Plainfield, New Jersey
Plainfield is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States, known by its nickname as "The Queen City." As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population increased to 49,808, its highest recorded population in any decennial census, with the population having increased by 1,979 from the 47,829 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,262 from the 46,567 counted in the 1990 Census. The area of present-day Plainfield was formed as Plainfield Township, a township, created on April 5, 1847, from portions of Westfield Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. On March 19, 1857, Plainfield Township became part of the newly created Union County. Plainfield was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 21, 1869, from portions of Plainfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day; the city and township coexisted until March 6, 1878, when Plainfield Township was dissolved and parts were absorbed by Plainfield city, with the remainder becoming Fanwood Township.
The name "Plainfield" used in both North Plainfield and South Plainfield, is derived from a local estate or from its scenic location. Plainfield was settled in 1684 by Quakers, incorporated as a city in 1869. A bedroom suburb in the New York metropolitan area, it has become the urban center of 10 allied municipalities, with diversified industries, including printing and the manufacture of chemicals, electronic equipment, vehicular parts. Among the several 18th-century buildings remaining are a Friends' meetinghouse, the Martine house, the Nathaniel Drake House, known as George Washington's headquarters during the Battle of Short Hills in June 1777. Nearby Washington Rock is a prominent point of the Watchung Mountains and is reputed to be the vantage point from which Washington watched British troop movements; the "Queen City" moniker arose in the second half of the 19th century. Plainfield had been developing a reputation during this period as featuring a climate, beneficial for respiratory ailments.
In 1886, in an effort to publicize the climate, local newspaper publisher Thomas W. Morrison began to use the slogan "Colorado of the East" to promote Plainfield; as Denver, was known as the "Queen City of the Plains," the slogan for Plainfield became abbreviated to "The Queen City."In 1902, the New Jersey Legislature approved measures that would have allowed the borough of North Plainfield to become part of Union County and to allow for a merger of North Plainfield with the City of Plainfield subject to the approval of a referendum by voters in both municipalities. Plainfield is the birthplace of P-Funk. George Clinton founded The Parliaments while working in a barber shop. Parliament-Funkadelic was inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. Plainfield has been home to former New Jersey governor James McGreevey. In sports history, Plainfield is the birthplace and/or home of several current and former athletes, including professionals and well-known amateurs. Included in their number are Milt Campbell, the 1956 Olympic Decathlon gold medalist, Joe Black, the first African-American pitcher to win a World Series game, Jeff Torborg, former MLB player and manager, Vic Washington, NFL player.
Plainfield's history as a place to call home for the 19th and 20th century wealthy has led to a significant and preserved suburban architectural legacy. An influx of Wall Street money led to the creation of what was called Millionaires' Row after the opening of the railway in the 19th century. There are numerous sites, including homes and districts in the city that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. While not listed, the Plainfield Armory, a prominent landmark completed in 1932, was sold by the state in 2013 as surplus property. Plainfield's wealthy northeast corner, known as the "Sleepy Hollow" section of the city and still is characterized by its array of finely landscaped streets and neighborhoods with homes defined by a broad array of architectural styles, most built during the first half of the twentieth century. From the tree-lines neighborhoods, it can be seen that the lot sizes vary, but the stateliness and distinction of each house is evident, whether a stately Queen Anne mansion or gingerbread cottage.
Most lots are nicely landscaped and semi or private. Plainfield was affected by the Plainfield Rebellion in July 1967; this civil disturbance occurred in the wake of the larger Newark riots. A Plainfield police officer was killed, about fifty people were injured, several hundred thousand dollars of property was damaged by looting and arson; the New Jersey National Guard restored order after three days of unrest. This civil unrest caused a massive white flight, characterized by the percentage of black residents rising from 40% in 1970 to 60% a decade later. Author and Plainfield native Isaiah Tremaine published Insurrection in 2017 as a mournful accounting of the Plainfield riots—and subsequent racial tensions at Plainfield High School—from his perspective as a black teenager living in the city with both white and black friends at the time. Prior to the rebellion, Plainfield was a regional entertainment center. Residents of nearby Union and Somerset counties would drive to shop and explore the business districts of Plainfield.
Other than during the holidays, peak shopping times Plainfield were Thursday nights and Saturday, when Front Street and the areas around it bustled. Plainfield had several entertainment venues at that time. At the peak, there were four operating movie theaters: the Strand, the Liberty, the Paramount and the Oxford theat
The Goethals Bridge is the name of a pair of cable-stayed bridge spans connecting Elizabeth, New Jersey, to Staten Island, New York, in the United States. The spans cross a strait known as Arthur Kill, replace a cantilever bridge span built in 1928; the bridge is operated by the Port Authority of New Jersey. The original cantilever span was one of the first structures built by the Port Authority; the New Jersey side is about 2.5 miles south of Newark Liberty International Airport. The bridge was grandfathered into Interstate 278, named for Major General George Washington Goethals, who supervised construction of the Panama Canal and was the first consulting engineer of the Port Authority. In 2013, two new cable-stayed crossings, running parallel to the old cantilever bridge and replacing it, were approved; the new eastbound span opened on June 2017, at which time the original span was closed. The new westbound span was opened on May 21, 2018; the old cantilever span was dismantled in January 2018.
A steel truss cantilever design by John Alexander Low Waddell, who designed the Outerbridge Crossing, the original Goethals was 672 ft long central span, 7,109 feet long in total, 62 feet wide, had a clearance of 135 feet and had four lanes for traffic. The Port Authority had $3 million of state money and raised $14 million in bonds to build the Goethals Bridge and the Outerbridge Crossing, it and the Outerbridge Crossing opened on June 29, 1928. The original Goethals Bridge replaced three ferries and is the immediate neighbor of the Arthur Kill Rail Bridge, its unusual mid-span height was a requirement of the New Jersey ports. The bridge was named for Major General George Washington Goethals, who supervised construction of the Panama Canal and was the first consulting engineer of the Port Authority. Connecting onto the New Jersey Turnpike, it serves as one of the main routes for traffic between New Jersey and Brooklyn via the Staten Island Expressway and the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge; the original Goethals Bridge did not recoup its construction costs until the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge was completed in 1964, facilitating regional through-traffic across Staten Island to Brooklyn.
The same was true of the Outerbridge Crossing. The total traffic in 2002 was 15.68 million vehicles. The original Goethals Bridge had two 10-foot-wide lanes in each direction, which did not meet the 12-foot requirement of modern highway design standards; the bridge had no shoulders for emergency access, or pedestrian walkways or bike paths. Its replacement bridge was designed to address these deficiencies. An initial study in 1997 concluded. However, a more recent study suggested that the original span had only 10 years of life left with the recent deck rehabilitation, that the optimal solution was an new span; the choosing of the full replacement option was followed by the submittal of several design alternatives, alongside a "no build" option. The new bridge design, upon the completion of the westbound span include additional lanes of traffic, high-speed E-ZPass lanes, a reconstruction and widening of Interstate 278 from exit 4 in New York to NJ 439 in New Jersey; the span was demolished starting in January 2018, after the opening of the replacement bridges.
The initial alternatives put forth in mid-2006 included the option of twin three-lane replacement bridges north and south of the original alignment, eliminated. The reason for the dropping of twin-bridge alternatives in late 2007 was a request by the FAA to decrease the height of the bridge's towers to prevent interference with flights into and out of Newark Liberty International Airport. Public open houses were held in Staten Island and Elizabeth, the Draft Environmental Impact Statement was issued. Formal public hearings on the DEIS were held in July 2009. All alternatives proposed that the bridge be single level, cable-stayed, double spans, separated by towers with a height of 135 feet above the high-water mark of the Arthur Kill shipping channel; each deck would have three 12 ft lanes with a 12 ft outer shoulder and 5 ft inner shoulder and the northern deck would feature a 10 ft pedestrian walkway. In addition, permanent access roads would be built under the bridge on land for maintenance and construction purposes.
Lastly, space would be left in between the two bridges to accommodate potential mass-transit services. For mass transit, studies indicated that a bus-only lane was not economically viable but that a high-occupancy vehicle lane open to buses as well as high-occupancy autos would be appropriate during rush hours if traffic supported it. Provision for rail transit was rejected; the suggestion for a freight rail connection was dismissed as uneconomic. As part of the construction, improvements to approaches and nearby interchanges are being made; these include the New Jersey Turnpike exit 13 toll plaza, the Staten Island toll plaza, the Interstate 278/NY 440 interchange. In addition, while separate from the bridge replacement project, the New Jersey Department of Transportation may construct full movements at the Interstate 2
U.S. Route 22 in New Jersey
U. S. Route 22 is a U. S. highway stretching from Cincinnati, Ohio in the west to Newark, New Jersey in the east. In New Jersey, the route runs for 60.53 mi from the Easton-Phillipsburg Toll Bridge over the Delaware River in Phillipsburg, Warren County to Interstate 78, US 1/9, Route 21 at the Newark Airport Interchange in Newark, Essex County. The road first heads through the Phillipsburg-Alpha area as a surface divided highway before running concurrent with I-78 through mountainous and agricultural sections of western New Jersey between Alpha and east of Clinton in Hunterdon County. For the remainder of the route, US 22 runs to the south of I-78 through suburban areas as a four- to six-lane surface divided highway, passing through Hunterdon, Somerset and Essex counties. Along this portion, it intersects US 202 and US 206 in Somerville, I-287 in Bridgewater Township, the Garden State Parkway in Union. What became US 22 in 1926 was first designated as pre-1927 Route 9, a route running from Phillipsburg to Elizabeth, in 1916.
In 1927, pre-1927 Route 9 west of Elizabeth became Route 28 while the portion within Elizabeth became Route 27-28 Link. By 1941, US 22 was moved to its current alignment in the Phillipsburg area, following Route 24 and Route 24-28 Link. US 22 was moved off Route 28 east of Bridgewater Township to follow Route 28-29 Link and Route 29 to Newark. In 1953, the long concurrencies with the state highways were removed. In the 1960s, I-78 was constructed close to the US 22 corridor throughout New Jersey. US 22 was moved onto the new interstate between Alpha and Clinton in 1969 with most of the old route becoming Route 173. US 22 enters New Jersey from Easton, Pennsylvania on the Easton-Phillipsburg Toll Bridge over the Delaware River, it heads into Phillipsburg, Warren County as a four-lane undivided road maintained by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission becoming a divided highway. East of the bridge, the westbound lanes pass through the bridge toll plaza, the route has an eastbound exit and westbound entrance for Broad and Main Streets.
From the previous exit, US 22 runs eastward as a brief limited-access road maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation that ends in an interchange with Morris Street and Hillcrest Boulevard. At this point, the route becomes at-grade Memorial Boulevard; the median narrows as the road forms the border between Lopatcong Township to the north and Phillipsburg to the south. The route enters Lopatcong Township and comes to an interchange with Route 57, with an eastbound exit and a westbound entrance. After passing the Route 57 junction, US 22 takes a southeasterly turn and passes over Norfolk Southern's Washington Secondary before entering an agricultural area; the route forms the border between Pohatcong Township to the west and Greenwich Township to the east as it passes to the east of the Phillipsburg Mall. A short distance US 22 intersects CR 519 before heading back into a business district and meeting CR 638. East of Alpha, the route intersects Route 122, the final junction of the at-grade section of US 22.
Past the Route 122 intersection, US 22 has an interchange with exit 3 of I-78 and the western endpoint of Route 173. From there, US 22 is concurrent with I-78 through a mountainous and rural area of western New Jersey. I-78/US 22 follow a six-lane freeway east through Greenwich Township, coming to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with CR 637; the road turns southeast and has an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with CR 632 in Franklin Township. Within the ramps for this interchange, there are weigh stations in both directions. A short distance after this interchange, I-78/US 22 crosses the Musconetcong River into Bloomsbury, Hunterdon County. In Bloomsbury, the road has an interchange with Route 173. After this interchange, the freeway enters Bethlehem Township, with Route 173 running to the north of I-78/US 22; the road has rest areas in both directions before it passes over Norfolk Southern's Lehigh Line and turns southeast to cross the Musconetcong Mountains. The freeway turns east again and enters Union Township, coming to an interchange with CR 614 and Route 173.
From here, I-78/US 22 continue east directly to the south of Route 173, coming to another interchange with that route as well as CR 625. Entering more commercial areas, Route 173 merges onto I-78/US 22 at exit 13. At exit 15, the highway meets an interchange with CR 513, Route 173 splits from I-78/US 22 by heading north on CR 513. At this point, the freeway runs along the border of Franklin Township to the south and Clinton to the north before entering Clinton and crossing the South Branch Raritan River. I-78/US 22 turns northeast and leaves Clinton for Clinton Township, where it has an eastbound exit and westbound entrance for Route 173 that provides access to Route 31. After is the interchange with Route 31. At the next interchange near the community of Annandale, US 22 splits from I-78, heading to the south of that route. Upon splitting from I-78, US 22 becomes a four-lane at-grade divided highway that runs through rural areas with some development and crosses New Jersey Transit’s Raritan Valley Line.
It enters Lebanon. Upon leaving Lebanon, the route heads back into Clinton Township. In the community of Potterstown, US 22 enters Readington Township and takes a southeasterly turn away from I-78. Here, the road passes to the southwest of the Merck Headquarters Building before reaching the community of Whitehouse Station, where it has a short concurrency with CR 523. Past Whitehouse Statio
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
Garden State Parkway
The Garden State Parkway, known colloquially as "the Parkway", is a 172.4-mile limited-access toll road that stretches the length of New Jersey from the state's southernmost tip at Cape May to the New York line at Montvale. Its name refers to New Jersey's nickname, the "Garden State"; the parkway's official, but unsigned, designation is Route 444. At its north end, the road becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, a component of the New York State Thruway system that connects to the Thruway mainline in Ramapo; the Parkway is for passenger vehicle use. The Parkway has been ranked as the busiest toll highway in the country based on the number of toll transactions. At 172 miles, the Parkway is the longest highway in the state; the Garden State Parkway begins at an at-grade trumpet interchange with Route 109 in Lower Township. Southbound, the junction with Route 109 is marked as exit 0; the parkway runs north as a four lane limited-access highway through Cape May County, crossing interchanges with Route 47 and Route 147, which provide drivers access to Wildwood and nearby North Wildwood.
Crossing into Cape May Court House, the road crosses exits 9, 10 and 11, former at-grade intersections upgraded in favor of graded interchanges. Exit 13 provides access to the city of Avalon, featuring an unusual interchange with a left-handed merge from the median of the roadway. After exit 17, the access to Sea Isle City, the parkway reaches the Ocean View Service Area. Exit 17 northbound marks the last interchange on the parkway before a toll barrier in Cape May County, as Upper Township marks the location of the Cape May Toll Barrier. Running west of swamplands along the Jersey Shore, the parkway crosses an interchange with Route 50. Just to the north, the parkway's median is the home of the John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly Picnic Area, one of two of the original ten picnic areas left along the Parkway. At exit 25 in Upper Township, U. S. Route 9 northbound joins the road before it crosses the Great Egg Harbor Bay on the Great Egg Harbor Bridge just east of the former Beesley's Point Bridge.
After landing in the Atlantic County community of Somers Point, Route 9 turns off at exit 29, located next to the Great Egg Toll Plaza going southbound. Returning to a four-lane arterial, the parkway runs along the western edges of Somers Point, soon crossing into Egg Harbor Township. In Egg Harbor Township, exit 36 marks the junction with US 40, US 322 and County Route 563. Here, the Parkway widens to six lanes; this marks the first of three interchanges with roads that access Atlantic City, located to the east. Two miles north, the road crosses a cloverleaf interchange with the limited-access Atlantic City Expressway. Crossing west of the Atlantic City Reservoir, the parkway comes to an interchange with US 30 in Pomona. North of the exit, the parkway median is home to the Atlantic Service Area, which provides home to a barrack of the New Jersey State Police and access to CR 561. Exits 41 and 44 provide access to Stockton University, located less than a mile from the parkway. Winding north into the Port Republic Wildlife Management Area, US 9 merges back into the parkway and crosses over the Mullica River into Burlington County.
Now in Bass River Township, US 9 departs at exit 50. North of exit 53, the parkway crosses. Crossing northward through Bass River State Forest, the six-lane highway becomes desolate. At exit 63, Route 72 meets the Parkway, providing access to Long Beach Island. Crossing northeast through the Pine Barrens, the parkway crosses into Lacey Township with the Forked River Service Area in the median. North of exit 77, the route crosses through Double Trouble State Park and enters the Toms River area. In Toms River, the parkway becomes concurrent with US 9 once again, from exits 80 to 83. At exit 82-82A, the parkway meets Route 37, which provides access to Lakehurst, Seaside Heights and Island Beach State Park. North of exit 83 is the Toms River Toll Barrier; this is the only plaza on the highway. North of the toll barrier, the parkway crosses an interchange with Route 70, connecting Brick Township and Point Pleasant Beach. Crossing through Brick Township, the parkway widens to eight lanes and reaches exit 98 near Allaire State Park.
The interchange designated as 96 and 97, involves a pair of collector-distributor roads to reach Interstate 195, Route 34 and Route 138. A park and ride is present in the cloverleaf with Route 138. Now in Monmouth County, the parkway reaches the Monmouth Service Area in the median; the service area provides a park and ride for commuters and access to CR 18. North of the service area, the parkway enters the stretch of exits 100A–C, serving Route 33 and Route 66. North of exit 102 in Tinton Falls, the road widens to ten lanes and reaches the northbound Asbury Park Toll Barrier. After the toll barrier, the two directions of road expand into express and local lanes in each direction in a 3-2-2-3 system. Just north of the split marks exit 105, servicing Route 18 and Route 36; the connector road from the parkway to the terminus of Route 36 and CR 51 is designated as Route 444S. The express and local lanes wind northwest through Monmouth County. At exit 116, access is provided to the PNC Bank Arts Center, Telegraph Hill Picnic Area and the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
There is access to nearby Crawfords Corner Road in Holmdel Township and a nearby park and ride. Crossing west of Hazlet, the parkway reaches exit 117 and exit 118, which mark
U.S. Route 202 in New Jersey
U. S. Route 202 is a U. S. Highway running from New Castle, Delaware northeast to Bangor, Maine. In the U. S. state of New Jersey, the route runs 80.31 mi from the New Hope–Lambertville Toll Bridge over the Delaware River at the Pennsylvania border in Delaware Township, Hunterdon County near Lambertville northeast to the New York border in Mahwah, Bergen County. Along the route's journey, it passes through a variety of suburban and rural environments, including the communities of Flemington, Morristown, Parsippany-Troy Hills and Oakland as well as five counties: Hunterdon, Morris and Bergen. US 202 encounters many major roads in New Jersey, including Route 31, US 206, US 22, Interstate 80, US 46, Route 23, Route 17. From Somerville to the New York border, US 202 runs within a close distance of I-287 and interchanges with that route several times; the road ranges from a four-lane freeway between Lambertville and Ringoes in Hunterdon County to a two-lane undivided road through much of the northern portion of the route.
North of the Route 53 intersection in Morris Plains, US 202 is maintained by individual counties rather than the New Jersey Department of Transportation with a few exceptions. In the original system of New Jersey state highways, present-day U. S. Route 202 was legislated as pre-1927 Route 5 between Morristown and Morris Plains in 1916 and as pre-1927 Route 16 between Somerville and Morristown in 1921. In 1927, the current route was designated as Route 29 between Lambertville and Ringoes, Route 30 between Ringoes and Flemington, Route 12 between Flemington and Somerville, Route 31 between Somerville and Bedminster, Route 32 between Bedminster and Mountain View, Route 23 within a portion of Wayne. Meanwhile, US 122 was signed in New Jersey to run from the New Hope–Lambertville Bridge in Lambertville, where the route continued south to State Road, along Bridge Street, Route 29, Route 30 to Flemington, along present-day County Route 523 to US 22 in White House. In the mid-1930s, US 122 was renumbered to US 202, realigned to follow its current route to New York border near Suffern, New York where it continued to Bangor, Maine.
In 1953, all the state highway designations were removed from US 202 except for Route 23 and Route 30 to avoid long concurrencies with the route. In the 1960s, plans were made to upgrade US 202 to a freeway between the Pennsylvania border and I-287 in Bridgewater Township; the only parts of this freeway that were completed were a bypass of Ringoes in the 1960s and a freeway between the Delaware River and Ringoes in 1974. With the completion of the US 202 freeway in Hunterdon County, the former alignment became Route 179; the portion of US 202 concurrent with Route 23 in Wayne was upgraded from a four-lane road to a six-lane road in the 1980s. U. S. Route 202 crosses into Delaware Township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey on the New Hope–Lambertville Toll Bridge over the Delaware River from Solebury Township, heading to the northeast as a four-lane freeway maintained by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. Shortly after entering New Jersey, the route passes over the Delaware and Raritan Canal and comes to an interchange with Route 29 that features a northbound exit, a northbound entrance from southbound Route 29, a southbound entrance.
The route becomes maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation here and crosses the Alexauken Creek into Lambertville where the route features a southbound exit and northbound entrance with Alexauken Creek Road that provides access to Route 29 from southbound U. S. Route 202 and to northbound U. S. Route 202 from northbound Route 29. Past Alexauken Creek Road, the freeway enters West Amwell Township, where it heads through a mix of woodland and farmland, it comes to a diamond interchange with County Route 605, which provides access to Mount Airy and Dilts Corner. Past the County Route 605 interchange, U. S. Route 202 continues northeast through agricultural areas, paralleled by Frontage Road to the north, it crosses into East Amwell Township and features to a partial cloverleaf interchange with Route 179. Past the Route 179 interchange, the road runs through West Amwell Township before entering East Amwell Township again, bypassing the community of Ringoes, it comes to a partial interchange with Route 31 and County Route 579, with access to southbound Route 31 and County Route 579 from both directions of U.
S. Route 202 and access to northbound U. S. Route 202 from northbound Route 31 and County Route 579. Here, Route 31 begins a concurrency with U. S. Route 202, both routes continue north as a four-lane divided surface road with jughandles, intersecting County Route 602; the next intersection is for Old York Road, which heads to the southwest as Route 179 and to the northeast as County Route 514. Shortly past this intersection, the route forms the border between East Amwell Township to the west and Raritan Township to the east before crossing into Raritan Township; the road continues north through farms, reaching commercial development as it approaches the Flemington area. Past the intersection with County Route 611, the road widens to six lanes and crosses into Flemington; the road comes to the Flemington Circle where Route 31 heads Route 12 heads west. Past the Flemington Circle, U. S. Route 202 proceeds northeast on a four-lane divided highway that crosses back into Raritan Township, it heads through woodland, passing by Northlandz, home to the world's largest model railroad in HO scale.
The road crosses the South
Interstate 287 is an auxiliary Interstate Highway in the US states of New Jersey and New York. It is a partial beltway around New York City, serving the northern half of New Jersey and the counties of Rockland and Westchester in New York. I-287, signed north–south in New Jersey and east–west in New York, follows a horseshoe-shaped route from the New Jersey Turnpike in Edison Township, New Jersey, clockwise to the New England Thruway in Rye, New York, for 98.72 miles. Through New Jersey, I-287 runs west from its southern terminus in Edison through suburban areas. In Bridgewater Township, the freeway takes a more northeasterly course, paralleled by U. S. Route 202; the northernmost part of I-287 in New Jersey passes through mountainous surroundings. After crossing into New York at Suffern, I-287 turns east on the New York State Thruway and runs though Rockland County. After crossing the Hudson River on the Tappan Zee Bridge, I-287 splits from I-87 near Tarrytown and continues east through Westchester County on the Cross-Westchester Expressway until it reaches the New England Thruway.
A bypass around New York City had been planned since the 1950s and would become a part of the Interstate Highway System and receive the I-287 designation. The Cross-Westchester Expressway, designated as Interstate 187, opened in 1960 as Interstate 487 before becoming part of I-287; the New York State Thruway portion of I-287, which included a crossing of the Hudson River, opened in 1955. In New Jersey, the proposed I-287 had been designated as FAI Corridor 104 and incorporated what was planned as the Middlesex Freeway; the New Jersey section of I-287 between the New Jersey Turnpike in Edison and US 202 in Montville opened in stages between the 1960s and 1973. The aging Tappan Zee Bridge was replaced with a new span which opened in stages between 2017 and 2018. A proposed tunnel across the Long Island Sound between Rye and Oyster Bay on Long Island would link the eastern terminus of I-287 to New York State Route 25 and NY 135 in Syosset. I-287 begins at an interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike in Edison in Middlesex County, New Jersey, where the freeway continues east as Route 440 towards Perth Amboy and Staten Island.
Within Middlesex County, I-287 is called US Army Highway. From this point, it heads west as an eight-lane freeway through suburban areas, soon reaching an interchange with US 1 that has access to County Route 531 in the southbound direction. Past this point, the road turns more to the northwest as it comes to the junction with Route 27. Following Route 27, I-287 narrows to six lanes and passes over Amtrak's Northeast Corridor as it continues to a southbound exit and northbound entrance with CR 501; as the freeway continues into South Plainfield, it passes near several business parks and comes to a partial interchange with Durham Avenue which only has a northbound exit and southbound entrance At this point, the road starts to turn more west before it comes to a full junction with CR 529. Here, the road enters Piscataway Township and reaches an interchange with CR 665. Continuing near more business parks, I-287 comes to the exit for South Randolphville Road. Following this interchange, the road heads west more before it turns to the southwest and comes to an interchange with the northern terminus of Route 18.
After Route 18, the freeway comes to the CR 622 exit. After crossing over the Raritan River, I-287 enters Franklin Township, Somerset County and becomes the Captain Joseph Azzolina, US Navy Highway. Soon after the river, there is an interchange with CR 527. After CR 527, the freeway makes a turn to the northwest and passes a mix of residential areas and business parks; the road has an interchange with CR 623 before crossing the Raritan River again and continuing into Bridgewater Township. Within Bridgewater Township, I-287 curves north-northwest and passes over both New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line and CR 533 near TD Bank Ballpark, home to the Somerset Patriots baseball team. Past this area, the road encounters Route 28 at an interchange. Past Route 28, the freeway turns northwest and intersects US 22 at a partial interchange with a northbound exit and entrance and southbound entrance. From this point, I-287 makes a turn to the west and runs to the north of US 22 as it has a wide median.
The freeway turns northwest as it passes near the Bridgewater Commons shopping mall and reaches a partial interchange with US 202/US 206. Through the remainder of New Jersey, US 202 will parallel the course of I-287. At this point, I-287 gains a local-express lane configuration, with 3 local and 2 express lanes southbound and 3 express and 3 local lanes northbound. Both the southbound local and express lanes have access to southbound US 202/US 206 at this interchange, whereas northbound US 202/US 206 only has access to the local lanes of northbound I-287. From here, the road continues north past suburban residential areas, with the northbound direction narrowing to 2 local lanes, before entering Bedminster Township. Here, I-287 intersects I-78 at the Vincent R. Kramer Interchange, where the local-express lane configuration ends. Access from eastbound I-78 to southbound I-287 is only to the local lanes. Meanwhile, the express lanes of northbound I-287 provides access to westbound I-78 while the local lanes provide access to eastbound I-78.
Following I-78, I-287 heads north with four northbound lanes and three southbound lanes into more wooded surroundings, reaching another interchange with US 202/US 206. At this point, the freeway median widens again as it turns northeast before continuing more to the east and ent