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Nuremberg Laws

The Nuremberg Laws were antisemitic and racist laws in Nazi Germany. They were enacted by the Reichstag on 15 September 1935, at a special meeting convened during the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party; the two laws were the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour, which forbade marriages and extramarital intercourse between Jews and Germans and the employment of German females under 45 in Jewish households, the Reich Citizenship Law, which declared that only those of German or related blood were eligible to be Reich citizens. The remainder were classed as state subjects without any citizenship rights. A supplementary decree outlining the definition of, Jewish was passed on 14 November, the Reich Citizenship Law came into force on that date; the laws were expanded on 26 November 1935 to include Black people. This supplementary decree defined Romanis as "enemies of the race-based state", the same category as Jews. Out of foreign policy concerns, prosecutions under the two laws did not commence until after the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in Berlin.

After the Nazis seized power in 1933, they began to implement their policies, which included the formation of a Volksgemeinschaft based on race. Chancellor and Führer Adolf Hitler declared a national boycott of Jewish businesses on 1 April 1933, the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service, passed on 7 April, excluded non-Aryans from the legal profession and civil service. Books considered un-German, including those by Jewish authors, were destroyed in a nationwide book burning on 10 May. Jewish citizens were subjected to violent attacks, they were suppressed, stripped of their citizenship and civil rights, completely removed from German society. The Nuremberg Laws had a crippling social impact on the Jewish community. Persons convicted of violating the marriage laws were imprisoned, upon completing their sentences were re-arrested by the Gestapo and sent to Nazi concentration camps. Non-Jews stopped socialising with Jews or shopping in Jewish-owned stores, many of which closed due to lack of customers.

As Jews were no longer permitted to work in the civil service or government-regulated professions such as medicine and education, many middle class business owners and professionals were forced to take menial employment. Emigration was problematic, as Jews were required to remit up to 90% of their wealth as a tax upon leaving the country. By 1938 it was impossible for potential Jewish emigrants to find a country willing to take them. Mass deportation schemes such as the Madagascar Plan proved to be impossible for the Nazis to carry out, starting in mid-1941, the German government started mass exterminations of the Jews of Europe; the National Socialist German Workers' Party was one of several far-right political parties active in Germany after the end of the First World War. The party platform included removal of the Weimar Republic, rejection of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, radical antisemitism, anti-Bolshevism, they promised a strong central government, increased Lebensraum for Germanic peoples, formation of a Volksgemeinschaft based on race, racial cleansing via the active suppression of Jews, who would be stripped of their citizenship and civil rights.

While imprisoned in 1924 after the failed Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler dictated Mein Kampf to his deputy, Rudolf Hess. The book is an autobiography and exposition of Hitler's ideology in which he laid out his plans for transforming German society into one based on race. In it he outlined his belief in Jewish Bolshevism, a conspiracy theory that posited the existence of an international Jewish conspiracy for world domination in which the Jews were the mortal enemy of the German people. Throughout his life Hitler never wavered in his world view as expounded in Mein Kampf; the Nazi Party advocated the concept of a Volksgemeinschaft with the aim of uniting all Germans as national comrades, whilst excluding those deemed either to be community aliens or of a foreign race. Discrimination against Jews intensified. By 1933, many people who were not Nazi Party members advocated segregating Jews from the rest of German society; the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service, passed on 7 April 1933, forced all non-Aryans to retire from the legal profession and civil service.

Similar legislation soon deprived Jewish members of other professions of their right to practise. In 1934, the Nazi Party published a pamphlet titled "Warum Arierparagraph?", which summarised the perceived need for the law. As part of the drive to remove Jewish influence from cultural life, members of the National Socialist Student League removed from libraries any books considered un-German, a nationwide book burning was held on 10 May. Violence and economic pressure were used by the regime to encourage Jews to voluntarily leave the country. Legislation passed in July 1933 stripped naturalised German Jews of their citizenship, creating a legal basis for recent immigrants to be deported. Many towns posted signs forbidding entry to Jews. Throughout 1933 and 1934, Jewish businesses were denied access to markets, forbidden to advertise in newspapers, deprived of access to government contracts. Citizens were harass

Smash the System: Singles and More

Smash the System: Singles and More is a double-CD greatest hits album by Saint Etienne. The compilation samples music from most of their releases spanning the years from 1990 to 1999. Most tracks are featured in their single or edit versions with the exception of'Join Our Club', a new mix as the original sounded too'muddy'. Smash The System was going to be the CD debut of'Lover Plays The Bass', but the band'forgot' to include it. In 2005 the album was re-released as Smash the System: Singles 1990-99 containing only the singles; the newer version uses a green version of the same artwork. This edition of the album replicates 13 of the 14 tracks that appear on the group's first singles album 1995's Too Young to Die – The Singles. Notable differences include the first appearance of the radio edit of "Avenue" on a Saint Etienne album, the 2001 remix of "Join Our Club", the inclusion of the US version of "Kiss and Make Up", the omission of "I Was Born on Christmas Day"; the compilation has different shorter edits of "Sylvie" and "The Bad Photographer" that do not appear on Smash the System: Singles and More.

The version of "Kiss and Make Up" differs on both compilations, as the version featured on the 2005 edition is shorter than the one included on the 2001 edition. All tracks are written by Wiggs. All tracks are written by Wiggs. Saint Etienne are: Sarah Cracknell Bob Stanley Pete Wiggs

Wallace Davenport

Wallace Foster Davenport was an American jazz trumpeter. Davenport has been one of the few traditional jazz musicians of the 1930s who branched out into swing and bop styles, as well as backing gospel and R&B vocalists during an extensive career in eight different decades. Davenport was born in Louisiana, he started on trumpet at age 13 with The Young Tuxedo Brass Band. He played with Papa Celestin in 1941 before leaving New Orleans to serve in the U. S. Navy. Davenport returned there after the World War II, making an easy transition to swing and bop with various bands, he recorded with Roy Brown in 1947. During the 1950s he toured the US and Europe playing with Lionel Hampton, recorded in Paris in the mid-'50 with Mezz Mezzrow. Davenport played and recorded with the Count Basie jazz orchestra, toured with singers Ray Charles and Lloyd Price. In 1969 he went back to doing traditional jazz in New Orleans, issued recordings of his groups playing this style from on his own label My Jazz. In the eighties, Davenport worked with both traditional units as The Alliance Hall Dixieland Band and gospel groups like The Zion Harmonizers and Aline White, backed the vocalists Frank Sinatra and Sammy Davis, Jr. However, he went on impromptu tours in Asia and Europe, once played expressly for the king Olav V of Norway.

A cultural icon of New Orleans, Davenport played at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival and the French Quarter Festival. He received numerous awards and recognitions for his musical contributions from the city government and local arts groups. Wallace Davenport died in Louisiana, at 78 years of age. With Count Basie Pop Goes the Basie Basie Meets Bond Live at the Sands Sinatra at the Sands with Frank Sinatra Basie's Beatle Bag Basie's Beat With Phil Upchurch Feeling Blue


Otsuichi is the pen name of Hirotaka Adachi, born 1978. He is a Japanese writer of horror short stories, as well as a filmmaker, he is a member of the Honkaku Mystery Writers Club of Japan. He made his debut with Fireworks and My Corpse while still in high school. Major works include the novel Goth, adapted into a comic and a feature film and the Zoo short story collections which were adapted into a feature film. Goth won the 2003 Honkaku Mystery Award. Tokyopop has published English-language translations of his short story collection Calling You, the novel Goth and the comic adaptations of both. Another short story, F-Sensei's Pocket, appears in the English edition of the literary magazine Faust. Calling You, trans. Agnes Yoshida Calling You Kiz/Kids Flower Song Goth, trans. Andrew Cunningham Zoo, trans. Terry Gallagher Zoo In a Falling Airplane The White House in the Cold Forest Find the Blood! In a Park at Twlilight, a Long Time Ago Wardrobe Song of the Sunny Spot Kazari and Yoko SO-Far Words of God Seven Rooms Summer, My Corpse, trans.

Nathan Collins Summer, My Corpse Yuko Black Fairy Tale Summer, My Corpse, trans. Nathan Collins Summer, My Corpse Yuko Black Fairy Tale, trans. Nathan Collins Short storyF-sensei's Pocket, trans. Andrew Cunningham, illustrated by Takeshi Obata Where the Wind Blows, trans. Andrew Cunningham, illustrated by Takeshi Obata Firestarter Yukawa, trans. Matt Treyvaud, illustrated by KEI written under the name Eiichi Nakata Japanese Awards1996 - Weekly Shōnen Jump Novel Award: Summer, My Corpse 2003 - Honkaku Mystery Award for Best Fiction: Goth 2004 - Nominee for Yamamoto Shūgorō Prize: ZooU. S. Award2009 - Nominee for Shirley Jackson Award for Single-Author Collection: Zoo Summer, Fireworks and My Corpse Summer, Fireworks and My Corpse Yuko Tentei Yōko A Masked Ball - Or, the appearance and disappearance of the bathroom smoker Tentei Yōko Ishi no Me /Heimen Inu Ishi no Me Hajime Blue Heimen Inu Shissō Holiday Happiness is a Warm Kitty Shissō Holiday Calling You Calling You Kiz/Kids Flower Song Ankoku Dowa Shinizokonai no Ao Kurai tokoro de machiawase Goth Wristcut Case - the winner of the 3rd Honkaku Mystery AwardGoth Wristcut Dog Twins Grave Voice Goth Yoru no Shō Goth Dog Twins Goth Boku no Shō Wristcut Grave Voice Samishisa no Shūhasū Mirai Yoho Ashita, Harereba ii Te o Nigiru dorobō no Monogatari Film no naka no Shōjo Ushinawareta Monogatari Zoo Kazari to Yōko Ketsueki wo Sagase!

Hidamari no Shi So-far Tsumetai Mori no Shiroi Ie Closet Kami no Kotoba Zoo Seven Rooms Ochiru hikoki no Naka de Zoo 1 Kazari to Yōko Seven Rooms So-far Hidamari no Shi Zoo Zoo 2 Ketsueki wo Sagase! Tsumetai Mori no Shiroi Ie Closet Kami no Kotoba Ochiru Hikoki no Naka de Mukashi Yuhi no Kōen de Ushinawareru Monogatari Calling You Ushinawareru Monogatari Kiz/Kids Te wo Nigiru Dorobō no Monogatari Happiness is a Warm Kitty Maria no Yubi Boku no Kashikoi Pantsu-kun Usokano Gun and Chocolate Kutsushita o Kakuse! Shosei Monogatari Collection of essays written for the web Toruko Nikki ~ Dame Ningen Sakka Trio no Datsuryoku Tabi Nikki~ Serialized on the web revised. Ugoku Omocha Tsuma no Denwa Kamikakushi Shufuku sareta Mizu Kaidan F-Sensei no Pocket Kodomo ha Tōku ni Itta Dare ni mo Tsuzukanai A relay novel written with Takekuni Kitayama, Yuya Sato, Tatsuhiko Takimoto and Nisio Isin. Mado ni fuku Kaze Kono ko no e wa Mikansei Utopia Hajime Script. Art by Takeshi Obata. Two part short story, appeared in Jump in 2003.

Misshitsu Kanojo Planning. Not published, b

The Absolute (novel)

The Absolute, published in 2001, is the 51st book in the Animorphs series, written by K. A. Applegate, it is known to be written by Lisa Harkrader. It is the final book narrated by Marco; the books opens with Marco and Tobias in bird morph, surveying a freight train transporting tanks into the city. They are spotted and attacked by Controllers in bird of prey morph, revealing that the Yeerks now have the ability to morph after obtaining the Escafil device in the previous book. Marco and Tobias escape by stealing a tank, which they use to demolish Chapman's house before fleeing. Back in the Hork-Bajir valley, the Animorphs speculate that the Yeerks are planning to infest the state's National Guard en masse. A personal issue is presented in the form of Jake's depression, which affects the morale of the group. Marco notices tension between Jake and Cassie, but does not know the reason for it, as he, Tobias, Ax are still unaware of Cassie's actions at the end of the previous book. Jake decides to send Marco, Ax to the state capitol to warn the governor of the Yeerk plot, while he, Cassie and the Auxiliary Animorphs attempt to slow the Yeerks down with the usual assault tactics.

Marco's team infiltrates The Gardens to acquire mallard ducks for the long-distance flight to the capitol. Here, they manage to escape, they arrive at the capitol and locate the governor in cockroach morph demorphing and revealing themselves to whom they think is the governor when he is alone. They are surprised to find out that the man to whom they reveal themselves is not the governor, but that his wife is the one they seek; the possibility of the governor being a woman had escaped Marco, Ax's minds. Her husband is a Controller, he alerts the Yeerks. Marco, Ax grab the governor and race through the streets of the capitol, aided by her closest bodyguard, while being pursued by the Yeerks. Collins is saved by Marco. After destroying a helicopter and a yacht, they lose their pursuers and return to the governor's mansion to explain the situation to her and Collins; the governor and Collins are accepting of the danger, the governor calls in a group of National Guardsmen who have been doing training missions in the desert for the last few weeks, can therefore be assumed to be uninfested.

An infested company arrives first with the intention of kidnapping and certainly infesting the governor. Marco deceives them by morphing the governor, letting himself be captured by the Yeerks, being rescued by Tobias and Ax. Marco, Ax return to the Hork-Bajir valley in time to see the governor issue a televised warning about the Yeerk invasion; the Absolute begins the "countdown" books. As such, it is the first to feature the new back cover text. Crucial plot developments include the Controllers, the main antagonists of the series, now being able to morph, the Yeerk invasion being revealed to the public. Ax uses a shark morph, although it is not specified whether he used his tiger shark or hammerhead shark morph

Murzuq District

Murzuq is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the south of the country, its capital is Murzuk. The city was occupied by the Ottoman Empire in 1578 and served as the capital of Fezzan off and on until the Ottomans ceded Libya to Italy in 1912, it was not occupied by the Italians until 1914. To the southeast, Murzuq borders the Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region of Chad, to the southwest it borders the Agadez Department of Niger; the border crossing to Niger is at Tumu. Domestically, it borders Ghat in the west, Wadi al Hayaa in northwest, west of Sabha, Sabha in northwest, east of Wadi Al Hayaa, Jufra in north and Kufra in the east. Per the census of 2012, the total population in the region was 157,747 with 150,353 Libyans; the average size of the household in the country was 6.9, while the average household size of non-Libyans being 3.7. There were 22,713 households in the district, with 20,907 Libyan ones; the population density of the district was 1.86 persons per sq. km. Per 2006 census, there were 28,642 economically active people in the district.

Libya has a flat undulating plain and occasional plateau, with an average elevation of around 423 m. Around 91 per cent of the land is covered by desert, with only 8.8 per cent agricultural land and 0.1 per cent of forests. The major resources are petroleum and natural gas. Along the coastal regions, the climate is Mediterranean in coastal areas, while it is desert climate in all other parts. Dust storms lasting four to eight days is pretty common during Spring. Triplotania is the northwest region, while it is Fezzen in southwest. Fezzen is full of deserts; the region receives an annual rainfall of 2.5 in. There are no perennial rivers in the region. Per the census of 2012, the total population in the region was 157,747 with 150,353 Libyans; the average size of the household in the country was 6.9, while the average household size of non-Libyans being 3.7. There were 22,713 households in the district, with 20,907 Libyan ones; the population density of the district was 1.86 persons per sq. km. Per 2006 census, there were 28,642 economically active people in the district.

There were 15,907 government employees, 2,678 employers, 9,613 first level workers and 001 second level workers. There were 6,726 workers in state administration, 3,351 in agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry, 3,789 in agriculture & hunting, 6,607 in education, 2,303 in private enterprises, 2,231 in health & social work, 1,670 in production, 6,554 in technical work and 480 service workers; the total enrollment in schools was 27,761 and the number of people above secondary stage and less than graduation was 1,710. As per the report from World Health Organization, there were 1 communicable disease centres, 1 dental clinics, 1 general clinics, 0 in-patient clinics, 2 out-patient clinics, 9 pharmacies, 52 PHC centres, 1 polyclinics, 1 rural clinics and 0 specialized clinics. Islam is the state and major religion of the country; the border between Murzuq and Jufra districts was modified after 2007 administrative reorganization of Libyan Districts. Among the towns in Murzuq district are Qatrun, Al `Uwaynat, Al Wigh, Murzuk and Tajarhi.

Libya became independent in 1951 from the colonial empire and known for its oil rich resources. All the powers rested centrally with the President Gaddafi for 42 years till the 2011 armed rebellion which topple him; as per the constitution, Libya is the most decentralized Arab nation, but all powers are vested on central government on account of control over the oil revenues. Local governmental institutions manage the administration of education and communities; as a part of decentralization in 2012, the country is administratively split into 13 regions from the original 25 municipalities, which were further divided in 1,500 communes. Since 2015, the chief of the state is a Chairman of Presidential Council, while the Prime Minister is the head of the state; the House of Representatives is an elected body, elected on universal suffrage and popular vote. As of 2016, there were 22 administrative divisions in the country in the form of districts. Murzuq Desert