Route 27 is a state highway in New Jersey, United States. It runs 38.53 mi from U. S. Route 206 in Princeton, Mercer County northeast to an interchange with Route 21 and Broad Street in Newark, Essex County; the route passes through many communities along the way, including New Brunswick, Highland Park, Metuchen and Elizabeth. Route 27 is a two- to four-lane undivided highway for most of its length, passing through a variety of urban and suburban environments, it intersects many roads along the way, including Route 18 in New Brunswick, Interstate 287 in Edison, the Garden State Parkway in Woodbridge Township, Route 35 in Rahway, Route 28 in Elizabeth, U. S. Route 22 in Newark. Route 27 crosses the Raritan River on the Albany Street Bridge, which connects Highland Park on the east with New Brunswick on the west. Route 27 was part of the alignment through New Jersey of the Lincoln Highway, the United States' first transcontinental highway, established in 1913. Route 27 is still referred to as the Lincoln Highway in many municipalities, such as Edison Township.
The Lincoln Highway became part of pre-1927 Route 1 between New Brunswick and Elizabeth in 1916 and pre-1927 Route 13 between Trenton and New Brunswick in 1917. In 1927, the Lincoln Highway was renumbered as Route 27 between Newark. U. S. Route 1 was designated on this portion of the road. U. S. Route 206 followed the route from Trenton to Princeton until 1953, when the southern terminus of Route 27 was cut back to Princeton to avoid the concurrency with U. S. Route 206. Route 27 begins at a traffic light with U. S. Route 206 and County Route 533 in downtown Princeton, Mercer County; the route heads northeast along Nassau Street, the main street of Princeton that runs along the northern edge of Princeton University and is lined with numerous shops and restaurants. This portion of Route 27 sees between 20,000 cars a day. Just past the beginning of Route 27, County Route 583 heads to the southwest on Mercer Street. Route 27 moves through downtown Princeton, passing by the main gates to Princeton University near Nassau Hall, intersecting County Route 571.
After leaving the downtown area, Route 27 continues through residential areas and the route becomes Princeton-Kingston Road. Route 27 runs parallel to Carnegie Lake crosses over the Millstone River just north of the historic Kingston Bridge; the portion of the road from Princeton to Kingston is part of the King's Highway Historic District. Upon crossing the Millstone River, Route 27 runs along the border of Franklin Township, Somerset County to the west and South Brunswick Township, Middlesex County to the east, passing through the historic community of Kingston, it continues northeast through a mix of woodland and residences, intersecting Promenade Boulevard, which heads east and becomes County Route 522 after crossing U. S. Route 1. Route 27 runs into Somerset County before resuming along the Middlesex/Somerset County border; the route continues north to an intersection with County Route 518, where it resumes its northeast direction and heads into Kendall Park as a variable two- to four-lane road, entering denser suburban development.
In Kendall Park, the road passes northwest of a ride lot located at a shopping center. Route 27 passes through Franklin Park, intersecting County Route 610. Past that intersection, Route 27 forms the border of Franklin Township to the west and North Brunswick Township to the east, passing through suburban development with some areas of farmland, seeing about 38,487 cars a day; the road forms the border of Franklin Township and New Brunswick upon intersecting County Route 680 becoming four-lane Somerset Street. Route 27 follows Somerset Street northeast through residential and commercial areas, passing by the community of Somerset on the west side of the road; the route splits from Somerset Street and heads into New Brunswick, Middlesex County along French Street. At the Sandford Street intersection, Route 27 becomes a county-maintained road, signed as County Route 644, it intersects County Route 693, which heads to the southwest to become Route 91. Past this intersection, the route becomes a two-lane street that heads into downtown New Brunswick, south of the main campus of Rutgers University.
Here, the route has a daily traffic count of 11,559 vehicles. It crosses under Amtrak's Northeast Corridor rail line adjacent to the New Brunswick station serving Amtrak and NJ Transit's Northeast Corridor Line; the route turns into a four-lane divided highway and intersects County Route 527. At this point, County Route 644 ends, with Route 27 forming a brief concurrency with County Route 527, heading east along Albany Street as a city-maintained street. About 200 yards the road crosses George Street, which heads to the north as County Route 672 and to the south as Route 171. County Route 527 splits from Albany Street by heading south on Route 171 while Route 27 continues east. After another 0.2 miles, Route 27 intersects with Johnson Drive. Route 27 continues along Albany St. as a concurrency with County Route 514. It interchanges with Route 18. At the Route 18 interchange, Route 27 becomes state-maintained again, crossing the Raritan River on the Albany Street Bridge into Highland Park. Upon entering Highland Park, Route 27 becomes two-lane Raritan Avenue, intersecting County Route 622 and continuing through the downtown area of Highland Park.
County Route 514 splits from Route 27 by heading east on Woodbridge Avenue 0.75 mi later. Route 27 resumes hea
R. Edward Freeman is an American philosopher and professor of business administration at the Darden School of the University of Virginia known for his work on stakeholder theory and on business ethics. Born in Columbus, Freeman received a B. A. in mathematics and philosophy from Duke University in 1973 and a Ph. D. in philosophy from Washington University in 1978. He taught at the University of Minnesota and the Wharton School, is now Elis and Signe Olsson Professor of Business Administration at the Darden School of the University of Virginia, he is academic director of the Business Roundtable Institute for Corporate Ethics, director of the Darden's Olsson Center for Applied Ethics. In 1994 Freeman served as president of the Society for Business Ethics, he is one of the executive editors of the journal Philosophy of Management and he serves as the editor for the Ruffin Series in Business Ethics from Oxford University Press. In 2001 Freeman was awarded the Pioneer Award for Lifetime Achievement by the World Resources Institute and by the Aspen Institute, in 2005 the Virginia State Council on Higher Education honored him with the Outstanding Faculty Award.
Freeman is known for his work on stakeholder theory published in his 1984 book Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. He has authored other books on corporate business ethics, he co-edited standard business textbooks such as The Portable MBA and the Blackwell's Handbook of Strategic Management. His latest book, Managing for Stakeholders, was published 2007. Stakeholder theory is a theory of organizational management and business ethics that addresses morals and values in managing an organization, it was detailed by Freeman in the book Strategic Management: a Stakeholder Approach, identifies and models the groups which are stakeholders of a corporation, both describes and recommends methods by which management can give due regard to the interests of those groups. In short, it attempts to address the "Principle of Who or What Really Counts."In the traditional view of the firm, the shareholder view, the shareholders or stockholders are the owners of the company, the firm has a binding fiduciary duty to put their needs first, to increase value for them.
However, stakeholder theory argues that there are other parties involved, including governmental bodies, political groups, trade associations, trade unions, financiers, suppliers and customers. Sometimes competitors are counted as stakeholders - their status being derived from their capacity to affect the firm and its other morally legitimate stakeholders; the nature of what is a stakeholder is contested, with several definitions existing in the academic literature. Corporate social responsibility is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. CSR policy functions as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism whereby a business monitors and ensures its active compliance within the spirit of the law, ethical standards, international norms. CSR is a process with the aim to embrace responsibility for the company's actions and encourage a positive impact through its activities on the environment, employees, communities and all other members of the public sphere who may be considered as stakeholders.
The term "corporate social responsibility" came into common use in the late 1960s and early 1970s after many multinational corporations formed the term stakeholder, meaning those on whom an organization's activities have an impact. It was used to describe corporate owners beyond shareholders as a result of an influential book by Freeman, Strategic management: a stakeholder approach in 1984. Proponents argue that corporations make more long term profits by operating with a perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from the economic role of businesses. Others argue CSR is window-dressing, or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations. Anticipation of such concepts appear in a publication that appeared in 1968 by Italian economist Giancarlo Pallavicini, creator of the "Method of the decomposition of the parameters" for the calculation of the results does not directly cost of business, regarding ethical issues, social and environmental.
Books: 1984, Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Harpercollins College. ISBN 9780273019138 1988, Corporate strategy and the search for ethics with Daniel R. Gilbert 2007, Managing for Stakeholders: Survival and Success with Jeffrey Harrison and Andrew C. Wicks. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300138498 2009, Business ethics: a managerial approach with Andrew C. Wicks and Patricia H. Werhane. ISBN 9780131427921 2010, Stakeholder Theory: The State of the Art with Jeffrey S. Harrison, Andrew C. Wicks. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521190817Articles, a selection: Freeman, R. Edward. "Stakeholder management and CSR: questions and answers". UmweltWirtschaftsForum. 21: 5–9. Doi:10.1007/s00550-013-0266-3. Freeman's faculty webpage at the University of Virginia Interview with Ed Freeman, Justmeans.com, April 15, 2011 Video on YouTube, 2010
José António dos Santos Silva, known as Zé António, is a Portuguese retired footballer who played as a central defender. He amassed Primeira Liga totals of 175 games and ten goals over eight seasons, representing in the competition Alverca, Académica and União de Leiria, he added 145 matches and 12 goals in a 21-year senior career. Zé António competed professionally in Germany and Spain. Born in Torres Vedras, Lisbon District, Zé António began playing football for hometown's S. C. U. Torreense, being acquired in 1998 by Primeira Liga club FC Porto. However, he never represented other than its B-team – during the first half of the 2000–01 season – and went on to play on loan for Leça F. C. and F. C. Alverca, after which he was definitively sold to the latter in the summer of 2000. After another top level campaign, with Varzim SC, Zé António joined Académica de Coimbra and played there from 2003 to 2005, forming an interesting defensive partnership with Tonel – of Sporting CP – in his first year. Avoiding relegation with Académica at the end of 2004–05, Zé António took advantage of his outrunning contract to sign for Borussia Mönchengladbach in the Bundesliga, on a deal lasting for two initial seasons.
An undisputed starter throughout the 2005–06 campaign he opened his goalscoring account in just his fourth league appearance with the Germans, heading the winner in a 2–1 home win over MSV Duisburg on 10 September. Aged 29, Zé António received his first callup for the Portugal national team, being summoned by Luiz Felipe Scolari for UEFA Euro 2008 qualifiers against Azerbaijan and Poland, he failed to earn a full cap, Borussia suffered relegation in 2007. In January 2008, after having made no appearances in 2007–08, Zé António moved on loan to Turkey's Vestel Manisaspor for six months. At the end of June, he switched to Spain and signed a two-year contract with La Liga side Racing de Santander. In early December 2009, after having appeared only in one Copa del Rey match for the Cantabrians, against Real Murcia, his spell at the club including a demotion to the B-team and legal action undertaken by the player, Zé António terminated his link. In early January 2010 he returned to his country, joining U.
D. Leiria. Zé António only missed one league game in the 2010–11 season, as Leiria once again managed to retain its top division status. In June 2011 the 34-year-old left the club, returning to action after one year out of football with Porto's reserves in the second level. Zé António at ForaDeJogo Zé António at fussballdaten.de Zé António at BDFutbol National team data Zé António at Soccerway
Edward le Despenser, 1st Baron Despenser was the son of another Edward le Despenser and Anne Ferrers, sister of Henry, Lord Ferrers of Groby. He succeeded as Lord of Glamorgan in 1349. Le Despencer went with Edward the Black Prince to France, was present at the Battle of Poitiers. In recognition of his conduct in the French wars, he was summoned to Parliament as a baron in 1357. At the same time, he became a Knight of the Garter, he was a friend and patron of Jean Froissart and the eldest brother of Henry le Despenser, Bishop of Norwich. There is a statue of him on the top of the Holy Trinity Chantry Chapel in Tewkesbury Abbey, renowned as the "KNEELING KNIGHT". Edward married Elizabeth de Burghersh, daughter of Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh, they had the following children: Margaret Le Despencer, married Robert de Ferrers, 4th Baron Ferrers of Chartley. They were ancestors to Queen Catherine Parr. Elizabeth le Despenser married John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel William la Zouche, 3rd Baron Zouche Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, married Constance of York.
Hugh Despencer Cicely Despencer Anne Despencer married Hugh de Hastings and Thomas de Morley, 4th Baron Morley Burke, Sir Bernard. "Despencer-Barons Despencer, Earl of Gloucester." A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant and Extinct Peerages, of the British Empire. London: Wm Clowes and Sons, Ltd. 1962.. Burke, John. A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England and Scotland, Dormant, in Abeyance. London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1831. Googlebooks Retrieved May 26, 2008 Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard, David Faris, Frederick Lewis Weis. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, Some of Their Descendants. Baltimore, Md: Genealogical Pub. Co, 1992. Googlebooks Retrieved May 26, 2008
The Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance was an award presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony, established in 1958 and called the Gramophone Awards, to female recording artists for works containing quality vocal performances in the rock music genre. Honors in several categories are presented at the ceremony annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position". Called the Grammy Award for Best Rock Vocal Performance, the award was first presented to Donna Summer in 1980. Beginning with the 1995 ceremony, the name of the award was changed to Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. However, in 1988, 1992, 1994, since 2005, this category was combined with the Grammy Award for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance and presented in a genderless category known as Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo; the solo category was renamed to Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance beginning in 2005.
This fusion has been criticized when female performers are not nominated under the solo category. The Academy has cited a lack of eligible recordings in the female rock category as the reason for the mergers. While the award has not been presented since the category merge in 2005, an official confirmation of its retirement has not been announced. Pat Benatar, Sheryl Crow, Tina Turner hold the record for the most wins in this category, with four wins each. Melissa Etheridge and Alanis Morissette have been presented the award two times each. Crow's song "There Goes the Neighborhood" was nominated twice. Since its inception, American artists have been presented with the award more than any other nationality, though it has been presented to vocalists from Canada three times. Stevie Nicks holds the record for the most nominations without a win, with five. ^ Each year is linked to the article about the Grammy Awards held that year.^ Award was combined with the Best Male Rock Vocal Performance category and presented in a genderless category known as Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo.
American rock List of female rock singers List of music awards honoring women Official site of the Grammy Awards
Vitaliy Mykolayovych Oluiko is a Ukrainian politician, member of the Verkhovna Rada. Soon after graduating the university, in 1983-1985 he worked on leading positions at local kolkhoz in Yampil. In 1985-1987 he headed the Komsomol of Ukraine in Bilohiria Raion and in 1987-1991 among the leaders of Khmelnytskyi Oblast. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, in 1991-1992 Oluiko headed the coordination council of Podolia Youth League. In 1992-2000 he worked on leading positions at local government of Khmelnytskyi Oblast. In 2002-2006 Oluiko was a member of the Verkhovna Rada representing People's Democratic Party within the For United Ukraine! bloc. While being a parliamentary, in 2005 he served as a Governor of Khmelnytskyi Oblast. Profile at the Official Ukraine Today portal