Neturei Karta is a religious group of Haredi Jews, formally created in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine, in 1938, splitting off from Agudas Yisrael. Neturei Karta opposes Zionism and calls for a dismantling of the State of Israel, in the belief that Jews are forbidden to have their own state until the coming of the Jewish Messiah. While the Neturei Karta consider themselves true Jews, the US-based Jewish Anti-Defamation League has described them as "the farthest fringes of Judaism". In Israel some members pray at affiliated beit midrash, in Jerusalem's Meah Shearim neighborhood and in Ramat Beit Shemesh Bet. Neturei Karta states; the Jewish Virtual Library puts their numbers at 5,000, while the Anti-Defamation League estimates that fewer than 100 members of the community take part in anti-Israel activism. According to the Anti-Defamation League, members of Neturei Karta have a long history of extremist statements and support for notable anti-Zionists and Islamists. According to the US branch Neturei Karta: "The name Neturei Karta is a name given to those people who pray in the Neturei Karta synagogues, study in or send their children to educational institutions run by Neturei Karta, or participate in activities, assemblies or demonstrations called by the Neturei Karta".
The organization was called Chevrat HaChayim. The name Neturei Karta means "Guardians of the City" in Aramaic and is derived from a narrative on page 76c of Tractate Hagigah in the Jerusalem Talmud. There it is related that Rabbi Judah haNasi sent two rabbis on a tour of inspection: In one town they asked to see the "guardians of the city" and the city guard was paraded before them, they said that these were not the guardians of the city but its destroyers, which prompted the citizens to ask who could be considered the guardians. The rabbis answered, "The scribes and the scholars," referring them to Tehillim Chapter 127, it is this role that Neturei Karta see themselves as fulfilling by defending what they believe is "the position of the Torah and authentic unadulterated Judaism." Members of Neturei Karta are descendants of Hungarian Jews and Lithuanian Jews who were students of the Gaon of Vilna who had settled in Jerusalem in the early nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth century, their ancestors participated in the creation of new neighborhoods outside the city walls to alleviate overcrowding in the Old City, most are now concentrated in the neighborhood of Batei Ungarin and the larger Meah Shearim neighborhood.
At the time, they were vocal opponents to the new political ideology of Zionism, attempting to assert Jewish sovereignty in Ottoman-controlled Palestine. They resented the new arrivals, who were predominantly non-religious, while they asserted that Jewish redemption could be brought about only by the Jewish messiah. Neturei Karta was founded by Rabbi Aharon Katzenelbogen. Rabbi Blau was a native of Meah Shearim in Jerusalem and was active in the Agudat Israel during the British Mandate era. However, by the 1930s, the Aguda began to adopt a more compromising and accommodationist approach to the Zionist movement; this caused Rabbi Blau to split with the Aguda in 1937 and cofound Chevrat HaChayim, soon to be known thereafter as Neturei Karta. Other Orthodox Jewish movements, including some who oppose Zionism, have denounced the activities of the radical branch of Neturei Karta. According to The Guardian, "ven among Haredi, or ultra-Orthodox circles, the Neturei Karta are regarded as a wild fringe".
Neturei Karta is sometimes confused with Satmar, due to both being anti-Zionist. For example, Satmar criticized Neturei Karta for attending a 2006 holocaust revisionist conference in Iran. Neturei Karta asserts that the mass media deliberately downplays their viewpoint and makes them out to be few in number, their protests in America are attended by, at most, a few dozen people. In Israel, the group's protests attract several hundred participants, depending on the nature of the protest and its location. In July 2013, the Shin Bet arrested a 46-year-old member of Neturei Karta for attempting to spy on Israel for Iran; as part of a plea deal, the man was sentenced to 41⁄2 years in prison. Neturei Karta has denied that he had been a member of their group. Neturei Karta's website states that its members "frequently participate in public burning of the Israeli flag." On the Jewish holiday of Purim, Neturei Karta members have burned Israeli flags in celebrations in cities such as London and Jerusalem.
While many in Neturei Karta chose to ignore the State of Israel, this became more difficult. Some took steps to condemn Israel and bring about its eventual dismantling until the coming of the Messiah. Chief among these was Moshe Hirsch, leader of an activist branch of Neturei Karta, who served in Yasser Arafat's cabinet as Minister for Jewish Affairs. Neturei Karta stress what is said in the mussaf Shemona Esrei of Yom Tov, that because of their sins, the Jewish people went into exile from the Land of Israel. Additionally, they maintain the view – based on the Babylonian Talmud – that any form of forceful recapture of the Land of Israel is a violation of divine will, they believe that the restoration of the Land of Israel
Michael Kim is a Canadian concert pianist and professor. He is Professor and Director of the University of Minnesota School of Music, Twin Cities, he was Dean of the School of Music at Brandon University and earlier Chair of the Keyboard Department, faculty associate to the President at Lawrence University, Wisconsin. Kim was born in Quebec. Discouraged by his father from entering the music field early on, Dr. Kim began piano lessons at age 11, made his professional debut at age 15, performing Rachmaninov’s first piano concerto with the Calgary Philharmonic at the Banff Festival of the Arts. Kin graduated from the Academy of Music at Mount Royal University and the University of Calgary where he studied under Marilyn Engle, he holds Master of Music and Doctor of Musical Arts degrees from the Juilliard School. Kim toured extensively as a recitalist and chamber musician throughout North America, South America, the United Kingdom and Korea performing as concerto soloist with the Boston and Cincinnati Pops, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, many major Canadian orchestras.
In 2001, while faculty member at Brandon University’s School of Music, Kim married fellow pianist Kyung Kim, a piano faculty member there In 2008, Kim was appointed Dean of the School of Music at Brandon University, a position he held until 2015. Kim has won grand prizes in the CBC National Radio Competition for Young Performers and the Canadian Music Competition, Canada Council for the Arts, prizes in the Scottish and Ivo Pogorelich International Piano Competitions. In 2010, Kim provided classical accompaniment to the play The Schumann Letters in Toronto, he continued to perform solo recitals. In 2015, Kim was hired as director of the University of Minnesota School of Music. Michael and Kyung Kim collaborate as a duo in one piano four hand repertoire. In 2017 the couple performed with the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra; that year Kim performed as part of the play Nadia, in which he emulated various composers, students of Nadia Boulanger. Ballads of Grieg and Chopin Orpheum Masters KSP840 Live in Recital Orpheum Masters KSP850 Music of Franz Liszt Orpheum Masters KSP880 Chamber Works – Camille Saint-Saëns with the Banff Camerata Summit Records DCD 157 A La Par with the Lawrence Conservatory Contemporary Music Ensemble CRI CD 823 Wednesdays at Winspear Arktos Recordings Limited W@W200402 Music of Canada Canadian classical music List of Canadian musicians Andrew Kwan Artists.
Undead is a supplement for fantasy role-playing games published by Mayfair Games in 1986. Undead is a campaign setting that describes the volcanic realm of the land of the undead; the book includes many new undead monsters and magic items, a description of undead war tactics, plus a scenario set in Verdaise for character levels 6-9. The campaign setting is the Verdaise region, on the floor of a vast caldera, ruled by five Lichlords in the service of the evil god Dierguth; this deity, when angered at some Elgaard dwarves, blew up them and their mountain, leaving the deep, bowl-shaped land of volcanoes, molten lakes, lava tunnels that the Lichlords call home. Before long, the Lichlords had undead legions, spilling out over the neighboring lands, conquering their neighbors and recruiting the victims. 200 dwarven freedom fighters have slipped back into Verdaise and crawled into the lava tunnels, vowing to reclaim their homeland. Undead was written by Laurel Nicholson and John Keefe, with a cover by Michael Whelan, was published by Mayfair Games in 1986 as an 80-page book.
The supplement was part of the Role Aids line. Undead was reviewed in Dragon #126 by Ken Rolston, he admitted. From the title, I envisioned an encyclopedic treatment of the standard undead types of most FRP games with a couple of standard scenarios in which undead lords hide down in deep dungeons, guarded by scads of dead guys, daring bold adventurers to come in after them." Rolston added, "The volcanic terrain on the floor of the caldera makes a unique and colorful campaign setting. The dead guys are nicely rendered; the discussion of undead unit tactics is pretty convincing and there are some swell original spells, magical items and grand sorcerous rituals that are specially tailored to the atmosphere and gaming elements of a campaign focusing on the undead." He continued: "The adventure is linear, there's quite a bit of dragging-around-by-the-nose, but this supplement is a good example of the genre. There are plenty of staging hints for hamming up the presentation, plenty of resources for keeping the action moving and the players busy solving problems, parlaying with NPCs, bashing dead guys.
The final set piece won my admiration." Rolston concluded his review by saying: "This is a quality AD&D game campaign supplement, comparable to some of TSR's better supplements. The setting is fantastic; the unusual two-color printing looks smart, the graphic design is first-class. Nicholson and company have done a commendable job in advancing the reputation of Mayfair's modules."Lawrence Schick in his book Heroic Worlds calls the book "Pretty good."
"Extraordinary" is a song recorded by American musician Prince. It was issued as the lead single from his twenty-second studio album The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale, it was released on August 10, 1999 as a CD single in the United States. Prince wrote and produced it, while a series of individuals provided various instrumentation for the track; the single was recorded in September 1992 and remained unreleased for six years until the announcement of The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale. It was the only single released from the album, besides a series of three promotional singles, "The Rest of My Life", "5 Women", "It's About That Walk"; the song was sent to mainstream radio on August two weeks before the release of the album. Credits adapted from The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale liner notes Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Bebe Patten was the founder of Patten University, Patten Academy, Christian Cathedral and the Christian Evangelical Churches of America, Inc. denomination. Born Willa "Willie" Bebe Harrison on September 13, 1913 to Newton and Matricia Priscilla Harrison, she began attending L. I. F. E. Bible College at seventeen, upon graduation from L. I. F. E. Became the Tennessee State Evangelist of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel. In the summer of 1932 Bebe married Alton Bowman but the couple was divorced at the end of 1933. Bebe conducted revival campaigns as a "girl evangelist" first with Lettie Harper and with Mabel Lawson. Both of these co-workers were graduates of L. I. F. E. Bible College. In 1935, Bebe Harrison married C. Thomas Patten, who worked with her during her evangelistic crusades and her Oakland revival services. Bebe and Carl were ordained by the Fundamental Ministerial and Layman Association on July 6, 1937; the Temple Lighthouse Church in Cleveland, the church of which Bebe and Carl were pastors, was a FMLA-member church.
Bebe and Carl left the FMLA in 1943 and were ordained by the International Ministerial Foundation, Inc. of Fresno, California. Patten became a national evangelist, arrived in Oakland, California, in 1944 and began an evangelistic crusade there; the meetings continued nightly for nineteen weeks, in which as many as 5,000 people a night attended in the Oakland Auditorium Arena. This crusade led in 1944 to the founding of the Oakland Bible Institute and the Academy of Christian Education high school, Christian Temple, the Oakland Bible Church; the couple had three children: identical twins Rebecca and Priscilla in 1950 and Thomas Patten Jr. in 1954. For her achievements in education and religion, Patten received resolutions from the California State Senate and Elihu Harris; the Shepherd Hour, a daily 30-minute radio program was broadcast from 1951 to 1987. Her telecast, The Bebe Patten Hour, aired from 1976 to the 2004, her periodical The Trumpet Call was published from 1952 to 2004. Patten was an outspoken supporter of Israel.
Beginning in 1962 she took her church congregation and students of Patten University on more than 25 trips to Israel. In 1975, she was named Christian Honoree of the Year by the San Francisco chapter of the Jewish National Fund, she received several honors and awards from Israel, including the State of Israel Medallion in 1969, she interviewed Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion in 1972 and Prime Minister Menachem Begin. She had audiences with Yitzhak Shamir, Yitzhak Rabin, Ariel Sharon. In 1975 and 1977, Patten University planted two forests of 10,000 trees in the Negev region of Israel. In 1981, Bar-Ilan University honored her with the Bebe Patten Chair of Social Action and appointed her a member of the university’s international board in 1991. Patten was known for promoting racial equality in all the institutions she founded. Patten University was recognized as a “model of diversity,” but her influence began much earlier. During the mid-1930s and 1940s two of her revivals burned her revivalist tent to the ground after she preached against racism and social injustices that took place in the South.
She attended the funeral of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and offered her condolences to Coretta Scott King, his widow. Patten died at 90 years of age on January 2004, after a long illness. Patten’s second husband, C. Thomas Patten, died in 1958, two of her children predeceased her, Thomas Patten, Jr. in 1989 and Priscilla Benham in 2000. She was survived by one grandchild, Charmaine Benham, her biography, Winning the Race: Dr. Bebe Patten, Her Life and Ministry, written by Glenn Kunkel, was released in 2000. A second biography, No Room For Doubt: The Life and Ministry of Bebe Patten, written by Dr. Abraham Ruelas, was published by Seymour Press in 2012. Patten University
"Marrakesh Express" is a song written by Graham Nash and performed by the band Crosby and Nash. It was first released in May 1969 on the self-titled album, Crosby and Nash, released on a 45-RPM single in July of the same year, with another CSN song, "Helplessly Hoping," as its backing side; the single reached No. 28 on the Billboard Hot 100 on August 23, 1969. It reached the same position on the Easy Listening chart. "Marrakesh Express" was written and composed by Graham Nash during his final years as a member of the English rock band The Hollies, of which he was a member from its formation in 1962 till 1968. The band rejected the song as not commercial enough, but it found a home with Nash's new band Crosby and Nash. Nash recalled his inspiration for the song occurring during a Moroccan vacation he took in 1966. On the trip, Nash traveled by train from Casablanca to Marrakesh, he began the journey in First Class, surrounded by people he found to be uninteresting—as he described it, they were all "ladies with blue hair."
He decided the compartment was "completely fucking boring," so left his seat to explore the other train carriages, was fascinated by what he saw. The song mentions "ducks and pigs and chickens," which he saw on the train, recalled the ride by commenting: "It's the song as it is—what happened to me." The instrumentation of the song seeks to embody Nash's lyrics through an Eastern vibe and a "buoyant" flow carried by Jim Gordon's drumming, to resemble a train ride. Stephen Stills was responsible for much of the creative musicianship, adding a distinctive, unique sounding riff played on two overdubbed electric guitars, he added Hammond B3 organ and bass. The song was rounded out by Nash's acoustic guitar, the group's trademark three-part vocal harmony on the choruses; the first public appearance of "Marrakesh Express" was at the Woodstock Music Festival. Between 3 am and 4 am on August 18, 1969, Stills, Nash & Young came together as a band for the second time in public and performed a set that included what Graham Nash called "a medley of our hit," referring to this song, the first single from their debut album.
The song has gained attention throughout the years and has remained popular since its release in 1969. Throughout the decades of touring done by Crosby and Nash, the sometimes Crosby, Stills and Young, "Marrakesh Express" is the ninth most-played song by them, has been performed over 450 times. A Crosby, Stills and Young tribute band is named "Marrakesh Express: A Crosby, Stills and Young Experience."The song has gained negative attention, most notably by the Stooges's singer, Iggy Pop. In a 2003 Rolling Stone article, Iggy Pop mentions the band in response to a discussion of the band's creation acting as a counter against the "hippie movement." He exclaims, "I mean,'Marrakesh Express?' It may be the worst song written." In 2012, the song was recorded by the band The Gypsy Queens for their eponymous album The Gypsy Queens, featuring Nash himself and produced by Larry Klein. It was recorded at Jim Henson Studios in Los Angeles; the Album reached #46 in the English charts. David Crosby–harmony vocals Stephen Stills–harmony vocals, bass, percussion Graham Nash–lead vocals, rhythm guitar Jim Gordon–drums