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O Canada

"O Canada" is the national anthem of Canada. The song was commissioned by Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Théodore Robitaille for the 1880 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony; the original lyrics were in French. Multiple English versions ensued, with Robert Stanley Weir's version in 1908 gaining the most popularity serving as the basis for the official lyrics enacted by Parliament. Weir's lyrics have been revised three times, most when An Act to amend the National Anthem Act was enacted in 2018; the French lyrics remain unaltered. "O Canada" had served as a de facto national anthem since 1939 becoming the country's national anthem in 1980 when Canada's National Anthem Act received royal assent and became effective on July 1 as part of that year's Dominion Day celebrations. "O Canada" is a 28-bar song written in the key of G major for four voices and piano, as a march in 4/4 time to be played "maestoso è risoluto". The original manuscript has been lost; the National Anthem Act established set lyrics for "O Canada" in Canada's two official languages and French.

The lyrics are as follows: It has been noted that the opening theme of "O Canada" bears a strong resemblance to the "March of the Priests" from the opera The Magic Flute, composed in 1791 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The line "The True North strong and free" is based on the Lord Tennyson's description of Canada as "that true North, whereof we heard / A strain to shame us". In the context of Tennyson's poem To the Queen, the word true means "loyal" or "faithful"; the lyrics and melody of "O Canada" are both in the public domain, a status unaffected by the trademarking of the phrases "with glowing hearts" and "des plus brillants exploits" for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. Two provinces have adopted Latin translations of phrases from the English lyrics as their mottos: Manitoba—Gloriosus et Liber —and Alberta—Fortis et Liber; the Canadian Army's motto is Vigilamus pro te. The French lyrics of "O Canada" were written by Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier, to music composed by Calixa Lavallée, as a French Canadian patriotic song for the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society and first performed on June 24, 1880, at a Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day banquet in Quebec City.

At that time, the "Chant National" by Routhier, was popular amongst Francophones as an anthem, while "God Save the Queen" and "The Maple Leaf Forever" had, since 1867, been competing as unofficial national anthems in English Canada. "O Canada" joined that fray when a group of school children sang it for the 1901 tour of Canada by the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall. This was the first known performance of the song outside Quebec. Five years the Whaley and Royce company in Toronto published the music with the French text and a first translation into English by Thomas Bedford Richardson and, in 1908, Collier's Weekly magazine held a competition to write new English lyrics for "O Canada"; the competition was won by Mercy E. Powell McCulloch. In fact, many made English translations of Routhier's words. Weir's lyrics from 1908 contained no religious references and used the phrase "thou dost in us command" before they were changed by Weir in 1913 to read "in all thy sons command". In 1926, a fourth verse of a religious nature was added.

A modified version was published for the Diamond Jubilee of Confederation in 1927, it became the most accepted and performed version of this song. The tune was thought to have become the de facto national anthem after King George VI remained at attention during its playing at the dedication of the National War Memorial in Ottawa, Ontario, on May 21, 1939. By-laws and practices governing the use of song during public events in municipalities varied. Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson in 1964 said one song would have to be chosen as the country's national anthem and the government resolved to form a joint committee to review the status of the two musical works; the next year, Pearson put to the House of Commons a motion that "the government be authorized to take such steps as may be necessary to provide that'O Canada' shall be the National Anthem of Canada while'God Save the Queen' shall be the Royal Anthem of Canada", of which parliament approved. In 1967, the Prime Minister advised Governor General Georges Vanier to appoint the Special Joint Committee of the Senate and House of Commons on the National and Royal Anthems.

The group was charged with establishing official lyrics for each song. For "O Canada", the Robert Stanley Weir version of 1908 was recommended for the English words, with a few minor changes: two of the "stand on guard" phrases were replaced with "from far and wide" and "God keep our land". In 1970, the Queen in Right of Canada purchased the right to the lyrics and m

Saddle River County Park

Saddle River County Park is a 596-acre county park in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, stretching from Ridgewood to Rochelle Park, extends out to Glen Rock. The park is located along the Saddle River and consists of five sections, all of which are connected by a paved path, open to both pedestrians and bicyclists. Listed from north to south: Wild Duck Pond- located on Ridgewood Ave in Ridgewood, this area features a pond with picnic areas and playgrounds. Glen Rock Area- located off of Prospect Street in Glen Rock, features a pond with picnic areas and tennis courts. Dunkerhook Area- located in Paramus and Fair Lawn on Dunkerhook Road which can either be accessed from Paramus Road or Century Road, features picnic areas and tennis courts; the section contains a waterfall in the river. Otto Pehle Area- located on Saddle River Road in Saddle Brook, features a lake with picnic areas, a softball field, basketball courts, tennis courts. Rochelle Park Area- located on Railroad Ave in Rochelle Park, features picnic areas, a softball field, basketball courts, tennis courts, a roller hockey rink.

The walking/cycling trail consists of 6.8 miles of paved concrete trails, stretching from either Ridgewood Duck Pond to Rochelle Park, or from Glen Rock Duck Pond to Rochelle Park. The trail is without cars, prohibits all motorized vehicles, aside from electronic wheelchairs and other medical devices. There are benches laid out on the trail, water fountains and bathrooms in each of the parks; the trail has numerous path features, including 5 underpass bridges, which pass under existing roadways, 5 bridges, which cross over various bodies of water. The park has several off-road trails for hiking/mountain biking which branch off the main walking trail into the woods, on dirt paths; the longest of these trails is about 2 miles long, stretches from Fair Lawn to Paramus, follows along the existing paved trail but on the other side of the Saddle river. The Saddle River County Park Trail has numerous referable landmarks aside from the 5 parks; these include: The Waterfall: This is a small waterfall that exists in the Glen Rock section of the trail, directly after the Glen Rock path merges with the Ridgewood - Rochelle Park section of the trail.

This is half a mile from the Glen Rock Duck Pond, a tenth of a mile from Dunkerhook. Easton Tower: Also known as "The Tower" or "The Mill", this is a 20 foot high rotary mill that exists directly under Route 4 and the Paramus section of the park; this is a popular spot for photos. The "Hill": The "Hill", as it is referred to, is the steepest part of the trail, it is an 20 foot high drop or climb at an 8% grade. This hill is in Fair Lawn; the County Park waters are stocked with trout and bass, notably at these following spots. Glen Rock Duck Pond: The Glen Rock Duck Pond has bass and sunfish, although people have caught carp and catfish here. Waterfall Area: This is the most popular fishing spot in the County Park; the area directly downstream of the waterfall has fast moving water, bubble water, in which people catch stocked trout and bass. The area has sunfish and white suckers; the waterfall is the widest and best spot to fish on the Saddle River, which follows along this trail. There are none as open or good as this.

Otto Pehle: The Otto Pehle lake has bass and sunfish, although some people have caught carp and catfish here. Can get bloated on the weekends. Ridgewood Duck Pond: The Ridgewood Duck Pond was a fishing spot, but in recent years the pond has dried up and there are either a few or no fish left. Official Website

Gomme (food)

Gomme is a traditional Norwegian dish served as a spread or a dessert. Gomme is a form of sweet cheese made of long-boiled milk and having a yellow or brown colour, it is can be used as a cheese spread on slices of lefse or waffles. There are several local variants. There exists a porridge-like variant made of boiled milk with oat grain or rice, it can be served as a dessert with vanilla, cardamom and cinnamon as added ingredients in most variants. The consistency can vary from soft to thick. List of porridges Diehl, Kari Schoening The Everything Nordic Cookbook ISBN 9781440531866 Moe, Nils Harald Tradisjonsmat fra nord ISBN 9788299418997 Notaker, Henry Ganens makt: norsk kokekunst og matkultur gjennom tusen år ISBN 82-03-26009-8