Novosibirsk is the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia. Located in the southwestern part of Siberia on the banks of the Ob River, it is the third-most populous city in Russia as well as the most populous city in Asian Russia, with a population of 1,612,833 as of the 2018 census. Novosibirsk was founded in 1893 on the Ob River crossing point of the future Trans-Siberian Railway. Named Novonikolayevsk, it grew into a major transport and industrial hub; the city was ravaged by the Russian Civil War but recovered during the early Soviet period, gained its present name in 1926. Under Stalin, Novosibirsk became one of the largest industrial centers of Siberia. Following the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War the city hosted many factories relocated from European Russia. Novosibirsk is home to the headquarters of numerous Russian corporations, as well as the world-renowned Novosibirsk Zoo, it is served by the busiest airport in Siberia. Novosibirsk, founded in 1893 at the future site of a Trans-Siberian Railway bridge crossing the great Siberian river of Ob, first was named Novonikolayevsk, in honor both of Saint Nicholas and of the reigning Tsar Nicholas II.
It superseded nearby Krivoshchekovskaya village, founded in 1696. The bridge was completed in the spring of 1897, making the new settlement the regional transport hub; the importance of the city further increased with the completion of the Turkestan–Siberia Railway in the early 20th century. The new railway connected Novonikolayevsk to the Caspian Sea. At the time of the bridge's opening, Novonikolayevsk had a population of 7,800 people; the frontier settlement developed rapidly. Its first bank opened in 1906, a total of five banks were operating by 1915. In 1907, now with a population exceeding 47,000, was granted town status with full rights for self-government. During the pre-revolutionary period, the population of Novonikolayevsk reached 80,000; the city had steady and rapid economic growth, becoming one of the largest commercial and industrial centers of Siberia. It developed a significant agricultural processing industry, as well as a power station, iron foundry, commodity market, several banks, commercial and shipping companies.
By 1917, seven Orthodox churches and one Roman Catholic Church had been built there, several cinemas, forty primary schools, a high school, a teaching seminary, the Romanov House non-classical secondary school. In 1913, Novonikolayevsk became one of the first places in Russia to institute compulsory primary education; the Russian Civil War took a toll on the city. There were wartime epidemics of typhus and cholera, that claimed thousands of lives. In the course of the war the Ob River Bridge was destroyed. For the first time in the city's history, the population of Novonikolayevsk began to decline; the Soviet Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies of Novonikolayevsk took control of the city in December 1917. In May 1918, the Czechoslovak Legion rose in opposition to the revolutionary government and, together with the White Guards, captured Novonikolayevsk; the Red Army took the city in 1919. Novonikolayevsk began reconstruction in 1921 at the start of Lenin's New Economic Policy period, it was a part of Tomsk Governorate and served as its administrative center from December 23, 1919 to March 14, 1920.
Between June 13, 1921 and May 25, 1925, it served as the administrative center of Novonikolayevsk Governorate, separated from Tomsk Governorate. The city was given its present name on September 12, 1926; when governorates were abolished, the city served as the administrative center of Siberian Krai until July 23, 1930, of West Siberian Krai until September 28, 1937, when that krai was split into Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai. Since it has served as the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast; the Monument to the Heroes of the Revolution was erected in the center of the city and has been one of the chief historic sites. Neglect in the 1990s while other areas were redeveloped helped preserve it in the post-Soviet era. During Joseph Stalin's industrialization effort, Novosibirsk secured its place as one of the largest industrial centers of Siberia. Several massive industrial facilities were created, including the'Sibkombain' plant, specializing in the production of heavy mining equipment.
Additionally a metal processing plant, a food processing plant and other industrial enterprises and factories were built, as well as a new power station. The great Soviet famine of 1932–33 resulted in more than 170,000 rural refugees seeking food and safety in Novosibirsk, they were settled in barracks at the outskirts of the city, giving rise to slums such as Bolshaya Nakhalovka, Malaya Nakhalovka, others. Its rapid growth and industrialization led to Novosibirsk being nicknamed the "Chicago of Siberia". Tram rails were laid down in 1934, by which time the population had reached 287,000, making Novosibirsk the largest city in Siberia; the following year the original bridge over the Ob River was replaced by the new Kommunalny bridge. Between 1941 and 1942 more than 50 substantial factories were crated up and relocated from western Russia to Novosibirsk in order to reduce the risk of their destruction through war, at this time the city became a major supply base for the Red Army. During this period the city received more than 140,000 refugees.
Kateřina Winterová is a Czech actress, permanent member of the National Theatre in Prague and singer of the band Ecstasy of Saint Theresa. She spent her childhood in Mělník. From 1990 to 1996 she attended musical drama department at the Prague Conservatory. During her studies, she played in the Under Palmovka theatre. From 1996 to 1998, she appeared as a guest in Klicpera Theatre in Hradec Králové and in the National Theatre. Since 1998, she is in the permanent engagement of the National Theatre. In 2002, she received the Anděl Award in the category of Singer of the Year. In 2011, Kateřina was nominated for Thalia Award and Alfred Radok Award for her role as Nora. Between 2013-2017 She screened with Linda Rybová in Czech TV in the own cooking show with title We are cooking according to Herbarium, they edited five cookbooks. Since 1998, she is a singer of the band Ecstasy of Saint Theresa; the band is one of the long-standing Czech cult bands in the field of electronic and ambivalent music. Together with Jan P. Muchow, she released footage from a live performance.
She sang lead vocals on British Sea Power's 2004 single "A Lovely Day Tomorrow" and the B-side version of the same song with lyrics translated into Czech, "Zítra Bude Krásný Den". In Dust 3 Slowthinking Watching Black 101010 2013 – Bez Doteku 2012 – Signál 2010 – Osudové peníze 2009 – Pojišťovna štěstí 2006 – Krásný čas 2004 – Zlatá brána 2002 – Můj otec a ostatní muži 2001 – Ani svatí, ani Andělé 2001 – Cabriolet 2000 – Bohemians 2000 – K moři 2000 – Paní Mlha 1998 – Tunel 1996 – Šeptej 1993 – Nahota na prodej Kateřina Winterová on IMDb http://ona.idnes.cz/dohanim-rozjety-divadelni-vlak-rika-o-navratu-z-materske-katerina-winterova-1v8-/spolecnost.aspx?c=A100430_193322_ona_ony_abr http://www.divadelni-noviny.cz/katerina-winterova-jde-mi-o-zivot/ http://ceny-thalie.cz/historie.php https://web.archive.org/web/20120415153959/http://www.cenyradoka.cz/
The Cathedral of The Isles and Collegiate Church of the Holy Spirit is a cathedral of the Scottish Episcopal Church in the town of Millport on the Isle of Cumbrae. It is one of the two cathedrals of the Diocese of Argyll and the Isles, the other being St John's Cathedral in Oban; the ordinary of the diocese is the Right Reverend Kevin Pearson. George Boyle, 6th Earl of Glasgow, was benefactor of the cathedral and commissioned William Butterfield to design the building. Butterfield was one of the great architects of the Gothic revival and designed St Ninian's Cathedral in Perth. Construction finished in 1849 and the cathedral opened in 1851. Formal gardens and woodland surround the cathedral, the tallest building on Great Cumbrae and the smallest cathedral in the British Isles. In the entrance porch is an interesting collection of Celtic crosses, all of which were excavated on the island in Victorian times. Friends of the Cathedral of the Isles YouTube of the Cathedral and College Cathedral Website