC. Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty ordered four commanderies be set up, with Lelang Commandery in the center, several archaeological findings from the later, Eastern Han period in the Pyongyang area seems to suggest that Han forces launched brief incursions around these parts. The area around the city was called Nanglang during the early Three Kingdoms period, as the capital of Nanglang kingdom, Pyongyang remained an important commercial and cultural outpost after Lelang Commandery was destroyed by an expanding Goguryeo in 313.
Goguryeo moved its capital there in 427, according to Christopher Beckwith, Pyongyang is the Sino-Korean reading of the name they gave it in their language, Piarna, or level land. In 668, Pyongyang became the capital of the Protectorate General to Pacify the East established by the Tang dynasty of China, however, by 676, it was taken by Silla, but left on the border between Silla and Balhae. This lasted until the time of the Goryeo dynasty, when the city was revived as Sŏgyŏng although it was never actually a capital of the kingdom and it was the provincial capital of the Pyeongan Province during the Joseon dynasty. During the Japanese invasions of Korea, Pyongyang was captured by the Japanese until the Japanese were defeated in the Siege of Pyongyang, in the 17th century, it became temporarily occupied during Second Manchu invasion of Korea until peace arrangements were made between Korea and the Manchus. While the invasions made Koreans suspicious of foreigners, the influence of Christianity began to grow after the country opened itself up to foreigners in the 16th century
Governor-General of Korea
The post of Governor-General of Korea served as the chief administrator of Korea while it was held as Chōsen from 1910 to 1945. The seat of the government was the General Government Building. After the annexation of Korea to Japan in 1910, the office of Resident-General was replaced by that of Governor-General, as of 1944, the Governor-General did not command the Imperial Japanese Army or Imperial Japanese Navy units stationed in Korea. Given the powers and levels of responsibility, only ranking full generals in the Japanese Army were selected for the post, after the Japanese defeat in World War II, the Korean Peninsula was administrated by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea. The Governor-General building was demolished during administration of South Korean president Kim Yong-Sam on August 15,1995. Four individuals who held the position of the Governor-General of Korea held the office of the Prime Minister of Japan, Terauchi Masatake, Saitō Makoto, and Koiso Kuniaki, were Governors-General before becoming Prime Ministers.
One, Abe Nobuyuki, was Prime Minister before his appointment as Governor-General, ugaki Kazushige was named Prime Minister-designate, but he could not take office because he was unable to form a cabinet. In addition, Resident-General Itō Hirobumi served four terms as Prime Minister prior to his appointment to Korea, from 1906 to 1910, Korean Empire became a protectorate of Japan and Japan was represented by a Resident-General in the Korean Empire. Prince Itō Hirobumi Viscount Sone Arasuke General Viscount Terauchi Masatake After the annexation of Korea to Japan in 1910, the office of Resident General was replaced by that of Governor-General
Taesŏngsan is a mountain in Taesong-guyok, North Korea. It has an elevation of 270 metres, one popular visitor attraction on Taesŏngsan is the outdoor ice rink. Others include the Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery and the Korea Central Zoo
A name is a term used for identification. Names can identify a class or category of things, or a thing, either uniquely. A personal name identifies, not necessarily uniquely, an individual human. The name of an entity is sometimes called a proper name and is, when consisting of only one word. Other nouns are sometimes called names or general names. A name can be given to a person, place, or thing, for example, caution must be exercised when translating, for there are ways that one language may prefer one type of name over another. Also, claims to preference or authority can be refuted, the British did not refer to Louis-Napoleon as Napoleon III during his rule. The word name comes from Old English nama, cognate with Old High German namo, Sanskrit नामन्, Latin nomen, Greek ὄνομα, perhaps connected to non-Indo-European terms such as Tamil namam and Proto-Uralic *nime. In the ancient world, particularly in the ancient near-east names were thought to be powerful and to act, in some ways. By invoking a god or spirit by name, one was thought to be able to summon that spirits power for some kind of miracle or magic, in the Old Testament, the names of individuals are meaningful, and a change of name indicates a change of status.
For example, the patriarch Abram and his wife Sarai are renamed Abraham, simon was renamed Peter when he was given the Keys to Heaven. This is recounted in the Gospel of Matthew chapter 16, which according to Roman Catholic teaching was when Jesus promised to Saint Peter the power to take binding actions. Throughout the Bible, characters are given names at birth that reflect something of significance or describe the course of their lives, for example, Solomon meant peace, and the king with that name was the first whose reign was without war. Likewise, Joseph named his firstborn son Manasseh, when Joseph said, “God has made me all my troubles. However, they were known as the child of their father. For example, דוד בן ישי meaning, son of Jesse, the Talmud states that all those who descend to Gehenna will rise in the time of Messiah. However, there are three exceptions, one of which is he who calls another by a derisive nickname, Street names within a city may follow a naming convention, some examples include, In Manhattan, roads that cross the island from east to west are called Streets.
Those that run the length of the island are called Avenues, in Ontario, numbered concession roads are east–west whereas lines are north–south routes
Anguk-sa is a Korean Buddhist temple situated in Pyongsong, South Pyongan Province, North Korea. Built on the slopes of Mt. Pongrin, the dates to the Koryo dynasty. The building is registered as National Treasure #34, anguk Temple was founded in 503 under Koguryo. It was reconstructed in 1419, and again renovated in 1785 under king Chŏngjo, the temple has a linear layout. Through the temples front gate is the court, with a monument to the temples construction. The ginkgo tree located in this yard was planted around 1400, access to the temples inner court is through Taepyŏng Pavilion, located across from the main gate/Though very simple on the outside, it is ornately painted within. The sighboard of the hall is said to have been painted by King Sunjo of Joseon, directly across from the pavilion is Taeung Hall. As the temples main hall, Taeung Hall is by far the most impressive of the temples structures. It has the feature of being two-storied in its construction, unlike most other Korean temples of the era.
To the right of Taeung Hall is the dormitory, to the left is a library of Buddhist scriptures
Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. Borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation, hanja-mal or hanja-eo refers to words that can be written with hanja, and hanmun refers to Classical Chinese writing, although hanja is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese, only a small number of hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding hanja characters. Today, a working knowledge of Chinese characters is still important for anyone who wishes to study older texts. Learning a certain number of hanja is very helpful for understanding the etymology of Sino-Korean words, hanja are not used to write native Korean words, which are always rendered in hangul, and even words of Chinese origin—hanja-eo —are written with the hangul alphabet most of the time.
A major motivation for the introduction of Chinese characters into Korea was the spread of Buddhism, the major Chinese text that introduced hanja to Koreans, was not a religious text but the Chinese text, Cheonjamun. One way of adapting hanja to write Korean in such systems was to represent native Korean grammatical particles, for example, Gugyeol uses the characters 爲尼 to transcribe the Korean word hăni, in modern Korean, that means does, and so. However, in Chinese, the characters are read as the expression wéi ní. This is an example of Gugyeol words where the radical is read in Korean for its meaning. Hanja was the means of writing Korean until King Sejong the Great promoted the invention of hangul in the 15th century. However, even after the invention of hangul, most Korean scholars continued to write in hanmun and it was not until the 20th century that hangul truly replaced hanja. Officially, hanja has not been used in North Korea since June 1949, many words borrowed from Chinese have been replaced in the North with native Korean words.
However, there are a number of Chinese-borrowed words in widespread usage in the North. The replacement has been less total in South Korea where, although usage has declined over time, some remains in common usage in some contexts. Each hanja is composed of one of 214 radicals plus in most cases one or more additional elements, the vast majority of hanja use the additional elements to indicate the sound of the character, but a few hanja are purely pictographic, and some were formed in other ways. This dual meaning-sound reading of a character is called eumhun, the word or words used to denote the meaning are often—though hardly always—words of native Korean origin, and are sometimes archaic words no longer commonly used. South Korean primary schools abandoned the teaching of hanja in 1971 and it is taught in separate courses in South Korean high schools, separately from the normal Korean-language curriculum
The Pubyok Pavilion is located on Moran Hill, in Pyongyang, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The structure is one of the National Treasures of North Korea, the pavilion is located on an embankment of the shoreline of the Taedong river. Originally known as the Yongmyong Pavilion, it was built as an annex of the Yongmyong Temple in 393, the site was renamed the Pubyok Pavilion in the early 12th century. Legend says he was unable to find the words to describe the beauty of the view. The pavilion measures 14.58 m by 7.68 m, the creeper-patterned board on top of the first cornice on a pillar supporting a beam looks similar to a wood carving. The structure “preserves the features unique to Korean wooden structures and its pillars and all other architectural elements are well-balanced and looking solemn and spacious”
Moranbong or Moran Hill forms a park located in central Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. Its 312-foot summit is the location of the Pyongyang TV Tower, there are multiple monumental structures located on Moran Hill. The Okryu Restaurant is located nearby, moranbong Band List of North Korea-related topics Jonsung Revolutionary Site picture album at Naenara