The Stockholm Underground is a rapid transit system in Stockholm, Sweden. The first line opened in 1950, today the system has 100 stations in use, of which 47 are underground and 53 above ground. There are three coloured main lines on the tube maps; these do however form seven actual routes. Routes number 17, 18 and 19, 13 and 14 and 10 and 11 all go through Stockholm City Centre in a centralized metro system. All seven actual lines use The T-Centralen hub station. Apart from this central station for the metro, there exists just one other junction, the Fridhemsplan station, although both the green and red lines are mutually accessible at the Slussen and Gamla Stan stations; the underground is like the London Underground and the Paris Métro, but unlike the U-Bahn and S-Bahn in Berlin, in that it is equipped with ticket gates. Single tickets must be bought in advance, or at ticket machines that are available in all underground stations and on several tram- bus- or boat stops. Passengers can buy tickets at the ticket booth, just by the gates to the underground.
In 2017, the underground carried 353 million passengers, which corresponds to 1,2 million in a normal weekday. The 105.7-kilometre-long underground system is owned by the Stockholm County Council through the company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. The operation is contracted to MTR Nordic since 2 November 2009; the Stockholm underground system has been called'the world's longest art gallery', with more than 90 of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, rock formations, paintings, installations and reliefs by over 150 different artists. The decision to build an underground was made in 1941; the following years, in some cases earlier, some routes were built with near underground standard but operated with trams. These included Slussen -- Blåsut and Telefonplan -- Hägerstensåsen; the first part of the metro was opened on 1 October 1950, from Slussen to Hökarängen, having been converted from tram to metro operation. In 1951 a second line from Slussen to Stureby was opened. In 1952, a second system, from Hötorget to the western suburbs was opened.
In 1957, the two parts were connected via the Central station and the Old Town, forming the Green Line. During the period 1950-1960 the Green Line was extended piece by piece; the Red Line was opened in 1964, from T-Centralen over Liljeholmen ending in Fruängen and Örnsberg, both in the Southwest. It was extended piece by piece until 1978, when it reached Mörby centrum via a bridge over Stocksundet sea strait; the third and final system, the Blue Line, was opened in 1975, with two lines running northwest from the city center. As the construction requirements have become more strict over the years, newer segments have more tunnels than older, the Blue Line is all in tunnel; the latest addition to the whole network, Skarpnäck station, was opened in 1994. There are 100 stations in use in the Stockholm metro. One station, was built but never taken into use. One station has been demolished; the Bagarmossen old surface station was demolished and replaced with a new underground station, this being prior to the metro extension to the Skarpnäck metro station.
The Stockholm metro is well known for its decoration of the stations. Several of the stations are left with the bedrock exposed and unfinished, or as part of the decorations. At Rissne, an informative wall fresco about the history of Earth's civilizations runs along both sides of the platform; the following details relate to the present network. The designations "blue line", etc. have only been used since the late 1970s, only since the 1990s. They originated from the fact that the "blue line" tended to operate newer train stock painted blue, while the "green line" had older stock in the original green livery. There was never any red painted stock, but red was chosen to differentiate this line from the other two networks on route maps; the Green line has 3 routes and 49 stations: 37 above ground stations. The track is 41,256 metres long, it opened 1 October 1950. It is used by 451,000 passengers per workday or 146 million per year; the Red line has 2 routes and 36 stations: 15 above ground stations.
The track is 41,238 metres long. It opened 5 April 1964, it is used by 394,000 passengers per workday or 128 million per year. The Blue line has 20 stations: 19 subterranean and one elevated station; the track is 25,516 metres long. It opened 31 August 1975, it is used by 171,000 passengers per 55 million per year. Trains are operated with extended all night service on Fridays and Saturdays. All lines have trains every 10 minutes during daytime, reduced to every 15 minutes in early mornings and late evenings, every 30 minutes during nights. Additional trains in peak hours gives a train every 5–6 minutes on most stations, with 2–3 minutes between trains on the central parts of the network; the metro contains four interchanges and lacks any kind
Tegelbacken is a junction at Norrmalm in Central Stockholm and the name of several streets that contains the junction. At Tegelbacken the traffic are connected to the Centralbron, Nynäsvägen and Gamla stan
Arlanda Express is an airport rail link connecting Stockholm Central Station with the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport outside Stockholm, Sweden. Operated by A-Train AB, the trip takes 20 minutes and runs four to six times per hour using seven X3 electric multiple units; the services operate over the East Coast Line and the Arlanda Line and call at Stockholm Central Station, Arlanda North Station and Arlanda South Station. The service was used by 2.7 million passengers in 2007 and by 3.3 million passengers in 2012. Planning of the airport link started in the 1980s. In 1993 the Government of Sweden issued a tender for a public–private partnership to build the Arlanda Line; the construction of the line was subsidized with a combination of some state grants and large state loans. The successful tenderer would receive a monopoly on traffic between the airport and Stockholm until 2040; the line and the services were inaugurated on 25 November 1999. The PPP contract has since been criticized for being unclear, uneconomical for the state and leading to a low utilization of the service.
The Arlanda Express connects the city center of Stockholm, at Stockholm Central Station, to the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport. At the airport, the train serves two stations: Arlanda South Station, which serves terminals 2, 3 and 4, Arlanda North Station, which serves terminal 5. From Stockholm to Rosersberg, the train follows the East Coast Line, from there to the airport, the Arlanda Line; the train operates four times per hour. As of August 2016, the standard price for a one-way ticket is SEK 280, although discounts are offered for children, seniors, on special travel days and for return trips under certain conditions; the Arlanda Express is operated by A-Train, a subsidiary of Macquarie Group, which built the Arlanda Line as part of a public–private partnership. The company holds an exclusive concession to operate any train service between Stockholm and the airport. In addition, the company is free to charge other train operators that use the Arlanda Line and stop at Arlanda Central Station; the Arlanda Express is operated by seven four-car X3 electric multiple units.
The units were built by Alstom's Birmingham plant in 1998 and 1999. The train consists of two non-powered center cars; the trains have a maximum power output of 2,240 kilowatts. They weigh 187 tonnes; each car has two doors on each side, the train has seating for 190 passengers. There is a baggage area beside each door, seating for people with a disability and a toilet in the middle of the train; the Arlanda Express' three stations have a special platform height that allows level access to the trains from the platforms. In 2006, the trains were renovated and received new interiors in three different color schemes, green and blue, designed by the former Swedish tennis player Björn Borg's eponymous fashion label. Plans for an airport rail link from the central business district of Stockholm and the airport was launched in the early 1980s; the goal was to reduce road congestion and emissions while allowing Arlanda to keep increasing passenger numbers. The Swedish Rail Administration made a specific plan in the late 1980s which involved the construction of a branch from the existing East Coast Line.
This resulted in a project plan, launched in 1990, which suggested Rosersberg and Odensala as the intersections with the existing line. The political decision to build the line was taken in 1993. Estimates at the time gave a ridership of 5.1 million passengers per year in 2005. The Swedish Rail Administration had proposed that the line was to be built with the government agency as owner and with either SJ or private railway companies as train operators. However, the Cabinet of Carl Bildt wanted private sector involvement in the construction and operation of the line. In 1993, the Government put in place a public tender to operate the line. In 1994, Arlanda Link Consortium was chosen, consisting of the Nordic Construction Company, SIAB, Vattenfall, GEC Alsthom and Mowlem. A-Banan Projekt AB was established as a limited company in 1994 to oversee the project; the consortium established A-Train AB to be the project developer and operate the Arlanda Express until 2040. The legal responsibility for the project was transferred from the consortium to A-Train in 1995.
As part of the agreement, A-Train received from the Swedish Government 850 million Swedish krona in a grant and SEK 1 billion in a loan to help finance the project. The company was allowed to operate a shuttle service from Stockholm C to Arlanda and charge a non-discriminating fee for all other trains using the line. Total investment costs for the project were SEK 6 billion, of which SEK 2 billion was financed through state grants to the Swedish Rail Administration who built the quadruple track along the East Coast Line; the public–private partnership part of the project involved two new tracks at Stockholm C and the Arlanda Line, costing SEK 4.1 billion. Of this, SEK 2.4 billion was financed by the state. In addition, the state held a financial guarantee to Nordea for the X3 trains, should A-Train fail to meets its financial obligations to the bank. A-Train was granted an interest-free deferral on the payment of the fees at Stockholm C and Arlanda, costing the state SEK 90 million. Of A-Train's capital loan for SEK 2.2 billion, SEK 1.8 billion was borrowed from three state-owned financial institutions: the Swedish National Debt Office, the Swedish Export Credit Corporation and the Nordic Investment Bank.
In addition, 20% of the share capital was secured through Vattenfall's equity in the company. The Arlanda Line and the Arlan
Islandstorget metro station
Islandstorget is a station in the Stockholm metro on the green line. The station is located in Södra Ängby and it is an overground station; the entrance is from Blackebergsvägen. On a workday there's some 2800 passengers; the station was opened in 1952. Images of Islandstorget station
Roslagsbanan is a narrow gauge urban railway system in Roslagen, Stockholm County, Sweden. Its combined route length is 65 kilometres and there are 38 stations, it is built to the Swedish three foot gauge. The line starts in Stockholm at Stockholm East Station, it goes north and splits into three branch lines at the junction stations Djursholms Ösby and Roslags Näsby. It is double track between Rydbo and Åkersberga; the rest is single track, but the line to Vallentuna was being doubled in 2012 and Rydbo-Åkers Runö in 2013. There are passing loops at some stations on the single track sections: at Altorp, Hägernäs, Österskär, Visinge, Täby kyrkby, Lindholmen and Kårsta. Following a 2017 agreement between the Swedish state, Stockholm County, the affected municipalities, the line will be extended to the centrally located underground hub T-Centralen, with construction to begin in 2022; the railway, owned by the Stockholm County Council through the public transport company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, is not part of the nationally owned network.
It is the only narrow gauge railway in Sweden still in use for commercial traffic. Roslagsbanan is part of the Stockholm public transport system, it is operated under contract by Arriva Sverige from 7 January 2013. Arriva Sverige took over from previous contracted company Roslagståg AB, a joint venture by the Danish DSB and Tågkompaniet. Despite its age and limited capacity it is one of the most used railways in Sweden. Since the late 1980s, the railway has but been upgraded to a modern standard with modernised rolling stock, higher platforms and straighter tracks allowing increased speed. There are 15 departures from Stockholm East in the evening rush hour. In 2016, the raliway had a ridership of 48,000 journeys per day; the stations along Roslagsbanan are marked with a J symbol, which stands for the generic term järnvägsstation and is similar to the T symbol used by the Stockholm underground railway stations and the S used for tram stops. Roslagsbanan is now used by Storstockholms lokaltrafik for commuter transport.
The present network comprises most of the southern part of what was once a much bigger network, made up of owned railways all over Roslagen, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with the countryside and used for passenger and freight trains. For more information on this, see the history section below; the line numbers are not displayed on the trains. In the timetables of Samtrafiken, the lines do not have the numbers as stated above, but the numbers 121 for the line to Kårsta, 122 for the line to Österskär and 123 for the line to Näsbypark; the present train sets were manufactured by ABB Railcar and delivered in 1988–1995. The train sets are maintained and operated by Roslagståg; the trains are made up of three different bogie vehicle types: Motor coach X10p Number of vehicles: 35, Seating capacity: 72, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 27.7 tonnes, Power rating: 400 kW, Maximum speed: 80 km/h Driving trailer UBxp Number of vehicles: 34, Seating Capacity: 76, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 16.3 tonnes Intermediate trailer UBp Number of vehicles: 32, Seating Capacity: 80, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 16 tonnes The trains were refurbished in 2011–2013, where some carriages were rebuilt with low floors, enabling wheelchair and pram access.
The refurbishment included new interiors and exteriors. There are some problems with the rolling stock; the carriages had poor wheelchair accessibility due to narrow doors and stairs. The trains are very noisy considering the railway goes through built up suburban areas; because of this SL began the process of finding a company from which to order modern trains to meet the rising demand for departures on Roslagsbanan in 2010. 22 new trains were ordered from Stadler Rail in 2016 and are scheduled to be delivered in 2020. They are going to be named X15p. Improvements are ongoing to reduce congestion and improve service on the biggest lines serving Täby and Vallentuna. New double track sections are built; the plan is to have double track to Åkersberga and to Vallentuna in 2014. There are plans to upgrade the current maximum speed of 80 to 120 km/h. New trains are needed for the traffic increase which are expected to be delivered in 2014. Along with the new trains, the old X10p in service will be repaired and modified into a more modern look.
A feasibility study into extending the Roslagsbanan to Arlanda Airport was completed in 2010, followed by a public consultation in 2012. The present Roslagsbanan was once just the southern part of a large narrow gauge system throughout Roslagen and eastern Uppland, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with ports, smaller towns and parts of the countryside and used for both freight and passenger transport. In 1885 the line from Stockholm East Station to Rimbo was opened, today the longest branch of Roslagsbanan, it was built and operated by the private enterprise Stockholm-Rimbo Järnväg. In 1909 SRJ changed its name to Stockholm–Roslagens Järnvägar following the take-over of companies running adjacent lines. Roslagsbanan is one of the oldest electrified railway lines for public transport in Europe; the first Stockholm–Djursholm suburban section, was electrified in 1892, at the time continued in
Tranebergsbron is a double arch bridge in central Stockholm, Sweden. Stretching over the strait Tranebergssund it connects the major island Kungsholmen to the western suburb Bromma, it has a road and metro tracks. Part of the ambition of King Gustav III to construct a road from the city to the palace at Drottningholm Palace, the first bridge at this location was a floating bridge finished in 1787, defrayed by the funds granted the king as christening gift while named crown prince in 1779; as neglected maintenance made it necessary to rebuild the bridge by the 1850s, the new floating bridge was relocated southwards, thus reaching into the valley on the western shore. As population in the western suburbs grew in the early 20th century, the necessity of a bridge allowing cars and trams became apparent, 1911-1914 a pontoon bridge was built in parallel to the old bridge. With its concrete abutments, steel rafts and superstructure, the bridge was 227 metres in length, 6.3 metres wide, had a 37 metres long swing span to allow the passage of ships.
Soon insufficient, it was widened to 8.5 metres in 1921-22, at the same time the old floating bridge closed for traffic. The western suburbs continued to prosper however, soon after a decision in the City Council in 1931 work begun on a double concrete arch bridge - for a year the largest in the world - some 100 metres north of the existent bridge; when inaugurated in 1934, the bridge was 580 metres long and 27.4 metres wide, with beam viaducts, with spans of 13 metres, flanking the main 181 metres wide double arch on both sides. A vertical clearance of 26 metres was chosen because of a planned sea port north of the bridge; the bridge was divided into one for the tramway. In the early 1950s the tramway was converted to metro railway; the design work for the 1934 bridge was credited to Swedish architect Paul Hedqvist. By the end of the 20th century, the roadway was in such bad state the bridge had to be shut off for heavy vehicles during a long period. After a new third arch bridge had been added south of the old and inaugurated in 2002, the two original bridges were in practice rebuilt and the entire structure inaugurated by Crown Princess Victoria August 31, 2005.
List of bridges in Stockholm Västerbron Essingeleden Ekelundsbron Alviksbron Gröndalsbron Tekniska museet - A photo of the bridge in 1912. Stockholmskällan - Historical images of Tranebergsbron
Stockholm Public Transport Stockholm Transport and referred to as SL, is the organisation running all of the land based public transport systems in Stockholm County. SL has its origins in AB Stockholms Spårvägar, a city-owned public transit company which started in 1915 by the City of Stockholm with the aim to deprivatize the two separate private tramway networks into one more efficient company. SS would in the late 1920s acquire private motorbus companies; the first part of the Stockholm Metro was opened in 1950. SS was renamed to SL in January 1967 when the metro, local train, bus operations in Stockholm County were merged into a single organisation under the supervision of Stockholm County Council; the different mass transit systems within the County had until been run by different organisations, Statens Järnvägar, private companies and companies owned by the local municipalities. In 1993 SL began to use independent contractors for the operation and maintenance of the different transport systems.
For bus traffic the operators own the buses, but for rail bound traffic the SL own the trains, the contractors operate them. The contractors used by SL are as of 2017 the following: Arriva Bus traffic in Danderyd, Ekerö, Sollentuna, Sundbyberg, Täby, Upplands Väsby, Vaxholm, Västerort and Österåker. Rail traffic on Saltsjöbanan, Nockebybanan and Tvärbanan. Keolis Bus traffic in Stockholm City Centre, Huddinge, Lidingö, Salem, Söderort and Värmdö. MTR Nordic Stockholm metro Stockholm commuter rail Nobina Bus traffic in Haninge, Järfälla, Norrtälje, Nynäshamn, Södertälje, Tyresö and Upplands-Bro. AB Stockholms Spårvägar Spårväg City Lidingöbanan Media related to Storstockholms Lokaltrafik at Wikimedia Commons Official website Tram Travels: Storstockholms Lokaltrafik