Norway the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island is a dependent territory and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway lays claim to the Antarctic territories of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island. Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and a population of 5,312,300; the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the Barents Sea; the maritime influence dominates Norway's climate with mild lowland temperatures on the sea coasts, whereas the interior, while colder, is a lot milder than areas elsewhere in the world on such northerly latitudes. During polar night in the north, temperatures above freezing are commonplace on the coastline; the maritime influence brings high rainfall and snowfall to some areas of the country.
Harald V of the House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg has been prime minister since 2013; as a unitary sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the parliament, the cabinet and the supreme court, as determined by the 1814 constitution. The kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of many petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,148 years. From 1537 to 1814, Norway was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, from 1814 to 1905, it was in a personal union with the Kingdom of Sweden. Norway was neutral during the First World War. Norway remained neutral until April 1940 when the country was invaded and occupied by Germany until the end of Second World War. Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities; the Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the United States.
Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, the Nordic Council. In addition, the Norwegian languages share mutual intelligibility with Swedish. Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals; the Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, lumber and fresh water. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside of the Middle East; the country has the fourth-highest per-capita income in the world on the World IMF lists. On the CIA's GDP per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven, it has the world's largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion.
Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position held between 2001 and 2006. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Democracy Index. Norway has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. Norway has two official names: Norge in Noreg in Nynorsk; the English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to scientific consensus about the origin of the Norwegian language name. The Anglo-Saxons of Britain referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land. There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway had the same etymology as the English form. According to the traditional dominant view, the first component was norðr, a cognate of English north, so the full name was Norðr vegr, "the way northwards", referring to the sailing route along the Norwegian coast, contrasting with suðrvegar "southern way" for, austrvegr "eastern way" for the Baltic.
In the translation of Orosius for Alfred, the name is Norðweg, while in younger Old English sources the ð is gone. In the 10th century many Norsemen settled in Northern France, according to the sagas, in the area, called Normandy from norðmann, although not a Norwegian possession. In France normanni or northmanni referred to people of Sweden or Denmark; until around 1800 inhabitants of Western Norway were referred to as nordmenn while inhabitants of Eastern Norway were referred to as austmenn. According to another theory, the first component was a word nór, meaning "narrow" or "northern", referring to the inner-archipelago sailing route through the land; the interpretation as "northern", as reflected in the English and Latin forms of the name, would hav
Patrick J. Prendergast FIEI, MRIA, FREng is the Provost of Trinity College Dublin. Born in Enniscorthy, County Wexford, Prendergast received his secondary education at St Peter's College, Wexford, he studied at Trinity as an undergraduate, completing a degree in mechanical engineering in 1987 and a PhD in 1991. After post-doctoral positions in Italy and the Netherlands, he became a lecturer at Trinity in 1995, was elected a Fellow of the College in 1998. Together with colleagues from medicine and dentistry, he established the Trinity Centre for Bioengineering in 2002, he served as Dean of Graduate Studies in Trinity from 2004 to 2007, was appointed Vice-Provost/Chief Academic Officer in 2008. In 2009 he was awarded an ScD for published works in Bioengineering, he is a member of the Royal Irish Academy, an International Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. In October 2010, he declared his intention to stand in the forthcoming election for Provost, he was considered an early favourite. During his term, Prendergast has focused on the university's rankings and on increasing sources of funding.
In September 2016 a "Provost's Council" was created. Consisting of alumni and benefactors of the university, it advises Prendergast on how to advance Trinity's position in the world by financing new projects and initiatives, he was involved in several controversies, most notably over branding and "Take Back Trinity", a student movement to resist commercialisation within the university. In November 2016, it was announced that Trinity College Dublin would be joining the League of European Research Universities, it is the first and only university on the island of Ireland to become a member of Europe’s research universities. In May 2018, Prendergast unveiled plans for a new €60 million Institute in Engineering and Emerging Technologies funded by an Irish philanthropic donation and Government funding, he gave a wide-ranging interview with the music magazine Hot Press
The USCGC Roanoke Island is the 46th Island class cutter to be commissioned. She was commissioned in Homer, Alaska, on February 7, 1992. Five other Island Class cutters are based in Alaska, her primary missions include "search and rescue, fisheries enforcement and homeland security."In 2010 the Roanoke rescued a fishing vessel called Wahoo, when it became disable during bad weather near Pearl Island. On October 25, 2012, following a 135-day refit in a drydock in Ketchikan, Coast Guard Alaska explained the refit would allow the vessel to remain service until she was replaced by a new Sentinel class cutter; the Homer News reported that the Roanoke would leave Homer by the end of June, 2015, for her decommissioning in Baltimore, Maryland. A sister ship, the Sapelo stationed in San Juan, Puerto Rico, will replace her; the Sapelo will be freed up as the Island class cutters in San Juan are replaced by new Sentinel-class cutters. On June 4, 2015, Roanoke Island was decommissioned at a ceremony held in homeport of Alaska.
The ship was transferred to the Coast Guard Yard in Baltimore, Maryland for disposal. On October 13, 2017, Roanoke Island was transferred to Costa Rica. After refitting through the State Department's Foreign Military Sales program, she was recommissioned General José María Cañas Escamilla. Media related to USCGC Roanoke Island at Wikimedia Commons