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Niels Gade

Niels Wilhelm Gade was a Danish composer, violinist and teacher. He is considered the most important Danish musician of his day. Gade was born in the son of a joiner and instrument maker, he began his career as a violinist with the Royal Danish Orchestra, which premiered his concert overture Efterklange af Ossian in 1841. When his first symphony was turned down for performance in Copenhagen, he sent it to Felix Mendelssohn. Mendelssohn received the work positively, conducted it in Leipzig in March 1843, to enthusiastic public reaction. Supported by a Danish government fellowship, Gade moved to Leipzig, teaching at the Conservatory there, working as an assistant conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra, befriending Mendelssohn, who had an important influence on his music. In 1845 he conducted the premiere of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor, he became friends with Robert Schumann and Robert Franz. At Mendelssohn’s death in 1847, Gade was appointed to his position as chief conductor but was forced to return to Copenhagen in the spring of 1848 when war broke out between Prussia and Denmark.

In Copenhagen Gade became acquainted with the composer Cornelius Gurlitt and they remained friends until the latter's death. Gade became director of a post he retained until his death, he established a new orchestra and chorus, while settling into a career as Denmark's most prominent musician. Under his direction, the Music Society reached its peak, he worked as an organist. Gade was joint director of the Copenhagen Conservatory with Holger Simon Paulli. An important influence on a number of Scandinavian composers, he encouraged and taught Edvard Grieg, Carl Nielsen, Elfrida Andrée, Otto Malling, August Winding and Asger Hamerik. Among Gade's works are eight symphonies, a violin concerto, chamber music and piano pieces and a number of large-scale cantatas and Elverskud among them, which he called "concert pieces"; these products, embraced post-1848 as works of Romantic nationalism, are sometimes based on Danish folklore. Gade never rated "The Bridal Waltz", it was rescued by August Bournonville in his ballet A Folk Tale and became an essential part of Danish weddings.

In 1852 Gade married Emma Sophie Amalie Hartmann, daughter of Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann. He remarried in 1857 after her death, he died in Copenhagen. See List of compositions by Niels Gade Statue of Niels W. Gade Celenza, Anna Harwell; the Early Works of Niels W. Gade: In Search of the Poetic. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001. Lee, Justin. Niels Gade at the Wayback Machine Programme notes Yvonne: Kulturgezeiten. Niels W. Gade und C. F. E. Horneman in Leipzig und Kopenhagen. Hildesheim, Zürich und New York 2004. Wasserloos, Yvonne: „Formel hält uns nicht gebunden, unsre Kunst heißt Poesie“. Niels W. Gade und Robert Schumann – Übergänge zwischen Poetischem und Nationalem, in: Henriette Herwig/Volker Kalisch/Bernd Kortländer/Joseph A. Kruse/Bernd Witte: Übergänge. Zwischen Künsten und Kulturen. Internationaler Kongress zum 150. Todesjahr von Heinrich Heine und Robert Schumann. Stuttgart u. Weimar 2007, pp. 521–540. Wasserloos, Yvonne: “Hearing through eyes, seeing through ears.“ Nation and landscapes in the works of Niels W. Gade, Edvard Grieg and Carl Nielsen, in: Studia Musicologica Norvegica 33, pp. 42–52.

Http:// Free scores by Niels Gade at the International Music Score Library Project Free scores by Niels Gade in the Choral Public Domain Library Niels Gade: Novelletten for Piano Trio, Op.29 sound-bites Octet in F major, op. 17 From Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection 3 Tonstuecke for Organ, op. 22 From Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection

Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority

The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority is a special district responsible for public transit services, congestion management, specific highway improvement projects, countywide transportation planning for Santa Clara County, California. It is one of the governing parties for the Caltrain commuter rail line. In 1969, Santa Clara County had three private bus companies, all of which were in serious financial trouble: Peninsula Transit, San Jose City Lines, Peerless Stages; the California Legislature passed a Santa Clara County Transit District Act in 1969. However, the Act did not supply any funding for the new district; the formation of the Santa Clara County Transit District was rejected in 1969 and 1970 before it was approved by county voters on June 6, 1972. The SCCTD took over the operations of the three old bus companies on January 1, 1973. On September 26, 1974, the county Board of Supervisors dissolved the Public Works Department. Non-transit operations went into a new General Services Agency, while transit operations were placed into a new Santa Clara County Transportation Agency.

In its early years the Santa Clara County Transportation District approached the task of replacing the bus fleet it inherited from its predecessors, in need of upgrades and repair. At first the district bought propane-fueled Twin Gilligs. SCCTD switched to an all-diesel fleet after six buses went up in flames between December 1977 and April 1978. At the time, critics referred to the buses as "rolling propane bombs." On March 6, 1976, Santa Clara County voters approved a half-cent sales tax, Measure A, to help support the Santa Clara County Transit District. In 1977, the primary Overhaul and Repair Facility was built at the Cerone Yard. In 1977, County Supervisors decided to change the bus fleet from propane to diesel and ordered 102 buses. By 1979, three additional bus yards were commissioned into service. Another issue was improving the diversity of its workforce. In December 1978, the SCCTD approved an affirmative action plan for the Transportation Agency. After a long legal battle, the U. S. Supreme Court by a 6-3 majority upheld the gender component of the plan against a civil rights challenge on March 25, 1987.

On January 1, 1995, the SCCTD merged with the county Congestion Management Agency to become the SCVTA. For convenience, the acronym was shortened to VTA. In 1996, voters approved a half-cent general county sales tax, Measure B, a companion list of transportation projects recommended to be funded with Measure B, called Measure A; the two measures were designed to adhere to the rule in the California State Constitution that requires a two-thirds supermajority to pass any special purpose sales tax, but only a majority vote to pass a general sales tax. The measure was challenged, but in 1998, the California Supreme Court ruled that the two measure system was valid; the tax was to be collected for ten years. In 2000, voters approved a 30-year extension of the 1996 sales tax to fund the Silicon Valley BART extension, which will extend Bay Area Rapid Transit from its prior terminus in Fremont to Santa Clara. 2000 Measure A includes funding for light rail extensions, bus service expansion and electrification of Caltrain service, connections from San Jose International Airport to BART, Caltrain and VTA light rail.

The measure was placed on the ballot by the VTA and does not include funding for highway projects. The measure passed with 70% of the vote. Revenues from the sales tax would not begin being collected until April 2006. After 2000, due to the dot-com bust, existing revenue sources declined and VTA was forced to cut service and increase fares. VTA introduced a series of fare increases between 1998 and 2005. VTA's farebox recovery is 13% and the Authority is focused on increasing the ratio. VTA contemplated service reductions in 2003 to address its budget problems. Instead, VTA changed routes to respond to customer demands and by 2008 saw increased ridership numbers. In the process of obtaining the federal funding necessary to build the BART extension, the Federal Transit Administration issued a "Not Recommended" rating in January 2004; the FTA was concerned about the ability of VTA to operate BART and other bus services at the same time. VTA continued to prepare the required environmental documents.

In 2006, the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors placed a half-cent general sales tax increase for unspecified transportation projects along with other county services. It was advocated by supporters of labor groups; the measure would have funded improvements to local hospitals and transportation. On June 6, 2006, voters defeated the measure by a margin of 58% to 42%. In December 2006, the VTA board authorized $135 million in contract amendments to continue engineering work and environmental clearance on the extension, with a proposal to bring a tax increase to operate the BART extension in 2008. VTA is building the first ten miles phase of the Silicon Valley BART extension to the future Berryessa Transit Center in San Jose. Work continues for the second phase of the extension, proposed to include a 5-mile-long subway tunnel through downtown San Jose and extend the BART system from the planned Berryessa Extension terminus for six miles, ending at-grade in Santa Clara near the Caltrain Station.

VTA will cede operations of the line to the Bay Area Rapid Transit District upon completion. By a two-thirds majority, Santa Clara County voters approved Measure B in November 2008, implementing a 30-year, 1/8-cent local sales tax dedicated to funding the operating and maintenance costs associated with VTA's BART Silicon Valley Extension; the 2008 Measure B sales tax

Alexis Flores

Alexis Flores is a Honduran fugitive wanted for the kidnapping and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 2000. Flores is the 487th fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. Flores was born in Honduras in 1975, although he has used dates of birth ranging from 1975 to 1982. Flores has claimed he received a large surgical scar on his neck as a result of an injury sustained in Hurricane Mitch in Honduras in 1998. In the summer of 2000, an itinerant homeless drifter known as "Carlos" had been given shelter and work as a handyman by Hunting Park, resident Jorge Contreras. On August 3, five days after she had been reported missing, the body of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus was found in the basement of an empty apartment building where "Carlos" is believed to have stayed, she had been sexually assaulted and wrapped in a trash bag. A T-shirt bearing a distinct political logo was found near Iriana's body with her blood on it; when police questioned Contreras about the shirt, he recognized it as one of the articles of clothing he had lent to "Carlos," who had not been seen in the area since the girl was reported missing.

"Carlos" became wanted for questioning and a sketch of him was profiled on America's Most Wanted. Alexis Flores, an illegal immigrant, was arrested for shoplifting in Arizona in 2002. Two years police came to Flores' residence in response to a noise complaint. After giving fraudulent identity documents to police, Flores was arrested for possession of a forgery device, a felony in Arizona; when he was arrested, Flores was friendly. Upon entering his apartment for further investigation, officers noticed pornography spread out across the floors. Flores told immigration officials that he had lived in Schaumburg, prior to living in Phoenix, he was incarcerated for 60 days and deported to Honduras after his release in June 2005. In 2006, Flores' DNA sample taken in Arizona was added to the Combined DNA Index System. In March 2007, his DNA sample positively matched to the DNA found at the crime scene in Philadelphia, it has been determined. On March 22, 2007, a local arrest warrant was obtained in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and Flores was charged with murder and various other felonies.

On the same date, a federal arrest warrant for Flores was obtained in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and he was charged with unlawful flight to avoid prosecution. Flores was added to the FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on June 2, 2007, he replaced Shauntay Henderson on the list. There is a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading directly to Flores' capture offered by the FBI, he is the subject of an Interpol Red Notice. He is considered armed and dangerous. Flores is fluent in Spanish and English and is believed to be either in his native Honduras, or to have returned to the United States. List of fugitives from justice who disappeared Flores' FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert Flores' profile on America's Most Wanted FBI press release announcing Flores' addition to the list

Adolphe Deloffre

Louis Michel Adolphe Deloffre was a French violinist and conductor active in London and Paris, who conducted several important operatic premieres in the latter city by Charles Gounod and Georges Bizet. Born in Paris, Deloffre's initial musical training was from a violinist and guitarist, his violin teachers included Bellon, de Lafont and Baillot, he became recognised for his fine playing. He set out from Paris for London with the French conductor Jullien and became principal violinist at Her Majesty's Theatre under Balfe, he would return each year to give concerts in Paris with his wife, a distinguished pianist, a cellist from the Opéra, Pilet. He returned permanently to Paris to settle in 1851. In 1852, Alphonse Varney, conductor of the Théâtre Lyrique, was replaced by August Francis Placet whose place was in turn taken by Deloffre, just returned from London. For the 1853-54 season Deloffre was promoted from principal violinist and assistant conductor to principal conductor. Hector Berlioz had criticisms of Deloffre's conducting style: he conducted with his bow while stamping his foot at the same time and sometimes tapping his bow on the prompter's box.

However, Berlioz praised Deloffre's conducting of the first performance of Les Troyens à Carthage in 1863. As principal conductor at the Théâtre-Lyrique he conducted an important series of revivals of Mozart operas, starting with The Marriage of Figaro in May 1858 in May 1859 Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Così fan tutte in March 1863, The Magic Flute in February 1865, Don Giovanni in 1866. In addition Deloffre conducted other important operas: Oberon in February 1857 at the Théâtre-Lyrique, Fidelio in May 1860, Don Pasquale in September 1864, La traviata in October 1864. In 1858 Deloffre went to give concerts in Madrid with other artists from the Théâtre-Lyrique and Opéra-Comique following the French victory in the Battle of Solferino. On 18 November 1859 he conducted Berlioz’s arrangement of Gluck's Orphée et Eurydice. Deloffre was put in musical charge of a venture in 1868 to present opera at the Salle Ventadour under the name of the Théâtre de la Renaissance, he moved to be principal conductor of the Opéra-Comique until his death.

He composed fantasies for violin and piano on themes from operas for his wife and himself to play, as well as string quartets. He left manuscripts of two symphonies, some piano trios, other pieces for violin and piano. Deloffre was a member of the Paris Conservatoire examination committees for strings, for wind instruments, from 1871 until his death. Le muletier de Tolède, 16 December 1854, Théâtre-Lyrique Les dragons de Villars, 19 September 1856, Théâtre-Lyrique Le médecin malgré lui, 15 January 1858, Théâtre-Lyrique Faust, 19 March 1859, Théâtre-Lyrique Philémon et Baucis, 18 February 1860, Théâtre-Lyrique Les pêcheurs de perles, 30 September 1863, Théâtre-Lyrique Les Troyens à Carthage, 4 November 1863, Théâtre-Lyrique Mireille, 19 March 1864, Théâtre-Lyrique L'alcade, 9 September 1864, Théâtre-Lyrique. Roméo et Juliette, 27 April 1867, Théâtre-Lyrique La jolie fille de Perth, 26 December 1867, Théâtre-Lyrique Djamileh, 22 May 1872, Opéra-Comique La princesse jaune, 12 June 1872, Opéra-Comique Le roi l’a dit, 24 May 1873, Opéra-Comique Carmen, 3 March 1875, Opéra-ComiqueDeloffre was on the podium for several anniversary performances in Paris: the 500th performance of La fille du régiment at the Opéra-Comique on 4 December 1871, the 1,000th performance Le Pré aux clercs by Hérold at the Opéra-Comique on 7 December 1871, the 1,000th performance of Le Chalet by Adolphe Adam at the Opéra-Comique on 18 January 1873, the 500th performance of Les Rendez-Vous Bourgeois by Nicolas Isouard on 20 March 1873


Hőgyész is a village in Tolna county, Hungary. It is the birthplace of the Slovak Impressionist painter Jozef Teodor Mousson and has a large castle of the Apponyi family; the Hőgyész domain in Tolna County was acquired in 1722 by Count Claude Florimond de Mercy, purchased by Count György Apponyi in 1772. It was rebuilt in the late 18th century by György's son, Count Antal György Apponyi, who spent much of his life there; the castle went to Antal George's grandson Károly Apponyi, his son Géza and the latter's son Károly who sold it to the Hungarian state in 1939. During and after World War II it became a center for displaced people and military hospital, a school, it was privatized in 1999 and renovated into a luxury hotel, but was embroiled in the troubles of controversial financier Ghaith Pharaon which led to its closing in the 2010s

Central Children's Store on Lubyanka

The Central Children's Store on Lubyanka is a landmark building and a legendary shopping mall located in the historical center of Moscow, in Lubyanskaya Square. Commissioned in 1957 for several decades it has been the largest children's department store in the Soviet Union, most innovative for its time and a must-visit place for several generations. Despite the nod towards its name and origin at present the unique shopping center is to large extend dedicated to baby and child goods and family entertainment and has other offers and services; as an architectural site and a modern leisure center Central Children's Store is visited by thousands of residents and tourists from around the world each day. The grand opening of the mall after renovation took place on March 31, 2015; the main trustees - Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin and President VTB Bank, second major federal bank in Russian Federation, Andrey Kostin – surrounded by children winded up the mechanism of the monumental clock “Raketa”, mounted in the main atrium of the building, thus representing the start of the new era of the renovated shopping mall.

The giant clockwork, weighing over 4,5 tons, was created at the oldest factory in Russian – the “Raketa” watch-making factory at Petrodvorets, has become one of the attractions in the renovated mall. The building occupies a one hectare site and has 200 stores covering 35 000 m2 of retail space. Over 30% of the leaseable area is allocated for youth and a family edutainment and leisure activities, over 20% to dining and services; the building of the main children's department store in the Soviet Union, called “the Children’s World”, was designed by a renowned Soviet architect Alexei Dushkin and commissioned in 1957. The public opening of the store, timed to coincide with the International Festival of Youth and Students, took place June 6, 1957; the Children's World became the largest and the most innovative children's department store in the Soviet Union, a must-visit known to several generations of Russians - here one could find goods for children of all ages: toys, school uniform, photo equipment, creativity products.

In 2005 the building was granted the status of a regional cultural heritage monument. In 2006 the supporting structures and the overall technical condition of the building was declared non-complying with safety requirents. In 2008 the department store was closed for renovation. At the end of 2011 the new owner of the building, Hals-Development Public Company, the chief architect of the reconstruction project Pavel Andreev presented the design and specifications for the reconstruction of the legendary department store; the construction works began in 2012 and were complete in December 2014. Features of reconstruction: The town-planning characteristics of the building, silhouette, three-dimensional structure and architectural design of the facades were preserved during the reconstruction as required by law The outside facade walls of the building: ceramic tiles, granite basement and 26 arched windows - subject for protection – were restore and preserved: of the facade were reconstructed; the central atrium of the building has remained in its historic place height raised up the 30 m Eight unique bronze floor lamps once made in the crafts shops of the department store were restored and re-installed on the balcony of the atrium as well as other internal decorations such as over 100 balusters of 1957 in the railings of the atrium Еntrance groups to the building from the street and from Lubyanka metro station were restored The three-span loggia of façade facing Lubyanskaya square, lost in the 80s, was restored to its original condition COELGO 9 marble was used for internal decoration.

This kind of marble has been mined at Coelginskoe deposit since 1924, the same marble was used during the construction of the building in 1957 After the building reopened on March 31, 2015 under the name "Central Children's Store on Lubyanka," the historical name still belonged to the owner of the building as the trade network "Children's World." On March 31, 2015 the original Detsky Mir building reopened under the new name Central Children's Store or Central Children's Store on Lubyanka. With 100 stores in a seven store mall complex, the Central Children's Store opened as the largest complex of children's stores in the world, according to its developer Hals-Development. Hals-Development is a subsidiary of state banking group VTB. According to the company "Gals-Development", the new architect recreated on the original architectural design of the Central Children's Store. Marble for decoration were brought from Koelginskogo deposit. Stays from the original atrium included marble stairs; the largest clock in the world, the clock in the new atrium was created by the oldest enterprise in Russia, the Petrodvorets watch factory.

Six months were necessary for the development and installation of the clock by a group of engineers from the watch factory "Raketa". The clock's mechanism weighs 4.5 tons and consists of 5000 pieces in steel, aluminum and gold-plated metal. The mechanism has a width of 7 meters, it consists of a 13 meters pendulum. The pendulum surface acts as aspheric mirror; the main mechanism of the clock is on the fifth floor. It is the largest clock mechanism in the world and it is among the five largest mechanical clocks in the world such as Big Ben, the carillon of the Moscow's Kremlin, the clock on the "Clock Tower" in Prague or of the clock of the city of Ganzhou; the building of the Central Children's Store with total area of 73 thousand square meters occupies a quarter in a lively tourist location - between Lubyanka Square, Tea