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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve, the last day of the year, is on 31 December. In many countries, New Year's Eve is celebrated at evening parties, where many people dance, eat and watch or light fireworks; some Christians attend a watchnight service. The celebrations go on past midnight into New Year's Day, 1 January. Tonga and Kiritimati, part of Kiribati, are examples of the first places to welcome the New Year while Baker Island in the United States of America and American Samoa are among the last. In Algeria, New Year's Eve is celebrated with family and friends. In the largest cities, such as Algiers, Annaba, Oran, Sétif and Béjaïa, there are large celebrations which may feature concerts, late-night partying, fireworks at midnight and sparklers and shouts of "Bonne année!". The Martyrs' Memorial and the Grand-Post Place in Algiers are the main attraction for the majority of Algerians during the celebration. At 8pm, the President's message of greetings to Algerians is read on TV. EPTV network airs a yearly New Year's Eve entertainment show, variying its name and guests, which features sketches and musical performances.

Popular films are broadcast. At home or at restaurants, a special type of pastry cake, called "la bûche" is eaten, black coffee or soda is drunk with it, few minutes before the New Year's countdown. On New Year's Day, people children, write their "New Year's letter" on decorated paper, called "Carte de bonne année", to their parents and relatives, featuring their resolutions and wishes. In Egypt the new year is celebrated with fireworks and urban vandalism. In Ghana, many people celebrate New Year's Eve by going to Church. At midnight, fireworks are displayed across various cities of Ghana in Accra and Tema. In Morocco, New Year's Eve is celebrated in the company of family and friends. People get together to eat cake and laugh. Traditionally, people celebrate it at home. At midnight, fireworks are displayed in the corniche of Casablanca. In Nigeria, the New Year's Eve is celebrated by going to Church; the Lagos Countdown is an event in Nigeria, created to increase tourism and making Lagos a premium destination for business and leisure.

The event lasts till 1 January. It is attended by an average of 100,000 people; the event takes place at the Eko Atlantic city, beside the Barbeach attracting thousands of domestic and foreign tourists who are entertained every evening by different artists... In South Sudan, people attend church services at many churches in Juba; the service begins at 9PM. At the stroke of midnight, people sing the famous carol, "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" to mark the beginning of the year with a blessing; the service ends at 12:30AM. In Rwanda, New Year's Eve is celebrated by going to church, taking part in social gatherings and family activities; the services start from 6 PM for the Roman Catholic church and 10 PM for the Protestants. At 00:00, the president delivers an end-of-year address, broadcast live on many Radio and Televisions stations. Fireworks were introduced in recent years, with the most significant displays happening at Kigali Convention Centre, Rebero Hill, Mount Kigali, Bumbogo Hill. Traditional celebrations in Argentina include a family dinner of traditional dishes, including vitel tonné, sandwiches de miga, piononos.

Like dessert: turrón, mantecol and pan dulce. Just before midnight, people flock to the streets to enjoy fireworks and light firecrackers; the fireworks can be seen in any terrace. The first day of the New Year is celebrated at midnight with champagne. People wish each other a happy New Year, sometimes share a toast with neighbours. Parties continue until dawn; the celebration is during the summer, like in many South American countries, so it's normal to see many families in the New Year at tourist centers of the Argentine Atlantic coast. The New Year, is one of Brazil's main holidays. Is the second holliday of the summer season, Brazilians traditionally have a copious meal with family or friends at home, in restaurants or private clubs, consume alcoholic beverages. Champagne is traditionally drunk; those spending New Year's Eve at the beach dress in white, to bring good luck into the new year. Fireworks and eating grapes or lentils are customs associated with the holiday. Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro hosts a major fireworks display, considered to be one of the largests in the world.

The city expected upwards of 3 million spectators for the display welcoming 2018. Most of the festivities are being broadcast on major Brazilian television stations across the country with the most notable being Show da Virada on Globo. In the Northeast, in Fortaleza, the party is in Iracema Beach, in Salvador, the change of year happens in a great music festival. In the South, the most famous festivities on the coast take place in Santa Catarina: on the Beira-mar Norte Avenue, in Florianópolis, in the Central Beach of Balneário Camboriú. Other celebrations that stand out from the sea are those of Manaus, in the northern state of

Bob Downs

Robert Downs is a former English professional cyclist from Basildon, Essex. He won the Sealink International in 1980 and competed at the 1980 Moscow Olympics in the Men's 100 kilometres Team Time Trial, he represented England in the road race, at the 1978 Commonwealth Games in Edmonton, Canada. Four years he represented England and won a gold medal in the team time trial, at the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane, Australia, he rode for Manchester Wheelers' Club and was a professional between 1984-1989 ending his career with Percy Bilton. Bob Downs at Cycling Archives Bob DOWNS profile in CycleBase Official website of Manchester Wheelers' Club

Tweedsmuir South Provincial Park

Tweedsmuir South Provincial Park is a provincial park located in the central west of British Columbia, Canada. Part of Tweedsmuir Provincial Park, 981,000 hectares in size, it was formed from the southern portion of that park, the northern portion being re-designated Tweedsmuir North Provincial Park and Protected Area in order to allow resource extraction in the park. The park is home to Lonesome Lake, famed for homesteader and conservationist Ralph Edwards, who worked to preserve migration habitat there for the trumpeter swan; this park was affected by the Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in British Columbia. The park, or rather the original Tweedsmuir Provincial Park which included what is now Tweedsmuir North Provincial Park and Protected Area, was created in 1938 in the wake of a 1937 visit by floatplane and horseback to the Rainbow Range by John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, Governor-General of Canada. An article about the creation of the park, written by John Buchan's wife, The Lady Tweedsmuir of Elsfield, appears in the April 1938 issue of The National Geographic Magazine.

With such a vast area the climate varies throughout the park. However in the lower regions closer to the Bella Coola Valley the temperature is warmer with a higher annual level of rainfall. Around one fifth of their annual precipitation falls as snow. Further west as the altitude climbs the weather is more severe and the temperature changes throughout the summer and winter are drastic. On average ranging between the minus thirties mid winter, to the higher forties during high summer; the southern portion of the park is along Highway 20 400 kilometres west of Williams Lake. Access is possible along the Discovery Coast Passage ferry and Inside Passage from Port Hardy on Vancouver Island on BC Ferries or by float plane from Nimpo Lake, Anahim Lake or Bella Coola; the park hosts opportunities for angling, horseback riding and canoeing. There are two vehicle-accessible campgrounds in the park. There are four designated picnic areas within the park. There is limited vehicle-accessible winter camping as well.

The Tweedsmuir Ski Club maintains a small ski hill within the boundaries of the park with a single handle tow and cross-country ski trails. Snowmobiling is possible within the Rainbow Range. Wildlife viewing of grizzly bears and black bears is a focus of the park in the autumn along the Atnarko River; the main corridor through the park, along the highway, is interpreted by a series of signs developed as a partnership between BC Parks and the Nuxalk Nation. Some of the main attractions in the park are as follows: Hunlen Falls: One of Canada's highest waterfalls for unbroken drop; the falls can be accessed via float foot. Rainbow Range: Volcano range where the unique minerals give the soil an array of colours. Alexander MacKenzie Heritage Trail: A historic passage used by Local first nations to the region and early explores for trade and travel to the coast; the trail passes through the park, via Burnt Bridge Creek. BC Parks