The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature. Since March 1901, it has been awarded annually to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses". Per Alfred Nobel's will, the recipient is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a five-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Since 1990, the prize is awarded on 10 December in Oslo City Hall each year; the prize was awarded in the Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law, the Norwegian Nobel Institute, the Parliament. Due to its political nature, the Nobel Peace Prize has, for most of its history, been the subject of numerous controversies. According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who in the preceding year "shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".
Alfred Nobel's will further specified that the prize be awarded by a committee of five people chosen by the Norwegian Parliament. Nobel died in 1896 and he did not leave an explanation for choosing peace as a prize category; as he was a trained chemical engineer, the categories for chemistry and physics were obvious choices. The reasoning behind the peace prize is less clear. According to the Norwegian Nobel Committee, his friendship with Bertha von Suttner, a peace activist and recipient of the prize, profoundly influenced his decision to include peace as a category; some Nobel scholars suggest. His inventions included dynamite and ballistite, both of which were used violently during his lifetime. Ballistite was used in war and the Irish Republican Brotherhood, an Irish nationalist organization, carried out dynamite attacks in the 1880s. Nobel was instrumental in turning Bofors from an iron and steel producer into an armaments company, it is unclear why Nobel wished the Peace Prize to be administered in Norway, ruled in union with Sweden at the time of Nobel's death.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee speculates that Nobel may have considered Norway better suited to awarding the prize, as it did not have the same militaristic traditions as Sweden. It notes that at the end of the 19th century, the Norwegian parliament had become involved in the Inter-Parliamentary Union's efforts to resolve conflicts through mediation and arbitration; the Norwegian Parliament appoints the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which selects the Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Each year, the Norwegian Nobel Committee invites qualified people to submit nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize; the statutes of the Nobel Foundation specify categories of individuals who are eligible to make nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. These nominators are: Members of national assemblies and governments and members of the Inter-Parliamentary Union Members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the International Court of Justice at the Hague Members of Institut de Droit International University professors of history, social sciences, philosophy and theology, university presidents, directors of peace research and international affairs institutes Former recipients, including board members of organizations that have received the prize Present and past members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee Former permanent advisers to the Norwegian Nobel Institute Nominations must be submitted to the Committee by the beginning of February in the award year.
Nominations by committee members can be submitted up to the date of the first Committee meeting after this deadline. In 2009, a record 205 nominations were received, but the record was broken again in 2010 with 237 nominations; the statutes of the Nobel Foundation do not allow information about nominations, considerations, or investigations relating to awarding the prize to be made public for at least 50 years after a prize has been awarded. Over time, many individuals have become known as "Nobel Peace Prize Nominees", but this designation has no official standing, means only that one of the thousands of eligible nominators suggested the person's name for consideration. Indeed, in 1939, Adolf Hitler received a satirical nomination from a member of the Swedish parliament, mocking the nomination of Neville Chamberlain. Nominations are considered by the Nobel Committee at a meeting where a short list of candidates for further review is created; this short list is considered by permanent advisers to the Nobel institute, which consists of the Institute's Director and the Research Director and a small number of Norwegian academics with expertise in subject areas relating to the prize.
Advisers have some months to complete reports, which are considered by the Committee to select the laureate. The Committee seeks to achieve a unanimous decision; the Nobel Committee comes to a conclusion in mid-September, but the final decision has not been made until the last meeting before the official announcement at the beginning of October. The Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee presents the Nobel Peace Prize in the presence of the King of Norway on 10 December each year; the Peace Prize is the only Nobel Prize not presented
The 153d Airlift Wing is a unit of the Wyoming Air National Guard, stationed at Cheyenne Air National Guard Base, Wyoming. If activated to federal service, the Wing is gained by the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command; the 153rd Airlift Wing's C-130 Hercules mission is to perform the tactical portion of the airlift mission. The aircraft is capable of operating from rough, dirt strips and is the prime transport for air dropping troops and equipment into hostile areas; the C-130 performs a diverse number of roles, including airlift support, Antarctic ice resupply, aeromedical missions, weather reconnaissance, aerial spray missions, firefighting duties for the U. S. Forest Service and natural disaster relief missions; the 153d Airlift Wing consists of the following units: 153rd Operations Group187th Airlift Squadron 187th Operations Support Squadron 187th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron 243rd Air Traffic Control Squadron153rd Maintenance Group153rd Maintenance Squadron 153rd Aircraft Maintenance Squadron 153rd Maintenance Operations Flight153rd Mission Support Group153rd Civil Engineer Squadron 153rd Command and Control Squadron 153rd Communications Flight 153rd Force Support Squadron 153rd Logistics Readiness Squadron 153rd Security Forces Squadron153rd Medical Group On 1 July 1957, the Wyoming Air National Guard 187th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was authorized to expand to a group level, the 153d Fighter Group was established by the National Guard Bureau.
The 187th FIS becoming the group's flying squadron. Other squadrons assigned into the group were the 153d Headquarters, 153d Material Squadron, 153d Combat Support Squadron, the 153d USAF Dispensary; the 153d FIG being assigned to the 34th Air Division, Air Defense Command and upgraded to F-86L Sabre Interceptors. The most dramatic change came for the Wyoming unit in 1961 when it changed from an Air Defense Command Fighter-Interceptor unit to flying C-119 Flying Boxcars and airlifting medical patients, with the newly designated 187th Aeromedical Transport Squadron becoming part of Military Air Transport Service. On 21 June 1963 the 187th received C-121 Super Constellation aircraft and expanded its military airlift role to worldwide mission capabilities. Entering the realm of Southeast Asia and the Vietnam War, the Wyoming Air Guard flew its first mission into the Southeast Asia theater combat zone in late 1964, continued to do so throughout the Vietnam War years. In January 1966, the unit became the 153d Military Airlift Group, under the Military Airlift Command.
In 1972, the 187th received its first turboprop C-130B Hercules aircraft, became a Tactical Airlift Squadron. The C-130 has proven to be one of the toughest and most versatile aircraft built, which the unit continues to fly over 40 years later. In 1975, the Wyoming Air Guard was selected for the unique role of aerial fire fighting. Two Wyoming C-130s were equipped with Modular Airborne FireFighting System and began water/fire retardant bombing of fires throughout the United States; those fire fighting mission still continue through the present. In the meantime, the 153d Tactical Airlift Group expanded to flying missions with the US Southern Command out of Howard AFB, Panama, as part of Operation Phoenix Oak. From supplying embassies in Central and South America, to searching for sinking ships in the middle of tropical storms, the Wyoming C-130s and aircrews have carried out military and humanitarian missions, right up to the present day; those missions continued through Operation Just Cause in 1989-90 when Panama was designated a combat zone.
Beginning 5 August 1990, the first day of Operation Desert Shield, into Operation Desert Storm the Wyoming Air Guard flew continental U. S. and Central and South America missions. During that time, the Wyoming 187th Aeromedical Evacuation Flight and the 153d Clinic were both activated by order of the President of the United States, with a large number of those medical personnel being sent to Saudi Arabia. After the hostilities, Wyoming Guard members continued with Operation Provide Comfort, which supplied humanitarian aid to Kurdish people displaced by the Iraqi military. In April 1997 the Wyoming 153d Airlift Wing was reassigned to the Air Mobility Command, continued its federal and state airlift, fire fighting, humanitarian missions. From 10 November – 5 December 1997, the Wyoming Air National Guard flew 250 airborne fire-fighting missions in the jungles of Indonesia as Operation Thrust Rapid, No. 1. This was the first time U. S. airborne fire fighting had been done outside of the continental U.
S. As with the rest of the U. S. military, the wing's focus changed abruptly on 11 September 2001. Responding the 153 AW became the first unit to resume flying, by answering the call to ferry blood donations around the western United States. By the end of September all of the 153rd Security Forces Squadron had been called to active duty and assigned to active Air Force bases; as a result, numerous individuals volunteered to be activated as security forces augmentees, an assignment that lasted half a year for many. Three others volunteered for temporary civilian airport security duties; as the Global War on Terrorism expanded to include operations in Iraq and continued operations in Afghanistan, the 153rd Airlift Wing answered the nations call. In addition to its ongoing commitment to MAFFS, Operation Joint Forge in Europe, Coronet Oak in Latin America, the 153 AW maintained a two-year-long, two-aircraft commitment to Operation Iraqi Freedom during 2004-2005. In 2006 and 2007 the unit returned to Afghanistan for two and three aircraft Aerospace Expeditionary Force rotations.
WNHI is a Christian Worship formatted radio station. Licensed to Farmington, New Hampshire, the station's transmitter is located in New Durham, studios are located in Rochester; the station serves the Portsmouth, New Hampshire area, is owned by Educational Media Foundation. The station signed on in 1999 with a deep oldies format as WZEN, competing with WQSO. WZEN adopted the WMEX letters shortly after they were dropped by what is now WQOM in 2001; the WMEX call letters, which were used during the 1980s on what is now WWDJ in Boston as well as WCLX in Westport, NY in the Burlington, VT market, refer to a popular top-40 station of the 1960s and 1970s on 1510 AM in Boston, Massachusetts. In 2005, the station adjusted to hot AC as "X106", but returned to a more mainstream oldies format as "106.5 WMEX". On January 28, 2008, AllAccess.com reported that the station was in the process of being sold to the Educational Media Foundation for $1 million. When the sale was finalized, the station had been expected to change call letters and become the first New Hampshire affiliate of EMF's K-LOVE Christian contemporary music network.
On June 2, 2008, the station went out with the Righteous Brothers' "Rock n Roll Heaven" as its last tune. While the station changed its call letters to WKHL, implying that it would join K-LOVE, the station ended up joining sister network Air 1 instead. A few weeks the call sign was again changed, this time to the current WNHI; the WMEX call sign was subsequently assigned to a construction permit for a station at 88.7 MHz in Edgartown, MA, is now used on WMEX-LP in Rochester and WMEX in Boston. Gary James - General Manager and WMEX Morning Personality from 2002–2008. Gene Vallee - 2002 Sales Manager and a D. J. voice of WMEX DJ Shadow Walker - On Air Personality from 2005– 2008 Dennis Jackson - 1994, Owner Gary James, Program Director of 1150/WMEX in Boston during the 1980s Jack Armstrong - 1968 Larry Caringer - 1988 Jim Connors - Music Director & AM Drive Host, Early to mid 1970s aka:JC. Mark Davis - 1969 Dan Donovan I - 1959 a.k.a. Johnny Dark Dan Donovan II - 1960 a.k.a. Arthur Mctague Dan Donovan III - 1965 a.k.a.
Dan Donovan Jack Gale - 1963 Arnie'Woo-Woo' Ginsburg - 1959 Larry Glick - 1963 Jim Harrington - 1973 Bobby Holiday - 1967 a.k.a. Robert Stoehr Johnny Lujack - 1967 a.k.a. Larry Lujack Melvin X. Melvin - 1958 a.k.a. Tom Shovan Maury Parent Bill Rock - 1972, Now on Sirius Satellite Radio Brad Shepard - 1987 Dick Summer - 1969 Charlie Tuna - 1967, Now at KRTH. Little Walter - 1986 Jerry Williams - 1961 Rick Williams - 1972 a.k.a. Russ Oasis J. Michael Wilson - 1972 Query the FCC's FM station database for WNHI Radio-Locator information on WNHI Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WNHI