Niagara Gorge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Niagara Gorge
Niagara Whirlpool 2.JPG
Niagara River flowing through Niagara Gorge (from eastern brink north of Niagara Whirlpool)
Location New York and Ontario
Coordinates 43°07′15″N 79°04′14″W / 43.1208°N 79.0705°W / 43.1208; -79.0705Coordinates: 43°07′15″N 79°04′14″W / 43.1208°N 79.0705°W / 43.1208; -79.0705

Niagara Gorge is an 11 km (6.8 mi) gorge carved by the Niagara River along the Canada–US border in New York and Ontario.[1] It begins at the base of Niagara Falls and ends at the Niagara escarpment near Queenston, Ontario, where the falls originated about 12,500 years ago.[1][2]

The river has formed the gorge, and the Falls has receded upstream and south toward Lake Erie, by slow erosion of hard Lockport dolomite (a dolomitic limestone or dolostone) which is the surface rock of the escarpment combined with rapid erosion of relatively soft layers beneath it.[3]

The force of the river current in the gorge is one of the most powerful in the world, because of the dangers this presents, kayaking the gorge has generally been prohibited. However, on isolated occasions, world class experts have been permitted to navigate the stretch.[citation needed]

Tourists can bounce and splash through the rapids of the Niagara Gorge in rugged jetboats, which are based at Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, at Lewiston, New York, and in midsummer at Niagara Glen Nature Center on the Niagara Parkway in Ontario.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Niagara Falls Geology Facts & Figures". Ontario's Niagara Parks ( Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Erosion at Niagara Falls". Samizdat ( Retrieved 21 August 2011.  Excerpt from Ian T. Taylor, In the Minds of men: Darwin and the new World Order, 1987; TFE Publishing, 1999 (ISBN 9780969178897), pp. 81–84.
  3. ^ Corrigan, Patricia (2007). Waterfalls. Infobase Publishing. pp. 62–63. ISBN 978-0-8160-6436-6. 
  4. ^ "Niagara Whirlpool Jet Home Page". Whirlpool Jet Boat Tours Inc. Retrieved 18 December 2015.