Hara-juku was the thirteenth of the fifty-three stations of the Tōkaidō. It is located in the present-day city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Hara-juku was a smaller post town on the coast of Suruga Bay between Numazu-juku and Yoshiwara-juku in Suruga Province, it is the site of many paintings because of Mount Fuji in the background. The classic ukiyo-e print by Andō Hiroshige from 1831–1834 depicts two women travelers walking past a huge snowy Mount Fuji; the women are accompanied by a manservant, carrying their luggage. By contrast, the Kyōka edition of the late 1830s depicts three small teahouses, dwarfed by a huge, red Mount Fuji which protrudes out of the picture into the top margin. Tōkaidō Numazu-juku - Hara-juku - Yoshiwara-juku Carey, Patrick. Rediscovering the Old Tokaido:In the Footsteps of Hiroshige. Global Books UK. ISBN 1-901903-10-9 Chiba, Reiko. Hiroshige's Tokaido in Poetry. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0246-7 Taganau, Jilly; the Tokaido Road: Travelling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan.
RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-415-31091-1
The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō
The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō, in the Hōeidō edition, is a series of ukiyo-e woodcut prints created by Utagawa Hiroshige after his first travel along the Tōkaidō in 1832. The Tōkaidō road, linking the shōgun's capital, Edo, to the imperial one, Kyōto, was the main travel and transport artery of old Japan, it is the most important of the "Five Roads" —the five major roads of Japan created or developed during the Edo period to further strengthen the control of the central shogunate administration over the whole country. Though the Hōeidō edition is by far the best known, The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō was such a popular subject that it led Hiroshige to create some 30 different series of woodcut prints on it, all different one from the other by their size, their designs or their number; the Hōeidō edition of the Tōkaidō is Hiroshige's best known work, the best sold ukiyo-e Japanese prints. Coming just after Hokusai's Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji series, it established this new major theme of ukiyo-e, the landscape print, or fūkei-ga, with a special focus on "famous views".
These landscape prints took full advantage of the new possibilities offered by the Western representation of perspective, that Japanese artists had by now assimilated. Hiroshige's series met with full success, not only in Japan, but in Western countries; the Tōkaidō was one of the Five Routes constructed under Tokugawa Ieyasu, a series of roads linking the historical capital of Edo with the rest of Japan. The Tōkaidō connected Edo with the then-capital of Kyoto; the most important and well-traveled of these, the Tōkaidō travelled along the eastern coast of Honshū, thus giving rise to the name Tōkaidō. Along this road, there were 53 different post stations, which provided stables and lodging for travelers. In 1832, Hiroshige traveled the length of the Tōkaidō from Edo to Kyoto, as part of an official delegation transporting horses that were to be presented to the imperial court; the horses were a symbolic gift from the shōgun, presented annually in recognition of the emperor's divine status. The landscapes of the journey made a profound impression on the artist, he created numerous sketches during the course of the trip, as well as his return to Edo via the same route.
After his arrival at home, he began work on the first prints from The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō. He would produce 55 prints in the whole series: one for each station, plus one apiece for the starting and ending points; the first of the prints in the series was published jointly by the publishing houses of Hōeidō and Senkakudō, with the former handling all subsequent releases on its own. Woodcuts of this style sold as new for between 12 and 16 copper coins apiece the same price as a pair of straw sandals or a bowl of soup; the runaway success of The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō established Hiroshige as the most prominent and successful printmaker of the Tokugawa era. Hiroshige followed up on this series with The Sixty-nine Stations of the Kiso Kaidō in cooperation with Keisai Eisen, documenting each of the post stations of the Nakasendō; the Hōeidō edition is properly titled Tōkaidō Gojūsan-tsugi no uchi. Besides the fifty-three stations themselves, the series includes one print for the departure, a final one, the 55th print, Kyoto, the imperial capital.
During his time in Paris, Vincent van Gogh was an avid collector of ukiyo-e, amassing with his brother a collection of several hundred prints purchased in the gallery of S. Bing; this collection included works from The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō, Van Gogh incorporated stylistic elements from his collection into his own work, such as bright colors, natural details, unconventional perspectives. In his personal correspondence, he stated, "all of my work is founded on Japanese art", described the Impressionists as "the Japanese of France". Architect Frank Lloyd Wright was an enthusiastic collector of Hiroshige's prints, including those of The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō. In 1906, he staged the first retrospective of Hiroshige's work at the Art Institute of Chicago, describing them in the exhibition catalog as some of "the most valuable contributions made to the art of the world". Two years he contributed elements of his collection to another exhibition of ukiyo-e at the Art Institute.
Wright designed the gallery space of the exhibit, which at that time was the largest display of its kind in history. Appreciating the prints on a professional level as well as an aesthetic one, Wright mined his prints for insights into the nature of designing structures, modifying damaged prints by adding lines and shadow in an effort to understand their operating principles. In 2012, British contemporary artist Carl Randall created paintings of the people and places along the contemporary Tokaido Highway, walking in the footsteps of the Japanese ukiyo-e printmaker Andō Hiroshige; the project resulted in a group of 15 paintings exhibited at the National Portrait Gallery in London as part of The 2013 BP Portrait Award exhibition, under the title "In the Footsteps of Hiroshige - The Tokaido Highway and Portraits of Modern Japan". The exhibition subsequently toured to The Aberdeen Art Gallery Scotland, formed his solo exhibition in Japan ‘Portraits from Edo to the Present’ at The Shizuoka City Tokaido Hiroshige Museum, where the paintings were exhibited alongside Hiroshige's original The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō woodblock prints.
The Sixty-nine Stations of the Kiso Kaidō by Hiroshig
Ejiri-juku was the eighteenth of the fifty-three stations of the Tōkaidō. It is one of four former post stations located in what is now part of the Shimizu-ku area of Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, it was 3.4 kilometers from the preceding post station. Ejiri-juku was Ejiri Castle's castle town; the castle was built in 1570, but Ejiri-juku was not designated a post station until the early 17th century. At its peak, it had three sub-honjin and 50 hatago, among the 1,340 total buildings, its population was around 6,500. Ejiri-juku gave its name to the area's railway station, until it was renamed Shimizu Station in 1934; the classic ukiyo-e print by Andō Hiroshige from 1831–1834 depicts a view over the Miho no Matsubara with boats anchored in the foreground in front of a fishing village, with others sailing in Suruga Bay. Tōkaidō Okitsu-juku - Ejiri-juku - Fuchū-shuku Carey, Patrick. Rediscovering the Old Tokaido:In the Footsteps of Hiroshige. Global Books UK. ISBN 1-901903-10-9 Chiba, Reiko. Hiroshige's Tokaido in Poetry.
Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0246-7 Taganau, Jilly; the Tokaido Road: Travelling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-415-31091-1 Coordinates: "Ejiri-juku". Retrieved May 5, 2010
Hakone-juku was the tenth of the fifty-three stations of the Tōkaidō. It is located in the present-day town of Hakone in Ashigarashimo District, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. At an elevation of 725m, it is the highest post station on the entire Tōkaidō and was difficult for the bakufu to maintain. Hakone-juku was established in a small area between Hakone Pass and the Hakone Checkpoint; the original Hakone-juku was on the Edo side of the Hakone Checkpoint. As a result, the post town was developed on the side of the checkpoint heading towards Kyoto; the first settlers in the new post town lived in either Odawara-juku or Mishima-shuku, the neighboring post stations, but were forced to Hakone-juku. Tōkaidō Odawara-juku – Hakone-juku – Mishima-shuku Media related to Hakone-juku at Wikimedia Commons Hakone Travel: Old Tokaido and Hakone Checkpoint
Odawara is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of February 2015, the city had an estimated population of 194,672, a population density of 1,710 persons per km2; the total area is 113.79 km2. The area around present-day Odawara has been settled since prehistoric times, archaeological evidence indicates that the area had a high population density in the Jōmon period. From the Ritsuryō system of the Nara period, the area became part of Ashigarashimo District of Sagami Province, it was divided into shōen during the Heian period controlled by the Hatano clan and its branches. During the Genpei War between the Heike clan and Minamoto no Yoritomo, the Battle of Ishibashiyama was fought near present-day Odawara. During the Sengoku period, Odawara developed as a castle town and capital of the domains of the Hōjō clan, which covered most of the Kantō region; the Hōjō were defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the Battle of Odawara in 1590, despite the impregnable reputation of Odawara Castle. The territory came under the control of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Under the Tokugawa shogunate, Odawara was the center of Odawara Domain, a feudal han ruled by a succession of daimyō. The castle town prospered as Odawara-juku, a post station on the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. After the Meiji Restoration, Odawara Domain became'Odawara Prefecture', merged with the short-lived'Ashigara Prefecture' before joining Kanagawa Prefecture in 1876. During this period, the center of economic and political life in Kanagawa shifted to Yokohama. Odawara suffered a strong decline in population, made more severe when the original route of the Tōkaidō Main Line bypassed the city in favor of the more northerly route via Gotemba; the epicenter of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay. It devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba and Shizuoka Prefectures, caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region. Ninety percent of the buildings in Odawara collapsed and fires burned the rubble along with anything else left standing.
Odawara regained some measure of prosperity with the opening of the Tanna Tunnel in 1934, which brought the main routing of the Tōkaidō Main Line through the city. Odawara was raised from the status of town to city on December 20, 1940. On August 15, 1945, Odawara was the last city in Japan to be bombed by Allied aircraft during World War II. On November 1, 2000, Odawara exceeded 200,000 in population, was proclaimed a special city. Odawara lies in the far western portion of Kanagawa Prefecture, it is bordered by the Hakone Mountains to the north and west, the Sakawa River to the east, Sagami Bay of the Pacific Ocean to the south. Kanagawa Prefecture Minamiashigara Ninomiya Ōi, Nakai Hakone, Yugawara Odawara is a major commercial center for western Kanagawa Prefecture. Manufacturing includes light industry, chemicals and food processing. Agriculture and commercial fishing play a minor role in the local economy. Odawara is a bedroom community for Yokohama and Tokyo. Companies headquartered in Odawara include: Suzuhiro Co.
Meganesuper Co. Ltd. Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd Odawara Auto Machine MFG. Co. Ltd. Odakyu Sharyo Kogyo Co Ltd Odakyu Hakone Holdings Co. Ltd. Hakone Tozan Railway Sagami Trust Bank Nippon Injector Corporation JR Central - Tōkaidō Shinkansen Odawara JR Central - Gotemba Line Shimo-Soga - Kōzu JR East - Tōkaidō Main Line Kōzu - Kamonomiya - Odawara - Hayakawa - Nebukawa Odakyu Electric Railway - Odakyu Odawara Line Kayama - Tomizu - Hotaruda - Ashigara - Odawara Hakone Tozan Railway - Hakone Tozan Line Odawara - Hakone-Itabashi - Kazamatsuri - Iriuda Izuhakone Railway - Daiyūzan Line Odawara - Midorichō - Isaida - Gohyakurakan - Anabe - Iidaoka - Sagami-Numata Odawara-Atsugi Road Japan National Route 1, to Tokyo or Kyoto Japan National Route 135, to Shimoda Japan National Route 138, to Fujiyoshida Japan National Route 255, to Hadano Japan National Route 271, to Atsugi Bus service to Izu Peninsula Besides Odawara Castle, Odawara is a major transit point for the Hakone hot springs resort area and the sightseeing locations of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park.
Within the city itself, the Yugawara area is a well-known hot spring resort. Enoura, a coastal area of Odawara known for its pristine sea, has an abundance of kumamomi, a type of fish that prefers clear and clean water. Sea turtles are sometimes present there; because of the clear water and plentiful undersea life, many people come to Enoura for scuba diving. Traditionally, Odawara is known for its production of kamaboko processed fish, umeboshi salted plums, traditional herbal medicines; the Suzuhiro Kamaboko Village is a place to experience making and learning more about Odawara Kamaboko. - Nikkō, since December 19, 1980 - Kishiwada, since June 26, 1968 - Chula Vista, United States, since November 8, 1981 - Manly, New South Wales, since 1991 - Shenzhen, China, since February 4, 1993 Kai Atō - actor Yōhei Kōno - politician Ninomiya Sontoku - Edo period economist and philosopher Rumina Sato - mixed martial arts fighter Kitamura Tokoku - author Yoshiyuki Tomino - anime movie director Baku Yumemakura - science fiction author Hammer, Joshua..
Yokohama Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-6465-5 Official Website Odawara Tourism Website
Ōiso-juku was the eighth of the fifty-three stations of the Tōkaidō. It is located in the present-day town of Ōiso, located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Ōiso-juku was established in 1601, along with the other original post stations along the Tōkaidō, by Tokugawa Ieyasu. In 1604, Ieyasu planted a 3.9 km colonnade of pine and hackberry trees, to provide shade for the travelers. The classic ukiyo-e print by Andō Hiroshige from 1831–1834 depicts travelers in straw raincoats entering a village by the ocean during pouring rain. One is mounted, the other is on foot; the road is lined with pine trees. By contrast, the Kyōka edition of the late 1830s depicts a prosperous village overlooking a wide expanse of Sagami Bay with the mountains of the Izu Peninsula on the far shore. Tōkaidō Hiratsuka-juku - Ōiso-juku - Odawara-juku Carey, Patrick. Rediscovering the Old Tokaido:In the Footsteps of Hiroshige. Global Books UK. ISBN 1-901903-10-9 Chiba, Reiko. Hiroshige's Tokaido in Poetry. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0246-7 Taganau, Jilly.
The Tokaido Road: Travelling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-415-31091-1
53 Stations of the Tōkaidō
The 53 Stations of the Tōkaidō are the rest areas along the Tōkaidō, a coastal route that ran from Nihonbashi in Edo to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto. There were 53 government post stations along the Tōkaidō, where travelers had to present traveling permits at each station if wanting to cross. All of the stations, in addition to the starting and ending locations, are listed below in order; the stations are divided by their present-day prefecture and include the name of their present-day city/town/village/districts, with historic provinces listed below. Starting Location: Nihonbashi 1. Shinagawa-juku 2. Kawasaki-juku 3. Kanagawa-juku 4. Hodogaya-juku 5. Totsuka-juku 6. Fujisawa-shuku 7. Hiratsuka-juku 8. Ōiso-juku 9. Odawara-juku 10. Hakone-juku 11. Mishima-shuku 12. Numazu-juku 13. Hara-juku 14. Yoshiwara-juku 15. Kanbara-juku 16. Yui-shuku 17. Okitsu-juku 18. Ejiri-juku 19. Fuchū-shuku 20. Mariko-juku 21. Okabe-juku 22. Fujieda-juku 23. Shimada-juku 24. Kanaya-juku 25. Nissaka-shuku 26. Kakegawa-juku 27. Fukuroi-juku 28. Mitsuke-juku 29.
Hamamatsu-juku 30. Maisaka-juku 31. Arai-juku 32. Shirasuka-juku 33. Futagawa-juku 34. Yoshida-juku 35. Goyu-shuku 36. Akasaka-juku 37. Fujikawa-shuku 38. Okazaki-shuku 39. Chiryū-juku 40. Narumi-juku 41. Miya-juku 42. Kuwana-juku 43. Yokkaichi-juku 44. Ishiyakushi-juku 45. Shōno-juku 46. Kameyama-juku 47. Seki-juku 48. Sakashita-juku 49. Tsuchiyama-juku 50. Minakuchi-juku 51. Ishibe-juku 52. Kusatsu-juku 53. Ōtsu-juku Ending Location: Sanjō Ōhashi In 1619, the Ōsaka Kaidō was developed to extend the Tōkaidō so that it would reach Kōraibashi in modern-day Osaka. Instead of going to Sanjō Ōhashi, travelers would leave from Ōtsu-juku and travel towards Fushimi-juku; because of the addition of these four post towns, the Tōkaidō is referred to as having 57 stations. Another name for this extension was Kyōkaidō. 54. Fushimi-juku 55. Yodo-juku 56. Hirakata-juku 57. Moriguchi-juku Ending location: Kōraibashi During the Edo period, when the Tōkaidō was established, it ran through the following ten historical provinces of Japan.
Musashi Province: Nihonbashi to Hodogaya-juku Sagami Province: Totsuka-juku to Hakone-juku Izu Province: Mishima-shuku Suruga Province: Numazu-juku to Shimada-juku Tōtōmi Province: Kanaya-juku to Shirasuka-juku Mikawa Province: Futagawa-juku to Chiryū-juku Owari Province: Narumi-juku and Miya-juku Ise Province: Kuwana-juku to Sakanoshita-juku Ōmi Province: Tsuchiyama-juku to Ōtsu-juku Yamashiro Province: Sanjō Ōhashi, Fushimi-juku and Yodo-juku Kawachi Province: Hirakata-juku and Moriguchi-juku Settsu Province: Kōraibashi Edo Five Routes 69 Stations of the Nakasendō 44 Stations of the Kōshū Kaidō 27 Stations of the Ōshū Kaidō 21 Stations of the Nikkō Kaidō Other Routes 17 Stations of the Hokkoku Kaidō 11 Stations of the Kisoji Louis Frédéric. Japan Encyclopedia. Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. 53 Stations of the Tōkaidō Google Map