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North Gyeongsang Province

North Gyeongsang Province known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945 became part of South Korea. Daegu was the capital of North Gyeongsang Province between 1896 and 1981, but has not been a part of the province since 1981. In 2016, the provincial capital moved from Daegu to Andong; the area of the province is 19.1 % of the total area of South Korea. The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, on the north by Gangwon-do Province. During the summer, North Gyeongsang Province is the hottest province in South Korea; this is helped by the fact that the province is surrounded by mountains: the Taebaek Mountains in the east and the Sobaek Mountains in the west. North Gyeongsang Province is the homeland of the former kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition.

A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province. According to the census of 2005, 33.9 % followed 18.6 % followed Christianity. 47.5% of the population is not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions. Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 13 counties; the names below are given in English and hanja. List of Korea-related topics Liancourt Rocks Gyeongsangbuk-do provincial government in English Alsace/Gyeongsangbuk-do North Gyeongsang Province travel guide from Wikivoyage

Transport in Zambia

This article ia about the transport in Zambia. Total: 2,157 km Railtracker Zambia Railway Network Diagram Zambia Railways Limited — 1,067 mm narrow gauge, 846 km Kitwe-Ndola-New Kapiri Mposhi-Kabwe-Lusaka-Livingstone-Zimbabwe with several freight branches in the Copperbelt totalling 427 km including to DR Congo. Passenger services between Kitwe and Livingstone only. TAZARA Railway — 1,067 mm narrow gauge, 891 km in Zambia: New Kapiri Mposhi-Mpika-Kasama-Dar es Salaam Maamba Colliery Railway, Choma to Masuka, built to carry coal; the Mulobezi Railway is a narrow gauge line constructed to carry timber from Mulobezi to Livingstone. Has been reported at various times as defunct listed in Railtracker but operating status not confirmed. Mulungushi Commuter Line Njanji Commuter Line managed by ZRL, operated from 1991 to 1998 in Lusaka from the Chilenje-Libala to George townships. DR Congo - yes, Ndola to Sakania Lubumbashi - 1,067 mm, freight only.. The current operating status of Chililabombwe-DR Congo link not known.

Tanzania - yes, from Kapiri Mposhi, border crossing at Nakonde, Zambia, to Dar es Salaam, TAZARA railway and freight - 1,067 mm Malawi - Chipata-Mchinji new link opened to traffic in 2010. Mozambique - no direct link, but indirectly to Beira and Maputo via Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe - yes, from Livingstone via the Victoria Falls Bridge to Bulawayo, freight only. Botswana - no direct link, indirectly via Zimbabwe. Namibia - no direct link. Angola - no direct link - but indirectly via DR Congo to Benguela on the Benguela Railway - same gauge 1,067 mm, while the railway was inoperable for many years because of the Angolan Civil War, it has been reconstructed. On 25 August 2007. A branch line from Nseluka on the TAZARA Railway to Mpulungu on Lake Tanganyika has been proposed. A connection from the Chipata Railway when completed to the TAZARA line at Mpika has been mooted; this could be controversial as it would pass through or between the world-famous Luangwa Valley national parks. A more southerly route, linking Eastern Province towns such as Katete and Petauke and going to the TAZARA line at Serenje would by-pass the parks.

Zambia's North-West Extension - 8 February 2006 - Preparatory work is going forward on Zambia's proposed new north-western extension railway from Chingola to Solwezi, estimated to cost about $US235m. The area has excellent mining potential which cannot be exploited without rail facilities; the route has been surveyed and the implications of compensating land owners are being worked out. Australian and American interests are examining the project and the Development Bank of Southern Africa may help with finance; the United States Trade and Development Agency, another prospective source of funding, is looking at the scheme. Hopes have been expressed that the new line might be extended to Mwinilunga and to join Angola's Benguela Railway without relying on the DR Congo link, to restore what was until the 1970s Zambia's main route for exporting copper and other metals. In April 2012, according to newspaper reports, the Zambian government "has issued a permit to North-West Railway Company for construction of the 554km railway line from Chingola to Jimbe on the Angolan border".

The Angolan transport ministry plans to build a line branching off the Benguela Railway at Luacano and entering Zambia from Macango, thus avoiding DR Congo territory. The establishment of this direct link was subject of talks during the visit of an Angolan delegation to Lusaka in May 2012. "The Benguela Railway will improve relations between the two countries as well as transportation of goods. It is encouraging that the railway on the Angolan side will reach the border by next year," said Keith Mukata, Zambian Deputy Minister for Commerce and Industry. UN Map Total: 91,440 km Paved: 20,117 km of which 6,779 km are trunk or main routes. Unpaved: 71,323 km In the 1970s Zambia had one of the best highway networks in sub-Saharan Africa. In 1991 it was estimated by the National Road Fund Agency that 80 percent of the road network had deteriorated and out of total road assets valued at US$2.3 billion, US$400 million had been lost due to neglected maintenance. The government introduced a road fund levy on fuel and that together with international aid has improved the highway network.

In 2004 the NRFA rated 57% of paved roads in good condition, 22% in fair condition and 21% in poor condition. NRFA Zambia Road Network Map showing Road condition and level of use in December 2003 Roads are listed by common name, if any, or main towns served. Major bridges or ferries given in italics. All the listed roads are paved except the Congo Pedicle in DR Congo territory. Note that some share sections, e.g. Great North Road & Tanzam highway between Kapiri Mposhi and Mpika. Usage levels are taken from the NRFA map linked above. Central Lusaka-Copperbelt Road Ndola-Kitwe Road North Great North Road — Chirundu-Kafue-Lusaka-Kapiri Mposhi-Mpika-Isoka-TANZANIA / Chirundu Bridge, Kafue Bridge Tanzam Highway — Kapiri Mposhi-Mpika-TANZANIA Old Great North Road — Mpika-Kasama-Mbala-Mpulungu / Chambeshi Bridge (Low usage

Chronic critical illness

Chronic critical illness is a disease state which affects intensive care patients who have survived an initial insult but remain dependent on intensive care for a protracted period, neither dying nor recovering. The most characteristic clinical feature is a prolonged requirement for mechanical ventilation. Other features include profound weakness associated with critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy, increased susceptibility to infection, metabolic changes and hormonal changes. There may be other marked cognitive impairment; the physical and psychological symptoms of the disease are severe, including a propensity to develop post traumatic stress syndrome. Strict definitions of chronic critical illness vary. One definition is the requirement for mechanical ventilation for 21 days or more, it is estimated that 5-10% of patients who require mechanical ventilation as part of their initial illness will go on to develop chronic critical illness. Overall prevalence has been estimated at 34.4 per 100 000 of the population.

Most adult patients do not survive chronic critical illness, furthermore those who are discharged from hospital die soon after discharge. One-year mortality in adults is 48-68%. However, children fare better with two-thirds surviving beyond. Post-intensive care syndrome

Hanover Island

Hanover Island is an island in the Magallanes Region. It is separated from the Chatham Island by Guías Narrows and Inocentes Channel. In popular fiction the island is featured in Jules Verne's book'Two Years' Vacation'; the book tells the story of 15 boys from Auckland, New Zealand, who spent 2 years on this remote island as result of a storm, which cast their schooner upon the island's shore. There it is called "Chairman Island" after the name of the boys' boarding school. On the continental side there is the Torres del Paine National Park. List of islands of Chile Islands of Chile @ United Nations Environment Programme World island information @ South America Island High Points above 1000 meters United States Hydrographic Office, South America Pilot 1916)

2012 Maya Awards

The 1st Annual Maya Awards was an award ceremony honoring the best in Indonesian films of 2012. The ceremony was held in The Bridge Function Room, Aston Hotel in Taman Rasuna, South Jakarta, on December 15, 2012. Lovely Man was biggest winner film for received four trophy awards in a ceremony night, behind Arisan! 2 and Soegija were taking home double awards each and Sinema Purnama winning for two categories awards. The awards consisted of 27 competitive categories that recognized the best in feature films, short films, animated films, documentary and film review. There were Special Mention Awards, which were awarded to director Gareth Evans, actress Nani Widjaja, actress-singer Ira Maya Sopha. Winners are signified in bold letters. Gareth Evans for The Raid – For mainstreaming Indonesian martial arts, silat, to international audience. Nani Widjaja for Ummi Aminah – For her constant dedication to Indonesian films. Ira Maya Sopha for Mother Keder– For her four-decade career in Indonesian films; the following films received multiple awards: The following films receive multiple nominations: Official website

Toni Iordache

Toni Iordache was a Romani-Romanian lăutar and one of the most famous cimbalom players in the world. He was nicknamed the God of the Paganini of the cimbalom. Toni was born in Bâldana village, near Bucharest, began learning the instrument from his father when he was four; some years his family would move to Bucharest in the Herăstrău neighborhood, where many famous lăutari lived. There, Toni continued to learn from Mitică Ciuciu, a famous cimbalom player in his days. At 12, he was employed at the National Radio Orchestra of Popular Music, he became a member of the Ciocârlia National Ensemble, the primary popular ensemble in the country. With the Ciocârlia Ensemble, Toni Iordache toured the world: many European countries, the USA and Asian countries. In between tours, he would play at weddings. After landing at the airport he would drive directly to a wedding where the other musicians were waiting for him, he won two gold medals: in Vienna and Sofia and appeared as guest soloist on Zoltan Kodaly's'Hary János Suite' performed by the NHK Symphony Orchestra, in Tokyo, in 1973.

Among others, he played with Romica Puceanu, Gabi Luncă, Ion Onoriu, Ionică Minune and with the well-known pan flute player Gheorghe Zamfir. In the early seventies Toni Iordache was arrested for possession of foreign currency, forbidden in communist Romania, he wanted to buy a fur coat for his wife with it. Despite his high popularity and interventions in his favor he was sentenced to three years in jail, his imprisonment was kept undisclosed to the press, only his friends knew. During his time in jail he lost in weight, but he recovered fast after his release and was able to resume his musical activity, his time in jail was made easier by both his fellow inmates and guards that were fond of him. Toni Iordache became ill with diabetes; the doctors recommended to have his leg amputated. He died in February 1988, his friend and fellow musician Costel Vasilescu took care of the funeral. Although he played a lot of the "popular" music, promoted by the communist regime, Toni Iordache remained known among aficionados for his work as a lăutar.

His solos were complex, but clear and beautiful and his improvisations were full of imagination. He was not only a virtuoso player, but a sophisticated one, with a high emphasis on touch, playing the slow pieces with great sensibility, he was able to play two melodic lines at high tempos and knew how to use the full capacities of the cimbalom. The great conductor Sergiu Celibidache embraced him with tears in his eyes after attending one of his shows. Toni Iordache was the one; the great singer Gabi Luncă recounted. Toni Iordache was so concentrated on his solo that he didn't notice the earthquake, he was described as "pure genius" by Chris Nickson in his review from AllMusic. His son Leonard is an accomplished cimbalom player, his grandson Bogdan was studying the cimbalom but died in a highway car accident in July 2011 aged 23. Remember Toni Iordache, Godfather of the cimbalom in Romanian Toni Iordache page at Toni Iordache page at Asphalt Tango Records Allmusic review of Sounds from a Bygone Age, Vol. 4 Toni Iordache record review at Passion Discs Another Toni Iordache record review at Passion Discs