A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place or thing. Used to express affection, it is a form of endearment and amusement. In rarer cases, it can used to express defamation of character by school bullies; as a concept, it is distinct from both pseudonym and stage name, from a title, although there may be overlap in these concepts. A hypocoristic is a nickname of affection between those with a close emotional bond. "Moniker" is a synonym. The compound word ekename meaning "additional name", was attested as early as 1303; this word was derived from the Old English phrase eaca "an increase", related to eacian "to increase". By the 15th century, the misdivision of the syllables of the phrase "an ekename" led to its rephrasing as "a nekename". Though the spelling has changed, the pronunciation and meaning of the word have remained stable since. English nicknames are represented in quotes between the bearer's first and last names. However, it is common for the nickname to be identified after a comma following the full real name or in the body of the text, such as in an obituary.
The middle name is eliminated in speech. Like English, German uses quotation marks between the last names. Other languages may use other conventions; the latter may cause confusion because it resembles an English convention sometimes used for married and maiden names. In Viking societies, many people had heiti, viðrnefni, or kenningarnöfn which were used in addition to, or instead of the first name. In some circumstances, the giving of a nickname had a special status in Viking society in that it created a relationship between the name maker and the recipient of the nickname, to the extent that the creation of a nickname often entailed a formal ceremony and an exchange of gifts known in Old Norse as nafnfestr. In Indian society, for example people have at least one nickname and these affection names are not related to the person's proper name. In England, some nicknames are traditionally associated with a person's surname. A man with the surname'Clark' will be nicknamed'Nobby': the surname'Miller' will have the nickname'Dusty': the surname'Adams' has the nickname'Nabby'.
There are several other nicknames linked traditionally with a person's surname, including Chalky White, Bunny Warren, Tug Wilson, Spud Baker. Other English nicknames allude to a person's origins. A Scotsman may be nicknamed'Jock', an Irishman'Paddy' or'Mick', a Welshman may be nicknamed'Taffy'; some nicknames referred to a person's physical characteristics, such as'Lofty' for a short person, or'Curly' for a bald man. Traditional English nicknaming - for men rather than women - was common through the first half of the 20th century, was used in the armed services during World War I and World War II, but has become less common since then. In Chinese culture, nicknames are used within a community among relatives and neighbors. A typical southern Chinese nickname begins with a "阿" followed by another character the last character of the person's given name. For example, Taiwanese politician Chen Shui-bian is sometimes referred as "阿扁". In many Chinese communities of Southeast Asia, nicknames may connote one's occupation or status.
For example, the landlord might be known as Towkay to his tenants or workers while a bread seller would be called "Mianbao Shu" 面包叔. Among Cantonese-speaking communities, the character "仔" may be used in a similar context of "Junior" in Western naming practices. In the context of information technology, a nickname is a common synonym for the screen name or handle of a user. In computer networks it has become a common practice for every person to have one or more nicknames for the purposes of pseudonymity, to avoid ambiguity, or because the natural name or technical address would be too long to type or take too much space on the screen. Nicknames are applied to a person and they are not always chosen by the recipient themselves; some nicknames are derogatory name calls. A nickname can be modified variation on a person's real name. Contractions of longer names: Margaret to Greta. Initials: Using the first letters of a person's first and middle/last name, e.g. "DJ" for Daniel James Dropping letters: With many nicknames, one or more letters R, are dropped: Fanny from Frances, Walt from Walter.
Phonetic spelling: Sometimes a nickname is created through the phonetic spelling of a name: Len from Leonard. Letter swapping: During the middle ages, the letter R would be swapped for either L or D: Hal from Harry, Molly from Mary, Sadie from Sarah, from Robert: Hob, Rob and Nob, from Richard: Rick and Hick. In 1
Paul Hurault, 8th Marquis de Vibraye was an amateur archaeologist from France. He was born Guillaume-Paul Louis Maximilien Hurault, son of a notable politician and military officer Anne-Louis Victor Denis Hurault, 7th Marquis de Vibraye, he discovered the first Paleolithic sculptural representation of a woman discovered in modern times. It was found in about 1864 by at the famous archaeological site of Laugerie-Basse in the Vézère valley; the Magdalenian "Venus" from Laugerie-Basse is headless, armless but with a incised vaginal opening. De Vibraye named it La Vénus impudique or Venus Impudica, contrasting it to the Venus Pudica, Hellenistic sculpture by Praxiteles showing Aphrodite covering her naked pubis with her right hand, it is from this name that we get the term "Venus figurines" used for Stone Age sculptures of this kind
Janice Logan was a film star. Logan was a native of Chicago, her father was Stuart Logan, "one of Chicago's leading investment brokers." Logan's film debut came in Dr. Cyclops, she worked for Paramount during the 1940s. She starred in Opened by Mistake with Charles Ruggles, she starred in Hotel de verano, directed by René Cardona in 1944. She was photographed by Leo Matiz in 1943 during the period of her career when she was filming Mexican movies. Logan was married to French journalist Jacques Schoeller. Shirley Logan Schoeller died in 1967, she is buried at Rosehill Cemetery and Mausoleum, Cook County Illinois next to her mother Gladys. Janice Logan on IMDb
The Centurion is a conservative online magazine focused on Rutgers University-New Brunswick campus life. Its motto is "veritas vos liberabit,", Latin for "the truth shall set you free." The magazine attempts to counterbalance that which its staff perceive as a predominant orthodoxy of social liberalism and political progressivism of the professors and staff at the university. They believe this is confirmed by documented faculty donations to political candidates in the 2004 presidential election; the Centurion was founded in September 2004 by James O'Keefe, a junior philosophy major, after he left The Daily Targum. It was co-founded by fellow Rutgers college students Matthew Klimek, Joseph P. Nedick and Mason-Gross art student Justine Mertz; the Centurion has featured cover stories on Rutgers alumnus Paul Robeson, academic freedom, eminent domain in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the secret society Cap and Skull, the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy and the Rutgers College Governing Association.
It focuses on campus fraud and due diligence issues, claiming in its mission statement to be a remedy to "excessive political correctness and corruption at Rutgers." But it has taken on national topics. On foreign policy issues, the journal takes a neoconservative stance. Domestically, it echoes paleoconservative sentiments railing against abortion on demand, gun control and illegal immigration; the magazine is known for its walk-in video reports. In one video the editors of The Centurion attempted to ban Lucky Charms from Brower Dining Hall on the grounds the breakfast cereal was "offensive" to Irish-Americans; this was explained by conservative columnist Greg Walker, who took part in the exercise A an ironic reaction to the targeting of sandwich names at the owned Grease Trucks by the Rutgers LGBT community. School staff met with those whom complained about the "offensive" breakfast cereal as a matter of requirement to follow up on all complaints, no further action was taken on the matter; the Centurion is a member of the Collegiate Network.
Although recognized by Rutgers, The Centurion incorporated as a New Jersey 501 for liability and financial reasons, maintains a board of directors. The Centurion was restarted by student Aviv Khavich in 2017. Khavich was a former columnist for The Daily Targum; as of 2018, it has maintained an active online presence. The Centurion has held an affirmative action bake sale four times, it prints specific pictures of "liberal" students in its issues from Facebook. In a matter subject to privacy implications, the paper has printed names of students who have "liberal" adornments on their dormitory doors; the magazine's inaugural headline was "Conservatives Launch Publication at Rutgers: Intolerant Diversity-Haters Promote Fanatical Agenda." Since it has had such tongue-in-cheek headlines as "Mayor of New Orleans doesn't care about Black People" after Hurricane Katrina and "Abandon all Hope Ye Who Enter Here," over the campus gate. The magazine gives sarcastic "awards" to faculty and students for holding views which the staff of the Centurion consider "liberal".
One such award, for "Liberal of the Month," was given to English department Professor Richard Dienst. The editors printed a private letter from Professor Dienst to the Dean of Rutgers College requesting that "disciplinary action" be taken against the O'Keefe and Mertz; this occurred after they confronted Professor Dienst with a video camera and asked him if he believed in the United States Constitution, since he told a dissenting Republican student "You have no first amendment rights." After the editors obtained the disciplinary letter, they printed it on page 18 of the October 2005 issue. In another instance the editors presented a certificate bearing the "Centurion Award" to a history professor with the most pro-Democrat posters adorning his office door. In late July, former editor in chief and founder James O'Keefe along with board member David Maxham set out to have the American flag hung up in every classroom at Rutgers. After approaching several deans, including Co-Vice Chair Brian Rose, the boys were told such an act would be "problematic" and that hanging up the American flag would give argument to others who would intend to adorn classrooms with their own symbols.
Unsatisfied with the response, the students created a video, which caught the attention of the Jersey Guys on 101.5 FM. The issue was discussed as Centurion members Daniel Francisco and David Maxham fielded questions live on air on July 31, 2006; the radio show hosts shared the views of the students and pledged to help the Centurion on the issue. The third issue of the magazine depicted well-known Rutgers alumnus Paul Robeson and criticized his sympathy and support for the former Soviet Union. Robeson, a Lenin Peace Prize winner, has the Paul Robeson Cultural Center in New Brunswick as well as the Paul Robeson Library on the Camden campus named in his honor; the magazine points out that economist Milton Friedman, Rutgers'32, a winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, influential in Chicago school of economics, has no facility named after him. The March 2006 issue featured the infamous Danish cartoon depicting Muhammad. 2004-2006 James O'Keefe 2006-2007 Daniel Whitney 2008 Dan Bigos 2009 Kyle Barry 2010 Jordan Romvary 2017-2019 Aviv Khavich Official website Centurion Video Gallery Videos of Students confronting professors My Right-Wing Degree A Salon.com article on LI's relationship with Th
The 1995–96 ECHL season was the eighth season of the ECHL. Before the season started, the Greensboro Monarchs franchise moved up to the American Hockey League and became the Carolina Monarchs; the league saw the addition of four new teams for the 1995–96 season, which included the relocation of the Louisville IceHawks to Jacksonville, FL and expansion franchises in Laffayette, LA and Mobile, AL, as well as a return to Louisville, KY, bringing the number of teams in the league to twenty-one. With the increase in the number of teams the league decided to increase the number of games played in the regular season from 68 to 70; the Richmond Renegades finished first overall in the regular season, winning the Brabham Cup and the Charlotte Checkers won their first Riley Cup sweeping the Jacksonville Lizard Kings in four games. Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, SOL = Shootout losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, Green shade = Clinched playoff spot, Blue shade = Clinched division All stats come from Internet Hockey Database ECHL ECHL All-Star Game Kelly Cup List of ECHL seasons
The rat trick is a celebration popularized by fans of the Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League during their 1995–96 season and trip to the 1996 Stanley Cup Finals. The term, a play on hat trick, was coined by Panthers goaltender John Vanbiesbrouck after teammate Scott Mellanby killed a rat in the locker room prior to the team's home opener with his stick scored two goals with the same stick. Fans picked up on the idea and began throwing plastic rats on the ice to celebrate goals. By the time the Panthers reached the 1996 playoffs, thousands of rats hit the ice after every Panthers goal, resulting in an off-season rule change by the NHL that allowed for referees to penalize the home team if fans disrupt the game by throwing objects onto the ice; the 1995–96 season was the third in the NHL for the Panthers, awarded as an expansion franchise in 1992. The team was composed of journeymen veterans and rookies and led by all-star goaltender John Vanbiesbrouck; as the team prepared for its home opener against the Calgary Flames on October 8, 1995, a rat entered the dressing room, startling several players.
Scott Mellanby reacted by shooting the rat across the locker room with his stick. He went out and scored two goals in a 4–3 victory over the Flames, leading the Panthers to their first win of the season. Vanbiesbrouck described the incident to reporters after the game, stating that while Mellanby failed to score a hat trick, he did manage a "rat trick". During the next game, a fan threw a plastic rat onto the ice following a Panthers goal; the following game, a few more rats hit the ice. Over 100 rats were tossed to the ice following Panthers goals, as the Panthers emerged as the top team in the league by mid-November. Florida finished the regular season in third place in the Atlantic Division, qualified for the playoffs for the first time. Additionally, this Panthers' playoff appearance coincided with the Year of the Rat in the Chinese zodiac; this led fans to believe. In the first round of the 1996 Stanley Cup playoffs, the Panthers defeated the Boston Bruins in five games the Philadelphia Flyers in six games, to reach the Eastern Conference Finals.
They defeated the Pittsburgh Penguins in seven games to win the Prince of Wales Trophy as the rat-tossing craze reached its peak as 3,000 rats rained onto the ice following goals. While frowning on the practice of throwing rats, the team nonetheless brought on Orkin as a sponsor and employed a crew of 40 rink attendants dressed up as exterminators to clear the ice after each Florida goal; the "year of the rat" in south Florida reached a fever pitch as the Panthers made their only trip to the Stanley Cup Finals. Area supermarkets sold "rat cakes", while baseball's Florida Marlins showed the Panthers' game seven victory against the Penguins, in Pittsburgh, on the Jumbotron between innings on June 1 and had the Panthers' arena announcer on hand to announce when the team scored a goal; the Panthers, who had sold out only 15 of 41 home games during the regular season, sold out their first two playoff games against Philadelphia and Pittsburgh in seven minutes. They were set to face the Colorado Avalanche in the 1996 Stanley Cup Finals.
In game one, a 3–1 Colorado victory, Colorado fans responded by throwing rat traps onto the ice in Denver following Avalanche goals. Colorado won game two 8–1 to lead the series 2–0 as the teams returned to Miami for games three and four. In the first period of game three, Colorado goaltender Patrick Roy famously refused to duck under his net, as other goalies had, to hide from the barrage of rats after Rob Niedermayer's goal at 11:19 put the Panthers up 2–1. During the intermission, Roy promised his teammates that there would be "no more rats". True to his word, Roy did not surrender another goal in that series as the Avalanche came back to win game three 3–2 in regulation time shut out the Panthers 1–0 in triple overtime in game four to sweep the series and win Colorado's first Stanley Cup. Directly as a result of the rat trick craze, the NHL amended its rules prior to the 1996–97 season to prevent a recurrence of this phenomenon and delays to the game that followed. Per the rule, if fans throw debris onto the ice, the referee can have the public address announcer warn the fans to stop.
After a warning, the referee can issue a delay of game penalty to the home team. The league, created a special exemption for articles "thrown onto the ice following a special occasion" excluding the traditional tossing of hats onto the ice following a hat trick goal from subjection to the penalty; the Panthers held a "Year of the Rat" alumni reunion in 2007 to celebrate the 1996 team and raise money for the Florida Panthers Foundation. As part of the event, the Panthers sold plastic rats for fans to toss onto the ice during the exhibition game, which saw the participation of at least nineteen members of the 1996 team. Mellanby, who retired in 2007, was always remembered for spawning the rat trick. "It became the motto of our team that season. When I played in the all-star game, a kid came up to me and said,'You're the rat guy.' He didn't know my name. On April 15, 2012, the Florida Panthers threw plastic rats on the ice after a 4–2 playoff victory over the New Jersey Devils, it was the first playoff victory for the Panthers since 1997.
In Game 5 of the Eastern Conference Quarterfinals, fans threw hundreds of rats onto the ice, making it the most since the run to the Cup. After victories at the Ban