Nevada State Route 612
State Route 612 is a state highway in Clark County, Nevada. It comprises about 9.4 miles of the major north–south section line arterial Nellis Boulevard in the eastern Las Vegas Valley. State Route 612 begins at the intersection of Nellis Boulevard and Tropicana Avenue on the border of unincorporated communities of Paradise and Whitney. From there, the route heads north along Nellis Boulevard north as it travels through the Las Vegas area, entering the unincorporated town of Sunrise Manor and forming the easternmost border of the city of Las Vegas; the state highway comes to an end at the intersection of Nellis Boulevard and Las Vegas Boulevard near Nellis Air Force Base. SR 612, as Nellis Boulevard, passes by many retail businesses as well as residential neighborhoods, it is one of the major north–south roadways in Sunrise Manor. SR 612 was established in the 1976 renumbering of Nevada's state highways; the route was designated on July 1, 1976. The entire route is in Clark County. Notes: RTC Transit Route 115 functions on this road.
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Tropicana Avenue is a major east–west section line arterial in the Las Vegas area. The road is named after the Tropicana Resort & Casino, located on the Las Vegas Boulevard where it intersects with Tropicana Avenue. Part of it is signed as Nevada State Route 593. SR 593 begins at Dean Martin Drive in the unincorporated town of Paradise. From there, the highway travels east over Interstate 15 and crosses Las Vegas Boulevard in the Las Vegas Strip; the highway continues east past the Las Vegas Strip where the highway intersects at Paradise Road /Swenson Street. Paradise Road provides access to McCarran International Airport and SR 593 serves as the southern end of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas campus. SR 593 continues following Tropicana Avenue east at the junction of Interstate 515 and U. S. Routes 93 and 95. About a mile from the Interstate 515, U. S. Route 93 & U. S. Route 95 junction, SR 593 has an intersection at Nellis Boulevard where the highway enters the unincorporated town of Whitney just before terminating at Boulder Highway.
Much of Tropicana Avenue is designated as a part of the National Highway System. SR 593 from Dean Martin Drive to Boulder Highway comprises the state maintained portion of this NHS routing. Tropicana Avenue between Rainbow Boulevard and Dean Martin Drive is a locally maintained part of the NHS. Tropicana was named Bond Road before it was renamed after the resort adjacent to the street; the state maintained portion of Tropicana Avenue extended from its current terminus west to Rainbow Boulevard. This portion of SR 593 had been relinquished to Clark County by 2006; the entire route is in Clark County. Notable attractions along the road include: Orleans Hotel and Casino Wild Wild West Casino Excalibur Hotel and Casino New York-New York Hotel & Casino Tropicana Resort & Casino MGM Grand Hotel and Casino Hooters Casino Hotel Liberace Museum RTC Transit Routes 201, 601 & 602 function on this road. Nevada portal U. S. Roads portal
Clark County, Nevada
Clark County is located in the U. S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,951,269, with an estimated population of 2,204,079 in 2017, it is by far the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of the state's residents–thus making Nevada one of the most centralized states in the nation. Las Vegas, the state's most populous city, has been the county seat since the county's establishment; the county was formed by the Nevada Legislature by splitting off a portion of Lincoln County on February 5, 1909, was organized on July 1, 1909. The Las Vegas Valley, a 600 sq mi basin, includes Las Vegas and other major cities and communities such as North Las Vegas and the unincorporated community of Paradise. Part of the Mexican Territory of Alta California, the Clark County lands were first traversed by American beaver trappers. Word of their journeys inspired the New Mexican merchant Antonio Armijo in 1829 to establish the first route for mule trains and herds of livestock from Nuevo Mexico to Alta California through the area, along the Virgin and Colorado Rivers.
Called the Armijo Route of the Old Spanish Trail, the route was modified into the Main Route by the passing merchants, drovers, Ute raiders and settlers over the years by moving to a more direct route. In Clark County it was northward away from the Colorado to a series of creeks and springs like those at Las Vegas, to which John C. Frémont added Frémont's_Cutoff on his return from California to Utah in 1844. What is now Clark County was acquired by the United States during the Mexican American War, becoming part of the northwestern corner of New Mexico Territory. In 1847, Jefferson Hunt and other Mormon Battalion members returning to Salt Lake City from Los Angeles pioneered a wagon route through the County that became the Mormon Road. In 1849, this road became known as the "Southern Route", the winter route of the California Trail from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles during the California Gold Rush. By the mid 1850s the route now known as the Salt Lake Road in California and the California Road in Utah Territory, was a wagon trade route between the two.
In the mid 1850s Mormons established a settlement at Las Vegas. In the 1860s Mormon colonies were established along the Muddy Rivers. All of the county was part of Mohave County, Arizona Territory, when that Territory was formed in 1863, before Nevada became a state. In 1865, it became part of Arizona Territory; the part of Pah-Ute County north and west of the Colorado River was assigned to the new State of Nevada in 1866, however Arizona territory fought the division until 1871. Pah-Ute County became part of Lincoln County and the westernmost part, the southernmost part of Nye County. Clark County was named for William Andrews Clark, a Montana copper magnate and U. S. Senator. Clark was responsible for construction of the Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad through the area, contributing to the region's early development. Clark County is a major tourist destination, with 150,000 hotel rooms; the Las Vegas Strip, home to most of the hotel-casinos known to many around the world, is not within the City of Las Vegas city limits, but in unincorporated Paradise.
It is, however, in the Las Vegas Valley. Clark County is coextensive with the Las Vegas–Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan statistical area designated by the Office of Management and Budget and used by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies for statistical purposes; the Colorado River forms the county's southeastern boundary, with Hoover Dam forming Lake Mead along much of its length. The lowest point in the state of Nevada is on the Colorado River just south of Laughlin in Clark County, where it flows out of Nevada into California and Arizona. Greater Las Vegas is a tectonic valley, surrounded by four mountain ranges, with nearby Mount Charleston being the highest elevation at 11,918 ft, located to the northwest. Other than the forests on Mount Charleston, the geography in Clark County is a desert. Creosote bushes are the main native vegetation, the mountains are rocky with little vegetation; the terrain slopes to the east. The county has an area of 8,061 square miles, of which 7,891 square miles is land and 169 square miles is water.
20 official wilderness areas in Clark County are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Many of these are in, or in, one of the preceding protected areas, as shown below. Many are separate entities that are managed by the Bureau of Land Management: In 2000 there were 512,253 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.70% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone, above age 64. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17. The county population contained 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 10.70% who were over age 64. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $53,536, the median income for a family was $59,485.
Males had a median income of $35,243 versus $27,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,785. About 7.90% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those over age 64. Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California; as of the 201
Boulder City, Nevada
Boulder City is a city in Clark County, Nevada. It is 26 miles southeast of Las Vegas; as of the 2010 census, the population of Boulder City was 15,023. The community took its name from Boulder Canyon. Boulder City is one of only two cities in Nevada; the land upon which Boulder City was founded was a harsh, desert environment. Its sole reason for existence was the need to house workers contracted to build the Hoover Dam on the Colorado River. Men hoping for work on the dam project had begun settling along the river in tents soon after the precise site for the dam had been chosen by the Bureau of Reclamation in 1930, their ramshackle edifices were collectively known as "Ragtown". Boulder City was built in 1931 by the Bureau of Reclamation and Six Companies, Inc. as housing for workers who were building the Hoover Dam. The sheer scale of the dam and duration of the project required the Bureau of Reclamation to consider the construction of a semi-permanent town rather than a temporary arrangement.
Boulder City was exceptionally rare as an example of a town planned under government supervision. This is unlike 19th century funded company town examples found in the United Kingdom, such as Port Sunlight, or in the United States, such as Pullman, Chicago. Boulder City was planned through federal supervision as a model community, with Dutch-born urban architect Saco Rienk de Boer contracted to plan it. DeBoer had been a planner for Denver and was to design many towns and suburbs around the Rocky Mountain region; because the Hoover Dam project itself represented a focus for optimism for a country suffering from the effects of the Great Depression, the town itself was to be an additional manifestation of this optimism. There was to be an emphasis on a clean-living environment for dam workers; the plan submitted by DeBoer in 1930 was formal and symmetrical with a park and the Bureau of Reclamation building at the termination of the two main axes. The plan was deemed too expensive to carry out in its original form and was modified to allow for more regular block sizes.
Its allowance for public space and copious amounts of landscaping earned it the moniker "Nevada's Garden City". The provision of green landscape was another expression of the Bureau of Reclamation's "mission to reclaim and'green' the American West."The town was designed to house 5,000 workers. The status of the workers on the Hoover Dam was reflected in their house locations; the most important employees had their residences on top of the hill nearer the apex. Managers were housed further down the hill, dwellings for manual laborers were located furthest away from the public buildings and parks; the most radically modified portions of DeBoer's plan were in these lower-class residential blocks, where open space and parks were eliminated. Commercial development was restricted and regulated under Sims Ely, the city manager. There were limits to the number of different types of stores allowed in the city, all who wished to begin a business were screened for character and financial viability. On the other hand, there was no provision for schools in the burgeoning city because the Bureau of Reclamation expected that single male workers would populate the town.
The town made do with makeshift schoolrooms until the city won the right for state-funded schools to be established on the federal reservation upon which Boulder City was situated. No hospitals were provided in the city either. Injured workers had to travel 33 miles to Las Vegas Hospital, when a hospital was established in the city, females were not admitted for a number of years. Like early model company town Port Sunlight, the workers of Boulder City were under strict monitoring: alcohol was prohibited in the town until 1969, gambling has been prohibited since the city's outset; the city was founded during the Prohibition era. Boulder Theatre, established in 1931, meant that workers were not obliged to travel to Las Vegas for amusements; such measures were common for company towns dating back to the 19th century, since sober workers surrounded by their own gardens and provided with appropriate entertainment would be more productive during their working days. In the case of Boulder City, the prohibition of alcohol and gambling was at least due to the proximity of Las Vegas, which had a notoriously rowdy vice district.
Visitors to Boulder City were admitted by permit, by 1932, there was a gatehouse through which all visitors had to pass. While the establishment of Boulder City occurred while Las Vegas was modest in size with 5,000 inhabitants, it was the beginning of the fragmentation of cities in the region of Clark County; this move to disperse to multiple centers predated the decentralization movement of the 1970s. The nearby city of Henderson, founded in 1943 and based around the magnesium industry, was another early example of decentralization before Clark County had a significant population: "...the region began to decentralize and regroup as a multi-centered area early in its history." The independent governments of Henderson, North Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Boulder City have perpetuated the fragmented nature of the region, giving each city its individual character, as well as stymieing the outward growth of these cities. The government did not relinquish control of Boulder City until 1959, when the town was incorporated.
Boulder City's incorporation ceremony took place on January 4, 1960. The city council selected pharmacist Robert N. Broadbent as the town's first mayor; the city charter, approved by t
State Route 589 comprised a large portion of Sahara Avenue, a major east–west section line road in the Las Vegas Valley. The road was named after the now-defunct Sahara Hotel and Casino, located on Las Vegas Boulevard where it intersects with Sahara Avenue. Sahara Avenue begins in the western valley at Red Rock Ranch Road as the continuation of Desert Foothills Drive west of the Las Vegas Beltway. SR 589 began in the western Las Vegas Valley at its intersection with Rainbow Boulevard. From there, the route continues due east to cross Las Vegas Boulevard. SR 589 proceeded further east to cross Fremont Street/Boulder Highway, entering the unincorporated town of Sunrise Manor, passing under the bridge of I-515/US 93/US 95 and terminating at Nellis Boulevard. Sahara Avenue ends at the Hollywood Regional Park, just east of Hollywood Boulevard. Through much of the Las Vegas area, Sahara Avenue comprises the southern boundary of the City of Las Vegas. At the intersection of Las Vegas Boulevard, SR 589 marks what is considered the northern boundary of the Las Vegas Strip.
The road was called San Francisco Avenue and served as the southern city limit for Las Vegas. In the 1960s, city planners envisioned construction of an expressway along Sahara to Rainbow Boulevard. Junctions listed are for SR 589 only; the entire route was in Clark County. SLS Las Vegas Palace Station Bonanza Gift Store The Golden Steer Steakhouse Current RTC Route Sahara Avenue Express operated on this road. Nevada portal U. S. Roads portal
Las Vegas Strip
The Las Vegas Strip is a stretch of South Las Vegas Boulevard in Clark County, Nevada, known for its concentration of resort hotels and casinos. The Strip is 4.2 miles in length, located south of the Las Vegas city limits in the unincorporated towns of Paradise and Winchester. However, the Strip is referred to as being in Las Vegas. Many of the largest hotel and resort properties in the world are located on the Strip; the boulevard's cityscape is highlighted by its use of contemporary architecture, a wide variety of attractions. Its hotels, restaurants, residential high-rises, entertainment offerings, skyline have established the Strip as one of the most popular and iconic tourist destinations in the world. Most of the Strip has been designated as an All-American Road and is considered a scenic route at night; the casinos that were not in Downtown Las Vegas along Fremont Street were limited to outside the city limits on Las Vegas Boulevard. In 1959, the Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign was constructed 4.5 miles outside the city limits.
The sign is today located in the median just south of Russell Road, across from the now-demolished Klondike Hotel & Casino, about 0.4 miles south of the southernmost entrance to Mandalay Bay. In the strictest sense, "the Strip" refers only to the stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard, between Sahara Avenue and Russell Road, a distance of 4.2 miles. However, the term is used to refer not only to the road but to the various casinos and resorts that line the road, to properties that are not on the road but are in proximity to it. Phrases such as Strip Area, Resort Corridor or Resort District are sometimes used to indicate a larger geographical area, including properties 1 mile or more away from Las Vegas Boulevard, such as the Hard Rock, Rio and Hooters casinos. A long-standing definition considers the Strip's northern terminus as the SLS, though travel guides extend it to include the Stratosphere 0.4 miles to the north. Mandalay Bay, located just north of Russell Road, is the southernmost resort considered to be on the Strip.
Because of the number and size of the resorts, the resort corridor can be quite wide. Interstate 15 runs parallel and 0.5 to 0.8 miles to the west of Las Vegas Boulevard for the entire length of the Strip. Paradise Road runs to the east in a similar fashion, ends at St. Louis Avenue; the eastern side of the Strip is bounded by McCarran International Airport south of Tropicana Avenue. North of this point, the resort corridor can be considered to extend as far east as Paradise Road, although some consider Koval Lane as a less inclusive boundary. Interstate 15 is sometimes considered the western edge of the resort corridor from Interstate 215 to Spring Mountain Road. North of this point, Industrial Road serves as the western edge. Newer hotels and resorts such as South Point, Grandview Resort, M Resort are on Las Vegas Boulevard South as distant as 8 miles south of the "Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas" sign. Marketing for these casinos states that they are on southern Las Vegas Boulevard and not "Strip" properties.
The first casino to be built on Highway 91 was the Pair-o-Dice Club in 1931, but the first resort on what is the Strip was the El Rancho Vegas, opening on April 3, 1941, with 63 rooms. That casino/ resort stood for 20 years before being destroyed by a fire in 1960, its success spawned a second hotel on what would become the Strip, the Hotel Last Frontier in 1942. Organized crime figures such as New York's Bugsy Siegel took interest in the growing gaming center leading to other resorts such as the Flamingo, which opened in 1946, the Desert Inn, which opened in 1950; the funding for many projects was provided through the American National Insurance Company, based in the notorious gambling empire of Galveston, Texas. Las Vegas Boulevard South was called Arrowhead Highway, or Los Angeles Highway; the Strip was named by Los Angeles police officer and businessman Guy McAfee, after his hometown's Sunset Strip. Caesars Palace was established in 1966. In 1968, Kirk Kerkorian purchased the Flamingo and hired Sahara Hotels Vice President Alex Shoofey as President.
Alex Shoofey brought along 33 of Sahara's top executives. The Flamingo was used to train future employees of the International Hotel, under construction. Opening in 1969, the International Hotel, with 1,512 rooms, began the era of mega-resorts; the International is known as Westgate Las Vegas today. The first MGM Grand Hotel and Casino a Kerkorian property, opened in 1973 with 2,084 rooms. At the time, this was one of the largest hotels in the world by number of rooms; the Rossiya Hotel built in 1967 in Moscow, for instance, had 3,200 rooms. On November 21, 1980, the MGM Grand suffered the worst resort fire in the history of Las Vegas as a result of electrical problems, killing 87 people, it reopened eight months later. In 1986, Kerkorian sold the MGM Grand to Bally Manufacturing, it was renamed Bally's; the Wet'n Wild water park was located on the south side of the Sahara hotel. It closed at the end of the 2004 season and was demolished; the opening of The Mirage in 1989 set a new level to the Las Vegas experience, as smaller hotels and casinos made way for the larger mega-resorts.
The Rio and the Excalibur opened in 1990. These huge facil
Boulder Station is a hotel and casino located in Sunrise Manor, Nevada on Boulder Highway. It is operated by Station Casinos. Groundbreaking began on August 5, 1993; the project was built at a cost of $103 million, opened on August 23, 1994. An expansion in 1995 added a child-care facility, an 11-screen movie theater, a video game arcade. A $50 million renovation took place in 2008. A renovation of the hotel's 300 rooms was completed in 2011. Boulder Station's Railhead concert venue has earned several awards from the Academy of Country Music for its hosting of country performers; the Railhead has hosted various blues performers as well. Multiple incidents, including several shootings, have occurred on the property during its history. Boulder Station was built on 27 acres located at the northeast corner of Lamb Boulevard and Boulder Highway; the site was chosen by Station Casinos in 1986, as the company believed that the east side of the Las Vegas Valley was under served. The site was chosen because of its easy access from the nearby Interstate 515.
Groundbreaking of the $85 million Boulder Station began on August 5, 1993. Attendees at the groundbreaking ceremony included Las Vegas mayor Jan Laverty Jones and Nevada governor Robert Miller; the project was expected to employ 1,700 people, with 260 employees from the Palace Station expressing an interest in being transferred to the new property. The 15-story hotel tower was expected to be topped off in March 1994, the project's ultimate cost was $103 million. Boulder Station was the first project that Station Casinos CEO Frank Fertitta III oversaw from its conception to its completion. Boulder Station's roadside neon sign had been activated by early August 1994, ahead of the property's opening, it was the largest freestanding sign along Boulder Highway. The sign included the world's largest color screen, measuring 8,000 sq ft and being visible for more than two miles away, including downtown Las Vegas; the sign included 75,000 incandescent light bulbs. The total weight of the sign was 1,500 tons, the creation of the sign's footings required 58 trucks to pour concrete over a seven-hour period.
Boulder Station opened on August 1994, with a fireworks show. It was the first new hotel-casino to open on the east side of Las Vegas since 1979. Boulder Station included 300 hotel rooms and a 75,000 sq ft casino with 2,200 slot and video poker machines, 44 table games, a 10-table poker room; the casino included a 70-seat keno lounge and a 240-seat race and sportsbook. The 44 table games were located in a casino pit accompanied by stained glass murals depicting 19th century trains; the railroad-theme was shared by the Palace Station. Boulder Station's design consisted of Victorian architecture, the resort totaled 252,000 sq ft; the casino included the 270-seat Railhead Saloon. Included were five restaurants and eight fast-food eateries. Among the five restaurants was a 522-seat buffet. In January 1995, Travel Holiday named the casino's The Broiler restaurant among the best restaurant values in the United States. Within three weeks of its opening, the hotel had a 93 percent occupancy rate. Boulder Station was built with room for potential expansions.
In December 1995, Boulder Station added several new amenities, including an 11-screen movie theater operated by Act III Theatres. Added was an 8,000 sq ft child-care facility, a 3,200 sq ft video game arcade. In response to customer requests, Boulder Station opened an 8,000 sq ft, 600-seat bingo parlor in June 1996. In the late 1990s, Boulder Station launched its Very Important Seniors program, offering special discounts to the large number of nearby elderly residents; the program subsequently expanded to other Station casinos. In 1999, Boulder Station and Sunset Station became the first hotel-casino properties in the Las Vegas Valley to offer pedicab service, transporting customers to and from their cars in the parking lot. By April 1999, there were plans to add a 19-story hotel tower to the property, adding an additional 507 rooms. Tentative plans for a bowling alley and an expanded food court were approved in December 1999, as an early step towards eventual expansion plans. An expansion of the Railhead took place in 2000.
In 2001, Station Casinos put out a request for proposals on expanding Boulder Station to include a bowling alley, an expansion and renovation of the casino, the construction of an underground tunnel that would connect to the valet parking area. However, the company stated that such an expansion was not imminent, that the cost and start date were still to be determined. A $50 million renovation began on Boulder Station ahead of the August 2008 opening of its new, nearby competitor, Eastside Cannery; the project included the renovation of the slot floor, the poker room, the sports book, the hotel rooms, the opening of a new bingo room. Boulder Station's buffet was remodeled. During this time, the Railhead was closed as a concert venue so it could operate as a temporary buffet while the original one underwent remodeling, which concluded in November 2008. During the remodel, upcoming concert acts from the Railhead were moved to other Station properties. A new table game, Two Cards High, was field-tested at Boulder Station during a 90-day trial period in 2009.
A renovation of the hotel's 300 rooms was completed in October 2011, following renovations of the poker room, the Broiler Steakhouse, the Feast Buffet. As of 2012, Boulder Station included Pasta Cucina, an Italian restaurant that received a "B+" in a review from the Las Vegas Review-Journal; as of Boulder Station's 20th anniversary, the property had retained 115 of i