Odin is a revered god in Germanic mythology. Norse mythology, the source of most surviving information about him, associates Odin with wisdom, death, the gallows, war, victory, poetry and the runic alphabet, portrays him as the husband of the goddess Frigg. In wider Germanic mythology and paganism, the god was known in Old English as Wōden, in Old Saxon as Wōdan, in Old Dutch as Wuodanand in Old High German as Wuotan. Odin appears as a prominent god throughout the recorded history of the Germanic peoples, from the Roman occupation of regions of Germania through the tribal expansions of the Migration Period and the Viking Age. In the modern period the rural folklore of Germanic Europe continued to acknowledge Odin. References to him appear in place names throughout regions inhabited by the ancient Germanic peoples, the day of the week Wednesday bears his name in many Germanic languages, including in English. In Old English texts, Odin holds a particular place as a euhemerized ancestral figure among royalty, he is referred to as a founding figure among various other Germanic peoples, such as the Langobards.
Forms of his name appear throughout the Germanic record, though narratives regarding Odin are found in Old Norse works recorded in Iceland around the 13th century. These texts make up the bulk of modern understanding of Norse mythology. Old Norse texts portray Odin as one-eyed and long-bearded wielding a spear named Gungnir and wearing a cloak and a broad hat, he is accompanied by his animal companions and familiars—the wolves Geri and Freki and the ravens Huginn and Muninn, who bring him information from all over Midgard—and rides the flying, eight-legged steed Sleipnir across the sky and into the underworld. Odin is the son of Bestla and Borr and has two brothers, Vili and Vé. Odin is attested as having many sons, most famously the gods Thor and Baldr, is known by hundreds of names. In these texts he seeks greater knowledge, at times in disguise, makes wagers with his wife Frigg over the outcome of exploits, takes part both in the creation of the world by way of slaying the primordial being Ymir and in giving the gift of life to the first two humans Ask and Embla.
Odin has a particular association with Yule, mankind's knowledge of both the runes and poetry is attributed to him, giving Odin aspects of the culture hero. Old Norse texts associate female beings connected with the battlefield—the valkyries—with the god, Odin oversees Valhalla, where he receives half of those who die in battle, the einherjar; the other half are chosen by the goddess Freyja for Fólkvangr. Odin consults the disembodied, herb-embalmed head of the wise being Mímir for advice, during the foretold events of Ragnarök Odin is told to lead the einherjar into battle before being consumed by the monstrous wolf Fenrir. In folklore Odin appears as a leader of the Wild Hunt, a ghostly procession of the dead through the winter sky, he is associated with charms and other forms of magic in Old English and Old Norse texts. Odin is a frequent subject of interest in Germanic studies, scholars have advanced numerous theories regarding his development; some of these focus on Odin's particular relation to other figures.
Other approaches focus on Odin's place in the historical record, a frequent question being whether the figure of Odin derives from Proto-Indo-European mythology, or whether he developed in Germanic society. In the modern period the figure of Odin has inspired numerous works of poetry and other cultural expressions, he is venerated in most forms of the new religious movement Heathenry, together with other gods venerated by the ancient Germanic peoples. The Old Norse theonym Óðinn and its cognates, including Old English Wōden, Old Saxon Wōden, Old High German Wuotan, derive from the reconstructed Proto-Germanic theonym *wōđanaz; the masculine noun *wōđanaz developed from the Proto-Germanic adjective *wōđaz, related to Latin vātēs and Old Irish fáith, both meaning'seer, prophet'. Adjectives stemming from *wōđaz include Gothic woþs'possessed', Old Norse óðr,'mad, furious', Old English wōd'mad'. In his opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen, Richard Wagner refers to the god as Wotan, a spelling of his own invention which combines the Old High German Wuotan with the Low German Wodan.
More than 170 names are recorded for Odin. This multitude makes Odin the god with the most known names among the Germanic peoples; the modern English weekday name Wednesday derives from Old English wōdnesdæg, meaning "day of Woden". Cognate terms are found in other Germanic languages, such as Middle Low German wōdensdach, Dutch woensdag and Old Norse Óðinsdagr. All of these terms derive from Proto-Germanic *Wodensdag, itself a Germanic interpretation of Latin Dies Mercurii. In Old High German, the name derived from Odin's was replaced by a translation of Church Latin media hebdomas, hence modern German Mittwoch; the earliest records of the Germanic peoples were r
Towne Park is a public park in Foristell, Missouri. It is operated by St. Charles County; the park, which opened on May 11, 2012, is named for the Towne family. It is the 10th park in the St. Charles County Parks system; the park features a historic home, trails, a playground, a pond, a nature classroom. The nature explore classroom is certified by the Dimensions Educational Research Foundation and The Arbor Day Foundation; the Boyd Plantation house was built in 1828 for the Boyd family. The property was occupied by the Towne family beginning in the 1950s, during which time it was painted pink and served as a popular roadside antique store known as "The Pink Plantation"; the Towne family occupied the house until shortly before March 2004, when an electrical fire caused extensive damage to the house. St. Charles County rebuilt the house for educational purposes; the county used the original building plans and moved the house about 100 yards to prepare for possible future expansions of highway 40-61.
The parks department received the 2007 McReynolds Award from the Missouri Alliance for Historic Preservation for its efforts in restoring the homestead. Daniel Boone Home Quail Ridge Park St. Charles County Parks website
Brigadier Kayanja Muhanga, is an army officer. He serves as the Commander of the UPDF Contingent in Somalia, he was appointed to that position in January 2014 by General Yoweri Museveni, the Commander in Chief of the UPDF and the President of Uganda. Prior to that, Brigadier Muhanga served as the Commandant of the Military Police within the Uganda People's Defence Force. Kayanja Muhanga was born in Fort Portal, Kabarole District, Western Uganda, circa 1964, he is an older brother to journalist, Andrew Mwenda, the publisher and editor of The Independent, newsmagazine. He has a sister, Margaret Muhanga, a staffer in the Office of the President of Uganda, his father is Mzee Phillip Muhanga of Fort Portal. He attended Duhaga Secondary School and Mpanga Day School, both in Fort Portal. In 1985, while still in S5, he joined Museveni's National Resistance Army, he attended the Cadet Officers Course at the Uganda Military Academy in 1988. At that time, the school was located at Quaddafi Barracks in Jinja, Eastern Uganda, before it was relocated to Kabamba, in Mubende District.
He joined the NRA at the rank of Private, serving in that position until NRA captured power in 1986. He served in the military police unit based in Kasese, he served in the Presidential Protection Unit, at the rank of Private from 1986 until 1988. Following the Junior Cadet Officer Course, he served in the office of the Chief of Combat Operations, at the rank of Second Lieutenant, he was transferred to the Directorate of Military Intelligence in 1990, serving there until 1993. From 1993 until 1997, he served as the Intelligence Officer, attached to the UPDF barracks in Mubende, he was assigned at the rank of Captain. He was promoted through Major, Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel and was posted to Mogadishu, Somalia, as part of the UPDF contingent to AMISOM. While there, he commanded Uganda’s "Battle Group Eight" and concurrently served as the deputy commander for the Ugandan contingent in Somalia. After his tour of duty he served as the Chief of the Military Police in the UPDF, until January 2014.
In January 2014, Colonel Kayanja Muhanga was appointed Commander of the UPDF Operations in South Sudan. In February 2014, he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier