Northam is a town in the Australian state of Western Australia, situated at the confluence of the Avon and Mortlock Rivers, about 97 kilometres east-northeast of Perth in the Avon Valley. At the 2016 census, Northam had a population of 6,548. Northam is the largest town in the Avon region, it is the largest inland town in the state not founded on mining. The area around Northam was first explored in 1830 by a party of colonists led by Ensign Robert Dale, subsequently founded in 1833, it was named by Governor Stirling after a village of the same name in Devon, England. It became a point of departure for explorers and settlers who were interested in the lands which lay to the east; this initial importance declined with the growing importance of the nearby towns of York and Beverley, but the arrival of the railway made Northam the major departure point for prospectors and miners heading east towards the goldfields. A number of older buildings still serve the community. During the 1940s and 1950s in Northam there were extensive camps for displaced persons and immigrants from continental Europe.
The Northam Migrant Accommodation Centre closed in September 1951. It had been the first place of residence in Western Australia for 15,000 immigrants from the Baltic states, Poland, Italy, Ukraine and Bulgaria. During the peak immigration period, Northam had the largest immigrant receiving facilities within the State and the third largest in Australia. By 1950, the camp housed 4,000 people and two new blocks of huts were built to accommodate them all. By May 1954, 23,000 migrants had passed through the Northam Camp once the Accommodation Centre had closed. A significant number of these post-war arrivals settled in the Northam area. On 18 October 2010 the Yongah Hill centre was announced as being established at the former Northam Training Camp, it was not opened until early 2012, and, after it was downsized from the original 1500 expected occupancy, talk of expansion has been happening. It is run by Serco for the Department of Border Protection. In September 2018 a riot broke out at the centre and some buildings were set on fire, after a detainee was found in his cell injured after a suicide attempt.
The detainee, a refugee died. In September 2018, a guard alleged sexually assaulted a detainee; the town and hinterland of Northam are located in the Avon Valley - so named after the river the Avon River. It has been periodically flooded, man-made banks protect the town from inundation; the Avon is a name used by organisations and sporting groups. The river is spanned by a pedestrian suspension bridge. Burlong Pool a pool just south of the town was known as the Burlong swimming pool, in the 1890s the location of the source of water for the Goldfields Water Trains Northam has a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters. A severe thunderstorm lashed the town and surrounding areas on 27 January 2011 resulting in roofs being ripped off, trees being uprooted and power lines being brought down. About 50 houses were damaged in the town as a result of the storm but no injuries were reported. For many years Northam consisted of the Town of Shire of Northam. After 53 years of debates and attempts, these two councils merged on 1 July 2007 to form one new council called the Shire of Northam.
Northam has a number of tourist attractions, including hot air ballooning, cafes & restaurants, museums and motels. Northam is connected to Perth via coach services N3 and N5, rail services Prospector and MerredinLink provided by Transwa. Northam is a major railway junction, serves as the commercial centre for much of the western Wheatbelt; the dual gauge Eastern Railway terminates here and becomes the standard gauge Eastern Goldfields Railway. Narrow gauge radiates both south of the town to York and beyond, north to Goomalling, another rural railway junction. Northam railway station is served by Transwa's AvonLink, MerredinLink and Prospector rural train services, Great Southern Rail's Indian Pacific to Sydney; the original station on Fitzgerald Street was opened in 1900 and closed in 1966 when the new Eastern Railway route became operational. The layout of the pre-1966 narrow gauge railway had a busy junction at East Northam; the Western Australian Government Railways created it as the Avon Marshalling Yard, more recent operators in the yards such as Australian Railroad Group have named it the Avon Yard.
Northam has a senior high school that conducts classes from Year 7 to Year 12. It has 3 public primary schools – Northam Primary School, West Northam Primary School and Avonvale Primary School – that conduct classes from kindergarten to Year 6. Northam has St Josephs, which provides an alternative to public schools. St Josephs conducts classes from kindergarten to Year 12. Northam has some committed sporting teams. Australian rules football is an obsession with many of the people of Western Australia. Northam has two teams that play in the Avon Football Association competition and Railways. Field and indoor hockey and netball attract significant numbers of players and spectators. Individual sports such as tennis and cycling including BMX are popular; the BMX State Championships were held in Northam in 2003 with 3,000 competitors and spectators attending the event for over a week with Northam competitors showing their dominance in the sport in the state. Three local
Harry Caples was an Australian representative rugby league player. His club football was played with the Eastern Suburbs club. A former schoolboy star, Caples attended St. Joseph's College, Hunters Hill before being graded by the Roosters in 1916, he played 110 matches for the club in the years. A five-eighth, Caples captained Easts to the club's fourth premiership in 1923, scoring two tries in that match. Caples was selected for the 1921–22 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain, he played for Australia in two Tests on tour and 22 minor tour matches. He is listed on the Australian Players Register as Kangaroo No. 117. During his career he represented for three different states New South Wales and Victoria. After his premiership success in 1923, Harry Caples moved to Victoria in 1924 at the direction of ARL executive Harry Sunderland to help organize Rugby League in the southern states. Sydney's Evening News newspaper quoted: "Mr Sunderland is making strong efforts to place the game on a solid footing in Melbourne, he has approached several noted players to go south and give their services."Sunderland sent him to Ipswich, Queensland in 1925 and he played there for a number of years.
Caples captain-coached Wagga Wagga in 1928, before returning to Easts for one last season in 1929. Caples died after contracting Meningitis at the young age of 35. A large funeral was held for him at the Sacred Heart Church, Randwick and he was buried at Randwick Cemetery, he was survived by three young children. Whiticker, Alan & Collis, Ian The History of Rugby League Clubs, New Holland, Sydney Andrews, Malcolm The ABC of Rugby League Austn Broadcasting Corpn, Sydney Queensland representatives at qrl.com.au
Steleopteron deichmuelleri is a species of extinct winged damselfly in the family Steleopteridae, which lived in modern Germany during the Upper Jurassic era. The holotype 1903. V3 1985/4, a dissociated exoskeleton, was found in the Lower Tithonian sediments at Eichstatt, Bavaria, Germany; the Austrian paleoentomologist Anton Handlirsch described it in 1906. The body of the holotype reaches 60 mm in length and 3 mm in width, wings – 39 mm in length and 6 mm in width, they were fast insectivorous predators. The species belongs to the extinct insect family Steleopteridae, the genus Steleopteron, is its type species. A sister taxon is Steleopteron cretacicus
Without Feathers is the second album by Montreal indie rock band the Stills. It was released May 2006 by Vice Records; the album was produced by Gus Van Go. Emily Haines from fellow indie band Metric appeared on "Baby Blues," while Jason Collett of Broken Social Scene and Sam Roberts were featured on the track "Oh Shoplifter"; the album debuted at No. 6 on the Top Heatseekers chart, but failed to hit the Billboard 200. In Canada, the album did not fare well on the charts, it premiered at No. 51 before moving out of the Top 100 the following week. The album was released in the UK in 2007 by Drowned in Sound Recordings, including two new tracks. Without Feathers featured a major personnel change, it was the first Stills album to feature keyboardist Liam O'Neil as a full-time member, was the debut for drummer Julien Blais. The album marked a big change in sound, from the 1980s-influenced post-punk revivalism of their debut to a happier, more rootsy Americana-oriented approach, which Pitchfork termed "cheerful and heartfelt"
Maggie Holland is an English singer and songwriter. She was born and raised in Alton, Hampshire and became involved in the local folk club scene in the late 1960s, she has played in a number of bands and formed a number of collaborations with other artists, but has become well known in recent times as a solo artist and songwriter. She enjoys singing songs with meaningful words and has named her major influences as Bob Dylan, Al Stewart, Dave Evans, Leon Rosselson, Billy Bragg, Bruce Cockburn and Robb Johnson. Several of her own songs have entered the repertoires of notable artists, such as Martin Carthy and June Tabor and, in 2000, Holland received the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards "Best Song of 1999" for her song "A Place Called England". Colin Irwin wrote of her in fRoots magazine: "The proof that outstanding contemporary songs are still being written”, she now lives in Scotland. Her first work as a professional musician was as bassist and singer in Hot Vultures, alongside Ian A. Anderson. By this time she had moved to Surrey.
Hot Vultures toured and recorded from 1973 to 1979. Hot Vultures became the English Country Blues Band when Holland and Anderson were joined by Rod Stradling and Sue Harris; the ECBB expanded to become Tiger Moth, an electric country dance band, which lasted until 1989. This was a further expansion of the Tiger Moth line-up, including occasional musicians from around the world, represented a move away from purely English and American traditions to become one of the first "crossover" world music bands. Alongside Holland and the other Tiger Moth members, line-ups have included such respected international musicians as Flaco Jimenez, Dembo Konte, Kausu Kuyateh, Hijaz Mustapha and Abdul Tee-Jay. From 1980, whilst continuing as a member of the ECBB and its successor Tiger Moth, began performing as a solo artist and accompanying herself on guitar or banjo, performing a mix of modern and traditional British and American songs, she released her first solo album, Still Pause, in 1983. She occasionally performed as a duo with Chris Coe, including a tour of the far east in 1985.
In 1985 she was the female lead singer in the National Theatre's 3-month run of Tony Harrison's Mysteries trilogy. Holland moved from Farnham to Oxford in 1986. Holland continued to punctuate her solo career with collaborations with other artists whose work she admired. In 1987 Holland began to write her first songs, encouraged by Jon Moore, one of her colleagues from Tiger Moth, with whom she had made an EP, her writing, whilst not prolific, is of great quality, has met with much critical acclaim. Holland wrote this in April 1991 about the Gulf War, it was first published on her 1992 album Down to the Bone. In the year Martin Carthy recorded it with Dave Swarbrick for their album Skin and Bone. An earlier live version sung by Martin Carthy on 17 October 1991 at Graffiti's, was released in 2001 on "The Carthy Chronicles". Credited jointly with Jon Moore, this is a sentimental journey back to her childhood in Alton, the nostalgia tinged with sadness at the changes wrought on small parts of all our lives by "progress".
Composed while she was living in Farnham, this collaboration with Moore focuses on the fact that it is not just inner cities which have their problem areas. Her observational skills are unclouded by the sentiment which she feels; the song which won Holland an award in the inaugural BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards was inspired by Christopher Hill's book "The World Turned Upside Down", Leon Rosselson's song of the same name, Naomi Mitchison's "Sea-Green Ribbons", William Cobbett's "Cottage Economy", Hamish Henderson's "Freedom Come-All-Ye", Jean Giono's "The Man Who Planted Trees" and "animated discussions with proud and passionate Scots like Dick Gaughan". A Loughborough Folk Festival programme stated: "Maggie Holland is one of the most inspiring singer/songwriters in Britain today. "A Place Called England" has become emblematic in the movement to reclaim a positive sense of English identity." With Moore and Kevin Mason she formed Maggie's Farm in 1986. The band's name is a reference to the Bob Dylan song of that name, Dylan being one of Holland's favourite songwriters.
Maggie's Farm toured Bangladesh for the British Council in 1988. In 1989 she began to play bass in Robb Johnson's band. Holland has recorded a number of his works. During 2010 Holland participated in a project featuring the music of Derroll Adams and directed by Wiet Van Der Liest; the ensemble included seven female singers including Holland who played 5-string banjo, a thirteen-piece chamber orchestra, guitarist Roland Van Campenhout and Wiet van de Leest on violin. They performed the programme at the Brosella and Dranouter festivals in 2010. Still Pause (Rogue Records FMSL 2002 Down to the Bone By Heart Getting There Circle of Light Bones Carrion On – Hot Vultures East Street Shakes – Hot Vultures Up The Line – Hot Vultures No Rules – English Country Blues Band The Continuous Preaching Blues – Mike Cooper and Ian A. Anderson Home and Deranged – English Country Blues Band Tiger Moth – Tiger Moth A Short Cut – Maggie Holland and Jon Moore (Rogue Records FMST4008 Howling Moth – Tiger Moth Salt of the Earth – Orchestre Super Moth (Rogue Records 12FMS 106, 1988
William Earl Dodge Sr. was an American businessman and activist. He was referred to as one of the "Merchant Princes" of Wall Street in the years leading up to the American Civil War. Dodge saw slavery as an evil to be peaceably removed, but not to be interfered with where it existed, he was a Native American rights activist and served as the president of the National Temperance Society from 1865 to 1883. Dodge represented New York's 8th congressional district in the United States Congress for a portion of the 39th United States Congress in 1866-1867 and was a founding member of the YMCA of the USA. William Earl Dodge was born in Hartford, the second son of David Low Dodge, founder of the New York Peace Society, his wife Sarah Cleveland, the daughter of minister Aaron Cleveland, he married a daughter of Anson Green Phelps and Olivia Egleston. The couple had seven sons. In 1833, Dodge and his father-in-law founded the trading firm Phelps and Company. In 1908 they became one of Americas largest mining companies Phelps Dodge Corporation.
Dodge is the namesake of Georgia. A consortium of businessmen led by Dodge purchased large tracts of timberland in this area following the Civil War; the Dodge Land Company laid claim to over 300,000 acres of land through questionable land deeds. The consortium's ownership of these lands led to land wars which resulted in nearly fifty years of court cases. Dodge and his associates built the Macon and Brunswick Railroad, connecting Macon to what was a remote area of the state. Dodge County was formed in 1870 and Eastman, the county seat, was established at the railroad's Station Number 13. Dodge visited the area only once. Dodge's sons administered the timber businesses in this area. Dodge was active in the post-Civil War Indian reform movement, he joined Peter Cooper in organizing the funded United States Indian Commission in 1868 and helped institute Ulysses S. Grant's Peace Policy toward the Indians. In 1869, Dodge toured Indian Territory and Kansas as a member of the government-sponsored Board of Indian Commissioners.
He met and discussed U. S. Indian policy with representatives of the Cheyenne and Kiowa. Dodge lobbied for the prosecution of the U. S. cavalry commanders responsible for the 1870 Marias Massacre in Montana, which left 173 Blackfeet dead. Dodge unsuccessfully campaigned to establish a cabinet-level department for Indian Affairs, he used his influence in Washington on behalf of Indian educational programs and the General Allotment Act of 1887. A monument to William E. Dodge stands on the North side of Bryant Park. Dodge was a founding member of the Board of Trustees for the Syrian Protestant College renamed the American University of Beirut; as Treasurer, he laid the cornerstone of College Hall, the first building on the present campus in Ras Beirut, on December 7, 1871. His eldest son, William Earl Dodge Jr. assumed control of the Phelps Dodge company after his death. William E. Dodge Jr. Cleveland Hoadley Dodge Bayard Dodge David S. Dodge New York Times obituaryUnited States Congress. "William E. Dodge".
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. William E. Dodge at Find a Grave