The Nefertiti Bust is a painted stucco-coated limestone bust of Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten. The work is believed to have been crafted in 1345 B. C. by Thutmose because it was found in his workshop in Amarna, Egypt. It is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt. Nefertiti has become one of the most famous women of the ancient world and an icon of feminine beauty. A German archaeological team led by Ludwig Borchardt discovered the bust in 1912 in Thutmose's workshop, it has been kept at various locations in Germany since its discovery, including the cellar of a bank, a salt mine in Merkers-Kieselbach, the Dahlem museum, the Egyptian Museum in Charlottenburg and the Altes Museum. It is on display at the Neues Museum in Berlin, where it was displayed before World War II; the Nefertiti bust has become a cultural symbol of Berlin as well as ancient Egypt. It has been the subject of an intense argument between Egypt and Germany over Egyptian demands for its repatriation, which began in 1924 once the bust was first displayed to the public.
Egyptian inspectors were not shown the actual bust. Nefertiti was the 14th-century BC Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. Akhenaten initiated a new monotheistic form of worship called Atenism dedicated to the Sun disc Aten. Little is known about Nefertiti. Theories suggest she could have been an Egyptian royal by birth, a foreign princess or the daughter of a high government official named Ay, who became pharaoh after Tutankhamun, she may have been the co-regent of Egypt with Akhenaten, who ruled from 1352 BC to 1336 BC. Nefertiti bore six daughters to Akhenaten, one of whom, married Tutankhamun, Nefertiti's stepson. While it was once thought that Nefertiti disappeared in the twelfth year of Akhenaten's reign because of her death or because she took a new name, she was still alive in the sixteenth year of her husband's reign according to a limestone quarry inscription found at Dayr Abū Ḥinnis "on the eastern side of the Nile, about ten kilometres north of Amarna."
Nefertiti may have become a pharaoh in her own right for a short time after her husband's death. The bust of Nefertiti is believed to have been crafted about 1345 BC by the sculptor Thutmose; the bust does not have any inscriptions, but can be identified as Nefertiti by the characteristic crown, which she wears in other surviving depictions, for example the "house altar". The bust was found on 6 December 1912 at Amarna by the German Oriental Company, led by German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt, it was found in what had been the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose, along with other unfinished busts of Nefertiti. Borchardt's diary provides. You cannot describe it with words. You must see it."A 1924 document found in the archives of the German Oriental Company recalls a 20 January 1913 meeting between Borchardt and a senior Egyptian official to discuss the division of the archeological finds of 1912 between Germany and Egypt. According to the secretary of the German Oriental Company, Borchardt "wanted to save the bust for us".
Borchardt is suspected of having concealed the bust's real value. While Philipp Vandenberg describes the coup as "adventurous and beyond comparison", Time magazine lists it among the "Top 10 Plundered Artifacts". Borchardt showed the Egyptian official a photograph of the bust "that didn't show Nefertiti in her best light"; the bust was wrapped up in a box when Egypt's chief antiques inspector, Gustave Lefebvre, came for inspection. The document reveals; the German Oriental Company blames the negligence of Lefebvre and points out that the bust was at the top of the exchange list and says the deal was done fairly. The bust weighs about 20 kilograms, it is made of a limestone core covered with painted stucco layers. The face is symmetrical and intact, but the left eye lacks the inlay present in the right; the pupil of the right eye is fixed with beeswax. The background of the eye-socket is unadorned limestone. Nefertiti wears her characteristic blue crown known as the "Nefertiti cap crown" with a golden diadem band looped around like horizontal ribbons and joining at the back, an Uraeus, now broken, over her brow.
She wears a broad collar with a floral pattern. The ears have suffered some damage. Gardner's Art Through the Ages suggests that "With this elegant bust, Thutmose may have been alluding to a heavy flower on its slender sleek stalk by exaggerating the weight of the crowned head and the length of the serpentine neck." According to David Silverman, the bust reflects the classical Egyptian art style, deviating from the "eccentricities" of the Amarna art style, developed in Akhenaten's reign. The exact function of the bust is unknown, though it is theorized that the bust may be a sculptor's modello to be used as a basis for other official portraits, kept in the artist's workshop. Borchardt commissioned a chemical analysis of the coloured pigments of the head; the result of the examination was published in the book Portrait of Queen Nofretete in 1923: Blue: powdered frit, coloured with copper oxide Skin colour: fine powdered lime spar colored with red chalk Yellow: orpiment (arse
The Iona Gaels women's basketball team represents Iona College in New Rochelle, New York in NCAA Division I competition. The school's team competes in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference; the Gaels beat Quinnipiac 79–76 to win their first MAAC title in 2016. They lost 74–58 to Maryland in the First Round of the 2016 NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament, they have made the Women's National Invitation Tournament in 2007, 2008, 2010 and 2014, going to the Second Round in 2007 and 2008. The Gaels have made one NCAA Division I Tournament appearance, they have a record of 0–1. The Gaels have made the Women's National Invitation Tournament five times, they have a record of 2–5. Official website
"My Own Summer" is a single by American alternative metal band Deftones, their first to be taken from the album Around the Fur. It was released in 1997 by Maverick Records, it was Deftones' first charting single. The song has been described as alternative nu metal; the video for "My Own Summer", directed by Dean Karr, begins with a clip of a cage falling into the sea, blood seeping out of it into the surrounding waters. It moves to footage of the band playing on a set of floating anti-shark cages. A shark appears and is seen to be eating a piece of meat the contents of the cage. At the end of the video, frontman Chino Moreno falls into the water and the video fades out. An interview with Moreno that takes place during the filming of the video was included on the DVD release of B-Sides & Rarities. A version of the song was featured on the soundtrack of The Matrix. All tracks written by Deftones. All lyrics except "My Own Summer" and "Lotion", by Chino Moreno and Deftones. Disc one "My Own Summer" – 3:35 "Lotion" – 3:54 "Fireal — Swords" – 6:23 "Bored" – 5:17Disc two "My Own Summer" – 3:35 "Root" – 4:36 "Nosebleed" – 4:23 "Lifter" – 4:49The live tracks on both CDs were recorded at the Melkweg in Amsterdam on October 13, 1997.
The song was made available to download on October 26, 2010 for use in the Rock Band 3 music gaming platform in both Basic rhythm, notably PRO mode which allows use of a real guitar or bass guitar, MIDI-compatible electronic drum kits or keyboards in addition to three-part harmony or backup vocals. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics