Nortel Networks Corporation commonly known as Northern Electric and Northern Telecom, was a multinational telecommunications and data networking equipment manufacturer headquartered in Mississauga, Canada. It was founded in Quebec, in 1895 as the Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company; until an antitrust settlement in 1949, Northern Electric was owned principally by Bell Canada and the Western Electric Company of the Bell System, producing large volumes of telecommunication equipment based on licensed Western Electric designs. At its height, Nortel accounted for more than a third of the total valuation of all the companies listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange, employing 94,500 people worldwide. In 2009, Nortel filed for bankruptcy protection in Canada and the United States, triggering a 79% decline of its corporate stock; the bankruptcy case was the largest in Canadian history, left pensioners and former employees with enormous losses. By 2016 Nortel had sold billions of dollars' worth of assets.
Courts in the U. S. and Canada approved a negotiated settlement of bankruptcy proceedings in 2017. Alexander Graham Bell conceived the technical aspects of the telephone and invented it in July 1874, while residing with his parents at their farm in Tutela Heights, on the outskirts of Brantford, Ontario, he refined its design at Brantford after producing his first working prototype in Boston. Canada's first telephone factory, created by James Cowherd of Brantford, was a three-story brick building that soon started manufacturing telephones for the Bell System, leading to the city's style as The Telephone City. After Cowherd's death in 1881 which resulted in the closure of his Brantford factory, a mechanical production department was created within the Bell Telephone Company of Canada and production of Canadian telephone equipment was transferred to Montreal in 1882, to compensate the restrictions on importing telephone equipment from the United States. In addition to telephones, four years the department started manufacturing switchboards, at first the 50-line Standard Magneto Switchboard.
The small manufacturing department expanded yearly with the growth and popularity of the telephone to 50 employees in 1888. By 1890 it had been transformed into its own branch of operations with 200 employees, a new factory was under construction; as the manufacturing branch expanded, its production ability increased beyond the demand for telephones, it faced closure for several months a year without manufacturing other products. The Bell Telephone Company of Canada's charter prohibited the company to build other products. In 1895, the Bell Telephone of Canada spun off its manufacturing arm to build telephones for sale to other companies, as well as other products, such as fire alarm boxes, police street call boxes, fire department call equipment; this company was incorporated as the Northern Manufacturing Company Limited. Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company Limited was incorporated on December 7, 1895, by the following corporate members: Charles Fleetford Sise Sr. President of Bell Canada – Provisional Director.
McFarlane, all of the city and district of Montreal, Quebec. The initial stock capital was $50,000 at $100 per share, with 93 percent held by the Bell Telephone Company of Canada and the remainder held by the seven corporate members above; the first general stockholders meeting was held on March 24, 1896. In December 1899, The Bell Telephone Company of Canada bought a cabling company for $500,000. Northern Electric and Manufacturing further expanded its product line in 1900, manufacturing the first Canadian wind-up gramophones that played flat discs. In 1911 the Wire and Cable company changed its name to the Imperial Cable Company; the construction of a new manufacturing plant started in 1913 at Shearer Street in Montreal, Canada, as preparations began for the two manufacturing companies' integration. In January 1914, the Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company and the Imperial Wire and Cable Company merged into the Northern Electric Company known as Northern Electric, the new company opened the doors on a new manufacturing plant in January 1915.
This facility at Shearer Street was the primary manufacturing centre until the mid-1950s. Edward Fleetford Sise was the president and his brother Paul Fleetford Sise was the vice-president and general manager. During the First World War Northern Electric manufactured the Portable Commutator, a one-wire telegraphic switchboard for military operations in the field. In 1922, Northern started to produce, for $5, the "Peanut" vacuum tube, which required only a single dry-cell battery; the use of alternating current was still under development during this time. The "Northern Electric Peanut tube was the smallest tube made, drew only one-tenth of an ampere and was the most remarkable radio frequency amplifier made." During the 1920s Northern Electric made kettles, cigar lighters, electric stoves, washing machines. In January 1923, Northern Electric started to operate an AM radio station with call letters CHYC, in the Shearer Street plant, much of the programming was religious services for the Northern Electric employees and families in the community.
In July 1923, CHYC-AM was the first radio station to provide entertainment to the riders of the transcontinental train, in a parlo
COM is the original, yet still common, name of the serial port interface on PC-compatible computers. It can refer not only to physical ports, but to emulated ports, such as ports created by Bluetooth or USB-to-serial adapters. Most PC-compatible computers in the 1980s and 1990s had two COM ports; as of 2007, most computers shipped with no physical COM ports. As of 2014, consumer-grade PC-compatible computers don't include any COM ports, though some of them do still include a COM header on the motherboard. After the RS-232 COM port was removed from most consumer-grade computers in the 2000s, an external USB-to-UART serial adapter cable was used to compensate for the loss. A major supplier of these chips is FTDI; the COM ports are interfaced by an integrated circuit such as 16550 UART. This IC has seven internal 8-bit registers which hold information and configuration data about which data is to be sent or was received, the baud rate, interrupt configuration and more. In the case of COM1, these registers can be accessed by writing to or reading from the I/O addresses 0x3F8 to 0x3FF.
If the CPU, for example, wants to send information out on COM1, it writes to I/O port 0x3F8, as this I/O port is "connected" to the UART IC register which holds the information, to be sent out. The COM ports in PC-compatible computers are defined as: COM1: I/O port 0x3F8, IRQ 4 COM2: I/O port 0x2F8, IRQ 3 COM3: I/O port 0x3E8, IRQ 4 COM4: I/O port 0x2E8, IRQ 3 Device file Parallel port Serial port Input/Output Base Address Serial Port Complete: COM Ports, USB Virtual COM Ports, Ports for Embedded Systems. How to Interface Hardware in COM ports Java Simple Serial Connector - library for work with serial ports from Java. Support Windows: Win98-Win8, Mac OS X: 10.5-10.8, Solaris OS
Patrick Mullins known as Pat, was an Irish born champion trainer of Great Britain. He met Linda Chapelle and they had four sons, they ran the greyhound business from kennels in Essex. They married in 1980 but Pat collapsed and died while working at the kennels just one year in 1981, he trained from kennels near Hadleigh and won the 1978 English Greyhound Derby with Lacca Champion. He trained out of the Old Hall Kennels in Mistley, Manningtree and won a Scottish Greyhound Derby, Pall Mall, three Grand Prix's and a Gold Collar. Linda took over the kennels following his death in March 1981. Despite being Irish born he was voted the United Kingdom Greyhound Trainer of the Year in 1980
The T-23 was a prototype tankette developed by the Soviet Union during the interwar period. Only 5 Examples of the vehicle were produced; the development of the T-23 began in 1929. The Red Army, now with experience from the earlier T-17 tankette, began development of the T-23; the design featured 2 crew members with a single 7.62 mm DT machine gun as the primary armament. The armour was up to 10 mm thick on the front and sides of the vehicle, it was equipped as well with a tail, similar to that of the T-18 tank. Many of the original design features of the tank were changed during the development; the T-23 was to contain the same 35 hp 4 cylinder engine as the T-18 light tank but this was changed to a larger 60 hp version to enable it to reach speeds of up to 40 km/h. The length of the tank was increased by 30 cm from original specifications; the T-23 never proceeded past the stage of a prototype stage. The design changes introduced to the tankette caused the price of production to rival that of the T-18 light tank itself, which had a much more powerful armament and a rotating turret.
There were only 5 examples produced before the project was scrapped in favour of licensing the Carden Loyd tankette from the United Kingdom in 1930. This design was subsequently modified into the T-27 tankette and began full production in 1931
Zoltán Böszörmény was a leading exponent of Fascism in Hungary before the Second World War. The son of a bankrupt landowner, he worked a series of odd jobs, ranging from a labourer to a porter, he first flirted with politics in 1919 when he became involved in activity against Béla Kun, albeit on a minor scale. Whilst studying at the University of Budapest he became leader of the state student movement and a supporter of Gyula Gömbös. Whilst at University he became a poet, writing patriotic verses published by two agents who would become involved in the organisation of his political movement, he formed the National Socialist Party of Work in 1931, a meeting with Adolf Hitler that same year convinced him further of the benefits of Nazism. The group followed Hitler's lead adopting the brown shirt and swastika whilst publishing the newspaper National Socialist; as the Scythe Cross, Böszörmény's movement grew to have some 20,000 followers at its peak, although Gömbös, fearing the growing power of the movement, suppressed it.
As lead of the movement Böszörmény insisted on the title vezér or'great leader' in imitation of Hitler's Führer. A word-for-word translation of the Nazi Party's National Socialist Program served as the founding document for the Scythe Cross. Despite government attention, Böszörmény managed to hold on to his power base in the Tisza, preaching a mixture of anti-Semitism and land reform. Böszörmény was confident of his own abilities as a leader and thinker, writing in 1932 that "even among the giants of intellect I am a giant, a great Hungarian poet with a prophetic mission". Despite this supreme confidence Böszörmény was frustrated in his attempts to gain power attempting to contest by-elections but failing to gain the necessary recommendations for candidacy on all but one occasion, he was planned to launch a similar coup on Budapest. Dressing his followers in second-hand uniforms, Böszörmény attempted to launch a revolution on 1 May 1936 but it was put down and Böszörmény, who pleaded insanity at his subsequent trial, was sentenced to two and a half years in prison.
He saw out the war there. He petitioned Mátyás Rákosi to allow him to return to Hungary in 1945 as a member of the Hungarian Communist Party, although permission was denied and he is believed to have died in Germany
Rita Gorr was a Belgian operatic mezzo-soprano. She possessed a large, rich-toned voice and was an intense singing-actress in dramatic roles such as Ortrud and Amneris, two of her greatest roles. Gorr was born Marguerite Geirnaert into a working-class family in the industrial town of Zelzate, near Ghent, Belgium. After leaving school she worked as a nurse, where the family who employed her discovered her singing and paid for her first lessons. After vocal studies in Ghent with Vina Bovy, in Brussels with Jeanne Pacquot d'Assy and Germaine Hoerner, she won first prize at the vocal competition of Verviers in 1946, made her professional debut at Antwerp as Fricka in Die Walküre the same year, she became a member of the Opera of Strasbourg from 1949 to 1952. She won another first prize at the vocal competition of Lausanne in 1952; that year she made her Paris debuts at the Opéra-Comique as Charlotte in Werther on 6 March 1952, at the Paris Opéra on 31 October as Magdalena in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.
Her career became international in scope, with debuts at Bayreuth in 1958, the Royal Opera House in 1959, La Scala in 1960, the Metropolitan Opera on October 17, 1962 as Amneris. In four seasons at the Met, she sang Santuzza in Cavalleria rusticana, Eboli in Don Carlos, Azucena in Il trovatore, Dalila, she was a versatile artist, singing with equal success the French and German repertories. She enjoyed a long career singing well into her 60s and 70s and her last role was as the Countess in Tchaikovsky's The Queen of Spades which she performed in the summer of 2007 in Ghent and Antwerp. Gorr believed. Although active on stage, Gorr sang in the concert hall, in works by Schumann and Wagner. Gorr can be heard in two of her greatest roles on recordings: Ortrud in Lohengrin in the 1965 studio performance under Erich Leinsdorf, opposite Sándor Kónya and Lucine Amara, as well as in the 1959 live performance from the Bayreuth Festival conducted by Lovro von Matačić. Other recorded roles include Dalila in Samson and Delilah under Georges Prêtre in 1962, Margared in Le Roi d'Ys under André Cluytens in 1957, Mère Marie in Dialogues des Carmélites under Pierre Dervaux in 1958, Fricka in Die Walküre under Erich Leinsdorf in 1961, as well as both roles of Fricka in Das Rheingold and Die Walküre, Grimgerde in Die Walküre and the Third Norn in Götterdämmerung — all four in live performances at the Bayreuth Festival in 1958 under Hans Knappertsbusch.
She recorded excerpts from Orphée et Eurydice, Hérodiade and La damnation de Faust, as well as recitals on Pathé. Gorr can be heard in one of her rarest roles, in an excerpt from Cherubini's Medea with the Orchestre du Theatre National de l'Opera under George Pretre on ASTX 130502 Pathe-Marconi, in excerpts from two of her other Wagner roles — Isolde and Elisabeth — under André Cluytens on Testament SBT1256. In her life Gorr made her home in Dénia, Spain. Oresko describes her as giving "the impression of regal grandeur and control by the solidness of her vocal production and a unique gift for instinctive authority". Notes SourcesHamilton, D; the Metropolitan Opera Encyclopedia: A Complete Guide to the World of Opera.