Saunders County, Nebraska
Saunders County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 20,780, its county seat is Wahoo. Saunders County is included in NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the Nebraska license plate system, Saunders County is represented by the prefix 6. Saunders County was established by an 1856 act of the Nebraska Territorial Legislature, was organized in 1866; the county was named after John C. Calhoun. Saunders County is bordered on the north and east by the Platte River. Several local drainages move runoff water from the county eastward into the Platte; the county terrain is composed of low rolling hills, which slope eastward and northeastward to the river valley. The county has an area of 760 square miles, of which 750 square miles is land and 9.6 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 19,830 people, 7,498 households, 5,443 families in the county; the population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 8,266 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 98.49% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.55% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,498 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11. The county population contained 27.90% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,173, the median income for a family was $49,443.
Males had a median income of $33,309 versus $22,922 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,392. About 5.30% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.30% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over. Ashland Wahoo Yutan Wann Saunders County voters tend to vote Republican. In only two national elections since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate National Register of Historic Places listings in Saunders County, Nebraska Saunders County Saunders County Government Mead and Hunt. Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey: Saunders County. Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 8/30/07
Ralston is a city in Douglas County, United States. The population was 5,943 at the 2010 census. Ralston is surrounded on three sides by the city of Omaha, by Sarpy County on the south side; the area of the townsite was established in May 23, 1907 with the sale of 282.7 acres of land owned by Omaha newspaper editor George L Miller to the Ralston Investment Company. A year the town was platted by future Omaha mayor Roy N. Towl. A petition to incorporate the property as a village was submitted to the Douglas County Board of Commissions on June 22, 1912, adopted by the Board two days on June 24; the still nascent village experienced a devastating blow to its development on Easter, March 23, 1913, when a tornado tore through the downtown area. The 1913 Easter Tornado was part of a March 1913 tornado outbreak sequence that ripped through the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States. In 1934, following a fire that destroyed half a city block, Ralston declared bankruptcy. Ralston is located at 41°12′8″N 96°2′14″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.65 square miles, of which, 1.64 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. The nearest hospital is Bergan Mercy Hospital located in Nebraska. At the time of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 5,943 people. There was a total of 2,581 households; the population density was 3,623.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,711 housing units at an average density of 1,653.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 2.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 4.6% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.0% of the population. There were 2,581 households of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.6% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age in the city was 40 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,314 people, 2,538 households, 1,697 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,725.7 people per square mile. There were 2,601 housing units at an average density of 1,534.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.96% White, 1.24% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.16% Asian, Pacific Islander, 1.58% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.39% of the population. There were 2,538 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $47,252, the median income for a family was $58,360. Males had a median income of $35,898 versus $27,475 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,230. About 0.6% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. Ralston High School opened on Lakeview Drive in 1954; the old high school building was converted to the middle school. In 2006, Ralston High School's enrollment jumped from 850 students to 1090 students; the Ralston Public Library was first located in the Stewart Real Estate Office.
Two years it was moved to the Centennial room in the basement level of City Hall. In 1963, the library moved to 7900 Park Lane. In May 1999, it was renamed the Baright Public Library; the Ralston Arena opened October 19, 2012 and serves as the home of the Omaha Lancers hockey team, the Omaha Beef indoor football team, was the home of UNO Mavericks men's basketball team until Baxter Arena opened in 2015. City of Ralston Official Website Ralston Public Schools Website Ralston Area Chamber of Commerce Baright Public Library Ralston Arena city, Nebraska/POPULATION/DECENNIAL_CNT American FactFinder - Community Facts: Ralston City, Nebraska City-Data.com
Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of Spanish Louisiana. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, financial services, information technology and green energy production. Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U. S states, its capital and largest city by population is Des Moines. Iowa has been listed as one of the safest states in, its nickname is the Hawkeye State. Iowa derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many Native American tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east.
The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U. S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed by rivers. Iowa has 99 counties; the state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. Iowa's bedrock geology increases in age from west to east. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old. Iowa is not flat. Iowa can be divided into eight landforms based on glaciation, soils and river drainage. Loess hills lie along the western border of the state. Northeast Iowa along the Upper Mississippi River is part of the Driftless Area, consisting of steep hills and valleys which appear mountainous. Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa. To the east lies Clear Lake. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa, Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, Rathbun Lake.
The state's northwest area has many remnants such as Barringer Slough. Iowa's natural vegetation is tallgrass prairie and savanna in upland areas, with dense forest and wetlands in flood plains and protected river valleys, pothole wetlands in northern prairie areas. Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; the Southern part of Iowa is categorised as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorised as the Central tall grasslands and is thus considered to be part of the Great Plains. There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; as of 2005 Iowa ranked 49th of U. S. states in public land holdings. Threatened or endangered animals in Iowa include the interior least tern, piping plover, Indiana bat, pallid sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene land snail, Higgins' eye pearly mussel, the Topeka shiner. Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, northern wild monkshood.
There is little proof to suggest that the explosion in the number of high-density livestock facilities in Iowa has led to increased rural water contamination and a decline in air quality. In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. Other factors negatively affecting Iowa's environment include the extensive use of older coal-fired power plants and pesticide runoff from crop production, diminishment of the Jordan Aquifer. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state with extremes of both cold; the average annual temperature at Des Moines is 50 °F. Winters are harsh and snowfall is common. Spring ushers in the beginning of the severe weather season. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year; the 30 year annual average Tornadoes in Iowa is 47. In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001.
Iowa summers are known for heat and humidity, with daytime temperatures sometimes near 90 °F and exceeding 100 °F. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing dropping below −18 °F. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934. Iowa has a smooth gradient of var
United States Census
The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States... according to their respective Numbers.... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, within every subsequent Term of ten Years." Section 2 of the 14th Amendment states: "Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed." The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce; the first census after the American Revolution was taken in 1790, under Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson. The current national census was held in 2010. For years between the decennial censuses, the Census Bureau issues estimates made using surveys and statistical models, in particular, the American Community Survey.
Title 13 of the United States Code governs how its data is handled. Information is confidential as per 13 U. S. C. § 9. Refusing or neglecting to answer the census is punishable by fines of $100, for a property or business agent to fail to provide correct names for the census is punishable by fines of $500, for a business agent to provide false answers for the census is punishable by fines of $10,000, pursuant to 13 U. S. C. § 221-224. The United States Census is a population census, distinct from the U. S. Census of Agriculture, no longer the responsibility of the Census Bureau, it is distinct from local censuses conducted by some states or local jurisdictions. Decennial U. S. Census figures are based on actual counts of persons dwelling in U. S. residential structures. They include citizens, non-citizen legal residents, non-citizen long-term visitors and undocumented immigrants; the Census Bureau bases its decision about. Usual residence, a principle established by the Census Act of 1790, is defined as the place a person lives and sleeps most of the time.
The Census Bureau uses special procedures to ensure that those without conventional housing are counted. The Census uses hot deck imputation to assign data to housing units where occupation status is unknown; this practice is seen by some as controversial. However, the practice was ruled constitutional by the U. S. Supreme Court in Utah v. Evans. Certain American citizens living overseas are excluded from being counted in the census though they may vote. Only Americans living abroad who are "Federal employees and their dependents living overseas with them" are counted. "Private U. S. citizens living abroad who are not affiliated with the Federal government will not be included in the overseas counts. These overseas counts are used for reapportioning seats in the U. S. House of Representatives."According to the Census Bureau, "Census Day" has been April 1 since 1930. From 1790 to 1820, the census counted the population as of the first Monday in August, it moved to June in 1830, April 15 in 1910, January 1 in 1920.
The Census Bureau estimates that in 1970 over six percent of blacks went uncounted, whereas only around two percent of whites went uncounted. Democrats argue that modern sampling techniques should be used so that more accurate and complete data can be inferred. Republicans argue against such sampling techniques, stating the U. S. Constitution requires an "actual enumeration" for apportionment of House seats, that political appointees would be tempted to manipulate the sampling formulas. Groups like the Prison Policy Initiative assert that the census practice of counting prisoners as residents of prisons, not their pre-incarceration addresses, leads to misleading information about racial demographics and population numbers. In 2010 Jaime Grant director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force's Policy Institute, thought of the idea of a bright pink sticker for people to stick on their census envelope which had a form for them to check a box for either "lesbian, bisexual, transgender or straight ally," which her group called "queering the census."
Although the sticker was unofficial and the results were not added to the census and others hope the 2020 census will include such statistics. In 2015 Laverne Cox called for transgender people to be counted in the census. On March 26, 2018 the U. S. Dept of Commerce announced plans to re-include a citizenship question in the 2020 census questionnaire which has not been included on the long form since 1950 but was part of the short form starting in 1910 until its removal in 2010; the citizenship question will be the same as the one, asked on the yearly American Community Survey. Proponents of including the question claimed it is necessary to gather an accurate statistical count, while opponents claimed it might suppress responses and therefore lead to an inaccurate count. Multiple states have sued the Trump administration arguing that the proposed citizenship question is unconstitutional and will intimidate immigrants, resulting in inaccurate data on minority communities. In January 2019 a federal judge in New York ruled against the proposal.
Washington County, Nebraska
Washington County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 20,234, its county seat is Blair. Washington County is part of NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the Nebraska license plate system, Washington County is represented by the prefix 29. Washington County is in eastern Nebraska on the Missouri River, it was explored as early as 1739 by Pierre Antoine and Paul Mallet, who were on a trapping expedition to Canada. In 1804, Lewis and Clark reported the establishment of the new United States government to a council of Indian chiefs near the present site of Fort Calhoun; as a result of this Council, Fort Atkinson was established in 1819 and served as a key midwestern outpost until 1827. The first permanent settlement in Washington County was in 1854. In that same year, the county was organized as one of the eight original counties proclaimed by acting Governor Thomas B. Cuming; the county seat has been in three different towns: Fort Calhoun, DeSoto, Blair, its present site since 1869.
The Fort Calhoun Nuclear Generating Station south of Blair, North America's smallest commercial nuclear reactor by rated capacity, was closed in October 2016 to begin decommissioning. An associated system of warning sirens was located in the southeastern part of the county for emergency notification in the event of a problem at the station. Washington County lies on the east side of Nebraska, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Iowa, across the Missouri River. The Elkhorn River flows southeastward along the county's southwest border, a smaller drainage, the Little Papillon River, flows southward through the center part of the county, discharging into Glenn Cunningham Reservoir south of the county; the county's terrain consists of low rolling hills sloping to the east, with several drainage channels eroded into its eastern portion sloping down to the river. The county's planar areas are devoted to agriculture; the county has an area of 393 square miles, of which 390 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water.
It is Nebraska's fifth-smallest county by area. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,022 households in the county; the racial makeup of the county was 97.1% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from two or more races. 3.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.4% of the county was Non-Hispanic White. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 18,780 people, 6,940 households, 5,149 families in the county; the population density was 48 people per square mile. There were 7,408 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.12% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, 0.63% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.1 % were of 11.9 % Danish, 9.0 % Irish, 7.8 % American and 7.0 % English ancestry. There were 6,940 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.00% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.80% were non-families.
21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.09. The county population contained 27.10% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,500, the median income for a family was $56,429. Males had a median income of $36,901 versus $25,893 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,055. About 4.10% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over. Washington County contains Blair Municipal Airport, several small owned grass airstrips, such as the Orum Aerodrome. An Atlas missile launch site associated with Offutt Air Force Base and deactivated in the 1960s, lies east of Arlington.
Blair Fort Calhoun Fontanelle Washington County voters are reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. Washington County Historical Association National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Nebraska
Cass County, Nebraska
Cass County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 25,241, its county seat is Plattsmouth. The county was formed in 1855, was named for General Lewis Cass. Cass County is included in NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the Nebraska license plate system, Cass County is represented by the prefix 20. Cass County lies on the east side of Nebraska, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Iowa, across the Missouri River. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 566 square miles, of which 557 square miles is land and 8.4 square miles is water. Due to its proximity to Cass County and because both of those counties receive most of their broadcasts from Omaha, references to'Cass County' must be disambiguated, or result in confusion; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 24,334 people, 9,161 households, 6,806 families in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile. There were 10,179 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 97.89% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.4 % were of 7.9 % English ancestry. There were 9,161 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.30% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.70% were non-families. 21.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.07. The county population contained 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,515, the median income for a family was $52,196. Males had a median income of $36,639 versus $24,612 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,156. About 4.20% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over. Louisville Plattsmouth Weeping Water Cass County is divided into the following divisions, called precincts, except for the cities of Plattsmouth and Weeping Water. Cass County voters are overwhelmingly Republican. In only one national election since 1936 has the county given a majority to the Democratic Party candidate, that being 1964 which Lyndon B. Johnson won in a landslide nationally. Naomi Institute National Register of Historic Places listings in Cass County, Nebraska Eugene T. Mahoney State Park
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County. Omaha is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River, about 10 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River; the nation's 40th-largest city, Omaha's 2018 estimated population was 466,061. Omaha is the anchor of the bi-state Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area; the Omaha Metropolitan Area is the 59th largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 944,316. The Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA Combined Statistical Area encompasses the Omaha-Council Bluffs MSA as well as the separate Fremont, NE Micropolitan Statistical Area, which consists of the entirety of Dodge County, Nebraska; the total population of the CSA was 970,023 based on 2017 estimates. 1.3 million people reside within the Greater Omaha area, within a 50 mi radius of Downtown Omaha. Omaha's pioneer period began in 1854, when the city was founded by speculators from neighboring Council Bluffs, Iowa; the city was founded along the Missouri River, a crossing called Lone Tree Ferry earned the city its nickname, the "Gateway to the West".
Omaha introduced this new West to the world in 1898, when it played host to the World's Fair, dubbed the Trans-Mississippi Exposition. During the 19th century, Omaha's central location in the United States spurred the city to become an important national transportation hub. Throughout the rest of the 19th century, the transportation and jobbing sectors were important in the city, along with its railroads and breweries. In the 20th century, the Omaha Stockyards, once the world's largest, its meatpacking plants gained international prominence. Today, Omaha is the home to the headquarters of four Fortune 500 companies: mega-conglomerate Berkshire Hathaway. Berkshire Hathaway is headed by local investor Warren Buffett, one of the richest people in the world, according to a decade's worth of Forbes Magazine rankings, some of which have ranked him as high as No. 1. Omaha is the home to five Fortune 1000 headquarters: Green Plains Renewable Energy, TD Ameritrade, Valmont Industries, Werner Enterprises, West Corporation.
Headquartered in Omaha are the following: First National Bank of Omaha, the largest held bank in the United States. Notable modern Omaha inventions include the following: the bobby pin and the "pink hair curler" created at Omaha's Tip Top Products. S. at Omaha's KOWH Radio. Various Native American tribes had lived in the land that became Omaha, including since the 17th century, the Omaha and Ponca, Dhegian-Siouan-language people who had originated in the lower Ohio River valley and migrated west by the early 17th century; the word Omaha means "Dwellers on the bluff". In 1804 the Lewis and Clark Expedition passed by the riverbanks where the city of Omaha would be built. Between July 30 and August 3, 1804, members of the expedition, including Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, met with Oto and Missouria tribal leaders at the Council Bluff at a point about 20 miles north of present-day Omaha. South of that area, Americans built several fur trading outposts in succeeding years, including Fort Lisa in 1812.
There was fierce competition among fur traders until John Jacob Astor created the monopoly of the American Fur Company. The Mormons built a town called Cutler's Park in the area in 1846. While it was temporary, the settlement provided the basis for further development in the future. Through 26 separate treaties with the United States federal government, Native American tribes in Nebraska ceded the lands constituting the state; the treaty and cession involving the Omaha area occurred in 1854 when the Omaha Tribe ceded most of east-central Nebraska. Logan Fontenelle, an interpreter for the Omaha and signatory to the 1854 treaty, played an essential role in those proceedings. Before it was legal to claim land in Indian Country, William D. Brown was operating the Lone Tree Ferry to bring settlers from Council Bluffs, Iowa to the area that became Omaha. Brown is credited as having the first vision for a city where Omaha now sits; the passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act in 1854 was presaged by the staking out of claims around the area to become Omaha by residents from neighboring Council Bluffs.
On July 4, 1854, the city was informally established at a picnic on Capital Hill, current site of Omaha Central High School. Soon after, the Omaha Claim Club was formed to provide vigilante justice for claim jumpers and others who infringed on the land of many of the city's founding fathers; some of this land, which now wraps aro