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Norwegian Church, Cardiff

The Norwegian Church Arts Centre is a point of cultural and historical interest located in Cardiff Bay, Wales. It was a Lutheran Church, consecrated in 1868. Under the patronage of The Norwegian Seamen's Mission provided home comforts, communication with family and a place of worship for Scandinavian sailors and the Norwegian community in Cardiff for over a hundred years. In the 19th century, Cardiff was one of Britain's three major ports, along with London and Liverpool; the Norwegian merchant fleet at the time was the third largest in the world, Cardiff became one of the major centres of its operations. Sjømannskirken – the Norwegian Church Abroad organisation, part of the Church of Norway – followed in its footsteps. Under Carl Herman Lund from Oslo, a Church was built in 1868 in Cardiff Bay between the East and West Docks on land donated by the John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute, to serve the religious needs of Norwegian sailors and expatriates. Consecrated in December 1868, the church was clad in iron sheets on the instruction of the harbourmaster, to allow it to be moved if necessary.

However, the construction form allowed it to be extended many times: 1883: Reading room enlarged 1885: Gallery and bell-tower added 1894: Reading room enlarged, reclad in woodKnown until this point as the Norwegian Iron Church, it now became known as the Little White Church, became a welcome home point for sailors. Resultantly, open to all sailors as a mission offering food and shelter, between 1867 and 1915 the number of visiting sailors to the church rose from 7,572 to 73,580 seamen per annum; when the church was in its prime it had a lot of public activity. The church had become a home away from home for the sailors during World War II as they weren't able to go back to Norway due to Nazi occupation; the church hosted many important family occasions, such as weddings and christenings, for the community as well as more educational projects like cookery classes. Pre-World War I, coal exports from Cardiff were in decline. Post World War II, shipping trade had moved from Cardiff, in 1959 the mission's work was discontinued.

In the early 1960s, the Norwegian Seamen's Mission withdrew its patronage, the last seaman's priest Per Konrad Hansen was withdrawn. The residual congregation and other Lutheran organisations funded its continued use by the resident expatriate Norwegian community, it was closed and de-consecrated in 1974. In light of developments in Cardiff Bay in the late 1980s, the proposed building of new roads around Atlantic Wharf, the now derelict and vandalised church was threatened with total destruction; the community formed the Norwegian Church Preservation Trust, to save the building in the redeveloped docks. In partnership with the Norwegian Support Committee in Bergen, the trust raised £250,000, enabling the church to be dismantled in 1987, preserved and stored pending reassembly; the remaining original features were rescued, including the pulpit, one side-window, the chandelier and the model-ship. With the Wales Millennium Centre built on its original site, with land donated by Associated British Ports, in 1992 reconstruction on the current site was started.

In April 1992, the church was re-opened by Princess Märtha Louise of Norway. The writer Roald Dahl, born in Cardiff to Norwegian parents, was baptised in the church, as were his sisters; the family worshipped in the church. Throughout his life Dahl had ties with the church and in the 1970s when the church first fell into a state of disrepair, Dahl was at the forefront of a campaign to raise money to save it; this led to Dahl being appointed the first president of The Norwegian Church Preservation Trust after it was set up in 1987 by the church. A room in the church is named'The Dahl Gallery', in memory of Dahl and to commemorate what he did for the church. In this room is. A shield given to the church's pastor as a gift, as during WW2 the church was home to sailors who couldn't return to their homeland. An anchor and oars in the shape of a cross; the oars are believed to be from a Norwegian sailing ship and the anchor is a gift to honour the church's maritime heritage. As well as this honour, Dahl is celebrated yearly in September, the month of his 1916 birth.

In 2016 Cardiff Bay celebrated the centenary of Dahl's birth, with a project launched by The Norwegian Church. In 2006 the Norwegian Church Preservation Trust was transferred to Cardiff County Council, under the management of the Cardiff Harbour Authority; the building is now used as an arts centre, is known as the Norwegian Church Arts Centre. The centre includes an art gallery. In May 2011 the church underwent a £500,000 refurbishment, including a new outdoor terrace and a DDA compliant lift; the Grieg room hosts a diversity of local arts and culture. The church has been refurbished and opened in Cardiff Bay, continues to receive a large number of visitors. Though no longer a resting place and home for Norwegian sailors, it is still open to the public with a gallery and a small café for the remaining Norwegian community to relax and meet in; as the church has a strong link with Roald Dahl, every September the church honours him and his work. As well as this, the community in Cardiff and those involved with the church gather together every year for an annual celebration of Dahl's birthday and Christmas.

In 2016 the Norwegian Church led Cardiff Bay's celebrations of the centenary of Dahl's birth. A 2008 episode of the BBC Television drama series Torchwood, "To The Last Man"

Jay C. Hormel Nature Center

The Jay C. Hormel Nature Center is a municipal nature preserve on the north-eastern corner of Austin, comprising more than 500 acres of restored and remnant prairie, hardwood forest and meandering streams. Purchased with municipal and private donations, the nature center is administered by the Austin municipal government through the Parks and Recreation Department. Named in honor of Jay Catherwood Hormel, the son of Hormel Foods Corporation founder George A. Hormel, his private estate forms the original land of the park. Jay C. Hormel Nature Center features an Interpretive Center, the Ruby Rupner Auditorium, the "big gneiss rock", a Welcome Circle and over ten miles of hiking trails. Along the trails, visitors will find a number of wooden bridges, covered benches and an observation tower that affords a panoramic view of many acres of prairie and forest. Depending on the time of year, a great variety of wildlife can be viewed at the nature center, including white-tailed deer, salamanders and many species of birds and butterflies.

The Jay C. Hormel Nature Center has over 10 mi of hiking trails throughout the more than 500 acres of preserve; the trails are opened year-round. The Interpretive Center features interactive exhibits, with live animals, touch tables, mounted animals, nature puzzles and games, a preschool play area and a children's library. Hands-on structured environmental education programs are offered to all ages, with an emphasis at grades K through 6; the nature center's primary focus is education, teaching students of many ages to respect and enjoy the outdoors. Jay C. Hormel Nature Center offers equipment rental during the winter months. During the summer and kayaks may be rented and visitors can paddle on the pond in the nature center, or down Dobbins Creek to East Side Lake. Winter rentals include cross-country snowshoes. Winter season rentals are dependent on snow conditions; the nature center's history is: 1927 - Jay Catherwood Hormel plants the first of more than 200,000 trees in what will become the future Nature Center.

1971 - The City of Austin acquires 123 acres of land around the Hormel estate. 1975 - U. S. Senator Hubert Humphrey speaks at the dedication of the Visitor Center. 1985 - A 125-ton gneiss rock, a glacial erratic, is moved to the Nature Center. 1994 - The Ruby Rupner Auditorium is dedicated. 2013 - Plans announced for a new Interpretive Center building. 2016 - Groundbreaking held for the new Interpretive Center building. Jay C. Hormel Nature Center - official site

Vojteh Ravnikar

Vojteh Ravnikar was a Slovenian architect. Ravnikar was born in Ljubljana, in what was the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, but spent most of his childhood years in the town of Nova Gorica in western Slovenia. After graduating from the Nova Gorica Grammar School, he attended the University of Ljubljana, graduating with a degree in architecture. Ravnikar began his architectural career in 1978, designed a number of well-known buildings in Slovenia, his best-known buildings are in the coastal region of the country, include the town hall of Sežana, the Piran Hotel in Piran, the National Theatre in Nova Gorica. Ravnikar won a number of awards, including the 1987 Plečnik Award, the 2003 Prešeren Award, the 2006 Herder Prize. From 1993 until his death, he worked as a professor at the University of Ljubljana, he worked as a guest professor at the University of Trieste, Trieste and the University of Trento, Italy. He died in Golnik near Kranj on 17 September 2010, at the age of 67. Ravnikar was married to the Slovenian politician Majda Širca

Ottoline and the Yellow Cat

Ottoline and the Yellow Cat is a children's book by Chris Riddell, published in 2007. It won the Nestlé Children's Book Prize Gold Award and the Red House Children's Book Award for Younger Readers, it was shortlisted for the Kate Greenaway Medal and nominated for the Carnegie Medal. Ottoline Brown Ottoline Brown is the main protagonist of the Ottoline series, she lives in Pepperpot Building in Apartment 243 with a creature named Mr Munroe. Ottoline's parents go on trips to other countries, it is hinted. She likes splashing in puddles, she is interested in solving mysteries and keeping collections. Ottoline has a diploma in disguising from a school named Who R U, she changes her hairstyle and is cared for by McBean's Cleaning Service, The Smiling Dragon Clothes-Folding Co, Marion's Bathroom Supplies, The Home-Cooked Meal Co, Smith & Smith Pillow-Plumping And Curtain Drawing Technicians, The 1000-Strong Lightbulb-Changing Co and The Door-Handle Shiners Inc. She is a little detective. Mr Munroe Mr Munroe is from a bog in Norway.

He is a little creature with straight hair that Ottoline likes to brush. It is hinted that Mr Munroe has a diploma from Who R U. In the book, he disguises himself as a dog named Bimby Bottlenose II, Emperor of Heligoland, Pedigree Norwegian Lapdog, he draws a map of Apartment 243, for Ottoline to catch the Yellow Cat while trying to steal the money from Ottoline's apartment. Mr Munroe was taken in, he was given a pair of sunglasses by Ottoline's parents. Mr Munroe lived with Ottoline since she was a baby and they were best friends since; the Yellow Cat The Yellow Cat is the main antagonist of the story. She runs a company with a talking parrot; the company's dogs run away from their owners and back to the Yellow Cat with a map containing information about where the money and jewels were. She is friends with Butch Hilburg, Rupe the Fang, Snarler McMurtagh and The Sundance Pup.. Yellow Cat was caught at the end of the book, after trying to steal from Ottoline's parents, she was arrested by the Pet Police.

Yellow Cat is quite greedy. Not much is known about her; the Bear The Bear is a bear found by Ottoline. He lives in the basement, he is taking a holiday instead of hibernating. The Bear's secret is kept by Ottoline, he keeps quiet about Ottoline eavesdropping on other people, he dresses up as Lady Ursula Jansen-Smith, to buy "Bimby" from the Yellow Cat. He appears at the end, hugging the Yellow Cat to stop her from escaping, it is hinted in Ottoline's parent's letter that the Bear lives with Ottoline and Mr Munroe after being found. The Bear is not like a stereotypical bear, he is quite nice, he stole clothes from other people. Ottoline's parents, they are never seen during the book, but Ottoline's mother writes her postcards from wherever they are. They refer to Ottoline as "O", call each other Ma and Pa. Pa is mentioned in the postcards. Ma seems to know that Ottoline got a diploma and that the Bear is now living with them in Apartment 243. Ma and Pa send Ottoline gifts from lots of companies to take care of her.

Ottoline is going to join Pa's adventures when she is older. They have lots of collections from other countries

All Saints Church, Little Wenham

All Saints Church is a redundant Anglican church in the village of Little Wenham, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust, it stands in an isolated position close to Little Wenham Hall, about 0.6 miles to the northwest of Capel St. Mary; the church dates from the 13th century. The tower and the south porch were added in the 15th century, in the following century the tower was raised by the addition of a bell chamber. A dedication to Saint Lawrence has been associated with the church. All Saints is constructed with the top stage of the tower in brick; the porch is timber-framed, the roofs are tiled. Its plan consists with a south porch and a west tower; the tower is with angle buttresses decorated with flushwork. On the east of the south face is an angled stair turret. In the lowest stage of the tower is a window with three lights; the middle stage contains a small louvred trefoiled opening on the north and south sides.

Under the opening on the west side is a niche. The top stage contains small bell openings; the east wall of the church has angle buttresses, a parapet surmounted by a cross finial. The east window has three lights. Towards the east end of the north wall of the church is a two-light window with Y-tracery, to its west is a lancet window, a three-light window, a doorway. In the south wall, from the east are a six-light window set higher than the others, a doorway into the chancel, three windows with Y-tracery. On the middle buttress are the gnomon of a former sundial; the porch is timber-framed on a brick base. Above the doorway, in the gable, are three wooden niches; the chancel is floored with medieval tiles and brick. On the sanctuary floor are five memorial floor slabs inscribed with dates in the 17th and 18th centuries. On the east wall are paintings. To the left of the east window is a painting of the Virgin with Child, to the right of the window are three female saints under canopies, namely Saints Martha and Mary Magdalene.

In the north wall of the chancel is a structure decorated with shields, either a tomb or an Easter sepulchre. In the south wall is an elaborate memorial to Sir John Brewse, who died in 1585; the memorial is brightly painted and contains the kneeling effigy of Sir John in a round-arched recess. To the sides of the recess are Corinthian columns supporting a pediment over, a coat of arms. There are further coats of arms in panels under the recess; the monument obscures the arches of a former sedilia. Above the priest's door in the south wall is a marble monument dated 1682. In the floor of the chancel is a medieval brass to the memory of Thomas Brewse, who died in 1514, his wife, they are depicted standing side by side, below them are their five children, two boys and three girls. This is said to be one of the best pre-Reformation brasses in the county. Between the chancel and nave is the plastered stone base of the former rood screen. To each side of this, in the west wall, is a piscina. In the north wall of the nave is the doorway leading to stairs to the former rood loft.

By the north wall of the nave is a medieval coffin lid. To the east of the north door is a wall painting of Saint Christopher and the Christ Child. To the west of the door is a board with the Lord's Prayer. In the south wall of the nave is a tomb chest with a large and elaborate canopy, said to commemorate Gilbert de Debenham who died in 1371; the wooden hexagonal pulpit dates from the 18th century. Two of the pews are carved with linenfold pilasters; the font is carried on an octagonal stem. It still has traces of red paint. Above the tower arch is a round opening. In the tower is a wooden altar; the bell was cast by Thomas Gardiner of Sudbury in 1714. In the churchyard is a table tomb with cast iron railings bearing the dates 1797 and 1799, it is designated as a Grade II listed building. List of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in the East of England

Zook (comics)

Zook is a fictional character that appeared in comic books published by National Periodical Publications in the 1960s. He was the partner of the Manhunter from Mars. Zook's first published appearance was in the story, "The Invaders from the Space Warp" from Detective Comics #311. Zook was one of four beings from "a parallel world in another dimension" whose first recorded appearance on Earth was on Jade Island, they arrived on Earth via a spacewarp, accidentally opened by a scientist from their world. Of the four alien beings, two were criminals, a third was R'ell, who chose to pursue the criminals, the fourth, who snuck through the space warp after R'ell, was a Zook, a different type of being from the other three, whom R'ell called "a mischievous little animal". Upon their arrival on Jade Island, the two alien criminals, armed with ray-guns, robbed a general store; this caught the attention of Patrolwoman Diane Meade, vacationing on the island. Meade contacted Captain Harding. Jones transformed into his other identity, the superhero known as the Manhunter from Mars, flew to the island.

The first of the aliens he encountered was Zook, being chased by residents of the island who feared him because of his strange appearance. One of the islanders threw a branch at Zook's head; the Manhunter convinced the islanders that he would deal with Zook, so the islanders left Manhunter alone with the alien. Before Manhunter could attempt to revive Zook, he heard ray-gun blasts, he concluded that it must be the criminal aliens who were firing the ray-guns, left Zook so that he could confront the criminals. Upon seeing the Manhunter, the criminals fired their ray-guns, he defeated both of the criminals and took them to a jail on the island, where they were incarcerated. At the jail, Manhunter learned. Manhunter found this other alien, named R'ell, who explained how the aliens had travelled to Earth through a space warp; the warp was still open on the island, R'ell was determined to find the criminals and take them through the warp back to their own world. The warp would soon close, so R'ell and Manhunter had to hurry back to the jail.

Meanwhile, the criminals had escaped from the jail by using their power to vibrate their bodies and cause a small earthquake. By the time Manhunter and R'ell arrived, the criminals were gone, they were spotted by Diane Meade, who secretly followed them to an abandoned cottage, near the space warp. The aliens discovered Meade and were threatening her with their ray-guns when Manhunter and R'ell caught up with them. Manhunter and R'ell were helpless to stop the criminals so long; the criminals began hopping about and crying in pain. Zook, who had found the cottage, had sneaked up on the aliens and had used his power to generate heat to heat up the ground beneath the criminals. While the criminals were distracted Diane ran away. Manhunter told R'ell to hold on tight to him. Carrying all three aliens, Manhunter flew through the space warp and managed to toss the aliens through the warp back into their own world seconds before the warp closed. However, Manhunter had forgotten about Zook, who had to remain on Earth now that the warp had closed.

Zook jumped into his arms. Manhunter decided to keep Zook as a pet. Zook learned to speak English and became Manhunter's crime-fighting partner, he appeared in the "Manhunter from Mars" stories published in Detective Comics #311, 312, 314–318, 320–322, 325 and 326. Zook was featured in Superman/Batman as one of the aliens that lived on Earth that were being mind controlled by an extraterrestrial invasion force, he tried to kill them. Zook possesses a variety of superhuman powers, he can alter the temperature of his body to be hot or cold. These temperatures may emanate only a few feet from his body, he has antennae that allow him to sense in what direction is any person he's seen before is located. He can alter the shape of his body in limited ways; this is limited to making himself flat enough to fit through any crack but on a few occasions, he stretched his body a few feet. On one occasion, he managed to use super breath. In the Justice League episode "Comfort and Joy" one of the stuffed animals on Kara's bed resembles Zook.

In the third season Supergirl episode "In Search of Lost Time", Zook is described by M'yrnn J'onzz, J'onn's father, as his son's imaginary friend, having an origin similar to Mister Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite or Qwsp: a being from the "fifth dimension" that J'onn would claim cheated at games for him. Zook appears in All-New Batman: The Brave and the Bold #5