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New-York Historical Society

The New-York Historical Society is an American history museum and library located in New York City at the corner of 77th Street and Central Park West on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. The society was founded in 1804 as New York's first museum, it presents exhibitions, public programs, research that explore the rich history of New York and the nation. The New-York Historical Society Museum & Library has been at its present location since 1908; the granite building was designed by Sawyer in a classic Roman Eclectic style. A renovation of the landmark building was completed in November 2011 that made it more open to the public, provided space for an interactive children's museum, accomplished other changes to enhance access to its collections. Louise Mirrer has been the president of the Historical Society since 2004, she was Executive Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs of the City University of New York. Beginning in 2005, the museum presented a groundbreaking two-year exhibit on Slavery in New York, its largest theme exhibition in 200 years on a topic which it had never addressed before.

It included an art exhibit by artists invited to use museum collections in their works. The Society focuses on the developing city center in Manhattan. Another historical society, the Long Island Historical Society was founded in Brooklyn in 1863; the New-York Historical Society holds an extensive collection of historical artifacts, works of American art, other materials documenting the history of the United States and New York. It presents researched exhibitions on a variety of topics and periods in American history, such as George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Slavery in New York, The Hudson River School, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Tiffany designer Clara Driscol, the history of the Constitution; the Historical Society offers an extensive range of curriculum-based school programs and teacher resources, provides academic fellowships and organizes public programs for adults to foster lifelong learning and a deep appreciation of history. The New-York Historical Society's museum is the oldest in New York City and predates the founding of the Metropolitan Museum of Art by nearly 70 years.

Its art holdings comprise more than 1.6 million works. Among them are a world-class collection of Hudson River School paintings, including major works by Thomas Cole and Frederic Edwin Church; the Historical Society holds an important collection of paintings and drawings by marine artist James Bard. The museum holds much of sculptor Elie Nadelman's legendary American folk art collection, including furniture and household accessories such as lamps, textiles and ceramic objects, as well as paintings, weathervanes, sculptural woodcarvings, chalkware; the Historical Society's holdings in artifacts and decorative arts include George Washington's camp bed from Valley Forge, the desk at which Clement Clarke Moore wrote "A Visit from Saint Nicholas", one of the world's largest collections of Tiffany lamps and glasswork, a collection of more than 550 late nineteenth-century American board games. Its research library contains more than three million books, maps, newspapers, music sheets, prints and architectural drawings.

Among its collections are far-ranging materials relating to the founding and early history of the nation including the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America". The Society operates a website showing many images from its collection. In 2015 it announced the digitization and posting of over a thousand negatives by photographer Robert L. Bracklow from the late 19th and early 20th centuries; the Historical Society was founded on November 20, 1804 through the efforts of John Pintard. He was for some years secretary of the American Academy of Fine Arts, as well as the founder of New York's first savings bank, he was among the first to agitate for a free school system. The first meeting comprised 11 of the city's most prominent citizens, including Mayor DeWitt Clinton. At the meeting, a committee was selected to draw up a constitution, by December 10, the Historical Society was organized. According to the Historical Society's first catalogue, printed in 1813, the museum held 4,265 books, as well as 234 volumes of United States documents, 119 almanacs, 130 titles of newspapers, 134 maps, 30 miscellaneous views.

It had collected the start of a manuscript collection, several oil portraits and 38 engraved portraits. The Historical Society suffered under heavy debt during its early decades. In 1809, it organized a celebration of the 200th anniversary of the arrival of Henry Hudson in New York Harbor. Inspired by the event, the Historical Society petitioned and obtained an endowment fro

Brad Sutterfield

Brad Sutterfield is an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour, European Tour, Challenge Tour, Nationwide Tour, Asian Tour and the Canadian Tour. He is the current head coach of the men's golf team at Dixie State College of Utah. Sutterfield joined the PGA Tour in 1997, earning his Tour card through qualifying school but wasn't able to retain his card, his only other full season on the PGA or Nationwide Tour came in 2007 when he played on the Nationwide Tour. He joined the Challenge Tour in 2005 where he won two events, the TIM Peru Open and the Open de Toulouse, he split time between the European Tour and the Challenge Tour in 2006. He played on the Canadian Tour from 1999 to 2006 and won the Barton Creek Classic in 2004, he has played on the Asian Tour. He played college golf with Mike Weir at Brigham Young University. 2005 TIM Peru Open, Open de Toulouse 2004 Barton Creek Classic 1996 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates Brad Sutterfield at the PGA Tour official site Brad Sutterfield at the European Tour official site

Paisley Abbey

Paisley Abbey is a parish church of the Church of Scotland, located on the east bank of the White Cart Water in the centre of the town of Paisley, about 12 miles west of Glasgow, in Scotland. Its origins date based on a former Cluniac monastery. Following the Reformation in the 16th century, it became a Church of Scotland parish kirk, it is believed. Some time after his death a shrine to the Saint was established, becoming a popular site of pilgrimage and veneration; the name Paisley may derive from the Brythonic Passeleg,'basilica', i.e.'major church', recalling an early, though undocumented, ecclesiastical importance. In 1163, Walter fitz Alan, the first High Steward of Scotland issued a charter for a priory to be set up on land owned by him in Paisley, it was dedicated to SS. Mary, James and Milburga. Around 13 monks came from the Cluniac priory at Much Wenlock in Shropshire to found the community. Paisley grew so that it was raised to the status of abbey in 1245. Monks from Paisley founded Crossraguel Abbey in Carrick, Ayrshire, in 1244.

In 1307, Edward I of England had the abbey burned down. However, it was rebuilt in the 14th century. William Wallace, born in nearby Elderslie, is believed to have been educated for some time when he was a boy in the abbey. In 1316, Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland and wife of Walter Stewart, the sixth High Steward of Scotland, was out riding near the abbey. During the ride, she fell from her horse and as she was pregnant at the time, she was taken to Paisley Abbey for medical care. There, King Robert II was born by caesarean section, in a time when anaesthesia wouldn't have been available, she was buried at the abbey. A cairn, at the junction of Dundonald Road and Renfrew Road one mile to the north of the Abbey, marks the spot where she reputedly fell from her horse. In 1491, absolution was granted by Abbot George Shaw, representing the Pope and in the presence of the relics, to James IV of Scotland and others implicated in the death of James III at the Battle of Sauchieburn. By 1499 Shaw had had built a new, larger pilgrims' chapel and added the sculptured stone frieze which can still be seen today, showing scenes from the life of St Miren.

It was brightly painted and may have been part of a rear panel of an altar before being put up as a frieze on the wall. A succession of fires and the collapse of the tower in the 15th and 16th centuries left the building in a ruined state. Although the western section was still used for worship, the eastern section was plundered for its stone. From 1858 to 1928 the north porch and the eastern choir were reconstructed on the remains of the ruined walls by the architect Macgregor Chalmers. After his death, work on the choir was completed by Sir Robert Lorimer. Paisley Abbey is the burial place of all six High Stewards of Scotland, Marjorie Bruce, the mother of Robert II and the wives of Robert II and King Robert III; the Celtic Barochan Cross, once sited near the village of Houston, Renfrewshire, is now located inside the abbey itself. The cross is thought to date from the 10th century. In the abbey's nave, the Wallace Memorial Window, which depicts the image of Samson, was donated in 1873. In the early 1990s an ancient vaulted drain of fine construction 13th century in date, was rediscovered running from the abbey to the White Cart.

Archaeological investigations and excavations took place in 1996, 3–16 September 2009, 2–12 September 2011 and 4 September 2013 and many items discovered. Some of these are now on display in the abbey; these include: a slate with music marked on it -, believed to be the oldest example of polyphonic music found in Scotland imported cloth seals chamber pots from c.1500 tweezers carved bone handles pottery fragments slate fragments The drain is thought to date from AD 1350-1400 and is at least 90 metres long, up to 2m wide and up to 2.2m high. The drain contains stonemasons marks on the walls, marks where gates used to be located. A virtual tour of the drain is available on YouTube. Events to involve the public in the archaeological investigation of the drain have been held, with the Renfrewshire Local History Forum. Paisley Abbey Drain is designated by Historic Environment Scotland as a Scheduled Ancient Monument and has similarities to other monastery drains, such as Fountains Abbey, Dundrennan Abbey and Melrose Abbey.

A tomb in the choir incorporating a much restored female effigy is believed to be that of Marjorie Bruce. Although there is no evidence that she is buried at that location, her remains are thought to be within the abbey; the tomb is reconstructed from fragments of different origin - the base, is to have formed part of the pulpitum of the Abbey, such as survives at Glasgow Cathedral. Opposite Marjorie Bruce lie the tombs of Robert III of Simon fitz Alan. Stained glass began to be replaced in the 1870s. Major works include a window by the huge east window by Douglas Strachan; the dramatic memorial window to James D. D. Shaw is by John Clark; the Abbey organ is reputedly one of the finest in Scotland, was built by the most distinguished of all 19th-century organ builders, Cavaillé-Coll of Paris in 1872. This is one of only six in the UK. Since 1872 it has been extended four times; the organ as rebuilt by Walkers in 1968 has 4 manuals, 65 stops and 5448 pipes.(National Pipe Organ Register. Pa