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The Oprah Winfrey Show

The Oprah Winfrey Show referred as The Oprah Show or Oprah, is an American daytime syndicated talk show that aired nationally for 25 seasons from September 8, 1986, to May 25, 2011, in Chicago, Illinois. Produced and hosted by its namesake, Oprah Winfrey, it remains one of the highest-rated daytime talk shows in American television history; the show was influential to many young stars, many of its topics have penetrated into the American pop-cultural consciousness. Winfrey used the show as an educational platform, featuring book clubs, self-improvement segments, philanthropic forays into world events; the show did not attempt to profit off the products. Oprah had its roots in A. M. Chicago, a half-hour morning talk show airing on WLS-TV, an ABC owned-and-operated station in Chicago. Winfrey took over as host on January 2, 1984, within a month, took it from last place to first place in local Chicago ratings. Following Winfrey's success in—and Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations for-her performance as Sofia in the film The Color Purple, on September 8, 1986, the talk show was relaunched under its current title and picked up nationally.

For the premiere, the show's producers tried rigorously to book Miami Vice's Don Johnson as the first guest trying to bribe him with Dom Pérignon and a pair of rhinestone sunglasses. All attempts to book Johnson failed and Winfrey decided to "do what we do best, and, a show about and with everyday people"; the topic for the premiere show was "How to Marry the Man or Woman of Your Choice". Oprah was one of the longest-running daytime television talk shows in history; the show received 47 Daytime Emmy Awards before Winfrey chose to stop submitting it for consideration in 2000. In 2002, TV Guide ranked it at #49 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. In 2013, they ranked it as the 19th greatest TV show of all time. In November 2009, Winfrey announced that the show would conclude in 2011 following its 25th and final season; the series finale aired on May 25, 2011. Winfrey interviewed a plethora of public figures and everyday people during the show's 25-year history; when celebrities and newsmakers were ready to share their most intimate secrets their first stop was Winfrey's couch and when a serious story hit, the Oprah show focused on putting a human face on the headlines.

Winfrey claims her worst interviewing experience was with Elizabeth Taylor in the show's second season. Just before the interview, Taylor asked Winfrey not to ask any questions about her relationships. Winfrey found this to be a challenge considering. Taylor returned to the show in 1992, apologized to Winfrey and told her that she was in excruciating back and hip pain at the time. On February 10, 1993, Winfrey sat down in a prime-time special broadcast with Michael Jackson, who had performed nine days earlier in the Super Bowl XXVII halftime show, for what would become the most-watched interview in television history. Jackson, an intensely private entertainer, had not given an interview in 14 years; the event was broadcast live from Jackson's Neverland Ranch and was watched by 90 million people worldwide result his studio album Dangerous on the top-ten charts. Jackson discussed missing out on a normal childhood and his strained relationship with his father, Joe Jackson. During the interview, Jackson attempted to dispel many of the rumors surrounding him and told Winfrey he suffered from the skin-pigment disorder known as vitiligo when asked about the change in the color of his skin.

While admitting to getting a nose job, he denied all other plastic surgery rumors. In the interview, Jackson was joined by his close friend Elizabeth Taylor, her third appearance on the show. Winfrey's interview with Tom Cruise, broadcast on May 23, 2005 gained notoriety. Cruise "jumped around the set, hopped onto a couch, fell rapturously to one knee and professed his love for his then-girlfriend, Katie Holmes." This scene became part of American pop-cultural discourse and was parodied in media. Celine Dion appeared on the show 28 times, the most of any celebrity, besides Gayle King, Winfrey's best friend, who appeared 141 times. Winfrey interviewed Chicago's "Guardian Angels" and Raymond Lear in 1988. Winfrey interviewed Kathy Bray three weeks after her 10-year-old son, was accidentally killed by a friend who had found his father's gun. Viewers commented that the interview changed their feelings about having guns in their homes. In the 1989–90 season, Truddi Chase—a woman, diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder, having 92 distinct personalities—appeared on the show.

Chase had been violently and sexually abused beginning at the age of two and said her old self ceased to exist after that. After introducing Chase, there to promote her book When Rabbit Howls, Winfrey unexpectedly broke down in tears while reading the teleprompter, relating her own childhood molestation to that of the guest. Unable to control herself, Winfrey asked producers to stop filming. Erin Kramp, a mother dying of breast cancer, appeared on the show in 1998. After realizing that her six-year-old daughter, would have to grow up without her, Kramp began recording videotapes filled with motherly advice on everything from makeup tips to finding a husband, she wrote letters and bought gifts for Peyton to open every Christmas and birthday she was gone. Kramp lost her battle with cancer on October 31, 1998, she had recorded over a hundred audiotapes for her daughter. Jo Ann Compton's daughter Laurie Ann was stabbed to death in 1988—and a decade the mom was ta

Hernando Calvo Ospina

Hernando Calvo Ospina is a Colombian journalist and director of various documentaries. He resides in France. Born in Cali, he was a student of journalism at the Central University of Ecuador in Quito, when, on 24 September 1985 he was captured and disappeared; as he denounced at the Court of Constitutional Guarantees of Ecuador as well as to Amnesty International and other international human rights organisations, he spent the first three days cuffed by hands and feet as well as blindfolded. During all that time he was not allowed to sleep nor was he given anything to eat and he was scarcely administered any water to drink. From his abductors he learned, captured during a joint operation of the Colombian and the Ecuadorian military intelligence, it should be pointed out that days before, a commando of the Colombian guerrilla of 19 April Movement had abducted a wealthy Ecuadorian business man, in response to which the security services had started a "witch hunt" against all Colombian residents which were considered to be politically left-wing.

And he was active on several public media. Still blindfolded and cuffed he was transferred in the trunk of a car by his first captors who handed him over to the Police Criminal Investigation Service. For five days he was brutally tortured through beating and electric shocks, he was hardly given anything to eat, apart from some bread and left-overs of the officers’ canteen. On 4 October, as there was no proof of his affiliation to any guerrilla organisation whatsoever, he was sent to the García Moreno penitentiary, where he stayed for three months without being brought to trial; because of the overwhelming international pressure, the government of president León Febres Cordero had to authorise his release from prison on 28 December 1985, be it through putting him on a direct flight to Lima, Peru. After having spent two months under the protection of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, UNHCR, in this nation, the government of president Alan García considered him to be persona non grata and demanded that he should leave the country.

Under the protection of the government of France he arrived in Paris on 15 March 1986. Before resuming his profession as a journalist, because he had to survive, he cleaned offices during the first four years of his life in Paris, he has been a volleyball trainer and referee, as well as a passionate dancer and collector of salsa music. He is the author of several books; as a collaborator of the French monthly Le Monde Diplomatique, he participated in the production of various documentaries for television broadcasting channels, such as: the British BBC. Over the past years he made various documentaries that were distributed by the Latin-American channel Tele Sur. One of them, the shadow agenda, was subtitled in 17 different languages; some of his productions and interviews can be found on his YouTube channel. In 2005 he was nominated for the "Lorenzo Natali Media Prize" of the European Commission, for his article "Colombia: such as in Irak, a privatised conflict", published in Le Monde Diplomatique in November 2004.

The award was launched in 1992 in recognition of outstanding reporting on development issues, human rights and the eradication of poverty. He shared conferences with personalities such as the Cuban leader, Fidel Castro Ruz, the president of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez Frías, he interviewed the president of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, other distinguished people such as: Danielle Mitterrand, the actor Pierre Richard and Monsignor Jacques GaillotFrance). As a journalist, he interviewed commanders of the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia - which at that time was a guerrilla organisation - Raúl Reyes and Jaime Guaracas; as well as commanders of the National Liberation Army, Manuel Pérez Martínez (ex-Commander in Chief Milton Hernández, Ramiro Vargas and Pablo Beltrán. For the writing of his book Don Pablo Escobar, he passed various days with members of the so-called Medellín Cartel. Working on Perú: los senderos posibles, he interviewed generals of the Armed Forces of Peru, as well as commanders and supporters of the Shining Path organisation.

In Miami and in New York he interviewed leaders of organisations alleged to be responsible for crimes and terrorist attacks, such as Orlando Bosch Ávila, Nazario Sargent, José "Pepe" Hernández and José Basulto, all of them of Cuban origin. Based on these and other interviews he published Disidentes o Mercenarios?. In January 2005 the documentary The Secret of the Bat: Bacardi Between Rum And Revolution was awarded the Bronze World Medal of the New York Film Festival; the documentary, in which Calvo Ospina figures, was based on his book Bacardi, The Hidden War. On 5 February 2009 he lectured on "Private military societies in Colombia" during the seminar on the "Privatisation of violence" organised by the Centre de recherche des écoles de Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan, at the higher education institute for officers of the French Armed Forces. Being an investigator who denounces the state terrorism in Colombia as well as the aggressive politics

Tomasz Konieczny

Tomasz Konieczny is a Polish-born bass-baritone. Tomasz Konieczny, was born on 10 January 1972 in Poland, he commenced his studies as an actor at the Film, TV and Theatre Academy in Łódź. Following this he studied voice at the Fryderyk Chopin Academy in Warsaw, finishing his studies under the guidance of Professor Christian Elßner at the Hochschule "Carl Maria von Weber" in Dresden, he made his debut in a film directed by Oscar-winning director Andrzej Wajda The Ring with the Eagle following this he worked as an actor/director in many TV, film and theatre productions in Poland. Tomasz Konieczny is the recipient of many awards, including the Polish Arts and Culture Prize, the Alfred Toepfer Foundation Prize, the Stadtsparkasse Prize in Dresden, second Prize in the International Dvořák competition in Karlsbad, he made his debut as a singer in 1997 in the role of Figaro in Poland. Two years he made his debut at the Oper Leipzig as Kecal in the Bartered Bride where he remained for the 1999–2000 season.

In 2000 he was engaged as a Bass at the Theater Lübeck where he sang Procida, Pandolph and Ramfis. Since 2002/2003 he has been a member of the ensemble of Nationaltheater Mannheim where he received the Arnold Petersen Prize for talented young singers, his roles in Mannheim have included Orest, King Mark, Amfortas, Wotan, Grand Inquisitor and Johanaan. In February 2005 he made his debut at the Staatstheater Stuttgart as Sarastro and in June 2005 as King Vladislav in Smetana's Dalibor at the Staatstheater Saarbrücken. In September he made his debut at the Deutsche Oper am Rhein in April 2006 as Osmin and Melitone and in May 2006 as Wotan. In the 2006/7 season he became a member of the Ensemble of the Deutsche Oper am Rhein Düsseldorf/Duisburg, he sang here as Bottom in 2006, in 2007 Kurwenal and Turco, in 2008 Amfortas. In June 2006 he sang at Budapester Wagner Tage as Amfortas; the conductor was Ádám Fischer. In August 2006 he made his debut in Matthäuspassion, Arias of Bach in Rio de Janeiro; the conductor was Kent Nagano.

In January 2008 he made his debut at the Semperoper Dresden as Alberich. The conductor was Peter Schneider. In April 2008 he made his debut at the Wiener Staatsoper as Alberich; the conductor was Franz Welser-Möst. In 2017 he made his debut at the Canadian Opera Company as Mandryka in R. Strauss' "Arabella"; the conductor was Patrick Lange. 2019 Austrian Kammersänger Tomasz Konieczny

Robert Bruce Napoleon Walker

Robert Bruce Napoleon Walker, F. R. G. S. F. A. S. F. G. S. C. M. Z. S. Known as Brucie Walker, was an English trader and collector of zoological specimens in West Africa; the Founding Collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum includes a large number of objects collected by Walker. Walker worked as a trader for Cookson of Liverpool. In 1851, he moved from Sussex to Gabon, was based in Gabon for 23 years, he was a significant contributor of African artifacts to British museums, in particular, his collection of African shields. He was involved with General Pitt-Rivers, after whom the museum in England is named, in the affairs of the Ethnological Society of London and the Anthropological Society of London, he collected ethnographic objects from 1862 onwards of Ba Fan tribes. Walker became a member of the Anthropological Society of London in 1864 and contributed many objects from the Republic of Congo, Porto Novo and Gabon. A particular gift he made was the adorned girdle worn by Mpongwe women, he translated the Bible into Mpongwe language and donated it to ASL.

The Pitt Rivers Museum has recorded 143 items collected by Walker, including weapons and arrows. Some of his curious collections in the museum include two bead necklaces from Gabon and the "Plait of Hair of Pamela Canot". Robert Bruce Napoleon Walker was born on Friday 8 June 1832 at Gosden Green, Westbourne, Sussex, he was the son of his wife Charlotte. His father Henry joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman in 1803, attaining the rank of lieutenant in 1810. Midshipman Henry Walker saw action on many occasions after the Napoleonic Wars. Robert was the last child of Henry and Charlotte Walker; however following a separation from her husband in or around 1836, Charlotte Walker gave birth to four more children while residing in the village of Catherington, Hampshire. In 1851 Robert Bruce Napoleon Walker gained employment with the Liverpool-based shipping and trading company of Hatton and Cookson. Shortly after joining the Company, Walker arrived at Sette Karma, on the coast of the French colony of Gabon, West Africa where his older brother Henry Clements Walker had been trading since the late 1840s.

In 1854 Walker returned to England and married Margaret Clara Ann Molesworth daughter of Royal Marine Captain Arthur Molesworth at St. Marys Church, Stoke Newington, Middlesex. Walker soon returned to the Gabon charged with the task of establishing a new trading station or'factory' on behalf of Hatton and Cookson at Libreville. Walker was back in England by the spring of 1857, as in December that year his wife Margaret gave birth to their first son Harry Bruce Walker A second son followed in 1863 named Arthur Duncan Bruce Walker. Walker had another son, André Raponda Walker, by Princess Agnorogoule Ikoutou d.1913 Gabon and a daughter by Ikoutou in 1873. Ikoutou was Mpongwe, a niece of King Louis Dowé. Raponda Walker, an author and ethnographer, was the first Gabonese Roman Catholic priest, it is likely that Walker fathered a number children by native women. A letter written by Walker from Africa in 1868 to his friend John Holt, referred to an unnamed "daughter" and it was said that Walker held sexual relations with more than one native woman.

Robert Bruce Walker's first wife, Margaret Clara Ann Molesworth died in 1873 at Wandsworth London. In 1876 Walker married again to Minnie Annetta Bevir. No issue came of this union but within a few years the marriage began to breakdown, due in part to Walker's long absences from home and Mrs. Walker's intemperance and incurring debt. In 1875 Walker brought his African son, Ignace Gervais Andre Raponda Walker to England where he remained for about a year during which he attended school at Southampton, visited London and met his paternal grandmother, Charlotte Walker. Andre returned to Africa in 1876 at the request of his mother Ikoutou, it is doubtful if he saw his father again. By this time Bruce Walker had become dissatisfied with his lot with Hatton and Cookson and set about finding new means of earning a living. In the autumn of 1876 he set out for Marseilles via Paris with the intention of investing in an ice skating rink business but soon ran into financial difficulties, he returned to England before setting out for Sierra Leone, West Africa, working as a prospector for a gold mining enterprise.

However, by the mid 1880s Walker was again in financial trouble. Robert Bruce Napoleon Walker died at 14 Osbourne Terrace, Clapham Road, London on 9 March 1901 suffering from circulatory problems and sepsis, he was buried at Brompton Cemetery, London on 13 March, sharing the same grave plot as his first wife Margaret and brother-in-law Thomas Hooper Molesworth. Haggerty, Sheryllynne; the empire in one city?: Liverpool's inconvenient imperial past. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-7887-3. Reel, Monte. Between Man and Beast: An Unlikely Explorer and the African Adventure the Victorian World by Storm. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-385-53423-9. Webber, Sabra J.. Folklore Unbound: A Concise Introduction. Waveland Press. ISBN 978-1-4786-2729-6. Flinders, Stephen Matthew.

24-hour news cycle

The 24-hour news cycle is 24-hour investigation and reporting of news, concomitant with fast-paced lifestyles. The vast news resources available in recent decades have increased competition for audience and advertiser attention, prompting media providers to deliver the latest news in the most compelling manner in order to remain ahead of competitors. Television-, radio-, print-, online- and mobile app news media all have many suppliers that want to be relevant to their audiences and deliver news first. Although all-news radio operated for decades earlier, the 24-hour news cycle arrived with the advent of cable television channels dedicated to news and brought about a much faster pace of news production with an increased demand for stories that could be presented as continual news with constant updating; this was a contrast with the day-by-day pace of the news cycle of printed daily newspapers. A high premium on faster reporting would see a further increase with the advent of online news. A complete news cycle consists of the media reporting on some event, followed by the media reporting on public and other reactions to the earlier reports.

The advent of 24-hour cable and satellite television news channels and, in more recent times, of news sources on the World Wide Web shortened this process. According to former journalists Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, 24-hour news creates wild competition among media organizations for audience share. This, coupled with the profit demand of their corporate ownership, has led to a decline in journalistic standards. In their book Warp Speed: America in the Age of Mixed Media, they write that "the press has moved toward sensationalism and opinion" and away from traditional values of verification, relevance and quality of interpretation, they fear these values will be replaced by a "journalism of assertion" which de-emphasizes whether a claim is valid and encourages putting a claim into the arena of public discussion as as possible. CNN effect Feiler faster thesis Nik Gowing, Skyful of Lies & Black Swans, Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, OL 25009477M

1914 Kendall Orange and Black football team

The 1914 Kendall Orange and Black football team represented Henry Kendall College during the 1914 college football season. Local businessmen urged Sam P. McBirney, who had coached the team in 1908, to take over as the football coach. Prior to 1913, the bulk of its games had been played against high school teams. From 1914 to 1916, McBirney built the Kendall football team into one of the best in the country; the 1914 team finished with a record of 6-2, outscored opponents 261 to 48, defeated Northwestern Oklahoma State, East Central, Pittsburg State, Oklahoma City, played respectably against both Oklahoma A&M and Oklahoma. Source: Tulsa Golden Hurricane Football, 2017 Record & Fact Book