Oprah Gail Winfrey is an American media executive, talk show host, television producer, philanthropist. She is best known for her talk show, The Oprah Winfrey Show, broadcast from Chicago, the highest-rated television program of its kind in history and ran in national syndication for 25 years from 1986 to 2011. Dubbed the "Queen of All Media", she was the richest African American of the 20th century and North America's first black multi-billionaire, she has been ranked the greatest black philanthropist in American history. By 2007, she was sometimes ranked as the most influential woman in the world. Winfrey was born into poverty in rural Mississippi to a teenage single mother and raised in inner-city Milwaukee, she has stated that she was molested during her childhood and early teens and became pregnant at 14. Winfrey was sent to live with the man she calls her father, Vernon Winfrey, a barber in Tennessee, landed a job in radio while still in high school. By 19, she was a co-anchor for the local evening news.
Winfrey's emotional, extemporaneous delivery led to her transfer to the daytime talk show arena, after boosting a third-rated local Chicago talk show to first place, she launched her own production company and became internationally syndicated. Credited with creating a more intimate, confessional form of media communication, Winfrey popularized and revolutionized the tabloid talk show genre pioneered by Phil Donahue. Through this medium, Winfrey broke 20th-century taboos and allowed LGBT people to enter the mainstream through television appearances. In 1994, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. By the mid-1990s, Winfrey had reinvented her show with a focus on literature, self-improvement and spirituality. Though she was criticized for unleashing a confession culture, promoting controversial self-help ideas, having an emotion-centered approach, she has been praised for overcoming adversity to become a benefactor to others. Winfrey had emerged as a political force in the 2008 presidential race, delivering about one million votes to Barack Obama in the razor close 2008 Democratic primary.
In 2013, Winfrey was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama and honorary doctorate degrees from Duke and Harvard. In 2008, she formed Oprah Winfrey Network. Born Oprah Gail Winfrey, her first name was spelled Orpah on her birth certificate after the biblical figure of that name in the Book of Ruth, but people mispronounced it and "Oprah" stuck, she was born in Mississippi, to an unmarried teenage mother. She said that her conception was due to a single sexual encounter and the couple broke up not long after, her mother, Vernita Lee, was a housemaid. Winfrey's biological father is noted as Vernon Winfrey, a coal miner turned barber turned city councilman, in the Armed Forces when she was born. However, Mississippi farmer and World War II veteran Noah Robinson Sr. has claimed to be her biological father. A genetic test in 2006 determined that her matrilineal line originated among the Kpelle ethnic group, in the area that today is Liberia, her genetic makeup was determined to be 89% Sub-Saharan African, 8% Native American, 3% East Asian.
However, the East Asian markers may, given the imprecision of genetic testing be Native American. After Winfrey's birth, her mother traveled north, Winfrey spent her first six years living in rural poverty with her maternal grandmother, Hattie Mae Lee, so poor that Winfrey wore dresses made of potato sacks, for which the local children made fun of her, her grandmother taught her to read before the age of three and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses. When Winfrey was a child, her grandmother would hit her with a stick when she did not do chores or if she misbehaved in any way. At age six, Winfrey moved to an inner-city neighborhood in Milwaukee, with her mother, less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother had been as a result of the long hours she worked as a maid. Around this time, Lee had given birth to another daughter, Winfrey's younger half-sister, Patricia who died of causes related to cocaine addiction. By 1962, Lee was having difficulty raising both daughters so Winfrey was temporarily sent to live with Vernon in Nashville, Tennessee.
While Winfrey was in Nashville, Lee gave birth to a third daughter, put up for adoption and was also named Patricia. Winfrey did not learn she had a second half-sister until 2010. By the time Winfrey moved back with her mother, Lee had given birth to a boy named Jeffrey, Winfrey's half-brother, who died of AIDS-related causes in 1989. Winfrey has stated she was molested by her cousin, a family friend, starting when she was nine years old, something she first announced to her viewers on a 1986 episode of her TV show regarding sexual abuse; when Winfrey discussed the alleged abuse with family members at age 24, they refused to believe her account. Winfrey once commented that she had chosen not to be a mother because she had not been mothered well. At 13, after suffering what she described as years of abuse, Winfrey ran away from home; when she was 14, she became pregnant but her son was born prematurely and he died shortly after birth. Winfrey stated she felt betrayed by the family member who had sold the story of her son to the National Enquirer i
Dwayne Sawyer is an American politician from the state of Indiana. A member of the Republican Party, Sawyer was the 55th Indiana State Auditor, he resigned as State Auditor on November 26, 2013 citing "personal and family reasons". Sawyer was a member of the Brownsburg, Indiana Town Council, where he served as Council President from 2012 to 2013. On August 15, 2013, Sawyer was appointed by Governor Mike Pence to serve as Indiana State Auditor. Sawyer was sworn in by Indiana Chief Justice Brent Dickson on August 19, becoming the first African-American Republican to hold statewide office in Indiana. Sawyer is a 1984 graduate of Peru Senior High School in New York, he attended Purdue University. He was a member of the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity. Before entering politics, Sawyer spent his career in the private sector. Since 2010, Sawyer has worked as a Senior Software Engineer for Positron Corporation, a nuclear cardiology technology research and development company. Sawyer serves as the Secretary of Indiana's 4th district Republican Committee and serves as a member of the Executive Committee of the Hendricks County Republican Party.
He serves on the Board of Directors of the Indiana Leadership Forum and the Hendricks County Regional Health YMCA. In 2013, Sawyer was appointed by Governor Mike Pence to serve on the Indiana Commission on the Social Status of Black Males. Sawyer was elected to the Brownsburg Town Council in December 2008 by the Hendricks County Republican Party precinct committee, after council member Ronna Jessen resigned from serving Brownsburg's 2nd Ward. Sawyer, the first African-American to hold elected office in Hendricks County, was sworn in on January 10, 2009 by Hendricks County Superior Court Judge Robert Freese, being introduced by Indiana Secretary of State Todd Rokita. Sawyer ran unopposed in the May 2011 Republican primary, winning reelection in the November general election. Sawyer became Brownsburg Town Council President in January 2012, resigning in August 2013 to assume the position of State Auditor of Indiana; as council President, Sawyer helped lead efforts in the controversial annexation of Brownsburg.
In a 3-2 council vote, Sawyer voted in favor of allowing the 4,500 acre annexation of the northern borders, doubling the size of the city for future growth and expansion. Sawyer has advocated for a 0.3% raise in local income taxes to support the expansion of mass transit, pushing the Indiana General Assembly to support legislation for individual counties to allow referendums for such an increase to support county highway transportation projects. Sawyer was appointed Indiana State Auditor by Governor Mike Pence on August 15, 2013, he was sworn in as the 55th Indiana Auditor of State on August 19, 2013. Sawyer's term as Auditor would only last a little over three months. On November 26, 2013, he submitted a letter of resignation to Governor Pence citing "personal reasons". In a written statement, Sawyer explained his resignation: “Due to family and personal concerns, I have come to the conclusion that it will be in the best interests of my family and the people of Indiana whom I have been honored to serve that I resign from the office of Indiana auditor of state.”To date, Governor Pence has yet to explain the exact nature of Sawyer's resignation.
On December 5, 2013, Indiana Democratic Party Chair John Zody submitted a public records request with Governor Pence's office seeking further information regarding the Governor's vetting process for appointments and the exact reason for Sawyer's resignation. On December 16, 2013, Republican State Representative Suzanne Crouch was appointed by Governor Mike Pence to replace Sawyer as Indiana State Auditor. Sawyer is married to Melissa Sawyer. They've lived in Brownsburg since his wife home school. Sawyer enjoys playing the alto saxophone. Indiana State Auditor Home Page
Hannes Aigner is a German slalom canoeist who has competed at the international level since 2006. He won a bronze medal in the K1 event at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. Aigner won three gold medals at the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships, one in the K1 event and two in the K1 team event, he won seven medals at the European Championships. He finished in 4th place in the K1 event at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. "2010 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships 12 September 2010 K1 men's team final results". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2010. – accessed 12 September 2010. Hannes Aigner at the International Canoe Federation Hannes Aigner at the International Olympic Committee Hannes Aigner at the Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund Hannes Aigner at the Olympic Channel Hannes Aigner at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com