Opposition to immigration exists in all states with immigration, has become a significant political issue in many countries. Immigration in the modern sense refers to movement of people from one state or territory to another state or territory where they are not citizens. Illegal immigration is immigration in contravention of a state's immigration laws. Opposition to immigration ranges from calls for various immigration reforms to proposals to restrict immigration to one's nation; some critics of immigration argue that the presence of immigrants may distort the national identity of the native population. That means that the native population opposes immigration because they fear they may lose their sense of belonging to their own nation, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture and politics. National identity can be an important factor for social peace in cases where there are intra-national divides. For example, a 2015 study showed that the educational content of Suharto's Indonesia emphasizing the national unity of Indonesia was an important cause of improved inter-ethnic and inter-religious relationships.
Immigrants may isolate themselves in their own communities, forming self-organized communities, ghettos or parallel societies where they live according to their own culture, rather than assimilating to the native culture with a reduced or minimal spatial and cultural contact with the majority society into which they have immigrated. Such ethnic enclaves can be the result of humans liking to be around people like themselves, they might not learn the local language and might undermine the national unity, as well as the cultural and religious unity of the native country. Research by Jennifer Neal of Michigan State University suggests that ethnic enclaves promote social cohesion at the cost of decreasing tolerance between groups and that their size and proximity are factors; some suggest to devolve more power to local communities. Immigration may adversely affect political stability. Economic arguments concentrate on competition for employment, the higher burdens that some groups of immigrants may impose on social welfare systems, health systems and public schools of the native state.
For example, Denmark's strict immigration law reform has saved the country 6.7 billion euros compared to previous more permissive approach, according to a 2011 report from the Danish Integration Ministry. The following are more an argument against overpopulation than against immigration, but sometimes overpopulation is caused by immigration; some people think there is a certain size of land needed to provide for a population, e.g. to provide for the population's consumption, including absorption of waste products. Immigrants, in this logic, such as a new born child, reduce the per capita size of land of the native country; this idea dates back to Robert Malthus. Some are concerned about urban sprawl and congestion, alterations in the wildlife and natural environment of the state, an expansive carbon footprint due to immigration. Furthermore, some are concerned over a state's scarce resources, dwindling water reserves, pauperized soils and solid waste. Immigrants can bring infectious diseases uncommon to the native population from their home countries which some perceive as a threat of significance in opposition to immigration.
Some point out that this threat is overstated by opponents and there is a significant history of this argument being used by white supremacist groups in an embellished manner. Opponents of immigration claim that immigrants contribute to higher crime rates, but research suggests that people tend to overestimate the relationship between immigration and criminality; the academic literature provides mixed findings for the relationship between immigration and crime worldwide, but finds for the United States that immigration either has no impact on the crime rate or that it reduces the crime rate. Some concerns regarding immigration can be found in perceived military loyalty if the country of emigration becomes involved in a war with the country of immigration. If a country finds itself in the need of drafting. Many people make dangerous migration journeys. Harshly restricting immigration and making these restrictions known to potential emigrants may prevent them from taking such dangerous journeys.
Immigrants bring their culture with them. The immigrants' thinking, their norms, practices and values shape and influence the native country's culture; some such extensions and influences might not be desired by parts of the native population, for reasons that may include practises considered less civilized, restrictions as well as collisions with the native country's norms and values in general. Opponents of immigration state that immigrants have a net negative effect on public coffers due to the provisioning of medical care and welfare. Various factors influence the impact of immigrants to a nation's public coffers and their use of welfare. While immigrants can improve a state's welfare system by for example counteracting trends of aging populations their net economic impact might be negative. George Borjas, economics professor at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, states that "the more unskilled the immigrant, the more the immigrant will be a fiscal burden". High-skilled immigrants have better labor market prospects than those admitted based on kinship ties or for humanitarian reasons.
It depends on the tenures and ages of the immigrants and the cou
Rollin' Stone is the second studio album by American rapper Stevie Stone. The album was released on June 2012, by Strange Music; the album features guest appearances from Tech N9ne, Krizz Kaliko, Kutt Calhoun, Peetah Morgan, Hopsin, SwizZz, Big Scoob, Spaide R. I. P. P. E. R. Wrekonize, Magnum PI and Bernz; the album debuted at number 78 on the Billboard 200 chart. In a June 2012, interview with XXL, Stevie Stone spoke about the album, saying: "It’s a rollercoaster ride my slow records and my serious records are gonna have that 808 and that kick up in there, but on this album, I think it’s a full album, it’s something for everybody. This is more one of the party records, the club type records for the album, but there’s different records that’s gonna put you in a different mind frame. Like I did a record called ‘My Remedy,’ and that's just saying that when I hit the stage, music becomes my remedy and all my problems fade away. Music is my escape, it don't matter what happens, I been in situations where I get a bad phone call like five minutes before I hit the stage on some bullshit.
But soon as I hit the stage and I give it to the crowd and they give it to me back, all that shit just goes out the window... Strap on your seatbelt when you listen to it. I think it's gonna turn a lot of heads. You gonna see on the album, you can't put Stevie Stone in a box." Gregory Heaney of AllMusic gave the album three and a half stars out of five, saying "Stone seizes on the opportunity to reach a whole new group of listeners with an album that plays out like a meeting between new friends at a party. Early in the album, listeners get to see Stone's rowdy side on tracks like "808 Bendin'" and "Keep My Name Out Your Mouth," which feature guest spots by labelmates Tech N9ne and Kutt Calhoun before getting personal deeper into the album, opening up on more plaintive, reflective tracks like "My Life" and "The Road." Though Stone had been kicking around on Ruthless Records for a while, Rollin' Stone feels like a chance for Stone to reintroduce himself to the rap world, with the production talent and personal touch of Strange behind him, it's an opportunity he takes full advantage of."
The album debuted at number 78 on the Billboard 200 chart, with first-week sales of 6,000 copies in the United States
The Europe/Africa Zone is one of the three zones of regional Davis Cup competition in 2011. In the Europe/Africa Zone there are three different groups in which teams compete against each other to advance to the next group; the Division III tournament was held in the Week commencing 9 May 2011 at Macedonia. Turkey and Moldova were promoted. Albania Andorra Armenia Georgia Iceland Macedonia Malta Moldova Montenegro Norway San Marino Turkey The twelve teams were split into four pools; the winner of a pool played against another group winner to decide which team gets promoted to the Europe/Africa Zone Group II for 2012. It was held at 11–14 May 2011 at Tennis Club Jug-Skopje, Macedonia on outdoor clay. Davis Cup draw details
Maddison Michelle "Maddie" Bowman is an American Former freestyle skier. She won a silver medal in the superpipe at Winter X Games XVI in 2012. Bowman won gold at Winter X Games XVII in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 & 2018, a gold medal at the 2014 Winter Olympics in the ski halfpipe. At the 2018 Winter Olympics, she finished in 11th place. Maddie Bowman at the International Ski Federation Maddie Bowman at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Maddie Bowman at the International Olympic Committee "Maddie Bowman, mom took Olympic journey together". NBC Olympics. February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2018. Howard, Hanna. "Halfpipe Skier Maddie Bowman Thinks of Snickers While She Works Out". Teen Vogue. Retrieved February 28, 2018
Charaxes ethalion, the satyr emperor or satyr charaxes, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Africa; the wingspan is 45 -- 55 mm in 50 -- 63 mm in females. Larvae feed on Albizia spp. Peltophorum africanum, Dichrostachys cinerea, Acacia ataxacantha, Scutia myrtina. Listed alphabetically: C. e. binghami Henning, 1982 C. e. ethalion Boisduval, 1847 C. e. fisheri Henning, 1982 C. e. handmani Henning, 1982 C. e. kikuyuensis van Someren, 1967 C. e. kitungulensis Strand, 1911 C. e. littoralis van Someren, 1967 C. e. marsabitensis van Someren, 1967 C. e. nyanzae van Someren, 1967 Charaxes ethalion is a member of the large species group Charaxes etheocles Afrotropical ecozone Charaxes ethalion images subspecies and formaat Consortium for the Barcode of Life. Images of C. ethalion ethalion Royal Museum for Central Africa Images of C. ethalion kikuyuensis Images of C. ethalion kitungulensis
William J. Grattan was an American lawyer and politician from New York, he was born in Albany County, New York. The family moved to Cohoes in 1887, he attended St. Augustine's Academy in Lansingburgh, St. Bernard's Academy in Cohoes, the Albany Business College, he studied law with Myer Nussbaum, at Albany Law School. He graduated in 1898, was admitted to the bar the same year, practiced law in Albany, he was a page of the New York State Assembly in 1892 and 1893. Grattan was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1903, 1904, 1905 and 1906, he was a member of the New York State Senate from 1907 to 1910, sitting in the 130th, 131st, 132nd and 133rd New York State Legislatures. He was Clerk of Albany County for two terms, he died on December 1938, after a heart attack. Official New York from Cleveland to Hughes by Charles Elliott Fitch The New York Red Book by Edgar L. Murlin DECLARES BARNES CONTROLS ALBANY in NYT on September 13, 1914 WILLIAM J. GRATTAN, EX-LEGISLATOR, 61 in NYT on December 6, 1938