The Congregation of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri is a pontifical society of apostolic life of Catholic priests and lay-brothers who live together in a community bound together by no formal vows but only with the bond of charity. They are referred to as Oratorians; this "Congregation of the Oratory" should not be confused with the French Oratory, a distinct congregation, the Society of the Oratory of Jesus, founded by Pierre de Bérulle in 1611 in Paris. Founded in Rome in 1575 by St. Philip Neri, today it has spread around the world, with over 70 Oratories and some 500 priests; the post-nominal initials used to identify members of the society are "C. O.". The abbreviation "Cong. Orat." is used. Unlike a religious institute or a monastery, the Oratorians are made up of members who commit themselves to membership in a particular, self-governing local community without taking vows, an unusual and innovative arrangement created by St. Philip. An oratory must have a minimum of four members, two being ordained, in order to be founded.
If a group of men seeks to establish an oratory, they may apply to do so, going through the proper diocesan channels. The Congregation of the Oratory was founded by St. Philip Neri in the city of Rome; the first Oratory received papal recognition in 1575. The new community was to be a congregation of secular priests living under obedience but bound by no vows. Speaking of Neri, whom he called, "the saint of joy", Pope John Paul II said, "As is well known, the saint used to put his teaching into short and wise maxims:'Be good, if you can'.... He did not choose the life of solitude. Like Jesus, he was able to enter into the human misery present in the noble palaces and in the alleys of Renaissance Rome."The core of St. Philip's spirituality focused on an unpretentious return to the lifestyle of the first Disciples of Christ; the object of the institute is threefold: prayer and the sacraments. Up to 1800 the Oratory continued to spread through Italy, Spain, Portugal and other European countries. Under Napoleon I the Oratory was in various places despoiled and suppressed, but the congregation recovered and, after a second suppression in 1869, again revived.
A few houses were founded in Vienna. There are eighty six Congregations of the Oratory throughout the world; each Community is autonomous, but there is a Confederation which facilitates contact with the Holy See. As such, the Congregation of the Oratory functions more like a monastic federation than like a religious institute. Three documents govern the Oratory; the first is the "General Statutes" of the Congregation, which are guidelines to be followed throughout the world. The second is the "Particular Statutes"; the third document is the "Constitutions", which establish general norms, outline the relationship between the Congregation and the Holy See. As the Oratory is a confederation, there is no central authority such as is found within the Dominicans, Franciscans, or Jesuits; the definitive foundation of an Oratorian Congregation is done by the Roman Pontiff directly, which makes a Congregation what is called a "Pontifical Right" foundation. The Confederation elects one of its own to represent the interests of the Congregations to the Holy See.
This person, known as Procurator General, resides in Rome at the Procura General. Frederick William Faber described the Oratorian charism as "a spirituality of everyday life"; the Oratory founded by St Philip Neri is a society of priests and brothers who live together under a Rule without taking religious vows. Hence, Oratorians are free to resign their membership in the Congregation without canonical impediment or ecclesiastical dispensation. An Oratorian resides in an Oratory community of his choosing and is permanently stable, i.e. he is not subject to transfer to other Oratories or communities. Oratorians have what is called'stability,' which means they are committed as members of the community of a particular Oratory, though a member may move if there is a serious enough reason; as there is no vow of poverty, Oratorians may keep their possessions, those who can afford to do so are expected to contribute to the support of the house. It is possible for an ordained secular priest to join the Community if he feels called to a more recollected life in community than is possible in a diocesan presbytery, however the Constitutions do not permit anyone, a solemnly professed religious to join the Congregation.
Neither is it customary to admit anyone over the age of forty five. Unlike the members of some religious institutes, Oratorians are not bound by a rule to pray in common, though this is something that Oratorians consider important, they commit themselves to praying together a
Marisa de Azevedo Monte is a Brazilian singer, composer and producer of Brazilian popular music and samba. As of 2011, she had sold 10 million albums worldwide and has won numerous national and international awards, including four Latin Grammys, seven Brazilian MTV Video Music Awards, nine Multishow de Música Brasileira awards, 5 APCAs, six Prêmio TIM de Música. Marisa is considered by Rolling Stone Brasil to be the second greatest singer, behind only Elis Regina, she has two albums on the list of the 100 best albums of Brazilian music. Monte was born in Rio de Janeiro, daughter of the engineer Carlos Saboia Monte and Sylvia Marques de Azevedo Monte. On her father's side, she is descended from the Saboias, one of the oldest Italian families in Brazil, she studied singing and drums as a child, began studying opera singing at 14. After failing to break through into 1980s Brazilian pop rock she went into semi-exile in Italy, where she met the famous producer Nelson Motta. Thereafter she became a hybrid of pop rock performer.
While most of her music is in the style of modern MPB, she has recorded traditional samba and folk tunes in collaboration with such musicians and songwriters as Carlinhos Brown, Arnaldo Antunes, Nando Reis and producer Arto Lindsay. She has collaborated with the New York pop music vanguard, including Laurie Anderson, David Byrne, Marc Ribot, Bernie Worrell and Philip Glass. Aged 19, she moved to Rome. After that, she began appearing in bars and nightclubs singing Brazilian music, accompanied by friends. One of these shows was attended by the producer Nelson Motta, who directed her first show in Rio de Janeiro upon her return; the Veludo Azul show had seasons in Rio and São Paulo, caught the attention of record companies. Monte was invited to record her first special by the television program TV Manchete, called MM, released on LP and VHS, her first big hit appeared on this album, "Bem Que Se Quis". Her hit was played exhaustively on Brazilian radio stations, was included on the soundtrack of Lauro César Muniz's soap opera O Salvador de Pátria on the Globo network.
The soundtrack sold 500 thousand copies and is No. 62 on the list of 100 greatest Brazilian music albums. In 1991, Marisa Monte released her second album, titled Mais, on EMI; this album produced the hit "Beija Eu", considered one of the best MPB songs, coming in at the 26th position, in a study published by journalist Zeca Camargo on Portal G1. In 1994, she released her third album, Anil, Cor-de-Rosa e Carvão; this album is on the list of the 100 best albums of Brazilian music, in position No. 87. In 2000, she released Memórias, Crônicas, e Declaracões de Amor, followed by a DVD of the same name in 2001, being a recording of her performances over three nights at the ATL Hall, in Rio de Janeiro. In 2011, she contributed a collaboration with Devendra Banhart and Rodrigo Amarante "Nú Com A Minha Música" for the Red Hot Organization's most recent charitable album Red Hot+Rio 2, a follow-up to the 1996 Red Hot+Rio. On 12 August 2012, at the London 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony, Monte was the first Brazilian singer performing during Rio de Janeiro's side of the Olympic Flag handover – she sang the classical Brazilian piece "Bachianas Brasileiras No. 5", representing Brazilian folklore's Yemanjá deity.
She sang, alongside Brazilian performers BNegão and Seu Jorge, the samba "Aquele Abraço", translated as "That embrace", closing Rio's presentation for the occasion while Pelé was revealed to be present at the ceremony, disguised as Rio's traditional "Malandro do Morro". Monte owns the rights to all of her songs, she released her single "Nao E Proibido", used in the soundtrack of a video game by EA Sports, 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa. Memórias, Crônicas, e Declaracões de Amor Official website French site on Marisa Monte
Jacqueline Bishop is a writer, visual artist and photographer, from Jamaica who now lives in New York City, where she is a professor at the School of Liberal Studies at New York University. She is the founder of Calabash, an online journal of Caribbean art and letters, housed at NYU, writes for the Huffington Post and the Observer Arts Magazine. In 2016 her book The Gymnast and Other Positions won the nonfiction category of the OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature. Jacqueline Bishop was born in Jamaica, she lived with her grandmother and mother, when her mother migrated to the United States Bishop lived with her father. Bishop went to join her mother in the US for her college education, attending Lehman College, City University of New York, where she obtained a bachelor's degree in Psychology, she spent one summer studying French at Concordia University in Montréal, she spent a year in Paris, attending the Université de Paris. She studied with poet Sharon Olds and fiction writers Paule Marshall and Mary Gaitskill in the Graduate Creative Writing Program at New York University.
In 2016, Bishop completed her MFA in Visual Arts at the Maryland Institute College of Art. Bishop's books include a novel, The River’s Song, two collections of poems and Snapshots from Istanbul, a 2007 art book entitled Writers Who Paint, Painters Who Write: 3 Three Jamaican Artists, The Gymnast and Other Positions, a collection of short stories and interviews; the Gymnast and Other Positions won the nonfiction category of the 2016 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature, was a runner-up for the overall category. The judges said: "Bishop's mosaic of fragmented narratives is as original. Modern and formally innovative, it blurs the boundaries between the real and the imagined in a journey of self-discovery through the arts of the imagination in the Caribbean and elsewhere; the reader's pleasure is in negotiating the surprising detours and revealing digressions that The Gymnast invites us to follow." One reviewer wrote: "Bishop’s short stories delight the imagination as they tug at the conscience.
The breadth of perspective in the eleven brief narratives is commendable. Though Bishop treats with issues of womanhood she skilfully captures these experiences with fresh masculine eyes.... Her visual fascination with looping stories over and through each other has spilled over to the written word, creating her own patchwork quilt of literature."Other awards she has received include the Canute A. Brodhurst Prize for short-story writing, a year-long Fulbright grant to Morocco, a UNESCO/Fulbright Fellowship to Paris, the Arthur Schomburg Award for Excellence in the Humanities from New York University, a James Michener Creative Writing Fellowship and several awards from the Jamaica Cultural Development Commission. In 2000, she founded Calabash, an online international literary journal with a strong visual arts component, "dedicated to publishing works encompassing, but not limited to, the Anglophone, Francophone and Dutch-speaking Caribbean... presenting the arts and letters of those communities that have long been under-represented within the creative discourse of the region, among them: Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles, Maroon societies, the Asian and Amerindian societies of the region."
Bishop writes a regular column on visual culture for the Huffington Post. As a visual artist, she has shown her work at exhibitions internationally, including in Europe, North Africa, the United States and Jamaica, her work has been described as "startling, not for its meticulous virtuosity, but for its scope". Bishop is Associate Professor in the Liberal Studies Department at New York University. 2009: Moroccan Tales. Au Grain de Sesame, Galerie d’art et Métiers. Rabat, Morocco. Hand of Fatima. 16th Annual Maghrebi Area Studies Symposium for US Fulbright grantees, at Tour Hassan Hotel. Rabat, Morocco. 2010: View from Afar and Watercolors. The Jamaican Embassy in Brussels, Belgium; the Conversation Series. The Facoltà di Scienze della Formazione – Università degli Studi di Trieste. Trieste, Italy. 2012: Conversation Quilts. Meredith Gallery. Virginia State University. Petersburg, Virginia. Against the Tide: New paintings and mixed media by Jacqueline Bishop, Arthur Roger Gallery, New Orleans, LA. 2015: Daughters of Zion.
Cleo Driver Miller Art Gallery. Bridgewater College. Bridgewater, Virginia. 2016: The Female Sexual Desires Project. Meyerhoff Gallery. Baltimore, Maryland. 2018: By The Rivers of Babylon. SRO Gallery. Brooklyn, New York. Fauna, Peepal Tree Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1845230326 My Mother Who Is Me: Life Stories from Jamaican Women in New York, Africa World Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1592213443 The River’s Song, Peepal Tree Press, 2007. ISBN 9781845230388 Writers Who Paint, Painters Who Write: 3 Three Jamaican Artists, Peepal Tree Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1845230647 Snapshots from Istanbul, Peepal Tree Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1845231149 The Gymnast and other Positions, Peepal Tree Press, 2015. ISBN 9781845233150 2017—Finalist, Kimbilio National Fiction Prize 2016 -- OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature, Non-Fiction Category 2014—Canute A. Brodhurst Prize, Short Fiction, The Caribbean Writer 2009—UNESCO/Fulbright Fellow, France 2008 -- Fulbright Fellow, Morocco 2000—The Arthur Schomburg Award for Excellence in the Humanities, New York University 1998—Jamaica Cultural Development Commission Awards 1997—Jamaica Cultural Development Commission Awards 1994—James Michener Creative Writing Fellowship Officia