Northern Mindanao

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Northern Mindanao
Region X
White Island, Camiguin
Panagsal-aw Festival, Cagayan de Oro Maria Cristina Fall, Iligan
Port of Ozamiz
Kitanglad Mountain Range, Bukidnon
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°45′N 124°55′E / 8.75°N 124.92°E / 8.75; 124.92Coordinates: 8°45′N 124°55′E / 8.75°N 124.92°E / 8.75; 124.92
Country Philippines
Island group Mindanao
Regional center Cagayan de Oro
 • Total 20,496.02 km2 (7,913.56 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[1]
 • Total 4,689,302
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-10
Municipalities 84
Barangays 2,022
Cong. districts 14

Northern Mindanao (Filipino: Hilagang Kamindanawan, Cebuano: Amihanang Mindanao) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region X. It comprises five provinces: Camiguin, Misamis Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Bukidnon and Misamis Occidental and two cities classified as highly urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro. Lanao del Norte was transferred to Northern Mindanao from Region XII (then called Central Mindanao) by virtue of Executive Order No. 36 in September 2001.[2]


Northern Mindanao has a total land area of 2,049,602 hectares (5,064,680 acres).[3] More than 60% of Northern Mindanao's total land area are classified as forest land. Its seas abound with fish and other marine products.


Rainfall in Northern Mindanao is evenly distributed throughout the year. Its abundant vegetation, natural springs and high elevation contribute to the region's cool, mild and invigorating climate.


Population census of Northern Mindanao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 2,811,646 —    
2000 3,505,708 +2.23%
2010 4,297,323 +2.06%
2015 4,689,302 +1.68%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[1][4]

Northern Mindanao is the 8th most populous region in the Philippines and 2nd in Mindanao (after Davao Region) according to the 2015 Philippine Statistics Authority Census. The major urban area of Region X is Metro Cagayan de Oro which includes Cagayan de Oro and some municipalities and cities of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon.

The vast majority of the region's inhabitants are migrants from Cebu and Bohol. Some other inhabitants are of Waray, Ilonggo, Zamboangueño, Maranao and Tausug descent, while the autochthonous Bukidnons and Manobos populate the inner highlands.


The economy of Northern Mindanao is the largest regional economy in the island of Mindanao.[5] The economy in Northern Mindanao is mainly agricultural. But there is also a booming growth of industries particularly in Cagayan de Oro and in Iligan. The famous Del Monte Philippines located in the Province of Bukidnon and its processing plant is located in Cagayan de Oro, which shipped to the entire Philippines and Asia-Pacific region. The Agus-IV to VII Hydroelectric Plants in Iligan and Balo-i, Lanao del Norte supplies most of its electrical power in Mindanao.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Region X

The region is composed of five provinces: Bukidnon, the island province of Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental. It has 2 highly urbanized cities, Cagayan de Oro and Iligan, that are administered independently from any province. The provinces are further subdivided into seven component cities and 84 municipalities, with a total of 2,022 barangays. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro.

Province or HUC Provincial Capital Population (2015)[1] Area[3][6] Density Cities Muni. Bgy.
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Bukidnon Malaybalay 30.2% 1,415,226 10,498.59 4,053.53 130 340 2 20 464
Camiguin Mambajao 1.9% 88,478 237.95 91.87 370 960 0 5 58
Lanao del Norte Tubod 14.4% 676,395 3,346.57 1,292.12 200 520 0 22 462
Misamis Occidental Oroquieta 12.8% 602,126 2,055.22 793.52 290 750 3 14 490
Misamis Oriental Cagayan de Oro 18.9% 888,509 3,131.52 1,209.09 280 730 2 23 424
Cagayan de Oro 14.4% 675,950 412.80 159.38 1,600 4,100 80
Iligan 7.3% 342,618 813.37 314.04 420 1,100 44
Total 4,689,302 20,496.02 7,913.56 230 600 9 84 2,022

 †  Cagayan de Oro and Iligan are highly-urbanized cities; figures are excluded from Misamis Oriental and Lanao del Norte respectively.

Component cities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Executive Order No. 36; Providing for the Reorganization of the Administrative Regions in Mindanao and for Other Purposes". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañang, Manila, Philippines. 19 September 2001. Retrieved 29 March 2016. SECTION 2. Region X, known as Northern Mindanao, is hereby reorganized and shall be composed of the following provinces and cities: a. Provinces i. Bukidnon ii. Camiguin iii. Lanao del Norte iv. Misamis Occidental v. Misamis Oriental b. Cities i. Cagayan de Oro City ii. Gingoog City iii. Iligan City iv. Malaybalay City v. Oroquieta City vi. Ozamis City vii. Tangub City viii. Valencia City 
  3. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Pelone, Ruel V. (7 February 2010). "Region 10: Mindanao's dominant regional economy". Cagayan de Oro: Business Week Mindanao. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 

External links[edit]