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Nintendo 3DS

The Nintendo 3DS is a handheld game console produced by Nintendo. It is capable of displaying stereoscopic 3D effects without the use of 3D glasses or additional accessories. Nintendo announced the console in March 2010 and unveiled it at E3 2010 on June 15; the console succeeds the Nintendo DS, featuring backward compatibility with older Nintendo DS video games. Its primary competitor was Sony's PlayStation Vita; the handheld offers new features such as the StreetPass and SpotPass tag modes, powered by Nintendo Network. It is pre-loaded with various applications including an online distribution store called Nintendo eShop; the Nintendo 3DS was released in Japan on February 26, 2011, worldwide beginning in March 2011. Less than six months on July 28, 2011, Nintendo announced a significant price reduction from US$249 to US$169 amid disappointing launch sales; the company offered ten free Nintendo Entertainment System games and ten free Game Boy Advance games from the Nintendo eShop to consumers who bought the system at the original launch price.

This strategy was considered a major success, the console went on to become one of Nintendo's most successful handheld consoles in the first two years of its release. As of December 31, 2019, the Nintendo 3DS family of systems combined have sold 75.71 million units. The 3DS received multiple redesigns over the course of its life; the Nintendo 3DS XL, a larger model, was first released in Japan and Europe in July 2012, featuring a 90% larger screen. An "entry-level" version of the console, the Nintendo 2DS, with a fixed "slate" form factor and lacking autostereoscopic functionality, was released in Western markets in October 2013; the New Nintendo 3DS features a more powerful CPU, a second analog stick called the C-Stick, additional buttons, an improved camera, other changes, was first released in Japan in October 2014. Nintendo began experimenting with stereoscopic 3D video game technology in the 1980s; the Famicom 3D System, an accessory consisting of liquid crystal shutter glasses, was Nintendo's first product that enabled stereoscopic 3D effects.

Although few titles were released, Nintendo helped design one—called Famicom Grand Prix II: 3D Hot Rally—which was co-developed by Nintendo and HAL Laboratory and released in 1988. The Famicom 3D System was never released outside Japan. Despite the limited success, Nintendo would press ahead with 3D development into the 1990s. Gunpei Yokoi, creator of the Game Boy handheld console and popular Metroid video game, developed a new 3D device for Nintendo called the Virtual Boy, it was a portable table-top system consisting of goggles and a controller that used a spinning disc to achieve full stereoscopic monochrome 3D. Released in 1995, the Virtual Boy sold fewer than a million units, spawning only 22 compatible game titles, was considered to be a commercial failure. Shigeru Miyamoto, known for his work on popular game franchises such as Mario and The Legend of Zelda, commented in a 2011 interview that he felt conflicted about Yokoi's decision to use wire-frame models for 3D and suggested that the product may not have been marketed correctly.

The failure of the Virtual Boy left many at Nintendo doubting the viability of 3D gaming. Despite this, Nintendo continued to investigate the incorporation of 3D technology into other products; the GameCube, released in 2001, is another 3D-capable system. With an LCD attachment, it could display true stereoscopic 3D, though only the launch title Luigi's Mansion was designed to utilize it. Due to the expensive nature of the requisite peripheral technology at the time, the GameCube's 3D functionality was never marketed to the public. Nintendo experimented with a 3D LCD during development of the Game Boy Advance SP, but the idea was shelved after it failed to achieve satisfactory results. Another attempt was made in preparation for a virtual navigation guide to be used on the Nintendo DS at Shigureden, an interactive museum in Japan. Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi encouraged additional 3D research in an effort to use the technology in the exhibition. Although the project fell short, Nintendo was able to collect valuable research on liquid crystal which would aid in the development of the Nintendo 3DS.

Speculation on the development of a successor to the Nintendo DS began in late 2009. At the time, Nintendo controlled as much as 68.3 percent of the handheld gaming market. In October 2009, tech tabloid Bright Side of News reported that Nvidia, a graphics processing unit developer that made headway with its Tegra System-on-Chip processors, had been selected by Nintendo to develop hardware for their next generation portable game console; that month, speaking about the future for Nintendo's portable consoles, company president Satoru Iwata mentioned that while mobile broadband connectivity via subscription "doesn't fit Nintendo customers", he was interested in exploring options like Amazon's Whispernet found on the Amazon Kindle which provides free wireless connectivity to its customers for the sole purpose of browsing and purchasing content from the Kindle Store. Nintendo had expressed interest in motion-sensing capabilities since the development of the original Nintendo DS, an alleged comment by Satoru Iwata from a 2010 interview with Asahi Shimbun implied that the successor to the Nintendo DS would incorporate a

Hôtel de Sens

The Hôtel de Sens or Hôtel des archevêques de Sens is a medieval hôtel particulier, or private mansion, in the Marais, in the 4th arrondissement of Paris, France. It nowadays houses the Forney art library; the hôtel was built to serve as a residence for the archbishops of Sens. Before 1622, Paris was not a specific archdiocese, depended on the diocesan authority of Sens; the archbishop was a prominent figure of power, his residence reflecting his influence within the urban landscape. A first hôtel, at this location, was built for the archbishops of Sens in 1345, latter used by Charles V, King of France, as a part of his royal residence, the hôtel Saint-Pol; when the Kings settled in the newly built Louvre palace, the building was destroyed, only to be replaced by the current hôtel, built between 1475 and 1519 by Tristian de Salazar and reinstalled as the residence of the archbishops of Sens. As such, it served as the house of many renowned prelate, such as Antoine Duprat, Louis de Bourbon de Vendôme, Louis de Lorraine, Nicolas de Pellevé or Jacques Davy Duperron.

Margaret of Valois lived there in 1605 and 1606, her decision to cut a fig tree in front of the building is said to have inspired the name of the street, rue du Figuier. In 1622, Paris became an archdiocese; the archbishops of Sens lost the major part of their power in the city, their sojourns in Paris became progressively less frequent. The hôtel, alienated during the 17th century to the archdiocese of Paris, entered a lasting period of progressive decay. A bien national during the French Revolution, it was sold in 1797 and owned throughout the 19th century, like many hôtels particulier in the Marais at the time, workshops or factories. During the Trois Glorieuses street fights of 1830, a cannonball hit the facade and lodged deep within the wall. Protected as a heritage site in 1862, the building was acquired by the city of Paris, restored in 1930; the Forney art library was installed in it in 1961

Treaty of Oliva

The Treaty or Peace of Oliva of 23 April /3 May 1660 was one of the peace treaties ending the Second Northern War. The Treaty of Oliva, the Treaty of Copenhagen the same year and the Treaty of Cardis following year marked the high point of the Swedish Empire. At Oliva, peace was made between Sweden, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Habsburgs and Brandenburg-Prussia. Sweden was accepted as sovereign in Swedish Livonia, Brandenburg was accepted as sovereign in Ducal Prussia, John II Casimir Vasa withdrew his claims to the Swedish throne, though he was to retain the title of a hereditary Swedish king for life. All occupied territories were restored to their pre-war sovereigns. Catholics in Livonia and Prussia were granted religious freedom; the signatories were the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, Elector Frederick William I of Brandenburg and King John II Casimir Vasa of Poland. Magnus Gabriel de la Gardie, head of the Swedish delegation and the minor regency, signed on behalf of his nephew, King Charles XI of Sweden, still a minor at the time.

During the Second Northern War, Poland-Lithuania and Sweden had been engaged in a ravaging war since 1655 and both wanted peace, in order to attend to their remaining enemies and Denmark respectively. In addition, the politically ambitious Polish queen Marie Louise Gonzaga, who had great influence over both the Polish king and Polish parliament, wanted a peace with Sweden because she wanted a son of her close relative, the French Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, to be elected as successor to the Polish throne; this could only be achieved with the consent of its ally Sweden. On the other hand, the Danish and Dutch envoys, as well as those of the Holy Roman Empire and Brandenburg, did what they could to derail the proceedings, their goal was assisted by the drawn-out formalities which always took place at negotiations of this age. Several months elapsed before the actual peace negotiations could begin, on 7 January 1660. So many hostile words were written in the documents being exchanged by the two parties that the head negotiator, French ambassador Antoine de Lombres, found himself having to expurgate long sections which otherwise would have caused offense.

A Polish contingent headed by the archbishop of Gniezno wanted the war to continue in order to expel the exhausted Swedish forces in Livonia. The Danish delegates demanded of Poland conclude a treaty together with Denmark. Austria, which wished to drive Sweden out of Germany through continued warfare, promised Poland reinforcements, but Austrian intentions were treated with suspicion and the Polish Senate demurred. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg offered assistance to Poland to continue the war, with the hope of conquering Swedish Pomerania. France, which in practice was governed by Cardinal Mazarin, wanted a continued Swedish presence in Germany to counterbalance Austria and Spain, which were traditional enemies of France. France feared that a continued war would increase Austria's influence in Germany and Poland; the Austrian and Brandenburgian intrusion into Swedish Pomerania was considered a breach of the Peace of Westphalia, which France was under the obligation to prosecute. France therefore threatened to contribute an army of 30,000 soldiers to the Swedish cause unless a treaty between Sweden and Brandenburg was concluded before February 1660.

Negotiations had begun in Toruń in autumn of 1659. When news of the death of king Charles X of Sweden arrived Poland and Brandenburg began increasing their demands, but a new French threat of assistance to Sweden made the Polish side give in. The treaty was signed in the monastery of Oliwa on 23 April 1660. In the treaty John II Casimir renounced his claims to the Swedish crown, which his father Sigismund III Vasa had lost in 1599. Poland formally ceded to Sweden Livonia and the city of Riga, under Swedish control since the 1620s; the treaty settled conflicts between Sweden and Poland left standing since the War against Sigismund, the Polish-Swedish War, the Northern Wars. The Hohenzollern dynasty of Brandenburg was confirmed as independent and sovereign over the Duchy of Prussia. In case of an end to the Hohenzollern dynasty in Prussia, the territory was to revert to the Polish crown; the treaty was achieved by Brandenburg's diplomat, Christoph Caspar von Blumenthal, on the first diplomatic mission of his career.

Swedish Livonia Polish Livonia List of Swedish wars List of treaties Bély, Lucien. Lucien Bély. L'Europe des traités de Westphalie: esprit de la diplomatie et diplomatie de l'esprit. Presses universitaires de France. ISBN 2-13-049964-3. Evans, Malcolm. Religious Liberty and International Law in Europe. Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law. 6. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-04761-7. Frost, Robert I; the Northern Wars. War and Society in Northeastern Europe 1558-1721. Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-06429-4. Starbäck, Carl Georg. Berättelser ur svenska historien. 6. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter Annotated edition of the Peace of Oliva at

Clarence M. Leumane

Clarence M. "Jack" Leumane was an English-born singer, actor and librettist. He played leading tenor roles in opera the comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan, in the 1880s, first in Britain and Australia, he was a librettist and writer of the song'"The Lambton Worm" in 1867. Leumane was born in England in the Sunderland area, as the words of the song "The Lambton Worm" are from the Mackem dialect; as an actor, in the autumn of 1881, he created the role of Captain Harleigh in Claude Duval, a comic opera by Edward Solomon and Henry Pottinger Stephens, at London's Olympic Theatre. He joined a tour of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company from November 1881 to October 1882, playing the leading Gilbert and Sullivan tenor roles of Alexis in The Sorcerer, Ralph Rackstraw in H. M. S. Pinafore and Frederic in The Pirates of Penzance. In 1885, he appeared in London as Sir Lancelot in Dr. D, an English comic opera by C. P. Colnaghi and Cotsford Dick at the Royalty Theatre. One reviewer commented: "Mr. Leumane has a pleasing tenor voice, as Ralph Rackstraw he not sang well, but acted with an intelligence and point".

In 1887, as "C. H. Leumane", he made his first appearance in Australia with the J. C. Williamson Company in the leading Gilbert and Sullivan role of Prince Hilarion in the first Australian production Princess Ida, he continued with the company until 1890 in more Savoy Operas, as the Duke of Dunstable in Patience, Colonel Fairfax in The Yeomen of the Guard, Marco in The Gondoliers. In between these productions, he appeared in Australia as Geoffrey Wilder in Alfred Cellier's hit comic opera Dorothy, was the title character in Gounod's Faust, including on the night in 1888, in Melbourne, when Frederick Federici died at the conclusion of the opera, he repeated his roles in the first New Zealand productions of Dorothy and Princess Ida in 1890. He played the title role in his own opera, Mathias, in 1901, he remained in Australia and died in South Australia in 1928. The Lambton Worm is an old folk tale, similar to the tale of Saint George and the Dragon, going back centuries, turned into a children's pantomime.

As "C. M. Leumane", he wrote the song, the pantomime was first performed at Tyne Theatre and Opera House, Newcastle upon Tyne in 1867; the song became a local anthem. He is credited as librettist for the opera Mathias, based on the story "Le Juif Polonais" by M. M. Erckmann-Chatrian; this Opera was given its world premiere at the Criterion Theatre, Sydney, on 26 July 1901 with Leumane credited as the director, with playing/singing the part of Mathias. Leumane is credited as the lyricist of the 1909 one-act musical play Coward or hero? Leumane’s name appears as the writer of the words and music of a work entitled "Advance Australia", described as a chorale for voice and piano. An old photograph is signed "Yours C. M. Leumane 27/11/90". Geordie dialect words New South Wales State Library The Bibliography of Australian Literature

Diane Kern

Diane Kern is an independent filmmaker who wrote and produced two independent feature films: To Love A Mexican and Bloom. She is the owner of Wintershine Productions known as DSK Film Productions. A third feature film titled. Along with her feature films, Diane is the producer and director for the biography documentary of award-winning British composer Christopher Gunning titled Christopher's Music. Ms. Kern graduated from Oklahoma State University–Stillwater in 1991 with a Bachelor's degree in Television Broadcasting and Journalism. Diane Kern on IMDb http://www.bloommove.info List of Oklahoma State University people

School Days with a Pig

School Days with a Pig is a 2008 Japanese drama film, based on a true event that took place in an elementary school in Osaka Prefecture. The film is directed by Tetsu Maeda, its story is based on a novel about the event by Yasushi Kuroda. Actor Satoshi Tsumabuki will play the lead role of the class teacher in this film. Additionally, this film stars 28 school children chosen by audition. School Days with a Pig was first screened at the 21st Tokyo International Film Festival, it was subsequently released in Japanese cinemas on 1 November 2008; the film revolves around the story of an elementary school teacher who proposes that his class raise a piglet at school with the aim of eating it once it has grown up. Satoshi Tsumabuki as Mr. Hoshi, the class homeroom teacher Ren Ohsugi as Mr. Nishina Tomoko Tabata as Ms. Ikezawa Seiji Ikeda as Mr. Kowasi Mieko Harada as School Principal Mrs. Takahara Ryohei Kondo Runa Natsui Itsumi Osawa Yumi Shimizu as the music teacher Pierre Taki Naho Toda School Days with a Pig was first announced on 25 August 2008.

The theme song for the film School Days with a Pig is the song Hana no yō ni hoshi no yō ni, sung by singer Tortoise Matsumoto. This was announced together with the announcement of this film on 25 August 2008. 「Prayer」 Lyrics By:Tatsu Maeda Lyrics by :Lynne Hobdny Songwriter: 吉岡聖治 歌:清水ゆみ This film was first released at the 21st Tokyo International Film Festival, where it was one of the films participating in the competition. It was released in Japan cinemas on 1 November 2008; this film was released in Singapore on 8 April 2009. It was released in Taiwan on 10 April 2009 and in Hong Kong on 27 August 2009 under the name of; the home video was released in DVD format on Amazon Japan on 4 October 2009. A special limited 2-disc edition was released on the same day. Rotten Tomatoes reported; the DVD version of this movie was ranked #30,660 on the Amazon Bestsellers Rank The special version was ranked #39,011 on the same list. According to this movie's Taiwanese release official site, more audiences did not want to eat the pig as compared to those who voted to eat the pig.

Yahoo channel School Days with a Pig on IMDb School Days with a Pig at Rotten Tomatoes allcinema Official website Kinejun Cinema