Olivetti S.p. A. is an Italian manufacturer of computers, smartphones and other such business products as calculators and fax machines. Headquartered in Ivrea, in the Metropolitan City of Turin, the company has been part of the Telecom Italia Group since 2003. One of the first commercial programmable desktop calculators, the Programma 101, was produced by Olivetti in 1964 and was a commercial success; the company was founded as a typewriter manufacturer by Camillo Olivetti in 1908 in Italy. The firm was developed by his son Adriano Olivetti. Olivetti opened its first overseas manufacturing plant in 1930, its Divisumma electric calculator was launched in 1948. Olivetti produced Italy's first electronic computer, the transistorised Elea 9003, in 1959, purchased the Underwood Typewriter Company that year. In 1964 the company sold its electronics division to the American company General Electric, it continued to develop new computing products on its own. In the 1970s and 1980s they were the biggest manufacturer for office machines in Europe and 2nd biggest PC vendor behind IBM in Europe.
In 1980, Olivetti began distributing in Indonesia through Dragon Communication. In 1981, Olivetti installed the electronic voting systems for the European Parliament in Strasburg and Luxembourg. In September 1994, the company launched. Since 2003, Olivetti has been part of the TIM Group. Olivetti was famous for the attention it gave to design: preoccupation with design developed into a comprehensive corporate philosophy, which embraced everything from the shape of a space bar to the color scheme for an advertising poster. In 1952, the Museum of Modern Art held an exhibit titled "Olivetti: Design in Industry". Another major show, mounted by the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1969, toured five other cities. Olivetti was renowned for the caliber of the architects it engaged to design its factories and offices, including Le Corbusier, Louis Kahn, Gae Aulenti, Egon Eiermann, Figini-Pollini, Ignazio Gardella, Carlo Scarpa, BBPR, many others. From the 1940s to the 1960s, Olivetti industrial design was led by Marcello Nizzoli, responsible for the Lexicon 80 and the portable Lettera 22.
Mario Bellini and Ettore Sottsass directed design. Bellini designed the Programma 101, Divisumma 18 and Logos 68 calculators and the TCV-250 video display terminal, among others. Sottsass designed the Tekne 3 typewriter, Elea 9003 computer, the Praxis 48 typewriter, the Valentine portable typewriter, others. Michele De Lucchi designed the Gioconda calculator. During the 1970s Olivetti sold two ranges of minicomputers. The'A' series started with the typewriter-sized A4 through to the large A8, the desk-sized DE500 and DE700 series. George Sowden worked for Olivetti from 1970 until 1990, designed their first desktop computer, Olivetti L1, in 1978. In 1991, Sowden won the prestigious ADI Compasso d'Oro Award for the design of the Olivetti fax OFX420. Olivetti paid attention to more than product design. Giovanni Pintori was hired by Adriano Olivetti in 1936 to work in the publicity department. Pintori was the creator of the Olivetti logo and many promotional posters used to advertise the company and its products.
During his activity as Art Director from 1950, Olivetti's graphic design obtained several international awards, he designed works that created the Olivetti image and became emblematic Italian reference in the history of 20th-century design. Those designers created the Olivetti Synthesis office furniture series which were used to be installed in the firm's own headquarters, worldwide branch offices and show rooms. Olivetti produced some industrial production machinery, including metal working machines of the Horizon series. Olivetti began with mechanical typewriters when the company was founded in 1909, produced them until the mid 1990s; until the mid 1960s they were mechanical, models such as the portable Olivetti Valentine were designed by Ettore Sottsass. With the Tekne/Editor series and Praxis 48, some of the first electromechanical typewriters were introduced; the Editor series was used for speed typing championship competition. The Editor 5 from 1969 was the top model of that series, with proportional spacing and the ability to support justified text borders.
In 1972 the electromechanical typeball machines of the Lexicon 90 to 94C series were introduced, as competitors to the IBM Selectric typewriters, the top model 94c supported proportional spacing and justified text borders like the Editor 5, as well as lift-off correction. In 1978 Olivetti was one of the first manufacturers to introduce electronic daisywheel printer-based word processing machines called TES 401 and TES 501; the ET series typewriters without LCD and different levels of text editing capabilities were popular in offices. Models in that line were ET 121, ET 201, ET 221, ET 225, ET 231, ET 351, ET 109, ET 110, ET 111, ET 112, ET 115, ET 116, ET 2000, ET 2100, ET 2200, ET 2250, ET 2300, Et 2400 and ET 2500. For home users in 1982 the Praxis 35, Praxis 40 and 45D were some of the first portable electronic typewriters. Olivetti added the Praxis 20, ET Compact 50, ET Compact 60, ET Compact 70, ET Compact 65/66, the ET Personal series and Linea 101; the top models were 8 lines LCD based portables like Top 100 and S
The 2015–16 UTEP Miners basketball team represented the University of Texas at El Paso during the 2015–16 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Miners, led by sixth year head coach Tim Floyd, played their home games at the Don Haskins Center and were members of Conference USA, they finished the season 10 -- 8 in C-USA play to finish in sixth place. They defeated FIU in the second round of the C-USA Tournament to advance to the quarterfinals where they lost to Marshall. Despite having 19 wins and an above.500 record, they did not participate in a postseason tournament. UTEP averaged 7,385 fans per game; the Miners finished the season 13 -- 5 in C-USA play to finish in a tie for the second place. They advanced to the semifinals of the C-USA Tournament, they were invited to the National Invitation Tournament where they lost in the first round to Murray State. 2015–16 UTEP Lady Miners basketball team
Sodium nitroprusside, sold under the brand name Nitropress among others, is a medication used to lower blood pressure. This may be done if the blood pressure is high and resulting in symptoms, in certain types of heart failure, during surgery to decrease bleeding, it is used by continuous injection into a vein. Onset is immediate and effects last for up to ten minutes. Common side effects include low blood cyanide toxicity. Other serious side effects include methemoglobinemia, it is not recommended during pregnancy due to concerns of side effects. High doses are not recommended for more than ten minutes, it works by causing the dilation of blood vessels. Sodium nitroprusside was discovered as early as 1850 and found to be useful in medicine in 1928, it is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. In the United States a course of treatment costs less than 25 USD. Sodium nitroprusside is intravenously infused in cases of acute hypertensive crises.
Its effects are seen within a few minutes. Nitric oxide reduces both total peripheral resistance and venous return, thus decreasing both preload and afterload. So, it can be used in severe congestive heart failure where this combination of effects can act to increase cardiac output. In situations where cardiac output is normal, the effect is to reduce blood pressure, it is sometimes used to induce hypotension for surgical procedures. This compound has been used as a treatment for aortic valve stenosis, oesophageal varices, myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn and ergot toxicity. Adverse effects by incidence and severityCommon Unknown frequency Serious Ileus Reduced platelet aggregation Haemorrhage Increased intracranial pressure Metabolic acidosis Methaemoglobinaemia Cyanide poisoning Thiocyanate toxicity Sodium nitroprusside should not be used for compensatory hypertension, it should not be used in patients with inadequate cerebral circulation or in patients who are near death.
It should not be used in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency, severe renal disease, or hypovolaemia. Patients with conditions associated with a higher cyanide/thiocyanate ratio should only be treated with sodium nitroprusside with great caution, its use in patients with acute congestive heart failure associated with reduced peripheral resistance is not recommended. Its use in hepatically impaired individuals is not recommended, as is its use in cases of pre-existing hypothyroidism, its use in pregnant women is advised against, although the available evidence suggests it may be safe, provided maternal pH and cyanide levels are monitored. Some evidence suggests sodium nitroprusside use in critically ill children may be safe without monitoring of cyanide level; the only known drug interactions are pharmacodynamic in nature, it is possible for other antihypertensive drugs to reduce the threshold for dangerous hypotensive effects to be seen. Due to its cyanogenic nature, overdose may be dangerous.
Treatment of sodium nitroprusside overdose includes the following: Discontinuing sodium nitroprusside administration Buffering the cyanide by using sodium nitrite to convert haemoglobin to methaemoglobin as much as the patient can safely tolerate Infusing sodium thiosulfate to convert the cyanide to thiocyanate. Haemodialysis is ineffective for removing cyanide from the body but it can be used to remove most of the thiocyanate produced from the above procedure; the cyanide can be detoxified by reaction with a sulfur-donor such as thiosulfate, catalysed by the enzyme rhodanese. In the absence of sufficient thiosulfate, cyanide ions can reach toxic levels; as a result of its breakdown to nitric oxide, sodium nitroprusside has potent vasodilating effects on arterioles and venules but this selectivity is much less marked than that of nitroglycerin. Sodium nitroprusside breaks down in circulation to release nitric oxide, it does this by binding to oxyhaemoglobin to release cyanide and nitric oxide.
NO activates guanylate cyclase in vascular smooth muscle and increases intracellular production of cGMP. cGMP activates protein kinase G which activates phosphatases which inactivate myosin light chains. Myosin light chains are involved in muscle contraction; the end result is vascular smooth muscle relaxation. This mechanism is similar to that of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors such as sildenafil and tadalafil, which elevate cGMP concentration by inhibiting its degradation by PDE5. A role for NO in various common psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder has been proposed and supported by several clinical findings; these findings may implicate the potential of drugs that alter NO signalling such as SNP in their treatment. Such a role is supported by the findings of the recent SNP clinical trial. Nitroprusside is an inorganic compound with the formula Na2 encountered as the dihydrate, Na2·2H2O; this red-colored sodium salt dissolves in water or ethanol to give solutions containing the free complex dianion 2−.
Nitroprusside is a complex anion that features an octahedral iron centre surrounded by five bound cyanide ligands and one linear nitric oxide ligand. The anion possesses idealized C4vsymmetry. Nitric oxide is a non-innocent ligand. Due to the linear Fe-N-O angle, the sho
Amy B. Harris, sometimes credited as Amy Harris, is producer, she is best known for producing the HBO series Sex and the City and developing its prequel series The Carrie Diaries, which aired on The CW. Harris was a co-producer for the HBO romantic sitcom Sex and the City, for which she wrote two episodes, "Ring A Ding Ding" and "Hop, Skip and a Week". In 2005, she was producer for the HBO comedy-drama series The Comeback, wrote the episode "Valerie Gets a Magazine Cover", she was one of the writers and co-executive producers for the second season of the series, which first aired nine years after the debut season, in November 2014. Harris co-wrote the 2006 romantic comedy film Just My Luck, she was executive producer of the 2008 web series Puppy Love, short films Gone to the Dogs and Whose Dog is it Anyway?. She wrote the series Fetching for AOL's On Network in 2012. Harris was consulting producer for teen drama Gossip Girl and wrote the episodes "Memoirs of an Invisible Dan" and "Cross Rhodes".
From 2013 until its cancellation in 2014, Harris served as executive producer of Sex and the City's prequel series The Carrie Diaries. Harris developed the project at The CW. In 2015, Harris signed a two-year deal with ABC Studios to develop new projects for the network and its streaming services, she was named showrunner and executive producer for ABC Network's crime anthology series Wicked City. This aired in 2015 but was pulled after three episodes, although the remaining five episodes were made available on Hulu that year, she was showrunner and executive producer for ABC's 2016 series Designated Survivor but left when the creative direction of the series changed. Harris was raised in Bethesda, the daughter of Susan Banes Harris and Laurence E. Harris, she graduated from Duke University, where she majored in political science. Harris has been married to television director Jason Reilly since March 21, 2009, they have one daughter together. Amy B. Harris on IMDb
The Mika type was made up of four distinct classes of steam tender locomotives of the Chosen Government Railway with 2-8-2 wheel arrangement. The "Mika" name came from the American naming system for steam locomotives, under which locomotives with 2-8-2 wheel arrangement were called "Mikado" in honour of the Emperor of Japan, as the first 2-8-2 locomotives in the world were built for Japan. There were four classes of the Mika type built for Sentetsu: Mikai Mikani Mikasa MikashiOf these, the Mikasa class was by far the most numerous; the Mikasa class was used by the owned West Chosen Central Railway in Korea, some were exported to the Central China Railway, which after the war were used by the China Railway. Following the partition of Korea, these locomotives were all divided between the Korean National Railroad in the South and the Korean State Railway in the North. Note that this number does not include the 14 Mantetsu Mikai and 8 Mikaro-class locomotives that were assigned to Mantetsu's Rajin depot in 1945 and were subsequently taken over by the Korean State Railway.
Despite the DPRK government's extensive anti-Japanese propaganda, the railway continues to use the "Mika" name for these locomotives though it refers to the Japanese emperor
Lynley Coventry, much better known under her maiden name Lynley Hannen, is a former New Zealand rower. Hannen was born in Dunedin, she trained with Nikki Payne under the guidance of coach Harry Mahon. Although they had won the national pairs title twice in a row, they were overlooked for Olympic selection. Still novices on the international stage in 1988, they went to Europe on their own initiative to be with their coach, they did well in regattas, but were working and saving up for a holiday in Greece. When they came second at the World Rowing Cup at Rotsee in Lucerne, they were called up not long before the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul. Hannen and Payne had improved over a short time. At Lucerne, they were beaten by the East German team by 14 seconds. In Seoul, the New Zealand pair competed against the East Germans in the qualifying heat of the coxless pair event, this time, the winning margin of the East Germans was down to three seconds; the New Zealanders won their repechage and thus qualified for the A final, where they came third, putting a five second margin between themselves and the East German team in fourth place.
New Zealand's bronze medal was unexpected. At the 1989 World Rowing Championships in Bled, Yugoslavia and Hannen came sixth in the coxless pair. At the 1990 World Rowing Championships in Tasmania, Hannen competed in two events, she came fourth with the women's eight, sixth with the women's coxless four. At the 1991 World Rowing Championships in Vienna, Hannen came eights with the women's eight. Hannen married fellow Olympic rower Bill Coventry and took on his name; the couple now live in Nelson. 1988 Summer Olympics women's coxless pairs final on YouTube Radio interview of their coach after winning Olympic bronze Lynley Hannen at the International Olympic Committee Lynley Hannen at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com