Ninḫursaĝ known as Damgalnuna or Ninmah, was the ancient Sumerian mother goddess of the mountains, one of the seven great deities of Sumer. She is principally a fertility goddess. Temple hymn sources identify her as the "true and great lady of heaven" and kings of Sumer were "nourished by Ninhursag's milk". Sometimes her hair is depicted in an omega shape and at times she wears a horned head-dress and tiered skirt with bow cases at her shoulders, she carries a mace or baton surmounted by an omega motif or a derivation, sometimes accompanied by a lion cub on a leash. She is the tutelary deity to several Sumerian leaders. Nin-hursag means "lady of the sacred mountain" (from Sumerian NIN "lady" and ḪAR. SAG "sacred mountain, foothill" a reference to the site of her temple, the E-Kur at Eridu, she had many names including Ninmah. As Ninmenna, according to a Babylonian investiture ritual, she placed the golden crown on the king in the Eanna temple; some of the names above were once associated with independent goddesses, who became identified and merged with Ninhursag, myths exist in which the name Ninhursag is not mentioned.
Included among the original mother goddesses was Damgalnuna or Damkina, the consort of the god Enki. The mother goddess had many epithets including shassuru or'womb goddess', tabsut ili'midwife of the gods','mother of all children' and'mother of the gods'. In this role she is identified with Ki in the Enuma Elish, she had shrines in both Kish. In the legend of Enki and Ninhursag, Ninhursag bore. Through Enki, Ninsar bore a daughter Ninkurra. Ninkurra, in turn, bore Enki. Enki pursued Uttu, upset because he didn't care for her. Uttu, on her ancestress Ninhursag's advice buried Enki's seed in the earth, whereupon eight plants sprung up. Enki, seeing the plants, ate them, became ill in eight organs of his body. Ninhursag cured him, taking the plants into her body and giving birth to eight deities: Abu, Ninsutu, Nanshe, Azimua and Enshag. In the text'Creator of the Hoe', she completed the birth of mankind after the heads had been uncovered by Enki's hoe. In creation texts, Ninmah acts as a midwife whilst the mother goddess Nammu makes different kinds of human individuals from lumps of clay at a feast given by Enki to celebrate the creation of humankind.
Her symbol, resembling the Greek letter omega Ω, has been depicted in art from 3000 BC, although more from the early second millennium BC. It appears on some boundary stones -- on the upper tier; the omega symbol is associated with the Egyptian cow goddess Hathor, may represent a stylized womb. The symbol appears on early imagery from Ancient Egypt. Hathor is at times depicted on a mountain, so it may be that the two goddesses are connected, her temple, the Esagila was located on the KUR of Eridu, although she had a temple at Kish. Ereshkigal Eve Arura Michael Jordan, Encyclopedia of Gods, Kyle Cathie Limited, 2002 Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses: Mother Goddess Gateways of Babylon: Enki and Ninhursag Temple of Ninmakh in ancient Babylon
The Great Lakes Seaway Trail named and known as the Seaway Trail, is a 518-mile National Scenic Byway in the northeastern United States contained in New York but with a small segment in Pennsylvania. The trail consists of a series of designated roads and highways that travel along the Saint Lawrence Seaway—specifically, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario, the Saint Lawrence River, it begins at the Ohio state line in rural Erie County and travels through several cities and villages before ending at the Seaway International Bridge northeast of the village of Massena in St. Lawrence County, New York, it is maintained by Inc.. The Seaway Trail was first designated in 1978 as an 80-mile byway leading from the Seaway International Bridge to the Thousand Islands Bridge, it was extended southwestward across the state of New York in the mid-1980s and into Pennsylvania in 1996. The byway is recognized as a state scenic byway by both New York and Pennsylvania and was named a National Scenic Byway in two stages.
In New York, the Seaway Trail became one of the first byways in the nation to be declared a National Scenic Byway when it received the distinction in 1996. The Pennsylvania portion of the byway was added in 2005; the Seaway Trail was renamed the Great Lakes Seaway Trail in 2010. The interstate Seaway Trail extends for 64 miles in Pennsylvania and 454 miles in New York for a total of 518 miles, it traverses a total of 11 counties. There, the Seaway Trail traverses the counties of Chautauqua, Niagara, Monroe, Cayuga, Jefferson, St. Lawrence; the Seaway Trail begins, at its southwestern end, on U. S. Route 20 at the Ohio–Pennsylvania border, but stays on that route for only 1.5 miles, when it switches to Pennsylvania Route 5. Aside from some complicated routing in and around the city of Erie, the trail remains on Route 5 the rest of the way to the New York border. Attractions along this segment of the Seaway Trail include the city of Erie itself, Presque Isle State Park, Erie Bluffs State Park, Waldameer Park and Water World, the Erie Maritime Museum, the North East winery region.
At the New York border, PA 5 becomes New York State Route 5, the Seaway Trail continues along it to the Erie County border. Route 5 and the Seaway Trail cross Cattaraugus Creek together at the county line, but the trail turns off to the west and back north again along Old Lake Shore Road, to more follow the shore of Lake Erie; the Seaway Trail rejoins Route 5 in Hamburg, they continue north into the city of Buffalo, the largest city on the Seaway Trail. In Buffalo, the Seaway Trail leaves Route 5 for good, it soon follows it to the tip of Lake Erie. Now paralleling the Niagara River, going north, the trail follows Route 266 through the town of Tonawanda and into the city of Tonawanda, a Buffalo suburb. Just before crossing Tonawanda Creek, which forms the county line, Route 266 ends and the Seaway Trail picks up NY 265 to cross the creek and the border. Points of interest along the Chautauqua County piece of the trail include the Barcelona Lighthouse in Westfield, Lake Erie State Park, the city of Dunkirk.
Nearby is the Chautauqua Institution, the Midway Park amusement park, the city of Jamestown. In Erie County, aside from the many attractions in the city of Buffalo, nearby destinations include Ralph Wilson Stadium in Orchard Park and a series of three museums in East Aurora. Hamburg features a visitors center and overlook, the Lake Erie Seaway Trail Center, on the Lake Erie shoreline; the Erie Canal starts at Tonawanda Creek just east of the Route 265 crossing. Crossing Tonawanda Creek into North Tonawanda, the Seaway Trail continues along Route 265, which soon overlaps with NY 384. Both routes run along River Road close to the eastern fork of the Niagara River; the road curves to the west toward Niagara Falls. River Road becomes Buffalo Avenue when it enters the city of Niagara Falls, soon Route 265 splits off to the north. Route 384 continues westward, where the Seaway Trail picks up the Robert Moses State Parkway at its eastern terminus at the northern Grand Island bridge, which carries Interstate 190.
The Robert Moses Parkway follows close to the river to Quay Street. Rainbow Boulevard turns north and ends at NY 104 just east of the Rainbow Bridge to Niagara Falls, Canada; the Seaway Trail continues north on Route 104 to NY 18F in the village of Lewiston. Route 18F jogs west and north through Lewiston and north to Youngstown. North of Youngstown, Route 18F comes close to the mouth of the Niagara River and swings eastward, now following the Lake Ontario shoreline. Route 18F ends a short distance east of the river's mouth at NY 18. Route 18 hosts the Seaway Trail for the rest of its length in Niagara County, 30 miles. Aside from the Falls themselves, the twin cities of Niagara Falls on either side of the border, nearby attractions include Artpark in Lewiston, the Erie Canal Junction at Tonawanda Creek, the Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum in North Tonawanda, Fort Niagara in Youngstown, Golden Hill State Park in Somerset. There are several historic lighthouses along the route. Not far away, Erie Ca
William H. Nicholas was an American Republican politician in the state of Iowa. Born in Butler County, Iowa to William A. Nicholas and Elizabeth H. Nicholas, Nicholas raised turkeys in Cerro Gordo County and served in the United States Navy during World War I. Nicholas served in the Iowa House of Representatives in 1947, he served as the 34th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa from 1951 to 1953 serving under Governor William S. Beardsley and from 1957 to 1959 serving under Governor Herschel C. Loveless, he died in Iowa. Nicholas was a Freemason. Nicholas married Viola Folkers of Allison, Iowa in 1922, he had three children, who married Harold Dukes and in 1957 was residing in Pinckney, Michigan. Nicholas had four grandchildren. William H. Nicholas, Iowa General Assembly file
Qwara is one of the woredas in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Qwara is named after the former province Qwara, in the same area. Located at the westernmost point of the Semien Gondar Zone, Qwara is bordered on the south by the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, on the west by Sudan, on the north by Metemma, on the east by Takusa and Alefa, on the southeast by Agew Awi Zone; the administrative center of this woreda is Gelegu. After the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party was defeated for control of northern Ethiopia by the Tigrai People's Liberation Front in 1978, one wing of the EPRP moved to Qwara where it continued to fight against both the Derg and the TPLF. Qwara was selected by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in 2003 as an area for voluntary resettlement for farmers from overpopulated areas. Along with Metema, the other woreda selected in Amhara that year, that year this woreda became the home for a total of 13,742 heads of households and 12,337 total family members. Qwara was selected again in the fourth round of this resettlement program in 2006 and, along with Lay Armachiho and Dangila in the Amhara Region, Tsegede in the Tigrai Region, became the new homes of 8,671 families.
This was accompanied with 68 million Birr in infrastructure development. Based on the 2007 national census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, this woreda has a total population of 94,106, an increase of 164.34% over the 1994 census, of whom 50,021 are men and 44,085 women. With an area of 7,707.19 square kilometers, Qwara has a population density of 12.21, less than the Zone average of 63.76 persons per square kilometer. A total of 22,565 households were counted in this woreda, resulting in an average of 4.17 persons to a household, 21,345 housing units. The majority of the inhabitants practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 93.2% reporting that as their religion, while 6.7% of the population said they were Muslim. The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 35,600, of whom 18,553 were men and 17,047 women; the four largest ethnic groups reported in Qwara were the Amhara, the Agaw Awi, the Gumuz, the Qemant. Amharic was spoken as a first language by 82.31%, 9.98% Gumuz, 6.7% spoke Awngi.
The majority of the inhabitants practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 92.32% reporting that as their religion, while 7.58% of the population said they were Muslim
El Tren Fantasma is a 2011 album by Chris Watson. It was released on 14 November 2011 by independent record label Touch Music on CD and 12" vinyl record. In January 26, 1999, the fourth episode "Los Mochis to Veracruz" of the fourth season of Great Railway Journeys was broadcast; the episode was presented by chef Rick Stein and featured the "Ghost Train" which traveled over a now-defunct railway Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México between Los Mochis to Veracruz. Chris Watson spent a month working as a BBC audio recorder for the programme. In 2010, El Tren Fantasma was broadcast on BBC Radio 4. Pitchfork's Grayson Currin called El Tren Fantasma for "one of the best works of his career" with "an sonic adventure that shifts from power electronics-like heaviness to the sunny-day delicacy." BBC Music's Spencer Grady praised the album for "Watson's ability to create whole worlds, entire lifetimes in the listener's imagination, beyond the moment of recording, comes to the fore." Musicworks's René van Peer favoured the album with " has painted fantastic, surreal images in sound."Allmusic's Ned Raggett reviewed the album with "it's a marvelous portrayal in miniature of the tensions between the'natural' and the'man-made'."
The Quietus's Luke Turner said it was a "haunting, powerful tribute and memorial to a marvel of engineering and the people who built and travelled upon it." ProductionJon Wozencroft – art direction Denis Blackham – mastered by Caminos de Hierro – photography by Ana Gonzalez Bello – voice actor Touch Music page
This is a list of major political scandals in Canada. Alberta and Great Waterways Railway scandal - a 1910 scandal that resulted in the resignation of the premier, Alexander Cameron Rutherford The Liberal Government over-spending on telephone poles and other un-needed expenses prior to its forced departure from power in 1921 Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta - a 1928 law that, over a period of four decades, resulted in close to 3,000 young people being classified as "mentally unfit" and without their knowledge or consent were sterilized to prevent them from breeding their "bad blood." John Brownlee sex scandal - John Edward Brownlee, Premier of Alberta, sued for the seduction of a young woman and found guilty forcing his resignation Dar Heatherington - forced to resign from Lethbridge City Council in 2004 after being convicted of public mischief. Alison Redford's expense scandal - forced to resign Premiership in 2014 after multiple expense scandals came to light Kamikaze campaign scandal- an investigation into allegations that Jason Kenney orchestrating Jeff Callaway's campaign for the leadership of the United Conservative Party in an attempt to harm Kenney's biggest rival, Brian Jean.
Sommers Affair - influence peddling and abuse of privilege on timber licenses by Forest Minister Gracie's Finger - gerrymandering in Vancouver-Little Mountain Lillooet Cattle Trail - cost overruns, poor design and other scandalous aspects on most expensive provincial infrastructure project in the 19th century Solidarity Crisis - crisis was launched by Premier Bill Bennett overstaying his mandate, triggering a constitutional crisis Fantasy Gardens - improper sale of property and influence-peddling by Premier Bill Vander Zalm, in connection with Asian gambling lord Tan Yu Stephen Rogers - resigned as environment minister after a conflict of interest due to owning shares in a company Cliff Michael - resigned from cabinet due to conflict of interest over the sale of some land Reid affair - Bill Reid forced to resign after a report showed that he was diverting lottery funds into a company owned by his former campaign manager Bud Smith - resigned after tapes and transcripts of him talking disparagingly about a lawyer hired by the opposition NDP to investigate the Reid Affair Robin Blencoe - allegations of harassing an office employee Phil Gaglardi - improper use of expenses British Columbia Resources Investment Corporation - public boondoggle involving publicly distributed and soon-worthless shares of former Crown Corporation Bingogate - skimming of charity funds Doman Scandal - insider trading.
Collusion between Global television and the RCMP in trying to incriminate Clark is alleged by many commentators. Dimitros Pilarinos was convicted of providing a benefit to the Premier, the BC Conflict of Interest Commissioner concluded "Receipt of such a benefit left Mr. Clark, albeit unwillingly, indebted to Mr. Pilarinos and meant that he might properly be considered to have an interest in seeing Mr. Pilarinos compensated in some way." FastCat Fiasco - 1990s construction of a fleet of high speed ferry vessels that ended up being massively over-budget and slower than existing ferries Gordon Wilson-Judy Tyabji Affair - semi-secret romance between the Opposition Leader and his House Whip leads to their downfall BC Legislature Raids - raids on offices of senior political aides in the legislature connected to everything from marijuana grow-ops to allegations of influence peddling and money laundering in the sale of BC Rail to Canadian National. Gordon Campbell. Implicated in Railgate. Quick Wins ethnic outreach scandal - 2013 resignation of Minister John Yap and Deputy Chief of Staff for Premier Christy Clark due to use of public servants' time and resources for partisan purposes Karl Toft - serial pedophile molested over 200 boys while an employee in charge at the government run Kingsclear Youth Training Centre between the mid-1960s and the mid-1980s Richard Hatfield - premier charged with possession of marijuana in 1984 Mount Cashel sex abuse scandal Humber Valley Paving scandal Muskrat Falls hydroelectric project cost overruns Ed Martin scandal - In early 2016, Nalcor Energy CEO Ed Martin left the company.
Premier Ball and Martin each claim. The Thornhill Affair- involved Roland Thornhill, who resigned as Deputy Premier in the 1990s after allegations dealing with a debt settlement from 1980 was brought into question; the Billy Joe MacLean Affair - MLA Billy Joe MacLean was expelled from the Assembly after Premier John Buchanan's Progressive Conservative government introduced legislation prohibiting anyone from sitting in the assembly, convicted of an indictable offence punishable by imprisonment for more than five years. MacLean pleaded guilty to four counts of submitting forged