Penalty shoot-out (association football)
A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining the winner of an association football match that is drawn after the regulation as well as extra playing time. Although the procedure for taking kicks from the penalty mark resembles that of a penalty kick, most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked. The method of breaking a draw in a match requiring a winner is determined beforehand by the organizing body. Although employed in football commonly since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs remain unpopular with some, during a shoot-out, players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle. The kicking teams goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line, goals scored during the shoot-out are not included in the final score, nor are they added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A tie is a result in football. Exceptionally, a shoot-out after a league or round-robin match may be provided for and this provision appears for occasions where opposing teams in a final-day match finish the group with identical records, which can result in an immediate shoot-out.
This happened in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Womens Under-19 Championship, several leagues, such as the J-League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs immediately following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, for instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage. The following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark, the procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFABs Laws of the Game document. The referee tosses a coin to decide the goal at which the kicks will be taken, the choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable. The referee tosses the coin a second time to determine which team will take the first kick, all players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitchs centre circle.
Each kick will be taken in the manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, which is 12 yards from the line and equidistant from each touch line. Each team is responsible for selecting from the players the order in which they will take the kicks. The referee is not informed of the order, each kicker can kick the ball only once per attempt. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again, no other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper, may touch the ball. The ball may touch the goalkeeper, goal posts, or crossbar any number of times before going into the goal as long as the referee believes the motion is the result of the initial kick
Goalkeeper (association football)
Goalkeeper, often shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football. It is the most specialised position in the sport, the goalkeepers primary role is to prevent the opposing team from successfully moving the ball over the defended goal-line. This is accomplished by the moving into the path of the ball. Within the penalty area goalkeepers are able to use their hands, goalkeepers usually perform goal kicks, and give commands to their defence during corner kicks and indirect free kicks, and marking. Goalkeepers play an important role in directing on field strategy as they have a view of the entire pitch. If an attacker on the opposing team obstructs the keeper from catching or saving the ball, for example, in a corner, it will normally be a free kick. If a goalkeeper is injured or sent off, a goalkeeper has to take their place. In order to replace a goalkeeper who is sent off, a team usually substitutes an outfield player for the backup keeper and they play the remainder of the match with nine outfield players.
Goalkeepers often have longer playing careers than players, many not retiring until their late thirties or early forties. This can be explained by noting that goalkeepers play a physically demanding position that requires significantly less running. For example, Peter Shilton played for 31 years between 1966 and 1997 before retiring at the age of 47. Because only one player can play in goal and the position is so specialised many professional teams on average especially at the highest level have one player as first-choice for many years, for example Gianlugi Buffon has played as first choice keeper for Juventus for more than 15 years. Petr Cech prior to his move to Aresnal was first choice keeper for Chelsea between 2004 and 2015, the squad number for a first choice goalkeeper is generally number 1. Although this is common, some goalkeepers now wear other numbers when in goal, association football, like many sports, has experienced many changes in tactics resulting in the generation and elimination of different positions.
Goalkeeper is the position that is certain to have existed since the codification of the sport. The earliest account of football teams with player positions comes from Richard Mulcaster in 1581, the earliest specific reference to keeping goal comes from Cornish Hurling in 1602. One of these is appointed by lots, to the one side, there is assigned for their guard, a couple of their best stopping Hurlers. Other references to scoring goals begin in English literature in the early 16th century, for example, in John Days play The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green, Ill play a gole at camp-ball
Jorge Manuel Almeida Gomes de Andrade, OIH is a former Portuguese footballer who played as a central defender, and the current manager of Clube Oriental de Lisboa. After playing two years with Porto he went on to represent Deportivo and Juventus, appearing rarely for the due to injury. Andrade gained more than 50 caps for Portugal, representing the nation in one World Cup and one European Championship, born in Lisbon, Andrade made his professional debuts with hometown club C. F. Estrela da Amadora in 1997, helping it to two consecutive eighth Primeira Liga places and he appeared in only 11 La Liga games in his debut season, barred by César Martín and Noureddine Naybet, but was an undisputed first-choice when healthy in the following years. On 21 April 2004, during a Champions League semi-finals match against former team Porto, the gesture was of a friendly nature, but the referee was eluded by it, and immediately gave the defender his marching orders. He was forced to serve a one-match ban, Andrade signed for Juventus F. C. in the 2007 summer, for approximately €10 million.
In a Serie A match against A. S, roma on 23 September, he badly broke his left kneecap and missed the rest of the 2007–08 season. In the teams 2008 pre-season, Andrade suffered the same injury, a new osteosynthesis operation was thus needed, with the post-surgery prognosis being a number of months.8 million. That was the third in a year and the left knee surgery Andrade had in his career. The Turin-based club wrote off his salary as well as part of the fee for the fiscal year. On 8 April 2009, Juventus and Andrade reached an agreement, after being released he went on trial to Málaga CF, but was not offered a deal eventually. In early February 2010, he underwent a trial with Toronto FC in Canada, on 9 April 2015, Andrade was named assistant to Pedro Hipólito at hometown club Atlético Clube de Portugal, struggling in the Segunda Liga. He took his first outright job on 21 March 2016 at fellow capital team Clube Oriental de Lisboa, in May, four of his players were investigated for allegedly taking bribes to throw games, and the season ended with relegation.
Andrade made his debut for Portugal in April 2001, and was part of the squads at the 2002 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 2004. In the latter competition, played on home soil, he put one in his own net in a 2–1 win against the Netherlands in the semifinals. Andrade appeared in five matches during the Euro 2008 qualifying campaign, along with fellow Portuguese internationals Miguel, Nani and Nélson, had descent from the Cape Verde islands, previously a Portuguese colony
Club Atlético Osasuna, or simply Osasuna, is a Spanish football team based in Pamplona, Navarre. Founded in 1920, it plays in La Liga, holding home games at the 19. The teams home kit is red shirt, navy blue shorts, black socks with red back, whereas the one is navy blue shirt, orange shorts. The word osasuna means health in Basque, founded in 1920, Osasuna first reached Segunda División in 1932. It made it to La Liga three seasons later, the club achieved its first ever UEFA Cup qualification in 1985–86 after finishing sixth, eventually reaching the third round in the 1990–91 edition. Finishing last in 1993–94, the spent six years in the second level. In 2005, it reached the Copa del Rey final for the first time, on 27 November 2005, Osasuna played its 1, 000th game in La Liga. Osasuna were drawn in Group D of the 2006–07 UEFA Cup along with Parma, Lens and Heerenveen. The club qualified for the stage, finishing second in its group, and were drawn against Bordeaux. The Spaniards progressed 1–0 on aggregate, drawing 0–0 away before winning 1–0 in Pamplona through an extra time winner by Javad Nekounam, next up were Rangers, and Osasuna again progressed following a 1–1 draw in Scotland and a 1–0 win at home.
The club was drawn against German side Bayer Leverkusen in the quarter-finals, regarded as severe underdogs, Osasuna not only progressed to the semi-finals but did so in style. In the semi-finals, the club was drawn against holders and fellow Spanish side Sevilla, in the following two seasons, Osasuna struggled heavily in the league. Osasuna had varied success following those seasons, but struggled again from 2012 to 2014 and it subsequently won all its playoff games – against Gimnàstic de Tarragona in the preliminary stage and Girona in the final stage – to achieve promotion once again to La Liga. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, the team was disbanded in June 2014 in the midst of financial turmoil, weeks after the male teams relegation to Segunda
Rio Ave F.C.
Rio Ave Futebol Clube, commonly known as Rio Ave, is a Portuguese football club based in Vila do Conde, northern Portugal. The club is named after the Ave River, which flows through the town, founded in 1939, Rio Ave currently play in the Primeira Liga, Portugals top-tier division of professional football. They play their games at Estádio do Rio Ave, known as Estádio dos Arcos. Built in 1985, the current stadium seats approximately 12,815 people and is a multi-sports venue, although it is used mainly for Rio Aves football matches. The clubs home colours are green and white striped shirts with shorts and socks, whilst their away kit consists of a red and white striped shirt. Portuguese internationals Alfredo, Paulinho Santos, Rui Jorge, the Vilacondenses best top-tier league finish was fifth in the 1981–82 season. They reached the 1984 Taça de Portugal Final, where they lost to Porto 4–1, with this result, Rio Ave qualified for the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League, their first participation in a major European competition.
Rio Ave was founded in 1939, soon being nicknamed Rio Grande, in 1981–82, Rio Ave achieved its best ever league standing by finishing in fifth place, in what was known as the Primeira Divisão. Two seasons later, it reached the Portuguese Cup final, losing to Porto 4–1, most recently, Rio Ave managed to see of Braga to gain a spot in the 2014 Taça de Portugal Final, where they faced Benfica and lost 1–0. Notes 3Q, Third qualifying round PO, Play-off round GS, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, ^A Best league classification finish in the clubs history. ^B Best cup run in the clubs history, ^C Best league cup run in the clubs history. = Division, 1D = Portuguese League, 2H = Liga de Honra, 2DS/2D = Portuguese Second DivisionPos.
= Position, Pl = Match played, W = Win, D = Draw, L = Lost, GS = Goal Scored, GA = Goal Against, P = Points Official website Zerozero team profile Detailed up-to-date club news
Penalty kick (association football)
A penalty kick is a method of restarting play in association football, taken from 11 metres out from the goal, on the penalty mark. Penalty kicks are performed during normal play and they are awarded when a foul that is punishable by a direct free kick is committed within the offending players own penalty area. Similar kicks are made in a penalty shootout in some tournaments to determine which team is victorious after a drawn match, in practice, penalties are converted to goals more often than not, even against world class goalkeepers. This means that penalty awards are often decisive, especially in low-scoring games, the referee gives the ball to the non-offending team. The goalkeeper must stand on the line between the post until the ball is kicked. Lateral movement is allowed, but the keeper is not permitted to come off the goal line by stepping or lunging forward until the ball is in play. When the goalkeeper indicates to the referee that they are ready, once the shooter has started their approach to the ball, they are not permitted to interrupt it.
The ball must be stationary before the kick, and must be struck forwards, violation of these rules will result in a re-kick. After the penalty is taken properly, the ball may be played by any player except the one who executed the penalty kick. The kicker may not play the ball again until it has touched or played by another player on either team. For penalties taken near the end of time, play may be extended so that the penalty kick may be taken. A two-man penalty, or tap penalty, occurs when the penalty-taker, instead of shooting for goal, taps the ball slightly forward so that a team-mate can run on to it and shoot. The team-mate, like all other players, must be at least ten yards from the penalty mark when the ball is initially kicked and this strategy depends on the element of surprise, so that the team-mate can reach the ball ahead of any defenders. There is no requirement for the penalty taker to shoot for goal, the first recorded tap penalty was taken by Jimmy McIlroy and Danny Blanchflower of Northern Ireland against Portugal on 1 May 1957.
Another was taken by Rik Coppens and André Piters in the World Cup Qualifying match Belgium v Iceland on 5 June 1957, arsenal players Thierry Henry and Robert Pirès failed in an attempt at a similar penalty in 2005, during a Premier League match against Manchester City at Highbury. Lionel Messi tapped a penalty for Luis Suárez as Suárez completed his hat-trick on 14 February 2016 against league opponents Celta De Vigo, in the case of a player repeatedly infringing the laws during the penalty kick, the referee may caution the player for persistent infringement. Note that all offences that occur before kick may be dealt with in this manner, as with a direct free kick, the kicker may not touch the ball a second time, until another player has touched the ball. Another example of an infringement is when a player will run up, stop directly at the ball and this gives the goalkeeper no chance at saving it, and the result of this would be a free kick for the opposing team
Valencia Club de Fútbol are a Spanish football club based in Valencia. They play in La Liga and are one of the most successful and biggest clubs in Spanish football, Valencia have won six La Liga titles, seven Copa del Rey trophies, two Fairs Cups, one UEFA Cup, one UEFA Cup Winners Cup and two UEFA Super Cups. They reached two UEFA Champions League finals in a row, losing to La Liga rivals Real Madrid in 2000, Valencia were members of the G-14 group of leading European football clubs. In total, Valencia have reached seven major European finals, winning four of them, Valencia were founded in 1919 and have played their home games at the 55, 000-seater Mestalla since 1923. They were due to move into the new 75, 000-seater Nou Mestalla in the north-west of the city in 2013, Valencia have a fierce rivalry with fellow Valencian club Villarreal CF, with whom they contest the Derby de la Comunitat. The rivalry is fueled by the fact that they are the two most successful clubs in the region. They have a rivalry with Levante UD, located in the city of Valencia.
Valencia is the third-most supported football club in Spain, behind heavyweights Real Madrid, over the years, the club has achieved a global reputation for their prolific youth academy, or cantera. Products of their academy include world-class talents such as Raúl Albiol, Andrés Palop, Miguel Ángel Angulo, David Albelda, Gaizka Mendieta, current stars of the game to have graduated in recent years include Isco, Jordi Alba, Juan Bernat, and Paco Alcácer. The club was established on 5 March 1919 and officially approved on 18 March 1919, with Octavio Augusto Milego Díaz as its first president, the club played its first competitive match away from home on 21 May 1919 against Valencia Gimnástico, and lost the match 1–0. Valencia CF moved into the Mestalla Stadium in 1923, having played its matches at the Algirós ground since 7 December 1919. The first match at Mestalla pitted the side against Castellón Castalia. In another match the day after, Valencia won against the same opposition, Valencia won the Regional Championship in 1923, and was eligible to play in the domestic Copa del Rey cup competition for the first time in its history.
The Spanish Civil War halted the progress of the Valencia team until 1941, in the 1941–42 season, the club won its first Spanish La Liga championship title, although winning the Copa del Rey was more reputable than the championship at that time. The club maintained its consistency to capture the title again in the 1943–44 season. In 1995 they lost 2012 they lost 6-1 to CD Binefar In the 1950s, a restructuring of Mestalla resulted in an increase in spectator capacity to 45,000, while the club had a number of Spanish and foreign stars. Players such as Spanish international Antonio Puchades and Dutch forward Faas Wilkes graced the pitch at Mestalla, in the 1952–53 season, the club finished as runners-up in La Liga behind Barcelona. In the following season, the club won its third Copa del Rey, Valencia beat holders Barça 3–0 in the final in front of over 110,000 spectators at the Estadio Chamartín, the home ground of Real Madrid
In British sport, a cap is a metaphorical term for a players appearance in a game at international level. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap to every player in a match of association football. An early illustration of the first international match between Scotland and England in 1872 shows the Scottish players wearing cowls, and the English wearing a variety of school caps. These to be termed International Caps, the act of awarding a cap is now international and is applied to other sports. Thus, a cap is awarded for each game played and so a player who has played x games, the practice of awarding a physical cap varies from sport to sport. It may be awarded prior to a debut or, particularly for national teams. As an example, the England mens association football teams still awards physical caps, Players are awarded one cap for every match they play — unless they play in a World Cup or European Championship finals tournament. Then they are given a cap for the competition — with the names of all their opponents stitched into the fabric of the cap itself.
In mens association football, the record belongs to former player Ahmed Hassan of Egypt, the first footballer to win 100 international caps was Billy Wright of Englands Wolverhampton Wanderers. Wright went on to appear 105 times for England,90 of them he obtained whilst he was a captain, however, it is a players choice to refuse to play for or retire from his or her national team. In cricket, there are two types of caps, there is the international type, as described above. Some countries award a domestic type generally known as a county cap, the latter system is most commonly applied in English county cricket. Most counties do not automatically award caps to players on their first appearance, indeed, one can play at the highest domestic level for several years, and have a quite significant career in first-class cricket, without ever winning a cap. The world record for the number of caps in Test cricket is held by Sachin Tendulkar of India, Tendulkar holds the record for One Day Internationals, with 463 caps.
In rugby union,35 players have reached 100 international caps as of 5 June 2012, Players from England, Scotland and Ireland are eligible for selection to the British and Irish Lions touring squad. Lions matches are classed as full international tests, and caps are awarded, the Pacific Islanders team, composed of players from Fiji, Tonga and Cook Islands have a similar arrangement, although no players involved have so far reached 100 caps. Players still active at Test level are in bold type, the record for most caps is held by former Australian Kangaroos player & captain Darren Lockyer with 59 games and second place is former New Zealand Kiwis player & captain Ruben Wiki with 55 games. Players still active at Test level are in bold type, mens Records and Facts FIFA Players with 100+ Caps RSSSF Picture of International Football Cap National Museum of Scotland Gallery of International Caps and Honours Caps