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Northeastern University

Northeastern University is a private research university in Boston, established in 1898. It is categorized as an R1 institution by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; the university offers graduate programs on its main campus in Boston. The university has satellite campuses in Charlotte, North Carolina. Northeastern purchased the New College of the Humanities in London and plans to open an additional campus in Vancouver, Canada; the university's enrollment is 18,000 undergraduate students and 8,000 graduate students. Northeastern features a cooperative education program, more known as "co-op", that integrates classroom study with professional experience and contains over 3,100 partners across all seven continents; the program has been a key part of Northeastern's curriculum of experiential learning for more than a hundred years and is one of the largest co-op/internship programs in the world. While it is not required for students of all academic disciplines to participate in the co-op program, participation is nearly universal among undergraduate students as it helps distinguish their university experience from that of other universities.

Northeastern has a comprehensive study abroad program that spans more than 170 universities and colleges. Northeastern is a large residential university. Most students choose to live on campus but upperclassmen have the option to live off campus. More than 75% of Northeastern students receive some form of financial aid. In the 2019–20 school year, the university has committed $296.2 million in grant and scholarship assistance. The university's sports teams, the Northeastern Huskies, compete in NCAA Division I as members of the Colonial Athletic Association in 18 varsity sports; the men's and women's hockey teams compete in Hockey East, while the men's and women's rowing teams compete in the Eastern Association of Rowing Colleges and Eastern Association of Women's Rowing Colleges, respectively. Men's Track and Field has won the CAA back to back years in 2015 and 2016. In 2013, men's basketball won its first CAA regular season championship, men's soccer won the CAA title for the first time, women's ice hockey won a record 16th Beanpot championship.

The Northeastern men's hockey team won the 2018, 2019, 2020 Beanpot, beating out Boston University, Boston College, Harvard. The Evening Institute for Younger Men, located at the Huntington Avenue YMCA, held its first class on October 3, 1898, starting what would transform into Northeastern University over the course of four decades; the School of Law was formally established that year with the assistance of an Advisory Committee, consisting of Dean James Barr Ames of the Harvard University School of Law, Dean Samuel Bennett of the Boston University School of Law, Judge James R. Dunbar. In 1903, the first Automobile Engineering School in the country was established followed by the School of Commerce and Finance in 1907. Day classes began in 1909. In 1916, a bill was introduced into the Massachusetts Legislature to incorporate the institute as Northeastern College. After considerable debate and investigation, it was passed in March 1916. On March 30, 1917, Frank Palmer Speare was inaugurated as the new College's first President.

Five years the school changed its name to Northeastern University to better reflect the increasing depth of its instruction. In March 1923, the University secured general degree-granting power from the Legislature, with the exception of the A. B. the S. B. and the medical degrees. The College of Liberal Arts was added in 1935. Two years the Northeastern University Corporation was established, with a board of trustees composed of 31 University members and 8 from the YMCA. In 1948 Northeastern separated itself from the YMCA. Following World War II Northeastern began admitting women. During the postwar educational boom, the University created the College of Education, University College, the Colleges of Pharmacy and Nursing; the College of Criminal Justice followed the College of Computer Science. By the early 1980s the one-time night commuter school had grown to nearly 50,000 enrollees including all full- and part-time programs at both the undergraduate and graduate level. By 1989–1990 University enrollment had reduced to about 40,000 full, part-time, evening students, in 1990 the first class with more live-on-campus than commuter students was graduated.

Following the retirement of President Kenneth Ryder 1989, the University adopted a slow and more thoughtful approach to change. It had been accepting between 7,500 and 10,000 students per year based on applications of about 15,000 to 20,000 with acceptance rates between 50% and 75% depending on the program. Attrition rates were huge, with a 25% freshmen dropout rate and graduation rate below 50%, with only 40% of 5,672 undergraduate full-time day students enrolled in the Fall of 1984 graduating by 1989; when President John Curry left office in 1996 the university population had been systematically reduced to about 25,000. Incoming President Richard Freeland decided to focus on recruiting the type of students who were graduating as the school's prime demographic. In the early 1990s, the university cut its freshman class size from around 4,500 students to 2,800 in order to become more selective and began a $485 million construction program that included residence halls and research facilities, athletic centers

Harry Cunningham (activist)

Harry Cunningham was an early 20th century Irish-American activist. He held executive positions in several New York-based Irish-American cultural and political organizations, many of which were focused on mobilizing materiel support to the fight for an independent Irish republic, he was a close friend and confidante of John Devoy, long-time leader of the Clan-na-Gael organization in Devoy’s years as his health declined. Though active in many aspects of early 20th century New York Irish-American life, Cunningham is best known for saving John Holland’s Fenian Ram, the world’s first functioning submarine and symbol of Irish-American ingenuity, from destruction in 1927. Harry Cunningham was born Henry Conaghan in 1891 in Co.. Donegal, Ireland, to farmers John and Winifred Campbell Conaghan; as a young man, he anglicized his name to Cunningham. In 1909, he settled in New York City, he became a naturalized US citizen in 1914. A successor to the 19th century Fenian Brotherhood, the Clan-na-Gael was a quasi-clandestine Irish republican organization that operated as a US-based adjunct to the Ireland-based underground Irish Republican Brotherhood.

Led by John Devoy, Clan-na-Gael orchestrated a wide range of schemes and programs designed to aid the Irish republican cause from across the ocean. The date of Cunningham’s affiliation is not known, he developed a close rapport with Devoy—according to a press account. Cunningham served on the National Council of the Friends of Irish Freedom, held the post of national solicitor for the organization. Established in 1916 in the months prior to the Easter Rising, the FOIF was a large-scale, overt advocacy group designed to propagandize on behalf of Irish independence, marshal the resources of the sizeable Irish-American population for the fight against British rule in Ireland. In 1919, when Irish provisional government Finance Minister Michael Collins developed the “Dáil bonds” program to raise money for the administration, FOIF mobilized over $5 million in American investment. Devoy’s Clan-na-Gael dominated FOIF executive positions; the August 1922 assassination of Michael Collins during the Irish Civil War was a shock to the Irish-American community.

Cunningham, speaking in part on behalf of the FOIF, offered the following statement to the New York Tribune: The real friends of Ireland deplore the irreparable loss she has suffered in the slaying of Michael Collins, the fearless, courageous leader of the Irish people. Only madmen could have been guilty of such an outrage, but the cause for which Collins was fighting will live. During the Irish Civil War, the Devoy-led organizations in the United States supported the Irish Free State government over the Anti-Treaty forces led by Eamon de Valera. Once the war ended, Devoy was invited to tour Ireland as the invited guest of President William T. Cosgrave. Cunningham served as Devoy’s personal escort throughout the 6-week tour, meeting with senior government officials and other notable personalities - among them Foreign Minister Desmond Fitzgerald and Mrs. Mary Collins Powell, sister of the deceased Michael Collins, who greeted them upon arrival in Cobh, Cork. Cunningham was keen on preserving artifacts of the Irish-American experience.

The Fenian Ram was an experimental submarine designed and built by Irish immigrant inventor John P. Holland. John Devoy and the Clan-na-Gael financed its construction in 1879-80, with the idea that it would sink British shipping during a future Irish uprising; the vessel never saw combat and became an exhibit on the campus of Clason Point Military Academy, Bronx, NY. On May 27, 1927, the Academy, preparing to move its campus to Long Island, sold the hull to a junk dealer for $100; the transaction was reported in the press, leaving many astounded that this historical artifact was destined for destruction. Upon learning the news, Holland’s son Joseph stated he would have purchased it himself, if only to give the vessel a proper burial at sea than to face demolition. A newspaper from Holland’s hometown of Paterson, New Jersey—where Holland conducted his initial submarine trials on the Passaic River—called for the return of the submarine’s engine, built there. However, Cunningham moved first – on June 25, 1927 he purchased the Fenian Ram from the junkyard for $650.

Other buyers were interested, among them the American Irish Historical Society, the Board of Directors of Celtic Park, the Smithsonian Institution, industrialist Henry Ford, who operated his own museum of industrial innovations and artifacts. Ford sent a representative to Cunningham’s residence in the Bronx with a blank check hoping to make a quick purchase. On behalf of Clan-na-Gael, Cunningham held title to the submarine for a little over 2 months. On September 9, 1927, he sold the Fenian Ram to Edward A. Browne, an automobile dealer from Paterson, NJ; the details of the transaction between Cunningham and Browne are not known. Browne donated the hull to the Paterson city parks commission as a memorial to John Holland who made so many engineering achievements in the city. Today, the submarine is on display at the Paterson Museum in New Jersey. By September 1928, Devoy—now 86 years old—was in failing health, Cunningham brought him to Atlantic City for convalescence. On September 29, Devoy died in his hotel room in Cunningham’s presence.


Airwave Ten

The Airwave Ten is an Austrian single-place, paraglider, designed by Bruce Goldsmith and produced by Airwave Gliders of Fulpmes. It is now out of production; the Ten has a top speed of 65 km/h. It is named for its glide ratio if 10:1; the models are each named for their relative size. Ten S Small-sized model for lighter pilots, its wing has an area of 24.46 m2, 75 cells and the aspect ratio is 6.25:1. The pilot weight range is 81 to 98 kg. Ten M Mid-sized model for medium-weight pilots, its wing has an area of 26 m2, 75 cells and the aspect ratio is 6.25:1. The pilot weight range is 90 to 107 kg. Ten L Large-sized model for heavier pilots, its wing has an area of 28.12 m2, 75 cells and the aspect ratio is 6.25:1. The pilot weight range is 102 to 120 kg. Data from BertrandGeneral characteristics Crew: one Wing area: 26 m2 Aspect ratio: 6.25:1Performance Maximum speed: 65 km/h Maximum glide ratio: 10:1

List of MeSH codes (D10)

The following is a partial list of the "D" codes for Medical Subject Headings, as defined by the United States National Library of Medicine. This list continues the information at List of MeSH codes. Codes following these are found at List of MeSH codes. For other MeSH codes, see List of MeSH codes; the source for this content is the set of 2006 MeSH Trees from the NLM. MeSH D10.212.302.199 – butter MeSH D10.212.302.347 – cholesterol, dietary MeSH D10.212.302.380 – dietary fats, unsaturated MeSH D10.212.302.380.360 – cod liver oil MeSH D10.212.302.380.370 – corn oil MeSH D10.212.302.380.380 – cottonseed oil MeSH D10.212.302.380.410 – fatty acids, omega-3 MeSH D10.212.302.380.410.100 – alpha-linolenic acid MeSH D10.212.302.380.410.210 – docosahexaenoic acids MeSH D10.212.302.380.410.385 – eicosapentaenoic acid MeSH D10.212.302.380.750 – safflower oil MeSH D10.212.302.380.775 – sesame oil MeSH D10.212.302.380.800 – soybean oil MeSH D10.212.302.450 – fat emulsions, intravenous MeSH D10.212.302.651 – margarine MeSH D10.212.507.300 – castor oil MeSH D10.212.507.325 – cod liver oil MeSH D10.212.507.340 – corn oil MeSH D10.212.507.350 – cottonseed oil MeSH D10.212.507.375 – croton oil MeSH D10.212.507.550 – linseed oil MeSH D10.212.507.750 – safflower oil MeSH D10.212.507.775 – sesame oil MeSH D10.212.507.800 – soybean oil MeSH D10.212.507.850 – triolein MeSH D10.251.122.572 – octanoic acids MeSH D10.251.175.200 – decanoates MeSH D10.251.220.700 – phytanic acid MeSH D10.251.355.096 – arachidonic acids MeSH D10.251.355.096.100 – arachidonic acid MeSH D10.251.355.096.450 – Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids MeSH D10.251.355.096.450.425 – 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255 – eicosanoids MeSH D10.251.355.255.049 – 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.074 – 8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.100 – arachidonic acids MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.100 – arachidonic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.300 – Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.300.425 – 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.375 – isoprostanes MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.375.500 – f2-isoprostanes MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450 – leukotrienes MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450.405 – leukotriene a4 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450.411 – leukotriene b4 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450.855 – srs-a MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450.855.455 – leukotriene c4 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450.855.461 – leukotriene d4 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.450.855.470 – leukotriene e4 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637 – prostaglandins MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.025 – prostaglandin endoperoxides MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.025.600 – prostaglandins g MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.025.650 – prostaglandins h MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.025.650.500 – prostaglandin h2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.025.650.500.500 – 15-hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-prosta-5,13-dienoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.100 – prostaglandins a MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.150 – prostaglandins b MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.200 – prostaglandins d MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.200.200 – prostaglandin d2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.250 – prostaglandins e MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.250.200 – dinoprostone MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.400 – prostaglandins f MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.400.200 – dinoprost MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.400.350 – 6-ketoprostaglandin f1 alpha MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.550 – prostaglandins i MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.637.550.500 – epoprostenol MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.825 – thromboxanes MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.825.800 – thromboxane a2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.100.825.810 – thromboxane b2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.200 – eicosapentaenoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.375 – lipoxins MeSH D10.251.355.255.550 – prostaglandins MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.025 – prostaglandin endoperoxides MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.025.600 – prostaglandins g MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.025.650 – prostaglandins h MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.025.650.500 – prostaglandin h2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.025.650.500.500 – 15-hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-prosta-5,13-dienoic acid MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.100 – prostaglandins a MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.150 – prostaglandins b MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.200 – prostaglandins d MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.200.200 – prostaglandin d2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.250 – prostaglandins e MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.250.050 – alprostadil MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.250.200 – dinoprostone MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.400 – prostaglandins f MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.400.200 – dinoprost MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.400.350 – 6-ketoprostaglandin f1 alpha MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.550 – prostaglandins i MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.550.500 – epoprostenol MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700 – prostaglandins, synthetic MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.125 – iloprost MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.250 – prostaglandin endoperoxides, synthetic MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.350 – prostaglandins a, synthetic MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.450 – prostaglandins e, synthetic MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.450.050 – arbaprostil MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.450.300 – 16,16-dimethylprostaglandin e2 MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.450.350 – enprostil MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.450.500 – misoprostol MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.450.750 – rioprostil MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.500 – prostaglandins f, synthetic MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.500.150 – carboprost MeSH D10.251.355.255.550.700.500.175 – cloprostenol MeSH D10.251.355.255.775 – thromboxanes MeSH D10.251.355.310 – fatty acids, essential MeSH D10.251.355.310.166 – arachidonic acids MeSH D10.251.355.310.166.100 – arachidonic acid MeSH D10.251.355.310.515 – linoleic acids MeSH D10.251.355.310.515.500 – linoleic acid MeSH D10.251.355.310.640 – linolenic acids MeSH D10.251.355.310.640.400 – alpha-linolenic acid MeSH D10.251.355.310.640.425 – gamma-linolenic acid MeSH D10.251.355.325 – fatty acids, monounsaturated MeSH D10.251.355.325.050 – alprostadil MeSH D10.251.355.325.190 – capsaicin MeS

USS Rawlins (APA-226)

USS Rawlins was a Haskell-class attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in World War II. Rawlins was named after Kansas, she was built under Maritime Commission contract, was laid down by Kaiser Shipbuilding of Vancouver, Washington on 10 August 1944, launched 21 October 1944, delivered to the Maritime Commission 10 November 1941. She was acquired by the Navy on loan-charter basis and commissioned 11 November 1944, Comdr. C. S. Beightler in command. Following shakedown and training off the California coast Rawlins put into San Francisco for loading and routing to South Pacific ports. On 16 January 1945, she sailed for New Caledonia with miscellaneous cargo and Army replacement units. After delivery to Nouméa, she continued on to Guadalcanal, arriving 8 February to join TransRon 18 rehearsing for Operation Iceberg, the assault on Okinawa. On 14 March Rawlins, with 1st Marine Division units embarked, got underway for Ulithi for final logistics and on 27 March sailed for the Hagushi beaches on Okinawa.

Arriving 1 April she remained until the 5th retired to Saipan, whence she continued east to San Francisco. In July she returned to Okinawa with reinforcements in early August, carried fresh troops to the Philippines from the east coast. After the cessation of hostilities, Rawlins ferried occupation troops to Japan at the end of October was assigned to transport Army troops from the Philippines to San Francisco. On 27 July 1946 she terminated her last Operation Magic Carpet run at Pearl Harbor swung south, transited the Panama Canal, on 5 August arrived at Norfolk for inactivation. Navy owned as of 26 May 1946, Rawlins decommissioned 15 November 1946 and was berthed at Norfolk as a unit of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. There for the next 12 years, Rawlins was transferred to the Maritime Administration 19 September 1958 and her name was struck from the Navy List 1 October 1958, she was sold for scrap in August 1987. Rawlins received one battle star for World War II service. Rawlins, DANFS Online APA-226 Rawlins, Navsource OnlineThis article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships

Stalin K

Stalin K. is an Indian documentary filmmaker and human rights activist. His films, Lesser Humans and India Untouched, on the issue of caste and untouchability in contemporary India, have galvanized international attention to caste discrimination and won numerous film awards, he has done pioneering work on new models of community media to empower marginalized groups. He co-founded the community media initiative Video Volunteers in 2013. In 2018, after allegations of sexual misconduct, he stepped down as the Director of the organization. Stalin K. was born in Pune, grew up in Gujarat. He studied Development Communication in Ahmedabad. Today he works in Goa. Stalin K. co-founded Drishti Media Collective as a trust in 1993. The media and human rights organization is based in India, he was director of the organization until 2008. His work involved training marginalized groups in participatory media techniques as well as producing and distributing community stories to give these communities a voice in the public sphere.

He is the President and co-founder of Community Radio Forum of India, an association of community radio broadcasters and advocates. Along with other founders of the Forum he drafted the new Community Radio Policy; the policy is in operation since 2006 and secures communities the right to own and run their own radio stations. He set up one of the first community radio projects in Kutch, which covered stories from local communities. In 2003 he co-founded Video Volunteers and co-conceived the Community Video Unit model in 2005; as managing trustee and director of Video Volunteers he is setting up media projects around the world to empower community voices, until he stepped down from his role as Director of Video Volunteers on 13 October due to allegations of sexual misbehavior. In 2010 he launched the world's first Community News Feature Service, IndiaUnheard. Stalin K. designed more than 20 campaigns and events on various human rights issues including Cricket for Peace, Game4Change, Asia Social Forum and Making Caste Visible at UN World Conference Against Racism.

As a visiting lecturer, Stalin K. has taught workshops on development communications and the use of media for empowerment at Universities and NGOs in India and the United States, like the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Centre for Development Communication and Boston University. Stalin K. made documentaries on social and human rights issues, like the riots in Gujarat against minorities, gender based discrimination and rights of tribal people in India and America. He filmed the riots against Muslim minorities in Gujarat 2002; the footage was used in court to prove that high rank officials of the state were involved in the riots. Stalin K. documented caste discrimination against the Dalit communities throughout India with his films IndiaUntouched and Lesser Humans. These films raised international attention to the discrimination of the Dalit communities in India. In October 2018, 2 women who have worked with Stalin K accused him of sexual harassment in the workplace; the allegations included inappropriate unwanted advances.

Institutions like The School of Media & Culture Studies at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai and WITNESS released statements disassociating themselves from Stalin. Stalin K issued a statement on Twitter denying any wrongdoing. In response, many more women, some whom were ex-employees and associates, came out with further allegations of sexual harassment against Stalin K that they had either undergone and heard about. On 18 October 2018, Video Volunteers released a statement which mentioned that Stalin K had stepped down from his position of'Director' at'Video Volunteers'. Despite the organisational statement claiming that Stalin will no longer be engaged with the daily activities and programs of the organization as well as not represent the organization, leaked internal emails in December 2018, show that Stalin continued to engaged in various capacities; as the allegations against him are under investigation, Stalin has continued to be associated with the organisation as the Managing Trustee.

1992:'Kali Kem Mari?/ Why Did Kali Die?', this film follows a social health worker dealing with the death of a village woman, Kali. 1992:'A Bundleful of Fear/ Ek Poltlun Beek Nu', this is a dramatized narrative of 5 village women and their struggle for justice and gender equality. 1993:'From Strength to Strength/ Basti se Basti tak', this is a film on the experiences of Shakti Mahila Sangathan, a women's group working in an urban slum called Millatnagar in Ahmedabad. 1994:'These Forests are Ours/ Jungle Amaru Tantra Tamaru', this film focuses on the violation of human rights of the tribals, their right over their forests and the importance of consolidation of land and resources in the hands of the communities. 1994:'Ta Talati No Ta', this film seeks to demystify for rural audiences the functions and duties of a Talati-cum-mantri, who in many cases becomes a focal point of bureaucratic power and cause of distress to many. 1995:'Kalavar Mat/Triumph Over Time', the film discusses the reconstruction choices available to the victims of an earthquake in Maharashtra 1994, through the plays and songs of a traveling folk theatre group.

1996:'Gam Nathi Koi Paanch Nu/ The Self in Self-Rule', in the context of the 73rd Amendment, reserving 33% panchayat seats for women, this film explores through a dramatic narrative the moral and ethical dilemmas that face a conscientious woman sarpanch, as she begins to negotiate the male-dominated and self-serving world of politics. 1998:'Lesser Humans', this film investigates the lives of manual scavengers, whose inhuman caste-based occupation is to manually dispose of human excreta. 1999:'Patta Patta Akshar Hoga/ Every Leaf A Letter', the film documents the emergence of ‘Jago Beh