An apartment or a flat is a self-contained housing unit that occupies only part of a building, correctly, on a single level without a stair. In Scotland it is called a block of flats or, if its a traditional building, a tenement. Apartments may be owned by an owner/occupier, by leasehold tenure or rented by tenants, the term apartment is favoured in North America. In the UK, the apartment is more usual in professional real estate and architectural circles where otherwise the term flat is commonly. Technically multi-storey apartments are referred to as duplex indicating the number of floors within the property, usage generally follows the British in Ireland, Hong Kong and most Commonwealth nations. In Malaysian English, flat often denotes a housing block of lesser quality meant for lower-income groups, while apartment is more generic, in Australian English, the term flat is traditionally used, but the term unit is frequently used. More recently, the apartment is being used. Tenement law refers to the basis of permanent property such as land or rents.
It may be combined as in Messuage or Tenement to encompass all the land, buildings. Most apartments are in buildings designed for the purpose, but large older houses are divided into apartments. The word apartment denotes a unit or section in a building. In some locations, particularly the United States, the word connotes a rental unit owned by the building owner, in the England and Wales, some flat owners own shares in the company that owns the freehold of the building as well as holding the flat under a lease. This is commonly known as a share of freehold flat, the freehold company has the right to collect annual ground rents from each of the flat owners in the building. The freeholder can develop or sell the building, subject to the usual planning and this does not happen in Scotland, where long leasehold of residential property was formerly unusual, and is now not possible. In some countries the word unit is a general term referring to both apartments and rental business suites. The word unit is used only in the context of a specific building.
This building has three units or Im going to rent a unit in this building, but not Im going to rent a unit somewhere, in Australia, a unit refers to flats, apartments or even semi-detached houses. An industrial, warehouse, or commercial space converted to an apartment is called a loft
Neverwhere is the companion novelisation written by English author Neil Gaiman of the television serial Neverwhere, by Gaiman and Lenny Henry. Most notable is the appearance of the Floating Market at Harrods rather than under Battersea power station and this is because the management of Harrods changed their minds about proposed filming. The novel was released by BBC Books in 1996, three episodes into the television series run. It was accompanied by a spoken word CD and cassette release, the novel enjoyed great success, whereas its television roots did not receive as much international exposure as the novel. In addition to being translated into various languages, it was re-published as an Authors Preferred Text version, Neverwhere is the story of Richard Mayhew and his trials and tribulations in London. At the start of the story, he is a businessman, recently moved from Scotland. This breaks, when he stops to help a young girl who appears before him and weakened. Richard brings the Marquis back to his apartment to meet Door, soon after, Richard begins to realise the consequences of his actions.
He appears to have become invisible, he loses his job, where no one seems to recognise him, determined to set things right, Richard tries to enter the world of London Below in search of Door. He finds a tramp from Below, who is the only person able to see him, the tramp brings Richard to the realm of the Rat-Speakers, who worship and perform tasks for rats. They attempt to assault and rob Richard, but follow orders from the master rat and he travels across the mysterious Nights Bridge, whose darkness kills Richards Rat-Speaker friend and guide, Anaesthesia. Eventually he arrives to the Floating Market, where he meets again with Door, going to the Market, a giant bazaar where people barter for all manner of junk and magical items, Richard realises that London Below is not such a bad place. The legendary bodyguard and fighter Hunter joins their party, and the group, consisting of Door and the Marquis have previously travelled to Doors home and discovered a diary entry made by Doors father, which advises her to seek aid from the angel Islington.
When the four reach the Earls Court, on an underground train which follows its own bizarre schedule. This is due to an old grudge between himself and the Earl, the rest discover that they need to travel through the relic Angelus to reach Islington, and that the Angelus resides in the British Museum. Door and Richard travel to the Museum, while Hunter, due to a curse which prevents her from entering London Above, after some searching they find the Angelus, which Door opens using her familys Talent, and travel through it to the underground home of the angel. She and her company must retrieve a key from the Black Friars. The two return to the Museum and go below to reunite with Hunter, in the meantime, the Marquis seeks out Croup and Vandemar, exchanging a priceless Tang dynasty figurine for information regarding who ordered the murder of Doors family
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. a division of Time Warner, the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta and many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials DC came from the popular series Detective Comics. Random House distributes DC Comics books to the market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its major, longtime competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2016, entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934. The company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun, The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a date of February 1935. That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, in 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult.
Wheeler-Nicholsons third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936, the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By then, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone, Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfelds accountant, listed as owners. Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, shortly afterward, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied, known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as superheroes—proved a sales hit. The company quickly introduced such popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. That year, Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, and kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, at that point, Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics.
Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. The company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics Wonder Man and this extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics top-selling character. Despite the fact that parallels between Captain Marvel and Superman seemed more tenuous, the courts ruled that substantial and deliberate copying of copyrighted material had occurred, faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1955 and ceased comics publication
Clive Russell is a British actor. He is best known for his roles as, Chief Inspector Frederick Abberline in Ripper Street, Angus OConnor in Happiness and he appeared in the Scottish sitcoms Still Game and Rab C Nesbitt as Big Innes and in teen drama Hollyoaks as Jack Osbornes brother Billy Brodie. Russell was born in Reeth, England but brought up in Fife, the reviews were good, and he reprised that role for television in 1983. After more TV roles and another film, Russell played Ralph Fiennes father in another critically acclaimed film and Lucinda. Growing recognition of his acting skills brought him major roles in four major TV miniseries, Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, The Railway Children, Russell has made appearances in Still Game, Auf Wiedersehen and Cracker. From 2005 to 2006, Russell played Phil Nail in ITVs Coronation Street, Russell made an appearance in Waterloo Road as Lisa and Lenny Browns grandfather for one episode. He has appeared as Jock in the series of the BBCs Jam and Jerusalem, as Bayard.
In 2012, he joined the cast of the HBO fantasy drama Game of Thrones as Brynden The Blackfish Tully. In 2016, he joined the cast of Hollyoaks as Billy, brother of established character Jack Osborne In January 2017, he had a role in the BBC Three comedy Uncle, portraying Sam. In Margarets Museum, an acclaimed film, he starred opposite Helena Bonham Carter as the Gaelic-speaking Neil Currie. Russells other film credits include Festival, Ladies in Lavender, King Arthur, Made of Honour, Lecture 21, The 13th Warrior and The Wolfman. He made an appearance in the 2009 film Sherlock Holmes as Captain Tanner and he appeared in the 2010 film The Wolfman as MacQueen. Russell appeared in Robin Hardys The Wicker Tree which was released in the first quarter of 2012 and he currently plays Inspector Frederick Abberline in BBC Ones Ripper Street. He played Tyr in the live-action film Thor, The Dark World, in 2010, Russell made his debut one-man show Touching the Blue. Clive Russell at the Internet Movie Database
In the story, Athens repels the Atlantean attack unlike any other nation of the known world, supposedly giving testament to the superiority of Platos concept of a state. At the end of the story, Atlantis eventually falls out of favor with the gods, despite its minor importance in Platos work, the Atlantis story has had a considerable impact on literature. The allegorical aspect of Atlantis was taken up in works of several Renaissance writers, such as Francis Bacons New Atlantis. On the other hand, 19th-century amateur scholars misinterpreted Platos account as historical tradition, most notably in Ignatius L. Donnellys Atlantis, The Antediluvian World. As a consequence, Atlantis has become a byword for any and all supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilizations and continues to inspire contemporary fiction, while present-day philologists and historians accept the storys fictional character, there is still debate on what served as its inspiration. Platos dialogues Timaeus and Critias, written in 360 BC, contain the earliest references to Atlantis, for unknown reasons, Plato never completed Critias.
Now in this island of Atlantis there existed a confederation of kings, of great and marvelous power, which held sway over all the island, and over many other islands and parts of the continent. The four people appearing in those two dialogues are the politicians Critias and Hermocrates as well as the philosophers Socrates and Timaeus of Locri, in his works Plato makes extensive use of the Socratic method in order to discuss contrary positions within the context of a supposition. The Timaeus begins with an introduction, followed by an account of the creations and structure of the universe and ancient civilizations. In the introduction, Socrates muses about the society, described in Platos Republic. Critias mentions a historical tale that would make the perfect example. In his account, ancient Athens seems to represent the perfect society and Atlantis its opponent, representing the very antithesis of the perfect traits described in the Republic. According to Critias, the Hellenic gods of old divided the land so that each god might have their own lot, Poseidon was appropriately, and to his liking, bequeathed the island of Atlantis.
The island was larger than Ancient Libya and Asia Minor combined, fifty stadia from the coast was a mountain that was low on all sides. Broke it off all round about, the central island itself was five stades in diameter. In Platos myth, Poseidon fell in love with Cleito, the daughter of Evenor and Leucippe, who bore him five pairs of male twins. The eldest of these, was made king of the entire island and the ocean, and was given the mountain of his birth. Atlass twin Gadeirus, or Eumelus in Greek, was given the extremity of the island towards the pillars of Hercules
Neil Richard MacKinnon Gaiman is an English author of short fiction, comic books, graphic novels, audio theatre, and films. His notable works include the book series The Sandman and novels Stardust, American Gods, Coraline. He has won awards, including the Hugo, Nebula. He is the first author to win both the Newbery and the Carnegie medals for the work, The Graveyard Book. In 2013, The Ocean at the End of the Lane was voted Book of the Year in the British National Book Awards and his father, David Bernard Gaiman, worked in the same chain of stores, his mother, Sheila Gaiman, was a pharmacist. He has two sisters and Lizzy. His other sister, Lizzy Calcioli, has said, Most of our social activities were involved with Scientology or our Jewish family and it would get very confusing when people would ask my religion as a kid. I’d say, I’m a Jewish Scientologist, Gaiman says that he is not a Scientologist, and that like Judaism, Scientology is his familys religion. About his personal views, Gaiman has stated, I think we can say that God exists in the DC Universe, I would not stand up and beat the drum for the existence of God in this universe. I dont know, I think theres probably a 50/50 chance and it doesnt really matter to me.
Gaiman was able to read at the age of four, when he was about ten years old, he read his way through the works of Dennis Wheatley, where especially The Ka of Gifford Hillary and The Haunting of Toby Jugg made an impact on him. One work that made an impression on him was J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings from his school library. He consistently took them out and read them and he would win the school English prize and the school reading prize, enabling him to finally acquire the third volume. For his seventh birthday, Gaiman received C. S. Lewiss The Chronicles of Narnia series and he recalled that I admired his use of parenthetical statements to the reader, where he would just talk to you. Id think, Oh, my gosh, that is so cool, when I become an author, I want to be able to do things in parentheses. I liked the power of putting things in brackets, Narnia introduced him to literary awards, specifically the 1956 Carnegie Medal won by the concluding volume. Lewis Carrolls Alices Adventures in Wonderland was another favourite.
Alice was default reading to the point where I knew it by heart and he enjoyed Batman comics as a child
The Sandman (Vertigo)
The Sandman is a comic book series written by Neil Gaiman and published by DC Comics imprint Vertigo. Its artists include Sam Kieth, Mike Dringenberg, Jill Thompson, Shawn McManus, Marc Hempel,47, it was placed under the Vertigo imprint. It tells the story of Dream of the Endless, who rules over the world of dreams, the original series ran for 75 issues from January 1989 to March 1996, with Gaimans contract stipulating that the series would end when he left it. The main character of The Sandman is Dream, known as Morpheus and other names, the other Endless are Destiny, Desire, Delirium–who was once Delight–and Destruction–who turned his back on his duties. The Sandman is a story about stories and how Morpheus, the Lord of Dreams, is captured and subsequently learns that sometimes change is inevitable. Critically acclaimed, The Sandman was one of the first few graphic novels ever to be on the New York Times Best Seller list, along with Maus and The Dark Knight Returns. It was one of five novels to make Entertainment Weeklys 100 best reads from 1983 to 2008.
Norman Mailer described the series as a strip for intellectuals. The series is noted for having an influence over the fantasy genre. Various film and television versions of Sandman have been developed unsuccessfully since the 1990s, in a panel at the San Diego Comic-Con International in 2007, Gaiman remarked that rather see no Sandman movie made than a bad Sandman movie. In 2013, Warner Bros. announced that David S. Goyer will be producing an adaptation of the comic book series with Joseph Gordon-Levitt within its upcoming Vertigo film slate. Gordon-Levitt dropped out on March 5,2016, after Eric Heisserer was brought on as screenwriter, the Sandman grew out of a proposal by Neil Gaiman to revive DCs 1974–1976 series The Sandman, illustrated by Jack Kirby and Ernie Chua and written by Joe Simon and Michael Fleisher. Gaiman had considered including characters from the Dream Stream in a scene for the first issue of his 1988 miniseries Black Orchid, while the scene did not make it into drafts because Roy Thomas was using the characters in Infinity, Inc.
Gaiman soon began constructing a treatment for a new series, Gaiman mentioned his treatment in passing to DC editor Karen Berger. While months Berger offered Gaiman a comic title to work on, weeks later, Berger asked Gaiman if he was interested in doing a Sandman series. Gaiman recalled, I said, Um. yes, but the rest is up to you. Gaiman crafted the new character from an image of a man, young and naked, imprisoned in a tiny cell. Deathly thin, with dark hair, and strange eyes
For reprising the role in the spinoff film In the Loop, Capaldi was honoured several film critic award nominations for Best Supporting Actor. He further took on the role of Paddington Bears irascible neighbour Mr. Curry in the comedy film Paddington. As a director, Capaldi won the Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film and he went on to write and direct the drama film Strictly Sinatra and helmed two series of sitcom Getting On. Capaldi was born in Glasgow, the son of Nancy and his paternal grandfather was Italian while the rest of his ancestry is Scottish and Irish. His parents ran an ice cream business and he was educated at St Teresas Primary School in Possilpark, St Matthews Primary School in Bishopbriggs, and St Ninians High School, before attending the Glasgow School of Art. Capaldi displayed a talent for performance by putting on a puppet show in primary school. While at high school, he was a member of the Antonine Players, as an art student, he was the lead singer and guitarist in a punk rock band called The Dreamboys, whose drummer was future comedian Craig Ferguson.
Capaldi has appeared in over 40 films and television shows since his appearance as Danny Oldsen in Local Hero and he voiced Chief Petty Officer Grieves in the BBC Radio Ministry of Defence comedy Our Brave Boys. Capaldis first starring role on television was as Luke Wakefield, a gay man who imagines he has witnessed a crime. He played fictional Songs of Praise producer Tristan Campbell in two episodes of the sitcom The Vicar of Dibley, and a transvestite in ITVs Prime Suspect, in Neil Gaimans gothic fantasy Neverwhere, he portrayed the angel Islington. Capaldi is a narrator, and his many titles include several of the works of Iain Banks. He starred as Rory in the 1996 television version of Bankss The Crow Road, in the 1999 Channel 4 series Psychos, he played a mathematician with bipolar disorder. Capaldi made an appearance as a university professor in the sitcom Peep Show, in 2007, Capaldi appeared as Mark Jenkins in the E4 teen comedy drama series Skins. He returned for a series in 2008, only to be killed off in the third episode.
He appeared in the Midsomer Murders episode Death in Chorus and ITV1s Fallen Angel and he appeared in the 2007 British comedy film Magicians. He appeared as King Charles I in the Channel 4 series The Devils Whore, Capaldi provided his voice for the animated film Haunted Hogmanay in 2006. He played Balthazar, one of the Biblical Magi, in the 2010 BBC adaptation of The Nativity, in November 2011, he began playing Professor Marcus in The Ladykillers at the Liverpool Playhouse, transferred to the Gielgud Theatre in London. The original run closed at the Gielgud on 14 April 2012 and he appeared in The Field of Blood as Dr. Pete, for which he received a BAFTA Scotland nomination in the TV actor/actress category, he was beaten by his co-star Jayd Johnson
Mike Carey (writer)
Mike Carey is a British writer of comic books and films. Carey was born in Liverpool, England, in 1959 – describing his young self as one of those ominously quiet kids, lived so much inside my own head I only had vestigial limbs. As a child, he maintained an interest in comics and drawing primitive stories to entertain his younger brother and he studied English at St Peters College, before becoming a teacher. He continued to teach for 15 years before moving on to writing comics and he wrote the original graphic novels The Sandman Presents, The Furies with John Bolton and Hellblazer, All His Engines with Leonardo Manco. He is the writer of X-Men, Legacy working with artist Scot Eaton. September 2006 saw the debut of Wetworks, Worldstorm with Whilce Portacio for Wildstorm Comics. He is one of the first authors on DCs Minx imprint for teenaged girls, his second Minx title being co-written with his daughter, the Unwritten premiered in May 2009, with art by Peter Gross and covers by Yuko Shimizu.
Which features Abigail Brand of S. W. O. R. D. and that same year he began writing Queens Rook, the first of Virgin Comics Coalition Comix on MySpace, where users could suggest ideas for a comic which would get made. Careys first prose novel, The Devil You Know, was released in the UK by Orbit books in April 2006, Carey is working on the TV series The Stranded, the first co-production between Virgin Comics and the Syfy network. In 2011 he wrote a crossover between X-Men Legacy and New Mutants titled Age of X, in August 2011, Marvel announced Mike Careys final X-Men-Legacy arc. In January 2014, he had another novel published which was titled The Girl With All The Gifts. It was released to acclaim and was that year announced to be made into a film. Filming began in May 2015, with newcomer Sennia Nanua in the role of Melanie, Gemma Arterton as Helen Justineau, Glenn Close as Caroline Caldwell. TV veteran Colm McCarthy directed the movie, titles published by various British and American publishers include, Toxic.
#30–31, Promised Lands Malibu, Ozzy Osbourne, The Comeback Pantera, Power in the Darkness Caliber, Inferno #1–5 collected as Inferno Negative Burn #49, Suicide Kings Dr. S. V. P. Agent Brand, In Plain Sight Enders Shadow collected as, Battle School Command School Ultimate Collection The Torch #1–8 collected as The Torch Breaking into Comics the Marvel Way. and then. In Thule with Jessica Careys screenplay for “She Who Brings Gifts” appeared on the Brit List in 2014 The film is a British post-apocalyptic sci-fi thriller film directed by Colm McCarthy, the screenplay was written by Carey adapted from his own novel The Girl with All the Gifts
Albert Bridge, London
The Albert Bridge is a road bridge over the River Thames in West London, connecting Chelsea on the north bank to Battersea on the south bank. In 1973 the Greater London Council added two concrete piers, which transformed the central span into a beam bridge. As a result, today the bridge is a hybrid of three different design styles. It is an English Heritage Grade II* listed building, built as a toll bridge, it was commercially unsuccessful. Six years after its opening it was taken into public ownership, the tollbooths remained in place and are the only surviving examples of bridge tollbooths in London. Incorporating a roadway only 27 feet wide, and with serious structural weaknesses, the strengthening work carried out by Bazalgette and the Greater London Council did not prevent further deterioration of the bridges structure. In 1992, the Albert Bridge was rewired and painted in a colour scheme designed to make it more conspicuous in poor visibility. At night it is illuminated by 4,000 bulbs, making it one of west Londons most striking landmarks, in 2010–2011, these were replaced with LEDs.
Work on the Victoria Bridge, a distance downstream of Battersea Bridge, began in 1851 and was completed in 1858. Meanwhile, the proposal to demolish Battersea Bridge was abandoned, the wooden Battersea Bridge had become dilapidated by the mid-19th century. It had grown unpopular and was considered unsafe, the newer Victoria Bridge, suffered severe congestion. A compromise was reached, and in 1864 a new Act of Parliament was passed, the Act compelled the Albert Bridge Company to purchase Battersea Bridge once the new bridge opened, and to compensate its owners by paying them £3,000 per annum in the interim. Rowland Mason Ordish was appointed to design the new bridge, Ordish was a leading architectural engineer who had worked on the Royal Albert Hall, St Pancras railway station, the Crystal Palace and Holborn Viaduct. The bridge was built using the Ordish–Lefeuvre system, a form of cable-stayed bridge design which Ordish had patented in 1858. While plans for the Chelsea Embankment were debated, Ordish built the Franz Joseph Bridge over the Vltava in Prague to the design as that intended for the Albert Bridge.
In 1869, the time allowed by the 1864 Act to build the bridge expired, delays caused by the Chelsea Embankment project meant that work on the bridge had not even begun, and a new Act of Parliament was required to extend the time limit. Construction finally got underway in 1870, and it was anticipated that the bridge would be completed in about a year, in the event, the project ran for over three years, and the final bill came to £200,000. As the law demanded, the Albert Bridge Company bought Battersea Bridge, ordishs bridge was 41 feet wide and 710 feet long, with a 384-foot-9-inch central span