Nihoa known as Bird Island or Moku Manu, is the tallest of ten islands and atolls in the uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The island is located at the southern end of 296 km southeast of Necker Island. Nihoa is the closest NWHI in proximity to the eight main windward Hawaiian Islands at 240 km northwest of the island of Kauaʻi; the island has two peaks, 272 m Miller's Peak in the west, 259 m Tanager Peak in the east. Nihoa's area is surrounded by a 142,000-acre coral reef, its jagged outline gives the island its name, Nīhoa, Hawaiian for "tooth". The island is home to 25 species of plants and several animals, making it the most diverse island in the entire NWHI. Endemic birds like the Nihoa finch and Nihoa millerbird, endemic plants like Pritchardia remota and Schiedea verticillata are found only on Nihoa. Amaranthus brownii was considered the rarest plant on Nihoa and has not been directly observed on the island since 1983, is now considered to be extinct; the plant communities and rocky outcrops provide nesting and perching areas for 18 species of seabirds, such as red-footed boobies and brown noddies, terns and petrels.
Prehistoric evidence indicates Native Hawaiians lived on or visited the island around AD 1000, but over time the location of Nihoa was forgotten, with only an oral legend preserving its name. Captain James Colnett rediscovered the island in 1788, Queen Kaʻahumanu visited it in 1822, it was made part of the Kingdom of Hawaii by King Kamehameha IV. In 1909, Nihoa became part of the Hawaiian Islands Reservation, a federal wildlife refuge established by U. S president Theodore Roosevelt; the Tanager Expedition surveyed the island in 1923, taking a comprehensive biological inventory of its many species. In 1940, it became part of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Wildlife Refuge and in 1988, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places due to its culturally significant archaeological sites. In 2006, it became part of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Efforts are underway to ensure that endangered plant species are propagated beyond their limited range and represented in ex situ collections.
Persons intending to visit Nihoa for cultural and scientific research purposes require a USFWS-issued special-use permit to land on the island so as to reduce the risk of introducing alien species to Nihoa's fragile ecosystem. Nihoa is part of the Hawaiian – Emperor seamount chain of volcanic islands and seamounts starting from the island of Hawaiʻi in the southeast to the Aleutian Islands in the northwest, it is the youngest of ten islands in the uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, having formed 7.2 million years ago. Over the millennia, Nihoa has experienced significant erosion. Six valleys slant down from north to south, meeting at the south side of the island: West Valley, West Palm Valley, Miller Valley, Middle Valley, East Palm Valley, East Valley. Among features on Nihoa are Dog's Head Peak, named for its likeness, Pinnacle Peak, a volcanic dike created when less resilient rock was eroded away and harder rock was open to the elements; the only flat area on the island is Albatross Plateau, just below Miller's Peak.
The Devil's Slide is a narrow cleft descending 700 feet irrespective of the surrounding elevation. Extending northward from Albatross Plateau, it ends at the vertical cliffs with a 190-foot drop straight down to the ocean below. In this chasm, rare ferns grow, along with several endemic species, including a giant cricket. Nihoa's inaccessibility and lack of major guano deposits made the island unattractive to humans, helping to preserve its endemic species from extinction; because of Nihoa's small size, most of its endemic organisms are endangered, as one single disaster such as an island-wide fire or an introduction of invasive species could wipe out the whole population. One such invasive species is the gray bird grasshopper, Schistocerca nitens; the following year, the numbers decreased and the vegetation became lush again. The grasshoppers came to Nihoa by way of wind from Kauai. Unique species include: Pritchardia remota fan palm, the only tree on the island Nihoa millerbird Nihoa finch Nihoa conehead katydid Nihoa carnation Sesbania tomentosa the amaranth Amaranthus brownii the trapdoor spider Nihoa mahina Thaumatogryllus conanti, a giant cricket found in the Devil's Slide area Plagithmysus nihoae, a longhorned beetle Eupelmus nihoaensis, a wasp Hylaeus perkinsiana, Perkin's yellow-faced bee Nihoa was well known to the early Hawaiians.
Archaeological expeditions found house sites. At least one site has been dated to around the 1st millennium AD, sometime between 867–1037. There is some doubt as to the number of people that lived on Nihoa, because while the large terraces suggest a considerable number, there is scant fresh water to be found. Archaeologists Kenneth Emory and Paul Cleghorn estimate that water could support as many as 100 people, although if the island were forested, this would have increased fresh water supplies relative to its current state, it is thought that Nihoa may have been used only for religious purposes, which would have meant that ancient Hawaiians o
"Sunday Best" is a song by Australian musician Washington, released in August 2010 as her debut single, lead single from her debut studio album, I Believe You Liar. The song is an upbeat alternative/pop rock song in common time, it features keyboards and electric bass. It consists of several keyboard riffs; the music video was released on YouTube 27 July 2010. It is available on VEVO; the video is themed with musical themes. It consists of Megan and two bandmates in a restaurant, beginning with French dialogue and progressing to a musical like scene; the clip contains references to French New Wave cinema, is filmed in that style. The video was filmed in Australia; the music video features Michael Tomlinson of the band Yves Klein Blue. Official website Washington's official YouTube channel Music video of Sunday Best on YouTube
Colonel General Abdygul Abdrashitovich Chotbaev is a retired Kyrgyzstani General and politician who served as the 1st Commander of the National Guard of Kyrgyzstan. He was born in the village of Tert-Kül in the Chuy Region of Kirghizia to Abdrashit Supataev and his mother Zhanyl Budaychiev, he joined the Soviet Army, studying at the Alma-Ata Higher All-Arms Command School until he graduated in 1979. He studied at the Frunze Military Academy in Moscow from 1985–1989. Upon graduating, the first time, he took up the post of platoon and company commander of a motorized rifle battalion. From 1980-92, he served in various leadership positions. In 1989, he served in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan to aid in the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan. In July 1992, he was appointed to the post of Commander of the National Guard of Kyrgyzstan, the first person to hold this role. In 1996, he graduated from Kyrgyz National University with a degree in jurisprudence, he served during the Batken Conflict of 1999, when militants of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan invaded Kyrgyzstan through the Batken Region.
During this period, he was appointed as the commander of the joint task force, assigned to deal with this threat. While fulfilling both of these roles, he served as a member of the Bishkek City Council from 1994 to 2000. In 2000, he was elected to the Jogorku Kenesh as part of the Party of War Veterans in Afghanistan and other Local Conflicts. During the events of the Tulip Revolution in March 2005, Chotbayev was at the White House compound where he attempted to negotiate with the anti-government rioters; when this strategy failed, the rioters beat and captured Chotbayev alongside the head of the presidential administration. He was dismissed from his role in the national guard as a result by the Security Council of Kyrgyzstan on 24 August 2005. Since September 2006, he has served as the Deputy Chairman of the Committee on the Affairs of Soldiers-Internationalists at the Council of Heads of Government of the CIS Order of Danaker Major General Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" Colonel General Order of Friendship
The John Parker House in Boise, Idaho, is a 2-story bungalow designed by Tourtellotte & Hummel and constructed in 1911. The house features a sandstone foundation and brick veneer surrounding the first floor, with a half-timber second floor infilled with stucco. An outset front porch is a prominent feature; the hip roof above the second floor includes a single dormer with shingled sides. The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. John S. Parker and his brother, Steven Parker, were owners of Boise's Olympic Saloon at 816 Main Street. In 1909 Parker was president of the Boise Retail Liquor Dealer's Association, the group drafted a set of seven resolutions to promote decency and morality. Among the resolutions was a prohibition against the "morning free drink."In 1915 Parker sold the John Parker House to Ernest Noble, in 1916 Parker bought a saloon in Butte, Montana. Fort Street Historic District Media related to John Parker House at Wikimedia Commons
Hart v. Comcast was a suit filed by Jon Hart, a citizen of California against Comcast in Alameda County. Comcast is a provider of internet access and services; the suit alleged that Comcast was illegally interfering with certain types of internet traffic, such as BitTorrent. The suit alleged that Comcast is guilty of false advertising for advertising high speed service yet deliberately using technology to interfere with access speeds; the suit claimed Comcast's actions violated established Federal Communications Commission policies on Net Neutrality. The case has since been settled out of court; the suit states: Defendants have disseminated and continues to disseminate advertising, that they know or should reasonably know is false and misleading. This conduct includes, but is not limited to, promoting and advertising the fast speeds that apply to the Service without limitation, when, in fact, Defendants limit the speed of the Service for certain applications, it further includes Defendant's misrepresentations that their customers will enjoy "unfettered access" to all internet applications, when, in fact, Defendants not only fetter certain applications, but block them.
Defendants reasonably should know that this advertising is false and misleading. Hart has requested that the suit be declared a class action suit so that all Comcast customers in California can receive damages under the suit. Comcast, the largest cable provider in the United States, offers downstream speeds of up to 4, 6, 8, or 17.6 Mbit/s and upstream speeds of 384 kbit/s, or 768 kbit/s for the 8 Mbit/s downstream package, for standard home connections. According to the Comcast High Speed Internet terms of service, customers are provided with dynamic IP addresses. Despite the general expectation that Comcast's service is unlimited, Comcast has a policy of terminating broadband customers who use excessive bandwidth. Comcast has declined to disclose a numerical bandwidth limit, arguing that the limit is variable on a monthly basis and dependent on the capacity of specific cable nodes. Comcast claims this policy only affects users whose bandwidth consumption is among the top one percent of high-speed internet customers.
Statements issued by Comcast in response to press inquiries suggest that excessive usage is defined as several hundred gigabytes per month. However, their terms of service state that a customer's use should not "represent an overly large burden on the network."Comcast has implemented traffic shaping measures using Sandvine hardware which sends forged RST packets, disrupting the BitTorrent protocol. This has prevented some Comcast users from uploading, or "seeding" files they have downloaded via BitTorrent; some Comcast users may experience packet loss and latency, resulting in lag. This effect is most noticed when dealing with time critical traffic in online gaming, pronounced when such users host online games on ad-hoc networks; this practice is becoming an common trend. The effects of packet loss and latency vary depending on locale and the conditions of the local plant; some Comcast customers may experience severe packet loss. The issues resulting from local variables affect all Internet Service Providers.
The Associated Press confirmed a story by TorrentFreak that indicates that Comcast "actively interferes with attempts by some of its high-speed Internet subscribers to share files online, a move that runs counter to the tradition of treating all types of Net traffic equally." Legal controversy ensued when Comcast terminated BitTorrent connections by sending forged RST packets represented as coming from the end users rather than from Comcast. This was through a partnership with Sandvine; this blocks the user from making full use of BitTorrent. The controversy arises. A few Comcast users claimed to find temporary solutions for both Microsoft Windows and Linux systems by using a firewall to filter RST packets; this however was revealed to be futile as it would have to be implemented on both ends—if the other end did not ignore the spoofed RST packet, the connection would be severed on the remote end. Now there is evidence of Comcast using RST packets on groupware applications that have nothing to do with file sharing.
Kevin Kanarski, who works as a Lotus Notes messaging engineer, noticed some strange behavior with Lotus Notes dropping emails when hooked up to a Comcast connection and has managed to verify that Comcast's reset packets are the culprit. A lawsuit, Hart v. Comcast, has been filed accusing Comcast of false advertising and other unfair trade practices. Comcast customers have reported a sporadic inability to use Google because forged RST packets are interfering with HTTP access to google.com, which has further angered users. Comcast agreed to settle the case by setting up a 16 Million dollar compensation fund; each affected subscriber was entitled to $16
Room 8 was a neighborhood cat who wandered into a classroom in 1952 at Elysian Heights Elementary School in Echo Park, California. He lived in the school during the school year and disappeared for the summer, returning when classes started again; this pattern continued without interruption until the mid-1960s. News cameras would arrive at the school at the beginning of the year waiting for the cat's return, he was featured in a documentary called Big Cat, Little Cat and a children's book, A Cat Called Room 8. Look magazine ran a three-page Room 8 feature by photographer Richard Hewett in November 1962, titled "Room 8: The School Cat". Leo Kottke wrote an instrumental called "Room 8", included in his 1971 album, Mudlark; as he got older, Room 8 was injured in a cat fight and suffered from feline pneumonia, so a family near the school volunteered to take him in. The school's janitor would carry him across the street, his obituary in the Los Angeles Times rivaled that of major political figures, running three columns with a photograph.
The cat was so famous that his obituary ran in papers as far away as Connecticut. The students raised the funds for his gravestone, he is buried at the Los Angeles Pet Memorial Park in California. Elysian Heights Elementary School has a wall mural on the outside of the school that features Room 8, the teachers read his book to each new class. Room 8's paw prints are immortalized in cement on the sidewalk outside the school. In 1972, a cat shelter was started in his name called The Room 8 Memorial Foundation. A Cat Called Room 8, Virginia Finley and Beverly Mason, illustrated by Valerie Martin, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1966, ISBN 0-399-60085-X, LCCN 66-14332. Room 8's page on the Elysian Heights Elementary School website Purr'n' Fur: Room 8, the Californian School Cat